Questions tagged [psychology]

Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviours.

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In the nature-nurture war, what wins? Nature or nurture? [closed]

We focus on not only nature, the genetic factors of behavior, but also nurture, the environmental factors of behavior. But how can environmental factors be separate from genetic factors? Don't genetic ...
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Could neurodiversity factors affect individuals' ability to understand various specific abstract concepts?

Wittgenstein was a philosopher who arrived at several insightful questions (e.g. the private-language problem) but seemed to range from clueless to superstitious about transfinite set theory. Non-...
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Has Jordan Peterson much to say about analytic philosophy or related schools of philosophy?

Just as a curiosity, has Jordan Peterson much to say about analytic philosophy or about any philosopher whom, let's say, a philosophy professor at Oxford is likely to take seriously? (I went to Oxford....
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Why is this a parallel to natural science?

This is from Husserl's Phenomenology which he wrote for the Encyclopedia Britannica: It is by no means clear from the very outset, however, how far the idea of a pure psychology -as a psychological ...
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"You never know until you try"?

Is it not possible to know our preferences for sure until we try? Do we have to try eating things to know whether or not we actually dislike the foods? Where does this saying stop? Do we have to try e....
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A question on Husserl and animals in relation to psychology

This is from Husserl's Phenomenology which he wrote for the Encyclopedia Britannica: The scientific investigation of the bodies of animals fits within this area. By contrast, however, if the psychic ...
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Why is this a reformational claim?

This is from Husserl's Phenomenology, an article he wrote for the Encyclopedia Britannica: Together with this philosophical phenomenology, but not yet separated from it, however, there also came into ...
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Is this quirky statement about Freud unfounded?

I was talking to a friend to paraphrase: "Freud is the kind of guy who had the like the Feynman attitude: 'Physics is like sex: sure, it may give some practical results, but that's not why we do ...
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Are 'fearless' people a threat to society?

In childhood we are all told legends and myths about different heroes. Most of the time they are portrayed as fearless characters who doesn’t fear anything and sacrifice themselves for their people ...
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Pretending toward a cause to stave off genuine uptake

I’ve been trying to determine if there’s an actual name or phrase for such a concept. Or if there are any examples in history or literature that actually describe or make use of this concept. ...
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If immoral things shouldn't be done, how come people feel good committing them?

"The forbidden fruit is the sweetest". When we teach someone that something is immoral, the immoral thing becomes appealing to them. People want the things they can't have, so what's the ...
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What Does Zizek Mean by Post-Oedipal capitalism?

Zizek says Post-Oedipal capitalism is the dominant system today, and this is in reference to Deleuze and Guattari's work and issue against Freud. From WP: Deleuze and Guattari analyze desire and ...
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Does instrumental corruption constitute extra-will multi-agency?

Through my previous question on ideology and instinct, a more fundamental query was encountered. In both individual and collective minds, semantic decay can result in mental threads out of alignment ...
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Is ideological dogma an example of exogenous instinct?

By my current understanding: Individual instinct is instantiated primarily by lower brain systems, which provide motivations of attraction and repulsion toward particular internal and external objects ...
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Reference for a particular anecdote about the cultural basis of the ethics of homicide

I originally posted this on psychology SE but received no response, so I am cross-posting here. It seems appropriate for philosophy SE because the cultural dependence of ethics is generally a subject ...
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Who was the first philosopher who explicitly connected belief with habit formation?

Aristotle speaks about habit but I can't find anywere in his works any explicit connection of habit with belief. Is there any subsequent philosopher who explicitly connected belief with habit ...
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Philosophy and personal identity

It seems to me that the concept of personal identity - as a coherent whole - is a corner stone of Western culture. We build a LinkedIn/Facebook/etc. profile to sell a whole personality. We go to ...
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What is the fallacy Carl Jung is alluding to in this passage?

What kind of fallacy did he mean? We start, for instance with a perfectly reasonable assumption, such as "NO UNREASONABLE BEING IS FREE" - in other words, has free will. This is ...
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Does this difficulty with philosophical enquiry compared with natural sciences still exist?

I've just started Hume's "A Treatise on Human Nature" and in the first chapter he speaks of a difficulty faced by philosophers, that physical scientists don't face. The problem being that ...
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How do Rational Egoists Respond to Psychology?

Rational egoism is the position that humans always act rationally and to further the actor's self-interest. But ever since Carl Jung psychologists have pretty much been in agreement that humans do not ...
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Which Philosophical Ideas Best Protect Us From Existential Suffering in a Society Increasingly Accepting of the Claim That There is No Free Will?

Discussion of free will seems increasingly prevalent in mainstream media, particularly Youtube and in reputable periodicals such as the Atlantic, the Conversation and the Guardian (to name a few). ...
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Heidegger's being-towards-death?

May I have misunderstood Heidegger philosophy, and I've melted up it with psycology, but isn't the being-towards-death, with the authentic Dasein, an anxious way of life? I mean, in the moment in ...
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What are some refutations of Husserl’s anti-psychologism?

Husserl argues that psychologism fails through its inability to distinguish between objects of knowledge and acts of knowing, the act being a temporal and psychical process characterized by ...
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How is Society shaped?

I'm interested in what shapes society? Yes, individuals shape society and society shapes the individual, but I want more detailed analysis. My humble take is: Culture is the most important thing that ...
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Religious provisions to Jung's "male-female" archetype

In page 69 of his "Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious", Jung writes: The anima image, which lends the mother such superhuman glamour in the eyes of the son, gradually becomes ...
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Locke's psychology : reference request

While histories of philosophy traditionally devote a paragraph to the psychology of each author , it seems to me it is not the case for Locke. There might be reasons for this: (1) Locke is somewhat ...
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Is there, in Aristotle, a broad concept of thinking ( noèsis) that includes imagination ? Or is imagination a purely sensible power?

In Aristotle's De Anima, Bk. III, Part 3 ( http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/soul.3.iii.html) one can read this : "Thinking is different from perceiving and is held to be in part imagination, in ...
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What does "reductionism does not imply constructionism" mean?

In their famous 1976 paper, Marr and Poggio start out by saying: Complex systems, like a nervous system or a developing embryo, must be analyzed and understood at several different levels. Of course, ...
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The Philosophy of Mutual Dreaming in the New SpongeBob Movie: Ontological as well as Metaphysical?

So, in the movie SpongeBob: Sponge on the Run, Patrick states that: "Two people cannot have the same dream, let alone be in that same dream at the same time. This is philosophically untenable.&...
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What did William James mean by metaphysics being "an unusually obstinate effort to think clearly"?

In the Principles of Psychology, Volume 1 William James said the following: “Metaphysics means nothing but an unusually obstinate effort to think clearly. The fundamental conceptions of psychology are ...
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How is knowledge possible?

I haven't studied Philosophy and I get this is a fundamental question one cannot answer in one line. But I want to phrase it in this particular way: even in a finite possibilities-predetermined (few) ...
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Researchers describe emotions as either “positive” or “negative”. But can emotions be “right” or “wrong”?

Could it be regarded as either right or wrong from being tied to either positive or negative connotations? See: On “Positive” and “Negative” Emotions by Robert C. Solomon and Lori D. Stone
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Possible reason for the exponential development of Mathematics

The history of Mathematics shows a peculiar pattern of progress. The development was quite steady but one-sided during the Greek times and then was almost very slow during the Roman and Byzantine ...
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Philosophy and Mental Health [closed]

I have heard a story of a Peace Pilgrim, an American pilgrim and ascetic, who managed to heal one sick man through conversation. The man was suffering from general degeneration of health and doctors ...
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How seriously is virtue ethics under attack by moral psychology?

K.A. Appiah, in his "Experiments in Ethics" (2008), gives a rather drastic picture of the attack virtue ethics finds itself under by moral psychology. In a nutshell, (a vast amount of) ...
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Do really all mental states exist in some universe according to Many-Minds Interpretation?

According to the Many Minds interpretation of quantum mechanics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Many-minds_interpretation), the distinction between worlds in the Many Worlds interpretation should be ...
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Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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What replaces folk psychology concepts when taking neurosciences serious?

When neuroscience and neuroscientists tell us1 that specific kinds of concepts (entities and processes) of good ol' folk psychology don't really exist (in a scientifically meaningful manner) ...
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Is is possible to explain the psychological experience of the flow of time?

There is a physical explanation of some irreversibility, via the second law of dynamics ... the second law implies that time is asymmetrical with respect to the amount of order in an isolated ...
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What distinguishes a Hypocrite from Demagogue? [closed]

What distinguishes a Hypocrite (Hypocrisy) from Demagogue? Both are speaking out lies and are socially considered "evil" persons, correct. Thus, for me they sound similiar. Or are there precise ...
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Is it possible to make decisions without some kind of belief system? [closed]

Normally when we talk about belief, we mean religious beliefs. But even the criticizers of religions have some kind of belief system. They base all their decisions on the premise of logic. Thats why I ...
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What kind of fallacy is this, if it is one? Are these personal attacks ad hominem?

If that's indeed a kind of fallacy or maybe multiple stacked (informal?) fallacies or some kind of a psychological bias. Examples in which I sense a similar pattern which I'm trying to identify here: ...
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In mathematics , can't we say that the intuition of the original author of a true conjecture is the proof of it just indescribable on paper- pen

I think that when a person put on a true conjecture in mathematics (we have verified it to be true) ,proof must came in his mind in the form of what we called intuition. I mean if his saying is ...
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Did Freud really suggest translating the manifest into the latent to interpret it?

Is the bold section of the following text correct about Freud's hypothesis? Does it mean to use the manifest dream thoughts in order to find the meaning of the latent ones? According to Derrida, ...
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Is there a "hierarchical" or "webbing" pattern to logical/cognitive fallacies?

Is there a "hierarchical" or "webbing" pattern to logical/cognitive fallacies? Something that I've thought. Some fallacies may be related to others and the idea is that "if one does one, then it may ...
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What was the humanist conception of subject/object?

In the introduction to Aldo Rossi's Architecture of the city, Peter Eisenman writes: 'Whereas the humanist conception attempted an integration of subject and object, the modernist conception ...
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Definition of A Psychopath [closed]

This definition has arisen in an answer for a previous question in this community, so I very much need to know the definition specifications for the term, as I am confused at its foundation. It is ...
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Does Søren Kierkegaard want people to never change?

I am currently reading a book called The Psychology Book ..the first chapters are talking about how psychology evolved from philosophy and they talked about Kierkegaard in a chapter called " Be that ...
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Can voluntary radical change of core beliefs be considered as a suicide from perspective of psychological continuity?

I understand psychological continuity as view that only preservation of psyche is important in determining if somebody survived or not. Like if my body, including the brain, is gradually replaced by ...
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Cause and Effect - Finished infinity [closed]

I have a question it's best if I give you an example right away. Our universe has its limits. in terms of the effect or cause e.g. if we kill a human for some reason will also have the effect. I'm ...