Questions tagged [psychology]

Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviours.

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What is the fallacy Carl Jung is alluding to in this passage?

What kind of fallacy did he mean? We start, for instance with a perfectly reasonable assumption, such as "NO UNREASONABLE BEING IS FREE" - in other words, has free will. This is ...
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154 views

Does this difficulty with philosophical enquiry compared with natural sciences still exist?

I've just started Hume's "A Treatise on Human Nature" and in the first chapter he speaks of a difficulty faced by philosophers, that physical scientists don't face. The problem being that ...
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How do Rational Egoists Respond to Psychology?

Rational egoism is the position that humans always act rationally and to further the actor's self-interest. But ever since Carl Jung psychologists have pretty much been in agreement that humans do not ...
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136 views

Which Philosophical Ideas Best Protect Us From Existential Suffering in a Society Increasingly Accepting of the Claim That There is No Free Will?

Discussion of free will seems increasingly prevalent in mainstream media, particularly Youtube and in reputable periodicals such as the Atlantic, the Conversation and the Guardian (to name a few). ...
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86 views

Heidegger's being-towards-death?

May I have misunderstood Heidegger philosophy, and I've melted up it with psycology, but isn't the being-towards-death, with the authentic Dasein, an anxious way of life? I mean, in the moment in ...
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81 views

What are some refutations of Husserl’s anti-psychologism?

Husserl argues that psychologism fails through its inability to distinguish between objects of knowledge and acts of knowing, the act being a temporal and psychical process characterized by ...
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238 views

How is Society shaped?

I'm interested in what shapes society? Yes, individuals shape society and society shapes the individual, but I want more detailed analysis. My humble take is: Culture is the most important thing that ...
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1answer
191 views

Religious provisions to Jung's "male-female" archetype

In page 69 of his "Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious", Jung writes: The anima image, which lends the mother such superhuman glamour in the eyes of the son, gradually becomes ...
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Locke's psychology : reference request

While histories of philosophy traditionally devote a paragraph to the psychology of each author , it seems to me it is not the case for Locke. There might be reasons for this: (1) Locke is somewhat ...
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Is there, in Aristotle, a broad concept of thinking ( noèsis) that includes imagination ? Or is imagination a purely sensible power?

In Aristotle's De Anima, Bk. III, Part 3 ( http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/soul.3.iii.html) one can read this : "Thinking is different from perceiving and is held to be in part imagination, in ...
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62 views

What does "reductionism does not imply constructionism" mean?

In their famous 1976 paper, Marr and Poggio start out by saying: Complex systems, like a nervous system or a developing embryo, must be analyzed and understood at several different levels. Of course, ...
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190 views

What is the philosophical/psychological field concerned with why we do things

Lately, I've been trying to understand better why we do things. More specifically, in my case, why I play a game called Go. It started with trying to convince more people to try the game, but I just ...
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197 views

The Philosophy of Mutual Dreaming in the New SpongeBob Movie: Ontological as well as Metaphysical?

So, in the movie SpongeBob: Sponge on the Run, Patrick states that: "Two people cannot have the same dream, let alone be in that same dream at the same time. This is philosophically untenable.&...
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194 views

What did William James mean by metaphysics being "an unusually obstinate effort to think clearly"?

In the Principles of Psychology, Volume 1 William James said the following: “Metaphysics means nothing but an unusually obstinate effort to think clearly. The fundamental conceptions of psychology are ...
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How is knowledge possible?

I haven't studied Philosophy and I get this is a fundamental question one cannot answer in one line. But I want to phrase it in this particular way: even in a finite possibilities-predetermined (few) ...
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Researchers describe emotions as either “positive” or “negative”. But can emotions be “right” or “wrong”?

Could it be regarded as either right or wrong from being tied to either positive or negative connotations? See: On “Positive” and “Negative” Emotions by Robert C. Solomon and Lori D. Stone
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Possible reason for the exponential development of Mathematics

The history of Mathematics shows a peculiar pattern of progress. The development was quite steady but one-sided during the Greek times and then was almost very slow during the Roman and Byzantine ...
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Philosophy and Mental Health [closed]

I have heard a story of a Peace Pilgrim, an American pilgrim and ascetic, who managed to heal one sick man through conversation. The man was suffering from general degeneration of health and doctors ...
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350 views

Just how seriously is virtue ethics under attack by moral psychology?

K.A. Appiah, in his "Experiments in Ethics" (2008), gives a rather drastic picture of the attack virtue ethics finds itself under by moral psychology. In a nutshell, (a vast amount of) ...
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Do really all mental states exist in some universe according to Many-Minds Interpretation?

According to the Many Minds interpretation of quantum mechanics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Many-minds_interpretation), the distinction between worlds in the Many Worlds interpretation should be ...
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Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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What replaces folk psychology concepts when taking neurosciences serious?

When neuroscience and neuroscientists tell us1 that specific kinds of concepts (entities and processes) of good ol' folk psychology don't really exist (in a scientifically meaningful manner) ...
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Is is possible to explain the psychological experience of the flow of time?

There is a physical explanation of some irreversibility, via the second law of dynamics ... the second law implies that time is asymmetrical with respect to the amount of order in an isolated ...
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357 views

What distinguishes a Hypocrite from Demagogue? [closed]

What distinguishes a Hypocrite (Hypocrisy) from Demagogue? Both are speaking out lies and are socially considered "evil" persons, correct. Thus, for me they sound similiar. Or are there precise ...
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174 views

Is it possible to make decisions without some kind of belief system? [closed]

Normally when we talk about belief, we mean religious beliefs. But even the criticizers of religions have some kind of belief system. They base all their decisions on the premise of logic. Thats why I ...
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What kind of fallacy is this, if it is one? Are these personal attacks ad hominem?

If that's indeed a kind of fallacy or maybe multiple stacked (informal?) fallacies or some kind of a psychological bias. Examples in which I sense a similar pattern which I'm trying to identify here: ...
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In mathematics , can't we say that the intuition of the original author of a true conjecture is the proof of it just indescribable on paper- pen

I think that when a person put on a true conjecture in mathematics (we have verified it to be true) ,proof must came in his mind in the form of what we called intuition. I mean if his saying is ...
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Did Freud really suggest translating the manifest into the latent to interpret it?

Is the bold section of the following text correct about Freud's hypothesis? Does it mean to use the manifest dream thoughts in order to find the meaning of the latent ones? According to Derrida, ...
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Is there a "hierarchical" or "webbing" pattern to logical/cognitive fallacies?

Is there a "hierarchical" or "webbing" pattern to logical/cognitive fallacies? Something that I've thought. Some fallacies may be related to others and the idea is that "if one does one, then it may ...
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What was the humanist conception of subject/object?

In the introduction to Aldo Rossi's Architecture of the city, Peter Eisenman writes: 'Whereas the humanist conception attempted an integration of subject and object, the modernist conception ...
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Definition of A Psychopath [closed]

This definition has arisen in an answer for a previous question in this community, so I very much need to know the definition specifications for the term, as I am confused at its foundation. It is ...
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Does Søren Kierkegaard want people to never change?

I am currently reading a book called The Psychology Book ..the first chapters are talking about how psychology evolved from philosophy and they talked about Kierkegaard in a chapter called " Be that ...
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Can voluntary radical change of core beliefs be considered as a suicide from perspective of psychological continuity?

I understand psychological continuity as view that only preservation of psyche is important in determining if somebody survived or not. Like if my body, including the brain, is gradually replaced by ...
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Cause and Effect - Finished infinity [closed]

I have a question it's best if I give you an example right away. Our universe has its limits. in terms of the effect or cause e.g. if we kill a human for some reason will also have the effect. I'm ...
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165 views

Can we measure "braverity" objectively?

By saying "bravery/courage", we implicitly mean a hard task that we wouldn't do it in daily life, and we have to sacrifice something to get it - we are scared. It is, after all, just a cost-benefit ...
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How can we be accountable if we are chemically programmed?

If we accept that neuro-chemistry largely explains cognitive function, deterministically, how can we be accountable? Not how or why can we be held accountable but how can we earnestly be in fact ...
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How do Anscombe and Wittgenstein view psychology?

G. E. M. Anscombe wrote this at the beginning of Modern Moral Philosophy where she claimed that one should not do moral philosophy today: ...that should be laid aside at any rate until we have an ...
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Does following logic necessarily require one to conclude that they are objective and have no bias?

In social psychology, naïve realism is the human tendency to believe that we see the world around us objectively, and that people who disagree with us must be uninformed, irrational, or biased. It is ...
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Does Psychology benefit Philosophy?

This question got me thinking: It is widely held that Philosophy precedes the Sciences, birthing them. and continue to inform them. It is also evident that there are times when science has informed ...
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Is there any study about how half-baked philosophies encourage maladaptive thoughts? [closed]

There are many schools of philosophy that advocate refuting perceived phenomena, for example: Taoism: the bad equals the good, why be afraid or avoid the bad ones? Science: before proving it ...
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Authors on leaders, leadership, and the crave for power

Where does the need to become a leader come from? Is it an animal instinct and humans as social animals need an alpha male figure to lead the mob? Are individuals who eager for power dangerous for ...
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Is there any serious overlap between Philosophy and Psychology?

To explain further: would, say, a modern philosopher with a PhD be well-versed in modern psychology? Since philosophy inevitably investigates the mind and the behavior of people, and that most ...
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Why can't we learn what we are not interested in? [closed]

The school system, as we know it, is and has been shaping students to fit the system in which they live. Throughout this process, the students are forced to learn (mostly memorize) subjects in which ...
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Is psychologism still a thing? What are common rejections of psychologism?

Recently, I learnt that there exist people who go so far as to claim that "mathematics is a branch of psychology". I thought that psychologism was long outdated, in connection with mathematics at ...
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if philosophy didn't exist nor did psychology, could we prove that we think?

if philosophy and psychology didn't exist, could humans be able to prove that we think and are capable of coming up with inventions, I mean we create things because we need them(that used to be the ...
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Would the opacity of everyday motivations seriously undermine Kantian CI?

Would the opacity of everyday motivations seriously undermine Kantian categorical imperative (CI)? I tend not to use the CI when deciding what is moral, and partly because I'm not sure I know what my ...
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Does the value of truth have an approximation threshold?

In other words, a truth value in a mathematical sense is binary, but human communication is fallible and runs the risk of fallacy, error, and distortion. The idea of being "close enough" to the truth ...
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How would psychological anti-egoist respond to the following argument?

At first, my theory of psychological egoism consists of perfect desires and imperfect desires. They are based on the notions of hypothetical and practical choices. Hypothetical choice - a choice ...
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How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
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Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...