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Questions tagged [rationalism]

For questions regarding the epistemological view opposing empiricism. Rationalism, traditionally associated with philosophers like Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza, emphasizes reason, rather than experience, as the basis for knowledge. Not to be used for the concept of rationality or rational thinking in general.

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How does the Scholastic concept of synderesis relate to rationalism?

In Summa Theologiae I q. 79 a. 12 "Whether synderesis is a special power of the soul distinct from the others?" co., Thomas Aquinas describes "synderesis" as a habit to acquire ...
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Innateness - Locke's Criticism - Comprehending a philosophical text

During the discussion of "Innate Knowledge Thesis", there comes a point when some rationalists defend their standing in such a way which shows it as the capacity of mind to knowing several truhts. And,...
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What is the position of the Traditionalist School on Epistemology?

I am at a lower intermediate level when it comes to philosophy, having started by studying Hindu philosophy and the Traditional School of René Guénon, Frithjof Schuon and their ilk. I mainly focused ...
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Contributions of Descartes

What ideas did Descartes have about knowledge and reality that were so incongruent with the prevailing neo-Aristotelian paradigm of knowing the real essences of things through abstracting from sense ...
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Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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Non-euclidean geometry = decisive argument against rationalism?

Why is non-Euclidean geometry, as encountered in relativity theory, always used as the prime counterexample to rationalism – and regarded as pretty much decisive? The parallel postulate was ...
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What differences and relationships are between "innate ideas" and "presuppositions of knowledge"?

p149 of Section "Rationalism and Empiricism" in Big Questions by Solomon talkss about "innate ideas": One of the main points of debate between the rationalists and the empiricists�...
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Leibniz's theory of subtance and causal interaction - with God

It follows from Leibniz' complete concept theory of truth that substances have no causal interaction with another. But Leibniz also says that created substances depend on God and that God conserves ...
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Philosophers who explore the importance of history/culture giving us meaning in life?

Take the example of the concept of 'femininity': An existentialist thinker might suggest the meaning of femininity is completely subjective and one must decide the meaning of femininity for themselves ...
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