Questions tagged [rawls]

John Rawls (1921 - 2002) was an American philosopher.

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26
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12answers
7k views

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

Update: Based on some of the comments and answers, I feel like I need to clarify something. I wasn't saying that scientists and intellectuals are necessarily the ones making millions of dollars a year ...
16
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1answer
756 views

Is Nozick's Criticism of Rawls correct?

When Nozick says distributive justice 'marks a shift from the classical liberal notion of self ownership to a notion of property rights in others', is this a fair criticism of Rawls and distributive ...
14
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7answers
42k views

What are prominent attacks of Rawls' "veil of ignorance" argument? Which liberal philosophers have advanced it?

In John Rawls' A Theory of Justice, he argues that morally, society should be constructed politically as if we were all behind a veil of ignorance; that is, the rules and precepts of society should be ...
8
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4answers
2k views

Why is John Rawls taken more seriously than Ayn Rand?

I just listened to a lecture on ethics and justice, and John Rawls' "a theory of justice" was presented as the most significant work of political philosophy in recent times. The lecturer then went on ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Can Rawls justify eugenics?

Rawls seems partial to the idea of eugenics, as perhaps this is the corollary of the difference principle. Am I correct in this understanding? I refer to p.92 of A Theory of Justice (1999): In the ...
6
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2answers
737 views

Is justice a zero-sum game?

I'm studying Rawls and the notion of justice being a zero-sum game has been a recurring, underlying question. His theory seems to suggest that justice works in this way, however I wonder if there are ...
5
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2answers
980 views

What does "deliberation" usually mean in John Rawls' theory of justice?

“Deliberation” can mean a long careful consideration or be used to describe a process of interaction between various subject. When being used in the second sense, it refers to a crucial component of ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What did Rawls mean: "rewarding moral desert as a first principle would be like having the institution of property to punish thieves"?

Justice: A Beginner's Guide (2017) by Raymond Wacks. p. 68. ` More disparaging is the assertion that Rawls fails to offer a theory of justice at all! According to certain critics, justice ...
3
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2answers
2k views

How might you apply John Rawls' theory of justice as fairness to the issue of privacy and security?

I'm a bit confused about how to apply John Rawls' theory of Justice as Fairness to the issue of privacy/security. Which statement below is correct? Justice as Fairness does not justify a decrease in ...
3
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1answer
106 views

What kind of paradoxes might result from applying the maximin principle in a scheme of distributive justice?

I quote from John Harsanyi "Can the Maximin Principle Serve as a Basis for Morality? A Critique of John Rawls's Theory" (1975) (My italics). But then came a growing realization that the maximin ...
3
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0answers
79 views

How to argue that some inequality is justifiable in order to maximize the well-being of the worst off in Rawls's theory of justice?

In context, I have to describe what we think is a just society by Rawls theory of justice. I want to try and use Scandinavia, for example, the Nordic Model as a representation as a just society. ...
2
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4answers
1k views

How can Rawls' justified inequality not be equality?

I am having some trouble trying to understand how that what Rawls allows as "inequality", i.e. a difference justified by gains for everyone, is inequal at all. If it results in gains for everyone, is ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Understanding Rawls and Nozick

Am I correct in thinking that Rawls and Nozick both offer theories of justice and that both allow for differences in the distribution of wealth ? If they agree in this, what is the decisive divergence ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Which distribution is allowed by Rawls's difference principle?

Let's say we have the following different distributions of monetary wealth possible for a society. Here, LAG := Least Advantaged Group, OG := Ordinary group, MAG := Most Advantaged Group. Type LAG OG ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Criticism to the premise of arbitrariness of moral desert in Rawls

I am aware of several criticisms to Rawls's redistributive mechanics in A Theory of Justice. I am wondering whether there are also criticisms on the premise of arbitrariness of moral desert. I have ...
2
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2answers
117 views

How to convince an anti-rawlsian of the pertinence of the "veil of ignorance" condition?

My question is not about the contractarian methodology adopted by Rawls, but specfically about the "veil of ignorance" condition. How to articulate precisely the moral intuition that is ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Why do some actions contain normative implications and some do not

Off the bat, my specific question is actually if someone can point me to the philosophic domain of inquiry which deals with the above question. In context, I am doing a paper on Rawls. Joseph Raz ...
2
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2answers
119 views

Would Rawls accept fair trade as a fair/just organization?

If we use John Rawl's concept of justice based on "A Theory of Justice" on the organisation/institution of Fair Trade, what would our results be? Would Rawls perceive Fair Trade as a fair/just ...
1
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3answers
574 views

The Welfare state and the compromise between liberty and equality

The real question i am concerned with, linking the titular themes is: 1. Can a welfare state be organised that does not impose so many constraints on liberty, in the name of equality, that those ...
1
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1answer
748 views

DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE DEFINED by Rawls vs Nozick

I currently started reading Rawls and Nozick. I have found out that Nozick's "Distributive Justice" is a libertarian analysis of John Rawls. I was wondering if anyone knows what Nozick's opinion is on ...
1
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0answers
44 views

Rawls' phrase "well-ordered society"

Given Rawls' near-constant recourse to mathematical examples and analogies in AToJ, what are the chances that his talk of well-ordered societies is to be understood in part in terms of well-ordered ...
1
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1answer
85 views

How would you apply John Rawls "Theory of justice" to everyday decisions?

How can I apply John Rawls theory of justice to everyday decision making?
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0answers
47 views

Moral constructivism and intuitionistic logic

What with all the times Rawls uses mathematics examples in AToJ, such as the guy who counts blades of grass for fun and survives by solving math problems for a fee, or π being transcendental, or the ...
1
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3answers
183 views

Reconciling Utilitarianism and Rawls's Theory of Justice as Fairness

I will argue that John Stuart Mill's greatest happiness principle (GHP) should be revised to avoid problematic implications and to better fit humans' intuitive sense of morality. Furthermore, the ...
0
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1answer
152 views

How does Rawls defend himself from skepticism?

How does Rawls defend himself from skepticism? I know most philosophers try to defend their philosophical ideologies against skepticism by presenting requirements for what philosophical ethical ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Difference between "formal justice" and "formal equality"

Formal justice, according to Rawls (1999, p. 51) is the ... impartial and consistent administration of laws and institutions, whatever their substantive principles ... If we think of justice as ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Does Rawls aim at stating the necessary conditions or the sufficient conditions for a society to be just?

Note : this question does not aim at discussing in detail Rawls' theory, nor at showing a profound knowledge of Rawls' doctrine ; it only deals with the global intentions of Rawls in A Theory Of ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Are there willful conceptual orderings?

One of the key themes of Rawls' AToJ, and a notion used in (I'll call them "classical") definitions of deontology vs. teleology, is that there is an alterable cognitive/intellectual ...
0
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0answers
168 views

Is Kant's concept of radical evil an epistemic notion?

One interpretation of the moment in Kant's presentation on "radical" (fundamental) "evil" where he asserts the universality of the predicate, vs. humanity, is that being finite is ...
0
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0answers
37 views

How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
0
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0answers
111 views

Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
0
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0answers
54 views

Can one conceive history as "one body"? Are there "fixed" concepts or ideas that define cultural relativity?

Ideologies can be thought to be sometimes perceived as being an "unified" body of historical information. A sort of body that reflects how an individual or a group will come to perceive the current ...
-1
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5answers
462 views

Why do people quote Ayn Rand so much on this forum when she clearly wasn't into philosophy?

Ayn Rand was not a philosopher and Objectivism is not some collection of philosophical arguments. Even by her own admission, she was opposed to philosophy as a field. Her work is predominantly a ...