Questions tagged [realism]

Realism is a view that the statements of a subject matter refer to what is real and therefore could be assigned a definite true or false valuation if we knew what that valuation should be. A realist need not be so for all subject matters but only for a select set of subject matters.

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Difference between Carnap and Quine's views

Could someone explain to me, in easy language, what the main differences are between Carnap and Quine's views regarding internal / external questions and realism? Quine called Carnap a Platoist, yet I ...
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Does anyone distinguish linguistic univocity/analogy from metaphysical univocity/analogy?

Classical Theists (and other Realists) inherit Plato's Theory of Forms, and posit the existence of Forms such as Goodness, Truth, Beauty, Justice, and so on. Non-Christian Realists might say these ...
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Is 't Hooft cellular automaton compatible with Floridi's Informational (Structural) Realism?

Informational (Structural) Realism (by Luciano Floridi) relates to digital physics ideas (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_physics) As Floridi himself says in one of his articles (http://philsci-...
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Semantic externalism and transitivity of causal chains (using Putnam's brain-in-a-vat thought experiment)

TL;DR: I'm looking for information on semantic externalist views on transitivity of causal chains. Is it an objection anyone has invoked? Does it hold? What are potential pro-Putnam responses to it? ...
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Markus Gabriel's ontology and the non-existence of the world

Markus Gabriel proposes a permissive ontology ("New Realism") according to, if there exists a certain "field of sense" in which an entity appears, the entity exists. Even fictional ...
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Is it possible for us to definitively determine the correct metaphysics?

This question came up for me when I began considering metaphysical realism and metaphysical idealism. Realists claim that there exists an objective world independent of consciousness, though we only ...
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Are "univerals" created? Do they evolve?

I've come across the philosophical debate about "universals" versus "particulars". On the one hand, some believe there are no universals, only particulars (nominalists). On the other hand, there are ...
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What is the status of philosophical literature of quantum state realism?

According to the SEP article here, a framework was introduced that seemed to provide some evidence against anti realistic options of quantum mechanics. The relevant quotes are as follows: Harrigan ...
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Is the discussion of truth and perception circular in reasoning?

Can the cliche, "Perception is reality" be incorrect in that (objective) reality is a version of the (subjective) truth, and this version of truth is a form of perception?
Geoffrey Wells's user avatar
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Is quasi-realism the inverse of quasi-fictionalism (or: would the concept of quasi-fictionalism make as much sense as that of quasi-realism)?

For reasons of partial linguistic symmetry, say "quasi-factualism" for "quasi-realism." Now, suppose that there is an initial truth-value multiset [T, T] and a truth-value set {T, ...
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Give something a name and it becomes a thing?

I'm looking for the name of a concept in, I think, philosophy of language, or perhaps rhetoric. So, a colleague once made a comment something like, "If you give something a name, it becomes a ...
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Defending the Unpopular: Aesthetic Realism

Aesthetic realism is the belief that there are things that are objectively more beautiful than other things. This implies beauty is not subjective, and if one believes an actually beautiful thing is ...
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Did Carnap propose some kind of Modal Realism?

I have read in several pages that Rudolf Carnap, just as David Lewis (The creator of Modal Realism philosophical hypothesis) proposed that every logical proposition exists as a universe But is this ...
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Are the Argument From Perspectival Variation and the Argument From Perceptual Relativity one and the same?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains Perspectival Variation as follows: Perspectival variation is the kind of variation in one's sensory experiences that normally attends changes in ...
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partial fictionalism about propositions

One theory of propositions is that they're "useful fictions." However, this faces the formidable objection that fictionalism makes it hard to explain how something fictional can tell us about the ...
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Is the "Both View" of Neutral Monism a form of Metaphysical Realism?

It seems quite clear to me that the "neither view", wherin a neutral entity is one that is neither mental or physical, is a form of metaphysical realism. But it gets confusing, and perhaps downright ...
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Is an epistemological realism-idealism (at the same perspective) possible?

Can an idea/action/creation/perspective be both realistic and idealistic at the same time? For example, when I think of a form, or a matter, can I think about/create it as real and ideal? I know a ...
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Help understanding Deleuzian realism?

I am interested in reading a philosophy book titled "Intensive Science And Virtual Philosophy" by Manuel DeLanda. It deals with a new field of philosophy called speculative realism. As I understand ...
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Does anti-realism say that what we can't know isn't true?

Has anyone, in the history of philosophy, ever objected to anti-realism that then our thoughts aren't about anything except our own minds and such that supposing we believe we have contacted a "shell" ...
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How can immaterial soul exist without matter but immaterial redness can't?

So as the title says Aristotle and Aquinas held that soul which is substantial form of living things can exist even after separation from body. This is because soul is taken as immaterial substantial ...
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Is there any kind of consensus among experts about Direct Realism?

I've been reading about Direct and Indirect Realism lately, and I came across this Stanford Encyclopaedia article. In the Conclusion section, the article ends with this: "The question, now, is ...
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Is private language argument against absolute idealism?

Wittgenstein famously proposed that private language is an incoherent notion. Does this refute some version of idealism which claims that the reality is totally mind-dependent ? For me an argument ...
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Does being a platonist about mathematics like Frege imply anything about being a direct realist?

I tried to read and understand Frege's "The Thought" and came away with this question. Frege argues mathematical theorems are thoughts which occupy a third realm independent from the ...
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What should I read to deepen my understanding about 'relativism and anti-realism'?

After some discussion, I noticed the philosophical questions I want to explore are mainly ideas that take a relativist and anti-realist point of view. (whether when it comes to morals, or concepts ...
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Can realism exist? Could somebody make “real-” into an ideology?

[Please bear in mind that I may use different definitions of terms here, than you might know, since I’m a layman/hobbyist. Suggesting other terms for those definitions, that are established in the ...
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Real impossible worlds

What is the name of a/the metaphysic that affirms the reality of all worlds including impossible worlds? Actualism denies the reality of all non-actual worlds, possibilism affirms the reality of all ...
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