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Questions tagged [realism]

The tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

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If we live in a simulated world, doesn't there have to be a first world that's real?

There are people who believe we live in a world, simulated on a computer. That computer must have been built in either another computer-generated world or a real world (by which I mean a non-simulated ...
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3answers
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What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

According to wikipedia page on moral realism: A survey from 2009 involving 3,226 respondents found that 56% of philosophers accept or lean towards moral realism (28%: anti-realism; 16%: other). ...
10
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1answer
364 views

What is the Anti-Realist and Constructionist interpretation of empirical dating methods and existence of the past?

I'm fairly interested in the realism, anti-realism debate and would like to hear, if possible by an anti-realist or constructivist, how dating methods fit into their world view. As a realist, dating ...
9
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1answer
438 views

Does Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction challenge mathematical realism?

I was surprised to learn that Quine is a mathematical realist (See this interview for example). I always assumed that his "Two Dogmas of Empiricism" and specifically his dissolution of the Analytic/...
8
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5answers
818 views

Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

Regarding the debate between quantum mechanics and determinism I have encountered a problem I can't find the answer to. It is my impression that in order to solve Bell's inequality you would have to ...
8
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3answers
725 views

Is there an idea of linguistic realism similar to moral realism?

The better way to phrase it is: "Are there objective truths about language?" -- this question is parallel to the question of moral realism: "Are there objective moral truths"? One way to interpret ...
8
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2answers
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Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

I'm a bit confused. As far as I know realism is opposed to idealism. But we can say that Plato was an idealist when speaking about Plato's forms. We also talk about Plato's realism in the philosophy ...
8
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2answers
302 views

How does Kant rule out permanent soul in his argument for the existence of external world?

I have been studying Stephan Körner's intro to Kant's philosophy. I'm not sure if in the following excerpt I make sense of the reasoning quoted from Kant. In fact, I wonder how the permanence must be ...
8
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1answer
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What is the underdetermination of theories by evidence, and how does it square with scientific realism?

What is the underdetermination of theories in philosophy of science? Is it the lack of ability to choose between alternative scientific theories? If so, how can it be that more than one theory ...
7
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3answers
672 views

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

Einstein insisted that nature is locally real, which is also know as counterfactual defeniteness and means that results of experiments are predetermined. But, if everything is predetermined in every ...
7
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2answers
344 views

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

At an everyday level, we seem to subscribe to a from of strong realism which doesn't leave any room for skepticism. We are certain that individuals who hear voices in their heads or who have ...
7
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2answers
285 views

Realist vs Nominalist views of empirical data

I was recently intrigued by this passage regarding time-series data from The Grammar of Graphics, section 3.2: Among the many prevailing views of the role of empirical data in modern science, ...
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1answer
240 views

Can nominalist logicians reject universals but accept universal statements?

I am aware that Nominalism comes in at least two flavors, one in particular is the denial of universals. Under this paradigm of Nominalsim, is it possible for a mathematician or even a logician to be ...
6
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2answers
528 views

Structural Realism vs. Scientific Formalism?

How exactly do structural realism and scientific formalism differ? Are they compatible, or is this another rehashing of, say, the rationalism vs. idealism debate? I know Galileo, Kepler, et al. were ...
6
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1answer
189 views

For a mathematical realist, is there a distinction between real mathematical objects and constructed mathematical objects?

Mathematical realists believe that mathematical entities exit independently of human minds. Mathematical objects have an objective independent existence, and they are discovered by mathematicians, not ...
6
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1answer
128 views

Implication of Rorty's concession to Ramberg that true statements “get things right”?

Richard Rorty (1932-2008) was the paradigmatic deflationist re the concept “truth.” He was an epistemic naturalist and historicist, an instrumental pragmatist, anti-realist/essentialist, and ...
6
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1answer
252 views

Does semantic externalism imply modal realism?

Semantic externalism, or more broadly externalism about mental content, is the idea that propositions, intentions, attitudes, etc. derive their meaning from the external world as opposed to internally ...
5
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1answer
254 views

Moral value and secondary qualities

I'm reading Mackie, Blackburn and McDowell at the moment on secondary qualities and values, and having great difficulty understanding what their precise arguments are. Mackie seems to be saying that ...
5
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4answers
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How are epistemological and ontological realism related?

The SEP article on idealism begins: ... [this article] examines the relationship between epistemological idealism (the view that the contents of human knowledge are ineluctably determined by ...
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2answers
232 views

What are facts as considered independently of any thinking being?

What confuses me about the notion of a fact, is that it seems like it's something that's discovered. So, a fact could be said to be this 'thing' that has a perfect correspondence with reality, and ...
5
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2answers
171 views

How does constructive empiricism differ from instrumentalism?

Constructive empiricism is the belief that science aims to give theories which are empirically adequate (i.e. agree with observables), and accepting a theory means believing that it is empirically ...
4
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3answers
275 views

Is G.E. Moore's here-is-one-hand argument a bit naive?

Are G.E. Moore, etc., a bit naive at times? (see here-is-one-hand argument). Does such trivial thing really need "formalization"? Why isn't Moore accused of idealism, when he could be interpreted as ...
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3answers
251 views

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Realism is the theory that there is a mind-independent reality which we can know and interact with. Anti-realism holds, in general, either that there is no such mind-independent reality or that if ...
4
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1answer
105 views

How can theory violate counterfactual definiteness and not violate local realism?

In wikipedia article one can read that: In current theory, post-1972, various interpretations (i.e. theories) of quantum mechanics violate different aspects of Local Realism. But some ...
4
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3answers
153 views

How can we defend conservation on a species level?

Background Many conservation measures in environmental biology such as the IUCN red list or measures against invasive species are done on the level of species rather than on the level of individuals. ...
4
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1answer
165 views

What a “Bismarckian realist”

I know who Otto von Bismarck is, I understand how someone would qualify as a realist. I don't understand what a "Bismarckian realist" is. Could someone explain this concept to me in detail?
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Realism vs Antirealism…why does it matter?

I have a foundational knowledge of philosophy but Ive never managed to understand the basics of realism vs antirealism debates and why it matters. Ive read that there are ontological, epistemic, ...
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4answers
277 views

Have any thinkers applied empiricism to the dreaming and deep sleep states?

The Mandukya Upanishad is a philosophical text found in the Vedas, which are among the most important scriptures of Hinduism. Here is what V. Subrahmanya Iyer says in a foreword to a translation of ...
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0answers
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Are all pancomputationalist models for the universe compatible with informational realism?

Pancomputationalist theories are a group of physical theories that try to describe the universe itself as a computer or an informational (processing) structure. Informational (structural) realism is ...
3
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1answer
118 views

What does Husserl say about 'space'?

What does Husserl say about 'space'? I'd like to know what it's real / ideal status is, especially, and if agreeing with him on what "space" is precludes all forms of scientific realism. Id there's ...
3
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2answers
226 views

What unique ideas does speculative realism present?

Speculative realism seems to be based primarily on opposing the Kantian philosophy of correlationism - I quote Meillassoux: Correlationism consists in disqualifying the claim that it is possible to ...
3
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2answers
59 views

Does natural science assume indirect realism?

The wiki on Direct and Indirect Realism seems to claim that indirect realism is part of natural science. The wiki defines indirect realism as follows: indirect or representative realism [is] the ...
3
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1answer
43 views

When Aristotle is speaking of things that are clear to us, is he thinking of entities or formulas?

I'm reading the commentaries of Aristotle's physics book I by William Charlton and he starts this debate in his commentaries. But it was too brief for me to grasp. As I understand, the question is ...
3
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1answer
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How is that any non-causal explanation of reliability is incompatible with the language- and mind-independence of mathematical objects

In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy the article about Realism has an argument in section 2 presented by a philosopher named Field regarding Platonism. The argument goes this way. Platonic ...
3
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2answers
360 views

Can the correspondence theory of truth really be completely avoided?

Let us assume that 'truth' is a construct of the human mind. In this case truth is defined as some product of the mind's 'verification', and nothing else. What 'makes' a statement true is simply the ...
3
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1answer
81 views

What does the term “ego” really mean?

According to different sources and authors, ego is referred to as one's self-perception by one's self concept. It is sometimes considered as selfishism. But what can a person do that will not refer to ...
3
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3answers
130 views

Has any philosopher argued our concepts resemble reality along this line?

There are 2 cases. Either (1) Some of our concepts (thoughts) resemble what really exists out there or (2) None of our concepts (thoughts) resemble what really exists out there If we take (1) = p ...
3
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1answer
217 views

References for the Realism/Anti-Realism debate in Logic

The concept of anti-realism in logic seems to be an interesting and growing idea. I'm looking for references (papers, books, authors...) regarding the debate between realism and anti-realism but ...
3
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0answers
109 views

Is 't Hooft cellular automaton compatible with Floridi's Informational (Structural) Realism?

Informational (Structural) Realism (by Luciano Floridi) relates to digital physics ideas (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_physics) As Floridi himself says in one of his articles (http://philsci-...
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Difference between Carnap and Quine's views

Could someone explain to me, in easy language, what the main differences are between Carnap and Quine's views regarding internal / external questions and realism? Quine called Carnap a Platoist, yet I ...
3
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1answer
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How can objective reality justify our statements? [closed]

Is it impossible to determine WHY a statement is true without using another statement? In other words, can statements only be justified by other statements? If so, how can any statement be justified ...
3
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4answers
528 views

Is there a cogent argument for whether there are objective moral facts?

I just finished an introductory ethics course in college and we talked about different perspectives in metaethics. We spent most time on realist vs anti-realist arguements and for my purposes here ...
2
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1answer
359 views

Different theistic religions contradict each other [closed]

Most religions mandate sets of religious rules. In theistic religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, these are often presented as divinely ordained. But different religions have ...
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2answers
137 views

Why is Plato's Idealism and German Idealism so different?

Plato's Idealism seems to imply an objectivity and an anti-pluralism, instead rationalizing forms into main groups yet German Idealism seems to do just the opposite. I was wondering why the use of the ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Kant's Transcendal Idealism and Empirical Realism

This confuses me. Transcendental idealism and an empirical realism seem to contradict each other; how can you believe in an empirically observable mind-independent reality (which I would presume would ...
2
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2answers
233 views

Is it possible to have a non-empirical realistic view?

Pretty straight forward question - there are two movements throughout modern philosophy that quite often come together - realism and empiricism. I'm wondering if being realistic must assume being ...
2
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4answers
185 views

Is it possible to be ethical subjectivist and realist at the same time?

I assert that people say something is right/wrong only basing on their desires. They do not want X to be done, either under particular circumstances or any. Desires, indeed, are real. Therefore, moral ...
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3answers
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Speculative realism: Does changing law of nature collapse the ancestral argument? [closed]

Lets say, I am an astronomer, Bob Down jr. When I was twelve years old I was a perfect naive realist. I did know nature as something bigger and more powerful than me. Not that I had no power. No doubt,...
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4answers
148 views

Any good theories on the nature of time in which time is not fundamental?

I've noticed that most of the very successful formulas in physics, once you break them down, contain several references to quantities of time. And it has really begun to bother me that once you start ...
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5answers
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Is there a fact of the matter? , a case [of the matter]?

Wittgenstein once said [and may have later recanted] that the world is everything that is the case, the totality of facts not of things, and that that world is determined by those facts, and they're ...