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Questions tagged [realism]

Realism is a view that the statements of a subject matter refer to what is real and therefore could be assigned a definite true or false valuation if we knew what that valuation should be. A realist need not be so for all subject matters but only for a select set of subject matters.

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Arguments in favor of constituent ontology?

What is the reason for thinking that there is such a thing as proper parts and that things like properties are parts of an object. Why believe that things are metaphysically composite, let alone ...
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Can Balaguer’s argument we don’t, and couldn’t, have any good argument for Platonism or ficitonalism in math extend to realism/antirealism in general?

Mark Balaguer is a philosopher who advances the position there is one form of mathematical Platonism, that every consistent mathematical object exists, and one form of anti Platonism, ficitonalism. ...
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Why do realists insist that universals EXIST?

Consider a universe of size 10×10×10. Let there be 10 identical looking apples and 10 identical looking rods in it. Why do realists insist that not just 20 things exists but there also EXISTS ...
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Is the discussion of truth and perception circular in reasoning?

Can the cliche, "Perception is reality" be incorrect in that (objective) reality is a version of the (subjective) truth, and this version of truth is a form of perception?
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Can realism exist? Could somebody make “real-” into an ideology?

[Please bear in mind that I may use different definitions of terms here, than you might know, since I’m a layman/hobbyist. Suggesting other terms for those definitions, that are established in the ...
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Same vs identical vs equal objects

1st case Consider two objects made from the same factory without any difference (an ideal scenario). Can we say that the two objects are the same? I would say no because one may be produced earlier ...
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What was Merleau-Ponty a realist about?

He was stricly speaking neither a materialist nor idealist, but sought to unveil the pre-theoretical layer on which both of these idealizations find their relative justification Does that mean ...
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Is there a cogent argument for whether there are objective moral facts?

I just finished an introductory ethics course in college and we talked about different perspectives in metaethics. We spent most time on realist vs anti-realist arguements and for my purposes here ...
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What is the status of philosophical literature of quantum state realism?

According to the SEP article here, a framework was introduced that seemed to provide some evidence against anti realistic options of quantum mechanics. The relevant quotes are as follows: Harrigan ...
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Are artistic forms mind independent?

There would be no sestinas - as least as a function of language rather than sound or shape - without language, so is the sestina form mind independent only if language is? What about forms in painting?...
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Can the laws of physics and the constants of nature exist in a fundamental sense without mathematical realism?

Can the laws of physics and fundamental constants of nature exist without fundamental mathematical constants, operators, and equations also existing? In other words, can there be fundamental physical ...
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How can immaterial soul exist without matter but immaterial redness can't?

So as the title says Aristotle and Aquinas held that soul which is substantial form of living things can exist even after separation from body. This is because soul is taken as immaterial substantial ...
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Aristotelian realism of universals

I'm trying to understand this realism. There are universals that exist in particulars and they are all identical. Is this Identity a numerical identity? i.e. are these universals one and the same ...
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Do numbers exist independently from observers?

Do numbers have an objective existence? If life had not evolved on planet earth would there be numbers or are numbers an invention of human minds? Are there any relevant works that discuss this? (I ...
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Semantic externalism and transitivity of causal chains (using Putnam's brain-in-a-vat thought experiment)

TL;DR: I'm looking for information on semantic externalist views on transitivity of causal chains. Is it an objection anyone has invoked? Does it hold? What are potential pro-Putnam responses to it? ...
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Is there any kind of consensus among experts about Direct Realism?

I've been reading about Direct and Indirect Realism lately, and I came across this Stanford Encyclopaedia article. In the Conclusion section, the article ends with this: "The question, now, is ...
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Does something that exists hypothetically exist at all?

So, I was asking myself the question: if something will exist in the future, with almost absolute certainty, but has not come to existence yet, can one claim that it exists? And, can one claim that it ...
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Could Dummettians use indefinite extendibility to get around Fitch's paradox?

Could Dummettians use indefinite extendibility to get around Fitch's paradox? I was reading over my answer to "Metaphysical indeterminacy and necessity" here on the PhilosophySE, and I ...
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How far can the concept of realism be extended?

How far can the concept of realism be extended? “Metaphysically, realism is committed to the mind-independent existence of the world investigated by the sciences” A more compact definition would be to ...
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What is the difference between Anti - Realism vs. Subjective Idealism and Immaterialism?

My question is from the Metaphysical Anti - Realism's perspective which argues that "nothing exists outside mind". Are three of these philosophical approaches same terminologically? Or they ...
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Is private language argument against absolute idealism?

Wittgenstein famously proposed that private language is an incoherent notion. Does this refute some version of idealism which claims that the reality is totally mind-dependent ? For me an argument ...
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Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

Regarding the debate between quantum mechanics and determinism I have encountered a problem I can't find the answer to. It is my impression that in order to solve Bell's inequality you would have to ...
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Is Bhaskar's argument, that epistemology and ontology are separate, correct?

Roy Bhaskar [1] is credited with developing a version of Critical Realism [2] with applications in the social sciences. What is the meaning of Roy Bhaskar's notion of epistemic fallacy (as distinct ...
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Does Bell’s theorem assume realism? If so, what kind of realism, philosophically?

This is a philosophical question. It deals with the physics that raise this question. I cite the very recent article by Philip Goff in Scientific American which explains its relevance. Bell’s theorem ...
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How do we know that the superposition of states in quantum mechanics is a real phenomenon? Does this have philosophical significance? [closed]

As far as I know, we can never directly observe the superposition of states of any particle. How do we then know that it is real in the first place? We have a theory, which isn’t fully defined in the ...
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Is it possible for words to have a meaning other than how they are used?

Wittgenstein's language game concept holds that the meaning of a word can only be derived from its usage. However, some philosophers contend that some words have meanings other than that implied by ...
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Is realism an integral part of Classical Theism?

Classical Theism is one of the main forms of monotheism, and dominant in at least Christianity. It says that God has aseity and also is immanent, transcendent, simple, immutable, impassable, and ...
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Why is equality not considered the fundamental unit / principle in nature?

(I don't know how to ask this other than by laying out my worldview. Needless to say, this is here to be dissected and disemboweled. I realize the broad sweeps will irk people. I hope that by ...
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Why do these common counter arguments to direct realism work?

So, I understand Direct Realism to be the idea that our experience (mental activity/sense experience) gives us exact information about matter as it truly is. In other words, objects that exist in the ...
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Is quasi-realism the inverse of quasi-fictionalism (or: would the concept of quasi-fictionalism make as much sense as that of quasi-realism)?

For reasons of partial linguistic symmetry, say "quasi-factualism" for "quasi-realism." Now, suppose that there is an initial truth-value multiset [T, T] and a truth-value set {T, ...
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"Impredicative" definitions in mathematics

In this blog post, the following definition of an "impredicative definition" is offered: A definition is said to be impredicative if it defines an object E by means of a quantification over a ...
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Mathematical nominalists and realists on "there are at least as many possible intentional states as mathematical objects"?

I think this can be meaningfully asked. Intentional states **Ideally I'm asking this about: mathematical nominalists, constructivists, intuitionists, and realists (and ideally I'd ask this about ...
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What do materialists mean by 'material' ? Is it matter ? Is it energy ? What is our evidence for its existence? [closed]

Overview of relevant material views. Evidence for existence of this material. Role of the observer.
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What is the difference between metaphysical realism and naïve (or direct) realism?

Metaphysical realism: According to Wikipedia, Metaphysical realism maintains that "whatever exists does so, and has the properties and relations it does, independently of deriving its existence ...
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How is scientific realism not an example of the fallacy of the converse?

Firstly, to be clear, I'm not trying to say that science is all nonsense or not useful or anything of the sort, since that's obviously not the case. If nothing else, it's incredibly useful for making ...
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Does anyone distinguish linguistic univocity/analogy from metaphysical univocity/analogy?

Classical Theists (and other Realists) inherit Plato's Theory of Forms, and posit the existence of Forms such as Goodness, Truth, Beauty, Justice, and so on. Non-Christian Realists might say these ...
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What should I read to deepen my understanding about 'relativism and anti-realism'?

After some discussion, I noticed the philosophical questions I want to explore are mainly ideas that take a relativist and anti-realist point of view. (whether when it comes to morals, or concepts ...
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Ontic structural realism: what's the difference between 'structures are all there is' and 'all there is are structures'?

I'm a physics student reading a philosophy essay about ontic structural realism and quantum field theory. In that paper, the author presented ontic structural realism(OSR) and radical ontic structural ...
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Realism and idealism

If realism is not opposed to idealism, but to anti-realism, and realism is just a generic position applied to certain things but not others, why we often hear that idealism is anti-reality, that ...
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3 answers
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What is realism? Or: Is realism real?

In a very flat manner, my question would be: what is realism in philosophy, which movements and authors belong to realism, and what does it oppose to? But here are the precise issues that pop up each ...
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What does it mean for two properties of objects to be of the same class (or even identical)?

For people adhering to a realist ontology, what does it mean for you to say that a property p of an object of species a, and a property q of an object b are of the same class, or even that are ...
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What does "structural similarity" mean in correspondence theory?

Button T, The Limits of Realism, 2013, pp. 8-9: For the correspondence theorist, true theories do not aim to copy the world, but aim only at some kind of structural similarity. … The Correspondence ...
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Epistemic access to possible worlds for David Lewis and empiricism

David Lewis believed that possible worlds are real and their existence are similar to actual world. Any world is causally and spatio-temporally disconnected from other worlds. David Lewis was an ...
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Markus Gabriel's ontology and the non-existence of the world

Markus Gabriel proposes a permissive ontology ("New Realism") according to, if there exists a certain "field of sense" in which an entity appears, the entity exists. Even fictional ...
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What do contemporary philosophers mean when they say abstract objects exist (or realism of abstract objects)?

So for Plato, forms exist in some other "divine" realm similar to the way concrete objects exist in our ordinary world. So the existence of forms is comparable to the existence of concrete ...
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Give something a name and it becomes a thing?

I'm looking for the name of a concept in, I think, philosophy of language, or perhaps rhetoric. So, a colleague once made a comment something like, "If you give something a name, it becomes a ...
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How would you explain the fundamental difference between realism and idealism?

First of all, let me clarify that I'm talking about non-subjective idealism with respect to the physical world (Kant and Berkeley are two examples) and about indirect realists such as (I believe) most ...
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Did Ayn Rand embrace critical realism?

Critical realism in the sense that although a world exists outside our perception, we never fully grasp it.
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What qualifies as being 'part of' the state of affairs for an event?

In the book "Norms and Actions" by Georg Henrik Von Wright, an event is said to be an ordered pair of states of affairs, where the initial state of affairs transitions or changes to an end ...
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Structural Realism vs. Scientific Formalism?

How exactly do structural realism and scientific formalism differ? Are they compatible, or is this another rehashing of, say, the rationalism vs. idealism debate? I know Galileo, Kepler, et al. were ...