Questions tagged [reality]

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Allegory of the cave & Nietzsche

¿What would be Nietzsche opinion on the allegory of the cavern? I am specifically thinking what would Nietzsche philosophy say about the prisoners escape. Would he see anything at all? Is there any ...
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143 views

Nietzsche - Fictions effectiveness

According to my philosophy teacher, Nietzsche says there is no one true, objective reality but plenty of fictions and those that are more effective are the ones that persist. My teacher argues that ...
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1answer
74 views

Why can some things apparently be “pretended” but others apparently can't? [closed]

"Pretend to be upset" - seems broadly possible? "Pretend to lift your right arm" (for a person who has the capability of doing this action ) - not sure if this is possible "All experiences are real (...
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3answers
529 views

A second indubitable axiom

The axiom "I think therefore I am" is the axiom of reality that René Descartes is famous for inventing. Does anybody know of any other such axioms that cannot be disputed (at least on an individual ...
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4answers
383 views

Logical proof of the existence of other dimensions

I'm new to the forum, I'm not a philosophy student, I'm an engineer of sorts. I was struck the other day by a thought after reading several unrelated posts here. Given that : 1) Infinity exists for ...
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2answers
540 views

If consciousness was an illusion, would it be less real?

Even though qualia are generally considered to be unexplainable, there are philosophers like Daniel Dennett attempting to get to the core of consciousness with scientific methods. In his view, ...
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3answers
112 views

How do our minds divide spaces and create “entities?”

I've been thinking about how any object can be split into infinitely smaller pieces and how we may say that there is a particular object or entity, but it has an upper portion and lower portion. In ...
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206 views

can a machine ai hallucinate?

It seems to me our current experience of the subjective consciousness of a human is currently based on the one of the following: - reporting of the subjective experience through language - observation ...
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1answer
4k views

The Difference Between Truth and Reality. And what does fact stand for?

I'm interested in the different forms of actuality. Fact For me fact must be a constant, base level of deducted 'fact'. Something that cannot be disproved. For instance, fire is hot. Fact is ...
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3answers
351 views

Any philosophical theories that would allow thoughts to influence the probability of future events AND be consistent with the laws of physics?

I have some family members who believe a version of "don't think about [something undesirable] because it makes it more likely to happen". Similar belief, though in the opposite direction, seems to be ...
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1answer
68 views

How do we know that everything is the age it appears to be?

How do we really know that we (and everything else) wasn't created an instant ago, and everything we remember from the past is an illusion, a figment of our imagination to comfort ourselves from ...
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1answer
357 views

Are Graham Harman's concealed real objects “inaccessible” or merely “not fully accessible in a given moment”?

I am reading Graham Harman's "Quadruple Object", but having difficulties in following the connection he makes between the Real Object and the Sensual Qualities. He starts forming his quadruple ...
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2answers
235 views

What are facts as considered independently of any thinking being?

What confuses me about the notion of a fact, is that it seems like it's something that's discovered. So, a fact could be said to be this 'thing' that has a perfect correspondence with reality, and ...
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1answer
75 views

What is our mental version of the “real world” based on our interpretation of sensory input, called?

I was working from the basis that reality is reality, and our senses interpret it, and then our feelings are an interpretation into "mind language" of what our senses are reporting, and then with each ...
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1k views

On insanity and the nature of reality

If a person realizes that what they're experiencing is not real, and is fully cognizant of the fact that they can't distinguish between the two - the unreality they are experiencing and the reality ...
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1answer
242 views

Epistemology of derealization

I'm wondering if anyone has analyzed derealization from an epistemological perspective. If one person perceives the world as real and another perceives it as unreal, are we justified in viewing the ...
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5answers
2k views

If we live in a simulated world, doesn't there have to be a first world that's real?

There are people who believe we live in a world, simulated on a computer. That computer must have been built in either another computer-generated world or a real world (by which I mean a non-simulated ...
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448 views

Critique of Plato's theory of Forms [closed]

I'm new to philosophical studies, my background is in mathematics. I've just read some of Aristotle's Metaphysics today, and would like critique on a brief argument I wrote against Plato's Forms ...
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2answers
153 views

Why must physics (empirical measurement) be consistent?

In this TEDx talk, Physicist and Nobel Laureate George Smoot claims (around 19:00) that inconsistency in measurements of the universe imply either that our universe is not real, that is, that we live ...
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8answers
700 views

What proof do we have that time is moving forward?

We mark the progress of time by a thin line between past memories and no memories (the future). If time is actually flowing backwards or even standing still we would not know it. If memories are ...
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1answer
69 views

Isn't a brain not just another vat?

The brain in the vat scenario seems unfinished to me: Let say we come to the conclusion that we are, or bettter I am a brain in a vat and all you are simulated by an external evil(?) demon. Ok, this ...
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2answers
362 views

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

At an everyday level, we seem to subscribe to a from of strong realism which doesn't leave any room for skepticism. We are certain that individuals who hear voices in their heads or who have ...
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3answers
700 views

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

Einstein insisted that nature is locally real, which is also know as counterfactual defeniteness and means that results of experiments are predetermined. But, if everything is predetermined in every ...
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308 views

Have any thinkers applied empiricism to the dreaming and deep sleep states?

The Mandukya Upanishad is a philosophical text found in the Vedas, which are among the most important scriptures of Hinduism. Here is what V. Subrahmanya Iyer says in a foreword to a translation of ...
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1answer
110 views

Is our reality real? [closed]

Our perception of reality is flawed. Not only are we limited to a narrow bandwidth of light and sound waves, but size and shape depend on our angle and distance from an object. The reality we percieve ...
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1answer
258 views

Can anyone explain what do they mean by, 'The past is just a story we tell ourselves'? [closed]

Even if we keep repeating our past to ourselves, still it is not just a story, I think so. It is something that happened to us, the experience is not a story.
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Does a rejection of the principle of sufficient reason result in blurring the distinction between being and non-being?

Celestine Bittle in 'Reality and the Mind' holds that if we do not grant that there is a reason for being rather than non-being, then there is no actual distinction between being and non-being since ...
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4answers
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The number Pi as a simulated reality counterargument? [closed]

There is a similar discussion on Reddit . The idea is to use the number Pi as a trigger to prove ourselves that we do not live in some kind of computer simulation. The logic is simple: as we know ...
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11answers
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What are some arguments against the brain-in-a-vat thought experiment?

I read this article about how this guy in Switzerland did an experiment that he thought proved the Simulation Hypothesis of reality (link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.1847). I have also been reading ...
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119 views

Is taking a drug that makes us mentally go back in time and simulate our life in sleep the same as doing it “physically”? [closed]

Imagine if you had done something really bad in the past which had caused you suffering in the present. You really want to go back in time and change it. Unfortunately, at the moment, it's impossible ...
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1answer
165 views

Would truly random events be strictly equivalent to events without a cause?

There are a couple of questions (one, another) about this topic, and as I was thinking about this for a while, I started wondering whether there has been any systematic research into this that raises ...
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5answers
2k views

Is Objective Reality really just the Subjective Agreement of a given group?

The famous quote "Perception is Reality" can lead to solipsism as a philosophy - that perhaps "I" am the only being that exists, and "reality" is only what I am creating it to be through my own ...
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3answers
13k views

What is the philosophical difference between “Reality” and “Truth”? [closed]

While talking philosophically, I want to know the difference between Reality and Truth. Especially while Asking this question, I've used Reality/Truth because I don't know How they are different in ...
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9answers
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Does True Randomness actually exist? [duplicate]

I tend to think of randomness as a lack of complete information when it comes to knowing something. If we look at the history of probability theory it centers on a lack of knowing the exact outcome of ...
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3answers
203 views

A final end to the depth we can investigate reality?

The higher energies we use the deeper we look into the mysteries of the universe. We started to find molecules, atoms, protons, quarks, ... All at different energy scales. Each new stage forced and ...
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1answer
204 views

Who does Nietzsche denounce for believing that the external world is the product of our organs?

I've just started Nietzsche's "Beyond Good and Evil." I am confused about this section. When Nietzsche refers to people who "say that the external world is the product of our organs," does he mean ...
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2answers
63 views

Is there something to theory as theory is practice? [closed]

Practice can be explained with theory, but what can theory be explained with? I would say that theory can only be affected directly by the reality itself. However neither one of us experiences the ...
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1answer
3k views

How does Descartes determine that the idea of God has more objective reality than finite substance?

Descartes's third meditation, which sets out to prove the existence of God from previous considerations, confuses me greatly. Descartes appears to be trying to make an argument that the source must ...
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2answers
105 views

Will an Omnipotent being ever make an change into the state of this reality

Being able to make any change to the state of reality pretty much makes everything an meaningless endeavor. In my view an Omnipotent being will know everything and anything in it's entirety. He/She ...
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1answer
109 views

Do questions about the ultimate truth make sense? Are we capable of understanding the system in which we live? (Looking for directions/references)

I am recently reading a lot about topics like free will or consciousness. It seems that many philosophers are trying to argue about these concepts in an ultimate and final way, that means they are ...
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2answers
4k views

If magic is “fake,” why is science real? [closed]

Consider this: I watch a Harry Potter movie when I am a kid (I did) and, as early as kids, of course, older people tend to teach young kids at some point that motion pictures are "fiction" and not to ...
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60 views

convince me reality exists [duplicate]

Most contemporary uses of the word reality are empirical assertions. What argument can be given that we are discovering Plato's true forms, or that there are any true forms to be found. Is there a ...
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3answers
223 views

How do laws of nature enforce themselves?

The Humean view prevailing today is that laws of nature are mere regularities of the empirical events. However, there seems to be a difference between post factum regularities, like the Titius-Bode ...
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2answers
188 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...
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2answers
211 views

Something, nothing, and death [closed]

Consider for a moment the classic question "Why is there something rather than nothing?" My favorite answer is a terribly funny statement by a stand up comedian in Hebrew: "eem ein ein, az yesh yesh!"...
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19answers
12k views

Can we prove reality?

I heard someone make an assertion that 'We cannot really prove that there is reality.'. 'Reality' here would mean the universe and everything in it. You could look at an apple and think its an apple ...
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10answers
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Why distrust our senses?

It seems self-evident that the phenomena we sense are accurate and correlate to the real world. What sorts of philosophical arguments might cast doubt on this conviction in the veridicality of ...
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2answers
2k views

If there are infinite realities, do realities exist in which there are no infinite realities?

I don't have any experience with physics. I am just very interested to know whether or not this might be possible.
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How do the meanings of *to exist*, *to be*, and *real* differ?

What definition of to exist, of to be, and of real preponderates contemporary philosophy? How do the terms differ from one another?
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1answer
98 views

Deny the existence of infinities by philosophical means only [closed]

Is it possible to deny the existence of infinities in the real world, by philosophical means only? If it makes it easier, I'm mainly interested to deny that we can know an infinite amount of things (...