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Questions tagged [reason]

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4
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4answers
116 views

Can a reason cost 5 dollars?

Imagine a school where no one can wear a red hat. John goes to school with a red hat costing 5 dollars. Someone says John's red hat "is" the reason why he can't get into the school. What is the ...
0
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5answers
141 views

How do I operate with philosophers if I reject deductive reasoning?

Deductive reasoning is the one that takes premises for granted. I never do it. Therefore I never do deductive reasoning. Well, enough jokes. It is safe to assume that deductive reasoning never should ...
2
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3answers
245 views

If nature is inherently imprecise, how is it so easy for us to conceptualize mathematical certainties?

In modeling any real physical system, we are required to employ inductive reasoning. We can never be completely certain about the state or properties of any system or of any future observation we will ...
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3answers
55 views

If-then syllogism and multiple conditionals

Can one condtional statement cancel another one ? For example i say if you get 85/100 at maths test i will gift you a car a but if you get 85/100 at maths and 50/100 at history i wont gift you ...
1
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1answer
57 views

What does it mean to be rational? [closed]

What does it mean to be rational/reasonable? Is it reasonable to believe only things that can be and are verified empirically? Are things reasonable only if we understand them at an intuitive level? ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Reason is the adversary of thinking

I came across this quote by the German philosopher Martin Heidegger, "Thinking only begins at the point where we have come to know that reason, glorified for centuries, is the most obstinate adversary ...
3
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4answers
175 views

How is it possible to be thankful for what you have?

Question: How can one be thankful for what he has? Details: Many religions, philosophies and self-development lectures advocate people to become grateful for what they already have so that they can ...
4
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3answers
109 views

Is there a name for the idea of inherent bias in an authority figure or expert?

We often appeal to experts and authorities due to the usefulness of their acquired knowledge, and a lot of the time, this is a fairly sensible thing to do. However, very often, I feel like there is a ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Is the following considered an argument or just a set of statements? If it is an argument what would be the premises and conclusion?

In every age, philosophers have compared the human mind to the latest technological gizmo. Currently we use computers as models of our minds. Seventy-five years ago, our minds were compared to ...
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1answer
124 views

Existence of Jungian archetypes

I can't seem to make sense of any of the summary definitions of an archetype according to Jung. Has a consise, consistent definition been given anywhere?
1
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1answer
75 views

Help me understand Earman and Salmon's pragmatic vindication

"Hume showed convincingly that, if nature is uniform, inductive reasoning will work very well, whereas, if nature is not uniform, inductive reasoning will fail. This much is pretty easy to see. [Some ...
4
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2answers
91 views

Faith versus Reason

I am looking for books on the discussion of terms and concepts like reason, faith, instinct, evidence, confidence, justification, etc. But especially reason versus faith. I not looking for science ...
3
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2answers
533 views

Teaching my son the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning

My son has shown an increased ability to grasp complex ideas, and one that he recently brought up was logic, more specifically the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning. What would be ...
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2answers
168 views

Definition of “reason”

After seeing the interview of Jordan Peterson about the gender pay gap I was discussing about this topic with my flatmate. Rather than discussing about the gender pay gap here, my question is about ...
2
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2answers
80 views

Is knowledge in the arts based on abductive reasoning?

Is knowledge in the arts based on abductive reasoning? In the arts esp. visual art, do we use abductive reasoning to try to come up with the best possible interpretation of a piece of visual art?
8
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2answers
398 views

Is there a deduction analog to the problem of induction?

Aren't deductive and inductive reasoning equally unjustified? So, inductive reasoning is going from specifics to general, whilst deductive reasoning is going from general to specific. But in deductive ...
3
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5answers
474 views

Logic and reason is circular reasoning..?

In an argument about circular reasoning the opponent does nothing but state over and over that if 'God exists because the bible says so and the bible is true so god must exist' is circular reasoning, ...
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0answers
49 views

Why is a position without a reason invalid?

A position without a reason is fundamentally a premise, where the premise is simply much more profound than usual. Since every non-trivial argument is based on a subjectively procured premise, it ...
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0answers
34 views

Does coherentism neglect the motivational aspect of justification?

Coherentism, in its various iterations, generally works off of the suggestion that a large enough circle in reasoning avoids being a vicious circularity. I think that whatever is meant by 'vicious' by ...
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0answers
394 views

What is the meaning in our existence? [closed]

So I dont know why but I am starting to get these questions in mind..let's see..where to start.. So at first I think it started from me thinking about life and death...you get born into this world, ...
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0answers
58 views

Is it a fallacy to argue that if something is much much more likely to occur then it is in fact the case?

Is it OK to argue that what is hugely more likely to occur is in fact the case? There seems to be a class of paradox that relies on the idea that what we think is the case is in fact much much less ...
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1answer
262 views

David Hume - Reason being a slave the passions [duplicate]

In David Humes' book, "A Treatise of Human Nature" he states that reason is the slave to the passions. "Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other ...
5
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2answers
571 views

What is the difference between an excuse and a reason? [closed]

I've been told not to use excuses, as per a "set of ethics", that if I gave reason for being late for an appointment, for work, not being a mathematician, etc. But, I don't see a moral difference ...
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1answer
94 views

Does the discovery of Earth- like planets make it reasonable to assume that life also exists on those planets? [closed]

There has been much interest recently around the discovery of Earth- like planets. While thinking of the possibility of life on those planets, I came to the realization that assuming there is no life ...
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1answer
389 views

We do everything for pleasure

I have been in debate for a while now with me friend. I come here looking for feedback and possible outlooks to related sources. The question we posed a long time ago is interesting one: why do we ...
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0answers
34 views

Should the power of an explanation have limited scope?

Should the power of an explanation, especially in science (though I'm interested if this changes anything), have a limited scope? Meaning that in abduction an explanation that explains more isn't ...
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3answers
152 views

Within philosophy, is “reason” a broader concept than “logic”?

Within philosophy, is "reason" a broader concept than "logic"? In a comment under this question Jon Ericson suggested a case could be made for "reason" to include "logic" but not vice-versa. I had ...