Skip to main content

Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
1 answer
50 views

If nothing existed, would even the fact that nothing exists not exist either?

Suppose absolutely nothing existed. Not just no material objects, but also no space, no time, no God, and even no mathematical entities. In such a case, would even the fact that nothing exists itself ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
11 votes
5 answers
660 views

Roadmap for self study in philosophy

I am new to philosophy and want to systematically study it on my own. I have been introduced to Oriental philosophy, including the Vedas, Upanishads, Advaita, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, as a ...
Explorer's user avatar
  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
385 views

Is there such a thing as objective beauty? [duplicate]

Does there exist examples of objective beauty? Or is all beauty subjective? My personal belief is that beauty is a subjective concept. Even if most (or even all) people agree that some particular ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Implication as an Explanatory Relation Reference Request

Has there been anyone in Academia lately who has proposed the following form of logic: Implication is interpreted as an explanatory relation between two propositions, so that implication is not ...
AUTIST INC's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
45 views

Did Popper ever mention Rand and vice versa?

I’ve read a lot of Karl Popper’s writings and a fair amount of Ayn Rand’s. It seems odd that two of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century never talk about each other or address each ...
Dennis Hackethal's user avatar
5 votes
8 answers
2k views

Do ends really exist?

When planning or strategizing in everyday life, it's useful to distinguish between goals ("ends") and the tools or techniques one will apply to try to achieve them ("means"). For ...
Jacob Manaker's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
325 views

Is it possible for some being to violate the laws of physics?

Is it possible for some being to violate the laws of physics? My belief is that it isn't possible for any being, no matter how powerful, to violate the laws of physics. Because, simply by definition, ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
4 votes
5 answers
287 views

The application of logic to knowledge seems problematic

I was reading Dretske's text on 'Is knowledge closed under known entailment?' and I saw him using the material conditional while claiming entailment. But, in my head these two seem different. Since ...
Bessel's user avatar
  • 49
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Shortcomings with considering firsthand knowledge as supreme

I think it is really common for people to believe something just because they are told it, although there may be implicit contextual factors like if they consider the source of information worthy of ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
143 views

Blaise Pascal and a possible unfinished Philosophical System?

We know that Blaise Pascal died young and was unable to develop many of his theses that are embryonically present in his Pensées, his treatise on Grace, or his reflections on the spirit of geometry. ...
Ian's user avatar
  • 161
4 votes
0 answers
54 views

Philosophy of Action 101

I am looking for a concise introductory work to the philosophy of action, to use as a background text from which to start for a work in the field of social sciences. After extense review, I haven't ...
Javier G's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

What is strategy? [closed]

This is a word that is commonly used as a buzz-word to describe a wide range of things - it's something that has always bothered me. My personal view on 'strategy' is: at the most abstract level, a ...
surbjit singh's user avatar
7 votes
8 answers
1k views

tips for future philosophy student

In September I will begin my first year in uni and because I have studied philosophy only in high school, do you have any tips / advice to give me? I have been thinking a lot about the different ...
christopher's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Reference request for the definition of machines [closed]

I once asked in the Physics Stack Exchange what the definition of a machine is. I did not really get a good response. Now, I am trying the philosophy stack exchange, as philosophy deals with coming up ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
4 votes
7 answers
1k views

Identity is circular?

SEP on identity says: Identity can be characterised ... as the relation everything has to itself and to nothing else. But this is circular, since "nothing else" just means "no non-...
Rushi's user avatar
  • 3,394
14 votes
9 answers
3k views

Is science value-free?

Some people, like Sam Harris, say that science has values of its own. According to him, even a statement like "Water is two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen" is value-laden. But I don't ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
6 votes
3 answers
255 views

What is an argument (in philosophy)?

Closely related (sub)question: is there some way to tell a piece of (spoken, or writen, or...) text that is an argument from one that isn't? If 'yes', how? [Notice the question is not asking "...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,793
2 votes
0 answers
45 views

Any consensus on Łukasiewicz' idea that Aristotle's syllogisms were systematically misrepresented in the academic literature?

Is there a consensus today on Jan Łukasiewicz' 1957 assertion that Aristotle's syllogisms were systematically misrepresented in the academic literature? Łukasiewicz, in Aristotle's Syllogistic from ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
3 votes
1 answer
56 views

Plato about dynamic of knowledge [closed]

Where did Plato say something like "what's the point in going back to a book if every time it gives the same answer"? Did ancient Greeks say anything about the dynamic of knowledge?
SAFI's user avatar
  • 741
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

Has anyone compiled a list of all the philosophical works Nietzsche critiques in Beyond Good and Evil?

I know this isn't really a philosophy question; I just want to read everything Nietzsche read. I have a picture of him over my bed and I kiss his little forehead every night. Also, why does he say ...
crowe's user avatar
  • 9
7 votes
7 answers
2k views

Can the absense of something be a cause?

I wonder, can the absence of something be a cause? My first inclination is to say yes. For example, if someone is in a room with no air, the lack of air will cause them to die. But what really is the ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
-1 votes
2 answers
72 views

What difference between the truth of a conditional* and its logical validity?

I am confused . . . Here is a remark on the "classical analysis" of the implication: On the classical analysis, logical implication is the same, not as the truth of a conditional statement, ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
4 votes
0 answers
93 views

What does it mean to say that two theorems (provable statements) are 'equivalent'?

sometimes one sees/reads assertions such as "[the bounded inverse theorem] is equivalent to both the open mapping theorem and the closed graph theorem", but taken formally and literally this ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,793
4 votes
2 answers
119 views

Has any philosopher written about how our reasoning relies on subtly incompatible assumptions depending on the kind of question we are asking?

I would like to know whether the following idea has already been formalized by some philosopher: When we reason about questions for which we assume there is an objective or true answer, we rely ...
Not Djijkjkkstra's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
754 views

Do any philosophers describe drama as fundamental to, or the essence of, the human condition?

Whenever I contemplate philosophy or science the convention that I call "name dropping" always evokes my experience of interpersonal drama. Here is my favorite example of name dropping: ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
  • 2,174
4 votes
0 answers
36 views

Problem of Induction in Methodology of History?

Has there been any work done in exploring how the problem of induction applies to the study of history? It seems to me that many historical inferences might require a sort of uniformity of human/...
confusedcius's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
598 views

Are there any philosophies related to different structures of organization of information?

I am interested to explore different ways to organize information, for example in different libraries and archives or even museum. And I wonder whether there are philosophies that discuss the ...
SAFI's user avatar
  • 741
7 votes
3 answers
388 views

Are social medias unethical on the basis that they are too addictive?

Many of my friends spend hours and hours mindlessly scrolling on TikTok and Instagram each day. They benefit very little from this, if at all, and it saps big chunks from their day. I've been there ...
Peter's user avatar
  • 79
3 votes
1 answer
72 views

Which author(s) first talked of Aristotle's syllogistic as a logic of terms?

Which author(s) first talked of Aristotle's syllogistic as a logic of terms? Thank you for any scholarly references. Aristotle does defines the notion of "term" in Prior Analytics: I call a ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
0 votes
1 answer
65 views

Can a necessitarian still believe in this notion of possibility?

I am a necessitarian, meaning, I believe that the only thing that is possible is what actually happens. The reason for that is because I don't believe any possible world except this one exists. ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
1 vote
1 answer
27 views

Are there these two notions of possibility distinct?

There are two notions of logically possible. I will label them as the positive sense and the negative sense. The positive sense is that a set of sentences S is possible if and only if there exists a ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
3 votes
1 answer
71 views

Is it actually a good thing that there is so little consensus and so much disagreement in the field of philosophy?

In fields like mathematics and physics and other so-called "hard sciences", there is not much room for disagreement. Usually, those who disagree with well-established physical theories like ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
1 vote
0 answers
23 views

What are some arguments prominent philosophers have made for alethic relativism?

Alethic relativism is the view that truth is relative. I wonder, what are some arguments that prominent philosophers, both currently living and also those now dead, have made for that position? ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Have any philosophers discussed “coherentizing” as a solution to the “paradox of analysis”?

This is largely a reference request, but supplementary explanations are welcome. I describe my thoughts on the paradox of analysis here. I recently tried to derive the form of first-order logic more ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
1k views

What is the difference between mind and consciousness?

I have heard the terms "mind" and "consciousness" used interchangeably, but I am now wondering, is there a difference between them? If so, what is the difference between them? I ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
2 votes
4 answers
245 views

At what point in the history of mathematics, and why, did mathematicians come to say "A implies B" to mean "not A or B"?

Here is what one respondent to my previous question says: A big part of the problem here lies with interpreting the word ‘implies’, which is ambiguous in English. Unfortunately, mathematicians get ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
5 votes
6 answers
275 views

Is the notion that queer identities and sexuality are innate incompatible with the view that genders are socially molded?

Probably the single most important proposition/thesis/tenet regarding queer identities currently held is that Queer individuals, just as cishet individuals, are simply born the way they are: they do ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,793
6 votes
10 answers
2k views

Does a sentence exist if it is not written, spoken, or even thought of?

If a sentence is never written, spoken, or even thought of, does it still exist? Let me illustrate what I mean. Suppose there is a mathematical sentence, say in some first-order language L, which is a ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
2 votes
0 answers
33 views

Anti-realism in regards to the notion of grounding

There are a lot of philosophical texts on the notion of grounding, that is, the relation "X grounds Y". But what if all this is based on a mistaken notion? What if nothing grounds anything? ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
1 vote
0 answers
42 views

What logical differences did Ernst Schröder see between propositions and classes?

What are the differences, from the point of view of formal logic, that Ernst Schröder argued there were between genuine propositions and classes? I understand that Schröder argues his views on the ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
2 votes
3 answers
107 views

Is there a difference between "there is" versus "there exists"?

I have heard the phrases "there is" and "there exists" used interchangeably, but I am now wondering, is there a difference between them, and if so, what is it? Also, have ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
4 votes
1 answer
55 views

Reference request for texts on causation

I have been very interested in causation lately. I am especially interested in whether it can be defined at all, or it must be taken as a brute fact. I would love to read some texts on causation, and ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
4 votes
0 answers
42 views

Does Kant anywhere "rationalize" noumena on, say, moral grounds?

I ask in the context of reading various "new realists" or "objective oriented ontologists”. To my reading, many of these thinkers would like to return to Kant's attempt to unify both ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
208 views

What are the main interpretations offered so far of biscuit conditionals?

So-called biscuit conditionals are conditionals such as "There are biscuits, if you want". First noticed and discussed by John Langshaw Austin in 1956, biscuit conditionals have been ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
3 votes
3 answers
143 views

Do we need expertise to rate the chance of very low and high probability events?

Do we need expertise to rate the chance of very low probability events? We make implicit judgments about probabilty quite often (is the bus late), but I catch myself struggling to do so with very low ...
andrós's user avatar
  • 1,462
0 votes
0 answers
106 views

Are there published rebuttals of Patrick Flynn's recent book "The Best Argument for God"?

The Best Argument for God, by Patrick Flynn, was recently published on October 17th, 2023. With only 21 votes on Amazon so far, it has garnered an average rating of 4.9 (as of March 25th, 2024). Does ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,027
4 votes
0 answers
54 views

Recommendation for references on the philosophy of space and time

I am a mathematician by training but I have absolutely no formal (or even informal) training in philosophy. I am also beginning a project to write short stories with a heavy focus on mathematics, in ...
Paul Cusson's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
52 views

Is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is conscious?

I take it for granted that other humans, and other higher animals like chimpanzees and dogs and cats, are conscious. But is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
0 votes
0 answers
79 views

Did anyone offered a resolution to Hilbert's most important question?

In 1900, Hilbert identified what he said was the most important unresolved question in the mathematics of the time: But above all I wish to designate the following as the most important among the ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
2 votes
1 answer
43 views

What are some resources for writing professional philosophical research articles?

I am a philosophy graduate student. I have written several papers, but I've never been able to publish them, and they all got rejected. Therefore, I started to think that my skills were not good ...
user466441's user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
25