Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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Can somebody help me choose relevant literature

I want to excuse myself beforehand if this is an inappropriate question on this forum. I'm just starting studying and I need literature for my little paperwork in a philosophy seminar. The main line ...
Deni Abdumuslimov's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are the solutions for the symbolic representation of individual entities within formal logic expressions?

What are the different solutions proposed in the academic literature to represents symbolically individual entities within formal logic expressions? One solution I am aware of is to use Latin letters. ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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3 answers
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Which philosopher proved that propositions cannot be neither true nor false?

Where can I find a comprehensive discussion of the idea that some propositions are neither true nor false? I know of Łukasiewicz but his discussion seems rather limited. Which philosopher if any tried ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
37 views

Is conceivability relative to the subject?

Is conceivability relative to the subject? By this, I mean, can some beings conceive more things, or different things, than other beings? Personally, I believe the answer is yes. I believe that, for ...
user107952's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Reference request for the definition of logic

I am looking for philosophical texts on the question of what the definition of logic is or should be. I am pretty sure many logicians and philosophers have written about that philosophical topic. I ...
user107952's user avatar
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Who first said: "Never deny, seldom affirm, always distinguish"?

In the context of medieval scholastic disputations, what is the origin of the axiom "Never deny, seldom affirm, always distinguish" ("Numquam negare, raro affirmare, semper distinguere&...
Geremia's user avatar
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86 views

What is Richard’s paradox?

I am about to try to read through the Wikipedia article and invite anyone to give an introduction or clarification. (I first learned of this paradox from Gödel’s paper on “formally undecidable ...
D J Sims's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

On the conceivability of philosophical zombies [duplicate]

A big question in the philosophy of consciousness is whether philosophical zombies are conceivable, and if they are, are they also metaphysically possible. I believe the answer is yes. At least, I can ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are philosophical theories and "-isms" even testable?

I recently asked how we can even know which philosophical interpretation of probability is correct, here: How can we even know which philosophical interpretation of probability is correct?. However, ...
user107952's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
66 views

What passage in Aquinas's Summa does this refer to?

From Chapter 18 of R. A. Lafferty's historical novel Okla Hannali: There is an interesting question in the Summa of St. Thomas Aquinas and also in an old science fiction story, the name of which I ...
user14111's user avatar
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Inferring underlying codes from surface manifestations - who said it?

In Anthony Giddens' The Constitution of Society, page 16, he writes: As conceptualized in structuralist and post-structuralist thought, on the other hand, the notion of structure is more interesting. ...
Cdn_Dev's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How do Philosophy students deal with archaic and old English in Philosophy books?

I am from India and English is my third language. When I tried to get into Philosophy, the first book I picked up was Meditations by Marcus Aurelius. Even though I liked the book, the archaic grammar ...
Suradoe Uchiha's user avatar
14 votes
12 answers
5k views

How to start learning philosophy and overcome my bias towards mathematics?

I am interested and curious about philosophy, especially topics like morals, justice, ethics, etc. I want to read books that explain the philosophy behind them. However, I am very ignorant and I don’t ...
pie's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Philosophy books for STEM people

I have a background in STEM. Specially, I started as an engineering student but quickly my interests escalated to core sciences then mathematics. I would now like to explore the domains of Philosophy. ...
Kartik Pandey's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
173 views

Can an action be both determined and free?

The classical argument against free will, is that, in a deterministic universe, since everything is determined, so are human actions, and thus no human action is free. But this relies on the hidden ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
50 views

Does necessitarianism make the concept of law of nature vacuous?

I am someone who believes that everything is necessary, that only the actual is possible. However, I came across a somewhat disturbing implication of my view. I believe my view entails that every true ...
user107952's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Are there or have there been notable philosophers who believe in Nullism?

Monism is the philosophical view that only one thing exists. However, I want to know, if there are or have been notable philosophers who believe in Nullism? I made up that term, to describe the belief ...
user107952's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Where does Leibniz discuss the value of variety?

I believe that I remember that Leibniz put strong value upon the varieties found in the world, e.g. as between human cultures and in nature. What are some good references for this?
Frode Alfson Bjørdal's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
58 views

What is the "fourth term" of the Hegelian dialectic?

Paul accomplishes his objective only by defining a fourth discourse, which could be called mystical, as the margin for his own. As if every schema of discourses had to configure a quadrangle. But is ...
ariadneofnaxos's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
65 views

Does submitting in PhilArchive affect submission in journals?

I wanted to submit a paper to PhilArchive (an open-access e-print archive in philosophy). If I want to submit this paper to a journal afterwards, does this prior submission to PhilArchive affect the ...
user466441's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
87 views

What is the definition of nothingness?

I am asking this question because I read Lawrence Krauss's book "A Universe from Nothing". I have also read a lot of criticism of that book, saying that Krauss's "nothingness" is ...
user107952's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
134 views

Can God violate the laws of mathematics and logic? [duplicate]

Can an omnipotent being like God violate the laws of mathematics and logic? Personally, I don't even believe in God, but I am just asking purely hypothetically if such a being could violate the laws ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
220 views

What would be the best textbook for a philosophy of mind intro course for psychology majors?

My area of expertise is logic and philosophical logic, but I'll be teaching an introductory course on the philosophy of mind to second semester psychology majors (taking cognitive science as a minor). ...
Mariusz Popieluch's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
99 views

What is the "historicised a priori"?

While browsing this question I stumbled upon the concept of historicised a priori citing Dilthey and Foucalt. Can somebody explain this concept to me? Also, could anyone point me in the direction of ...
GONZALO ROCHA DE LA CRUZ's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
17 views

Are there any recommended resources for exploring the dynamics of power relationships within the context of teacher-student interactions?

I am interested in the interplay of power within the educational setting, specifically focusing on the role of the teacher as a potential authoritarian figure akin. It seems that the traditional ...
line's user avatar
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3 votes
8 answers
721 views

Is there a difference between knowing, and knowing for certain?

When one knows something, do they also know it for certain? Or is knowing distinct from knowing for certain? I find a statement like, "I know X, but I don't know X for certain" to be pretty ...
user107952's user avatar
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3 votes
10 answers
277 views

Can science prove statements to be true?

I know that mathematics can prove certain statements to be true, which we call theorems. But what about science? Can science prove statements to be true? Note, just because a statement can't be proven ...
user107952's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
28 views

What would be a recent follow-up or alternative to Pylyshyn's 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science"?

I was exposed to Zenon Pylyshyn's work through my master's thesis work in Cognitive Science. Recently, I picked up his 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive ...
digikar's user avatar
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0 answers
18 views

Does necessitarianism imply that every true statement about the physical world is a law of physics?

I am someone who believes that nothing is possible except the actual. In my view, all non-actual possible statements are false. So, for example, the statements "Unicorns could have evolved on ...
user107952's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
77 views

Is the fact of consciousness moving through time compatible with a block universe?

We all experience consciousness as moving through time. I wonder, is that fact compatible with a block universe? I actually do believe in the block universe, but I wonder if any philosopher has found ...
user107952's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
232 views

What does "fundamental" mean?

Electrons and photons are fundamental, while chairs and tables are not. Some theories of physics also state that space or time or both, are not fundamental. But what does that mean, "fundamental&...
user107952's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
55 views

Turing machines, thinking and category mistakes

According to my recollection, some philosophers have argued that it is a category mistake to ascribe intelligence to Turing machines, because Turing machines are abstract mathematical objects. What ...
Frode Alfson Bjørdal's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
138 views

Is there a recognized topic in philosophy regarding the fallaciousness of debating what the ‘correct’ definition of a word is?

Or, what the defining properties of some thing are. For example, I might say, “Socialism is a government in which such-and-such happens,” and someone else might say, “No, socialism is when a society ...
D J Sims's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
81 views

Why has the word 'Existential' become so popular [closed]

Ten to twenty years ago the word Existential hardly ever appeared in print. Nowadays it appears everywhere. Politicians, Scientists, Newscasters and everybody in between is using it. The following is ...
Michael Mcgarry's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
182 views

Resource request for philosophical arguments regarding the ethics of killing animals

If we consider the animals have a right to live, then killing them for consumption should be considered a violation of their rights. On the other hand, if we don't consider that animals have a right ...
Amir reza Riahi's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
568 views

What is it that is done when we DO mathematics?

I want to understand more deeply and philosophically what exactly mathematicians do. Wikipedia lists some major subareas like analysis, geometry but ends its lead paragraph with There is no general ...
user107952's user avatar
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10 votes
14 answers
4k views

How do we know that the mind is not a physical entity?

Most people believe that the mind is separate from the physical world. But how do we actually know that? Maybe the mind is a physical object. Of course, to answer this question, we need a rigorous ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
140 views

Reference request - why relationships are mostly "first come, first served" [closed]

Kind of in-between philosophy and psychology. I am interested in the topic about why it is always "first come, first served" in life. Especially in relationships. I'll take one anology with ...
niobium's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
56 views

I would like to learn about theory of supposition. Can you recommend any good books/video/etc about it?

I encountered following syllogism as an example of false equitation: Man is a species Socrates is a man Therefore, Socrates is a species The text ("An Introduction to Traditional Logic" by ...
KarmaPeasant's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
69 views

What is the best reference for understanding inductive theories of knowledge?

I am looking for a pedagogical outline of the inductive theory of knowledge. Something along the lines of a level textbook (graduate or undergraduate) reference rather than references to classic texts....
asph's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
213 views

Do philosophers analyze the term 'thing'?

'Thing' seems like a special word since it can be used to refer to almost anything. Is it an undefined term, or have philosophers tried to define it? If they haven't analyzed it, is there a similar ...
user107952's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
375 views

Multi idea books

A lot of modern and popular books are based on one idea, basically a single idea expanded upon 300 pages. What seminal philosophical or scientific book of the last 200 years has introduced a multitude ...
Dirk N's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
150 views

Numbers and Time

This is my first post on philosophy stack exchange, so I apologize in advance if this question is not well-defined or if it happens to be a duplicate. If so, feel free to link the corresponding post(s)...
John Smith's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

Why "Goodness is from the whole cause; evil is from any defect."?

Where does this aphorism originate? Why is it true? Goodness is from the whole cause; evil is from any defect. Bonum est ex integra causa, malum ex quocumque defectu. I've seen some sources say ...
Geremia's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
133 views

When is a legal failing an injustice?

When is a legal failing, failing to apply the law, an injustice? Some serious crimes, rape and murder being the most obvious, might well be injustices when not punished, simply becasue justice surely ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

Is there a standard, modern reference on Stoicism?

What I'm wondering is if there are any well known, modern references (books) that summarize the history and philosophy of Stoicism, preferably written in the past 50 years or so. The more modern the ...
Cdn_Dev's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
61 views

Do we live in a post-Meinong-versus-Russell/Quine world?

From a 2022 review of the collection Non-Being: New Essays on the Metaphysics of Non-existence: This book argues, by omission, that we are in a post-Meinong-versus-Russell/Quine world. This is a ...
viuser's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
52 views

Understanding as conceptual

I am looking for references in the literature where people equate the process of understanding with conceptual activity. I will not be able to sketch it out exactly. My hunch is that there should be ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
181 views

What are the sources of popular Camus quotes?

I'm tracking down sources of Albert Camus quotes (because Goodreads can suck it). Who can add to this list? I'm not allowed to comment on this site. "There is but one truly serious philosophical ...
Alex Lower's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
716 views

Is everything identical to itself, or merely every existing thing?

One of the properties of identity is that everything is identical to itself. But, does "everything" mean literally everything, or merely every thing that exists? For example, I don't think 1/...
user107952's user avatar
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