Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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Good explanation of the meaning behind what constitutes a “personal choice”?

Most people define and understand situations of "personal choice" as personal opinion, quality, or things that belong or relates exclusively to the person making the choice (i.e., does not ...
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4answers
723 views

Best Book(s) to Explain multiple Philosophies

After recently starting to read again, I got interested and picked up a few more books. The first one I read was Nausea by Jean-Paul Sartre. That book, in return, made me think about life, etc. So my ...
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65 views

Help reading Husserl?

Does anyone have reading/comprehension tips and tricks for reading Husserl in pdf format? I've tried highlighting and summary notes on the sides but, its not enough. I don't feel like I'm able to hold ...
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55 views

Top-down vs bottom-up approaches in science?

I am a student of a natural science but very interested in philosophy. During my studies, I have noted a perceived difference in how various disciplines approach the explanation of data they obtain. I ...
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1answer
81 views

Is there any second-hand, open-source literature on Georges Bataille's essay “The Psychological Structure of Fascism”?

A while ago, I read Bataille's essay “The Psychological Structure of Fascism”, translated into English by Carl Lovitt. As I haven't followed any philosophy courses at a university (I'm mostly a self-...
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1answer
27 views

Is there a way to search for words and phrases in English-language translations of Nietzsche's works?

Are you aware of a way to search English-language translations of Nietzsche's works? It would be ideal to be able to search all of Nietzsche's works simultaneously, but I'd be delighted to be able to ...
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33 views

Where could I find philosophy papers questions and sample papers?

I recently came across the Cambridge " past papers " page : https://www.phil.cam.ac.uk/curr-students/ugrads-exam-folder/IA-past-exam-papers The site also contains sample papers of various levels, ...
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119 views

The idea of trade miracle for knowledge

I've read a long time ago the philosophy text that describes the nice and interesting idea that humanity is losing the feeling of the things in nature when they get scientific and precise knowledge ...
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142 views

Philosophy histories adopting the topical approach, presenting each branch independently ? (Reference request)

There are mainly two ways to expose the history of philosophy : (1) by presenting authors in a chronological order, and explaining one at a time the whole system of each author ( with maybe altering a ...
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44 views

What happened to ( aristotelian) substantial forms in cartesian ontology? On which ground ( metaphysical or physical) are they rejected?

In aristotelian philosophy, there are no bare particulars ( contrary to what is the case in Plato, according to P.V. Spade) but internally structured ( substantial) particulars in which 2 "parts"/...
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2answers
81 views

Is everything that is known to exist in the world a system? [closed]

I was looking at some philosopher's neologisms where he uses new words to essentially describe old concepts from systems theory by generalizing them a bit by replacing the "system" in their defintion ...
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1answer
168 views

When and under whose influence did the JTB conception of knowledge become standard in contemporary philosophy ( i.e. after Kant)?

My question is on the history of the Justified True Belief conception of knowledge. It is well known that this conception is considered in Plato's Meno, but dismissed. I think Hobbes comes close ...
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What works or books would you recommend to understand Fatalism?

Also, What are some ways to study and measure Fatalism? I'm wondering if sociologists/psychologists/social scientists, in general, have explored the philosophical concept of Fatalism and developed ...
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2answers
120 views

Reference request: How do we grasp reality?

I am curious whether there are any wide-spread philosophical thoughts about the nature of the mental concepts by which we grasp reality, know or understand things. Note that I do not directly mean ...
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103 views

Book recommendations on philosophy of science [duplicate]

I am looking for an introductory book that deals with logic, scientific method and philosophy of science( with greater emphasis on the latter). I don't want any historical approach but rather an ...
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217 views

Which philosophers have contradicted Nietzsche?

These days I'm becoming tired of the recurrent introduction of Friedrich Nietzsche as the epitome of the philosophical genius, the revolutionary whose ideas have never been as relevant as now and the ...
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45 views

What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant's moral philosophy?

Main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant, especially in the subjects of justice, morality and also how Rousseau influenced Kant.
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23 views

Article about local realism

I am looking for an article I read several years ago regarding local realism in physics, especially related to the resolution of the EPR paradox in different interpretations of QM. Unfortunately I ...
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31 views

Is there a decent book or section in opposition to many of Nietzsce's concepts in “Beyond Good and Evil”?

It would also be neat to discover a list or work that has brief critiques of major philosophical ideas or texts. Related, I found this site: https://www.denizcemonduygu.com/philo/browse → ...
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1answer
152 views

Based on these 8 beliefs, which school of philosophy should I focus on?

I’m interested in world philosophy and have tried to make sense of what I have read thus far on my own, mainly as regards secure foundation, or central axis, upon which to gradually build some kind of ...
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29 views

Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...
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1answer
55 views

Up to date Moral Philosophy textbooks for self-study

I wonder if there's an up to date account in moral philosophy that can be used in principle as a textbook for university courses. I have digged a little bit but I have only found for example Paley's ...
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1answer
291 views

Book recommendation for Diogenes of Sinope

I'm curious what guys have to say when I ask of a book recommendation which surrounds Diogenes of Sinope. He seems to be a truly mystical character, but there has to be a canonical representation of ...
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186 views

Reference request for an argument that atheism is a natural consequence if we do not treat the world as special

Let us assume "miracles" do not happen. Proponents of the existence of God would argue that it's somehow a necessity for God to exist, because they think the world had to have been created. But it's ...
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2answers
265 views

Is there a branch of philosophy/science that deals with making decision under uncertainty/imperfect information of a complex system?

I am curious whether there are well-established works of philosophical/scientific knowledge relating to ways to deal with an uncertain situation to produce desired outcome(s). I am asking this ...
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45 views

what is called the view that all knowledge “bottoms out” in intuition and/or psychological prejudice?

Suppose I see a tree through my window; I naturally believe that there's a tree outside. From my experience, I simply intuit (so it seems to me) the existence of that tree. Of course, I could ...
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1answer
142 views

Metaphysicist or Metaphysician?

As a physicist who takes an interest in metaphysics, I was shocked to learn that practitioners of metaphysics call themselves metaphysicians. Why not metaphysicists? My first thought was that unlike ...
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0answers
32 views

Looking for a concept: each decision must be looked at as if it were taken an infinite number of times

I am looking for a concept to which I had been exposed during some sort of Philosophy 101 class. The details that I remember (perhaps erroneously) are the following: The core idea is that each ...
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35 views

Reference request: relationship between descriptions and things being described

I am not at all educated in philosophy, but was hoping someone could point me in the right direction. I am looking for something that explores the relationship between the description of a thing, ...
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1answer
73 views

Reverse epiphenomenalism and recursion?

Let's say for a moment that the mind is of unknown substance, and that the state of a particular brain region is emergent from it. That is certain states of the mind will cause certain states of this ...
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60 views

What to read on how the philosophical understanding of the nature of philosophical topics, and being on- and off-topic, has evolved?

My focus is to study the topic of topic itself and topicality, that is how a message, a question either a discussion can be on- or off-topic. Which philosophers have been discussing this and what are ...
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2answers
123 views

Importance of technology in Western thought

Ours is a world which is full of promises that advanced technology, such as autonomous cars, cloud computing, quantum computing, and artificial intelligence will somehow bring forth a future worth ...
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236 views

Contemporary philosophers on intellectual intuition?

The 18th-19th century German philosophers (the so-called "German Idealists"), and other Post-kantian philosophers have used the term "intellectual intuition" in slightly different ways, but generally ...
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1answer
75 views

Learning Logic, A Pathway

I would like to devote a greater amount of time to further learning logic. I have experience with mathematical proofs and thus have an understanding of logic to the degree necessary for proofs. I ...
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60 views

Bibliography for a beginner in philosophy of language

In my main time, I am a mathematician working in logic and category theory. As a logician, I am familiar with some bits of philosophy of language. Stuff I have read: Word and object, Quine. Naming ...
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207 views

Where can I learn about identifying and defining objects?

I guess I am asking a vague question about blurred lines in philosophy/language/actions and where/who I can learn more about this from. here is the passage: "A step further, existentialism says ...
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1answer
50 views

Recent versions of books such as Critique of Pure Reason

I am looking for books which have a critical view on reason and rationality especially in the light of all the new things we currently know in 21st century. In a sense maybe new versions or iterations ...
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1answer
39 views

After a religious ceremony, will the animal offerings be eaten? [closed]

In Africa, the deities and spirits are often honored through the sacrifice of animals. After the ceremony, would the animals be eaten by people? I know that in Asia, some people would eat the animal ...
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1answer
72 views

Russell on what philosophy is

Somewhere, Bertrand Russell wrote something like philosophy argues from premises so obvious no one could doubt them, to conclusions no one would believe if they had not seen the argument. Can anyone ...
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1answer
121 views

Best philosopher to read in tandem with studying symbolic logic?

I took a symbolic logic class in college about 2 years ago and really enjoyed it. However, (in my opinion) the one thing that the class didn't emphasize enough is applying symbols and operators to ...
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1answer
81 views

Where could I find good sample papers of philosophical academic writing?

This question deals with the methodology of academic philosophical writing. The "paper" exercise is rather different from "dissertation", the kind of philosophical academic writing in which I have ...
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1answer
86 views

What are main references on decolonization of knowledge/science?

Here and there I hear a lot about decolonization of knowledge or science. What does that mean? What thinkers believe that knowledge or scientific knowledge or scientific practices or academic ...
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0answers
61 views

Sets of Five in Plato

Numbers are abundantly found in Plato's works but it seems (to me at least) that 5 plays a rather important role. The platonic solids are five, of course, even if they come rather later, the Timaeus ...
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2answers
193 views

Reference Request: Where can I read about philosophy of the digital arts?

I am interested in reading about ways to evaluate art that are done solely by computers (computer generated art) or otherwise by the help of computers or by the usage of computers such as in digital ...
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2answers
78 views

Neo-liberal capitalism

In an academic paper I am trying to argue that there is a stark difference between neoliberal capitalism and traditional religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism etc.). Do you know of any philosopher ...
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1answer
492 views

What is the original text of Lao Zi’s quote “When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be”?

I can not find the original quote in Chinese. It may be so difficult because the original text is probably very far from "When I let go of what I am...". Does anyone know what the original Chinese ...
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1answer
102 views

How does the philosophy of science explore original research formulation?

Although rarely admitted or communicated, in scientific research it's quite common to change the originally formulated question once insurmountable obstacles have made an answer difficult or ...
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2answers
583 views

Conceptual distinction between “ strength” , “ force” and “ power”?

Philosophers distinguish between 2 kinds of " powers": moral powers ( authority, right to order something) which corresponds to potestas in Latin and " physical power" ( ability to do something, or to ...
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1answer
104 views

Is there a basic philosopher classification resource?

I'm trying to figure out a basic classification of philosophical beliefs or approaches. For example, a philosopher can be "religious" (i.e. a deist or theist), an agnostic or a naturalist. He or she ...
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1answer
99 views

If C is evil, when's it unethical to fail to boycott C? [closed]

My son said that causation and remoteness are part of the answer. Which philosophers write on this topic? I don't know philosophy and just use examples. Presume I'm vegan. If C's one steakhouse, then ...

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