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This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

2
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2answers
61 views

Is this nihilism?

I'm looking for a quote or a passage about how we shouldn't waste time analyzing possibilities that don't exist, like "what if"s of the past. That we should reflect on how things came to be and not on ...
-1
votes
0answers
125 views

Authors on the brainwashing of the American People and western world [closed]

I'm looking for books and authors which relate to the times we are going through in terms of disinformation, "fake news", cultures based on war and violence and the "call of duty", false flag ...
6
votes
5answers
142 views

Do future selves have duties to the current self?

I think there are clear cases in which my future selves have rights against me (or I have duties to my future selves). For example, my future selves have the right to enjoy a healthy life and thus I ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Any book/article that talks about a difference in what science achieves and what society wants/needs?

I'm not trying to ignite a discussion on the topic, simply a reading reference for someone who talks about any difference between the academia and society - for example I've seen a book (published ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

What does Helmuth Plessner mean by : 'the human being is at a distance to her boundary'?

Plessner defines living organims in terms of a boundary between It and the environment. http://helmuth-plessner.de/en/helmuth-plessner/denken/ This question concerns the following statment: ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Is Reality an intersection of Incompatible Ontologies?

Empiricists do not ask questions about the ontological status of mathematical or logical structures. Idealists don't explain how Ideas are developed, or how technological advancement in general takes ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Plato believe in reincarnation?

I have read in some philosophy forums that Plato believed that death was not the end and he most likely believed in reincarnation. Are there any texts that confirm that Plato actually believed in ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
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0answers
66 views

Resources for nihilism, existentialism, and absurdism

Background: I haven't studied philosophy at all. Which texts should one consult to learn about: 1) Nihilism 2) Existentialism 3) Absurdism I have heard that Nietzsche is a nihilist, and that he ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Philosophy of dreams

According to some eastern teachings (Tantric, Buddhist, etc) it's a good thing to ponder and meditate on dreams: Dream 1 A person dreams of finding money or gold or any other luxuries. This ...
8
votes
3answers
448 views

How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
0
votes
5answers
235 views

Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

What are the main reference tools professional philosophers use to do research?

Many people do an internet search to find information about a topic they are interested in. Some tools I’ve seen referenced here to find philosophical information are the Stanford Encyclopedia of ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

What are the top professional organizations that philosophers belong to?

I looked for a list of philosophical organizations and found this list on Wikipedia. What are the top or most prestigious organizations on this list (or some other list) that a professional ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

A database of answers to what is __ questions, Plato style

What is a 'place'? What is a 'strategy'? What is 'fun'? Is there any philosophical forum that answers these questions in a way in greater alignment with foundationalism than coherentism? ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Western philosophers that emphasize on the importance of meditation?

Who are the main western philosophers who acknowledge the importance of meditation, self-discovery(know yourself) and the realization of your own mind-habits and emotional responses?
1
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0answers
28 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Authors on the philosophical impact of the discovery of an Extraterrestrial civilization [closed]

Consider the following thought experiment: Some kinds of spiders species while mating the female eats the male. Sometimes when female puts and egg and later when it hatches the baby spiders eat ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Why is metaethics both “intellectually and practically problematic”?

I wonder if some of you could give me some bibliographical references with respect to the following passage of the entry Metaethics in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Such reflection ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Who are the representatives of Michigan and Rutgers ethical naturalism?

I am writing an excursus on contemporary naturalism for my thesis. In fact, after a brief introduction to the subject of moral philosophy and to ethical naturalism, I will analyze the Duke manifesto "...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Authors on the Philosophy of Ancient Egypt

What philosophies or systems of believes apart from the religious ones did those people have? Were there any forums in which ideas were discussed? Were there any significant philosophers or high ...
1
vote
3answers
91 views

Books on how Philosophers overcame Misanthropy (hatred towards humanity)

There has been many great philosophers and thinkers that at some point or for all their lives hated society: “In the depths of my heart I can’t help being convinced that my dear fellow-men, with a ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Introductions to Camus on absurdity

For a layman, what’s a good, accessible introduction to Camus’ work on absurdity?
21
votes
6answers
8k views

Did the Ancient Greek Philosophers actually believe in their Gods and Myths?

Is there any historical proof that shows what attitude the Ancient Greeks, specially the philosophers, had towards their Gods?
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votes
1answer
61 views

Authors on the Business of Philosophy and the Philosopher's ego

In a capitalistic society every human experience is susceptible of becoming a business, eg. the business of beauty, sex, art, justice, health, education, journalism, emotions and psychology, ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Were the Bavarian Illuminati actually Luciferians? [closed]

According to wikipedia the real illumianti were: ...the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on 1 May 1776. The society's goals were to oppose superstition, ...
4
votes
4answers
130 views

Is all meaning just comparison/measurement? (Reference request)

I've had an idea and I'm almost certain it might not be a novel one, so I'd like some pointers to read more about it. Maybe some philosophers/writers already explored the subject and elaborated it a ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

In German, to which of Nietzsche's books does the abbreviation “GA” refer to?

I'm reading an academic article in German about Nietzsche and I really need to check the texts the author refers to, however I have no clue what "GA" refers to, even after checking the list of German ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

A taxonomy of Meta-Ethics (Reference Request)

On the accounts of many Doctors of Philosophy specialising in Meta-Ethics, the philosophical landscape is notoriously hard to taxonomise. What are the best comprehensive guides to Meta-Ethics. I have ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

What ethical studies have been performed on what would happen if a government raises kids without parents?

This is a thought experiment that deals with morality and ethics: Due to low natality governments decide to create schools in which kids are raised by professional caregivers and people trained ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

What other theistic positions support open theism besides Christianity?

Open theism is a libertarian view of free will claiming that God’s omniscience does not extend to knowing the actual choices of free human agents. It is a theory of “dynamic omniscience”. This ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Where to find the “tightened up” definitions of computing mentioned by Searle?

I think it is probably possible to block the result of universal realizability by tightening up our definition of computation. Certainly we ought to respect the fact that programmers and engineers ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Introduction to Philosophy via thought experiments

I am a mathematics scholar who once took a course on "Philosophy of rationality" and absolutely loved it. In there, we discussed a couple of thought experiments including 'The Trolley Problem'. I am ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

On Putnam's belief that we can choose a logic system based on the task at hand

I was reading "A Graphic Guide to Logic" and a little speech bubble from Hilary Putnam says that "I still believe that there are facts in the world that determine which logic it is appropriate to use ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

The primary nature of feeling

Are there philosophical schools or traditions that support the idea, that the physical world is secondary (but neither illusion nor projection of own mind) and the feelings of people and their ...
4
votes
2answers
217 views

Berkeley on perception - now you see it, next it's not there?

I remember years ago I read somewhere that, 'Objects don't exist when we are not looking at them', is an old philosophical idea. I have heard that it probably comes from Berkeley or is based on ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Authors on “the Trouble with the Revolutions of the Mind”

Accepting that planet Earth was not at the centre of the universe and the stars were like just like the Sun but only much further was a "revolution of the mind" that took centuries to accept. ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

Recommendation request re Fitch notation

I am looking for books, articles, and websites that are basic introductions to the logic notation system created by Frederic Fitch. Recommendations welcome.
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Good books that give a detailed explanation of different topics in philosophy

So, I couldn't really find any resources on this online, so I am looking for recommendations. What I am looking for is a philosophy book meant for somewhere around moderately experienced readers, ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Husserl's Cartesian Mediations

What should I read to get a clear outlook of Husserl's Cartesian Meditations? I tried reading "Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Husserl and the Cartesian Meditations" but it's not going too well. I ...
4
votes
2answers
70 views

Book or article recommendation about causality and counterfactuals

I'd like to assign social science undergraduate students an article, short part of a book, or even a blog post about causality and counterfactual logic that is easy to understand. It seems that most ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

why did Kant say the only truly “good” thing in this world “without exception” is a “good will”?

why did Kant say the only truly “good” thing in this world “without exception”? if I understand him correctly, which I very well may not, I believe he states that good will is the only truly good ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Faith versus Reason

I am looking for books on the discussion of terms and concepts like reason, faith, instinct, evidence, confidence, justification, etc. But especially reason versus faith. I not looking for science ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

subject-based philosophical book request

Is there a subject-based philosophical book? one book which discusses in each chapter a philosophical subject such as ethics, nature of world, ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

Why is Kant's Groundwork so much more popular than his other ethical works?

Kant has three main works on ethics: the Groundwork, the second Critique, and the Metaphysics of Morals, and some important short essays: "What is enlightenment?", "Toward perpetual peace", and "...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Any good philosophy debate recommendations?

[Note for admins - close if it doesn't fit the SE, I asked in the Symposium but no one answered so I came here. No need to downvote.] Hi all, I saw Dennet, Krauss, and Massimo debate a couple of days ...
5
votes
3answers
192 views

Rigorous, modern introductions to informal reasoning and critical thinking?

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a modern, rigorous, and intelligently written introductory book on informal logical reasoning and critical thinking, aimed at a non-mathematical audience (...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Burden of proof amid a temporal sequence

Say doctrine A claims premise X to be true, and Y to be false. Say doctrine B claims premises X and Y to be true. There is some sense (I believe; you might want to confirm), in which the "burden of ...