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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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6
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1answer
111 views

Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Explaining the existence of the cosmos

The following is a reference request, not an invitation for argument. However, I do welcome argument if that's what you feel like doing. By the "cosmos" I mean all that exists---not just physical ...
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1answer
67 views

Are there any systems of mathematics that permit such a wide range of ways to formulate ideas

... that there is no algorithm for determining whether or not a given sequence of symbols is a wff ("well-formed formula"), but instead non-trivial proofs are required, so that some sequence of ...
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2answers
284 views

If I had to read one book on philosophy, what should it be?

My main interests lie in mathematics, and in particular its foundations, which naturally (though not necessarily) leads me to being interested in the philosophy of mathematics (along with other ...
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0answers
135 views

Is there an existing, published philosophy of mathematics that was designed to avow or declare all of the following four points of view?

Just as medicine is about human health, and astronomy is about the universe beyond the Earth's atmosphere, with the defining nature of medicine not white coats or stethoscopes, and the defining nature ...
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0answers
49 views

Who said, “a parliament with no opposition should be dissolved”?

I've found a reference in a Jewish text from the mid-19th century to a "gentile sage" (an expression usually referring to a Greek philosopher, but it could be any non-Jewish person really) who said ...
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2answers
139 views

Truth outside of god

I am looking for resources about this matter, thank you for your help! I start from a theist viewpoint (god exists). God created existence, before that, though, it is true that he was "there", but ...
1
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1answer
78 views

Did Aquinas or Aristotle discuss what happens to the man when he feels bored?

Question: Did Aquinas or Aristotle discuss what happens to the man when he feels bored? What do they say about it? How do they explain that feeling? I coupled Aristotle and Aquinas in this question ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Meaning of a diagram by Althusser

A diagram by Althusser captioned “The future lasts a long time” (the title of his memoirs) appears on several of his book covers. Below is my own reproduction, based on a sketched version found here. ...
2
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0answers
44 views

General characteristics of rules [closed]

I'm starting a research on rules -- whether moral rules, laws, game rules, etc. Can anyone point me to references which investigate rules as their object? EDIT (in response to @YechiamWeiss ) @...
4
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2answers
180 views

Ontological Foundations of Epistemology

A review of the SEP article of epistemology indicates that there are 5 sources of knowledge: perception, memory, introspection, reason, and testimony. Robert Audi in his Epistemology: A Contemporary ...
6
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3answers
993 views

Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

The movie Total Recall 1990 was inspired by the book "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" written by Philip K. Dick whose leading role was played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The storyline is about a ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Which currently active philosophers could be considered Wittgenstein followers?

A. C. Grayling offers the following description of currently active followings of Wittgenstein: (page 129) The Wittgensteinians accordingly make a distinctive although relatively small group in ...
1
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1answer
134 views

Abridged version of Kant's critiques, especially critique of pure reason

I'm a mathematician. I'm considering reading Emmanuel Kant's famous Critique of Pure Judgement to help me think. I care more about the ideas rather than the ways of his presentation, which I'm not ...
1
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0answers
47 views

Descartes’ innate idea of extension

Can you give the most clear and self-contained quote out of Descartes’ works where he states that extension is an innate idea? I’ve read the third meditation again, but I didn’t anything easily ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Do you know of a book on Greek philosophy with a Corinthian helmet on the cover?

I read it years ago, and it seems I have lost it. The biggest thing I can remember is that it had a Corinthian helmet on the front cover. Also that it was translated by multiple authors and it had ...
3
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3answers
253 views

Philosophers on alternatives to capitalism and communism

Philosopher Karl Marx envisioned an economic system called communism to fight the abuses suffered by working class people during the industrial era. The exploration of man by man and the excessive ...
1
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3answers
184 views

Ref request: Reality objective or subjective

This is a request for a reference on (within) philosophy.stackexchange.com. It follows from discussions around this question. I am asking after having tried my luck at websearch. What I am searching ...
2
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2answers
48 views

What is a contemporary version of AC Grayling's Philosophy 1? (a logically rigorous intro one-branch-a-chapter)

I am a math/logic student who has taken your standard basic intro to philosophy course. I skimmed AC Grayling's Philosophy 1 and 2 books and they are logically rigorous and concise overviews of an ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Which branch of philosophy would address the question “How to be effective at a typical day job”? [closed]

I'm not sure how to phrase this question. It stems from a complaint that I can't seem to find a truly "practical philosophy" (even "Pragmatism"). I know a lot of philosophy starts with ABSOLUTELY ...
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0answers
60 views

Authors on Social Evolution, Personal Liberties and Corruption

Institutional corruption as been associated with excessive hedonism eg. libertinism. In history there have been recurring cycles in which economic depression has led to the uprising of authoritarian ...
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0answers
54 views

This philosopher deliberately taught misinformation

I remember reading once about a philosopher (Kierkegaard? Schopenhauer? Aristotle?) who would deliberately supply their students with misinformation that they should learn better, seek the truth. ...
3
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2answers
199 views

Serious arguments against skepticism about the external world?

As we all know, Kant wrestled with Cartesian skepticism for a long time. And of course, Descartes himself did, but he appeals to a version of the ontological argument which is not very persuasive. ...
4
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1answer
173 views

Did consciousness always exist?

Speaking of Stuart Hameroff and Sir Roger Penrose: "Both of them now believe that consciousness, as the interplay of fine-scale quantum events, may have always existed in the universe." - ...
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3answers
166 views

Authors on consciousness and its relation with suffering

Let's say we take a group of volunteers willing to receive a 120V discharge under fMRI scanners. They all may receive the same intensity but how can we know that they all recieve the same amount of ...
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0answers
43 views

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world?

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world rather than the entire biosphere? It might be the "Human Race" or the "Human Species", but I am thinking in conceptual terms or ...
3
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2answers
68 views

The needs of many (in 'ok' circumstances) vs. the needs of few (in 'extreme' circumstances)

I am writing about decision making when allocating charity resources, and I need a bit of background on deciding between improving lots of lives for animals with, let's say, average welfare (that ...
3
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0answers
56 views

How can mereology be applied to the substantivalism and relationism spacetime discussion?

I've just began to try to understand mereology through this book with rather great difficulty. As i've dredged through it i've begun to wonder how it is that mereology could influence my favorite ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Where does Bertrand Russell discuss mysticism?

G. E. M. Anscombe writes in An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus (1971, St Augustine's Press) the following about Wittgenstein's use of the concept of mysticism: (page 170) But Wittgenstein ...
4
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3answers
994 views

Authors on the Credibility and Corruption of Modern Science

During the Renaissance and Industrial eras science was a way to remove superstition, religious misconception, and irrational fears. The scientific method was proved to be valid and available to ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Second Order Quantification without Ontological Commitment

I've seen some philosophers allude to second order quantification without ontologically committing to the second order predicates quantified over. However, I'm struggling to find papers discussing ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Where does this Alan Watts audio clip come from?

I'm trying to locate the source of an Alan Watts quote/audio clip that has been used in numerous YouTube edits. It is referenced in some places as the 'Falling Into Love' lecture, but there is no such ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Source of a Russell quote about purpose and meaninglessness

The following quote is attributed to Bertrand Russell: Unless you assume a God, the question of life’s purpose is meaningless. The reference for the quote is: Bertrand Russell, quoted in Rick ...
4
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1answer
337 views

How valid is assignment of probabilites when evidence is totally lacking, as in Pascal's Wager?

The SEP article discussing Pascal's Wager states, Premise 1 presupposes that you should have a probability for God’s existence in the first place. However, perhaps you could rationally fail to ...
3
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0answers
103 views

Using differential equation to estimate epistemological growth constant

I found some tweets (1,2) describing a philosophy paper as follows: I came across this paper from the academic journal of philosophy that tries to solve a differential equation for an ...
1
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2answers
239 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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0answers
35 views

Who are the author of the principle “everything is permitted that does not contradict the freedom of others”?

Who are the author of the following philosophical principle? everything is permitted that does not contradict the freedom of others Where are roots of this principle?
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3answers
219 views

Can we know anything about the “outside”, if we are in a simulation?

Please note this question isn't about "simulation" as such. It is cast in this way to illustrate a particular sub-to-super ontology relationship: Given that all we see or seem, are the product of ...
0
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1answer
84 views

How to define a new logical language

There are a number of logical languages defined that are so called flavors of a certain logic (for example, flavors of First Order Logic). Such new logical languages sometimes extend or restrict the ...
3
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1answer
301 views

The origin of a particular self-reference paradox

This is a simple reference request, for the origin of a particular type of paradoxical statement. The example I remember is Roger Penrose can't consistently claim this statement to be true. It's a ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Looking for references regarding the history of metaphysics, and specially of ontology

Although many histories of ethics, of esthetics or of logic are available, it seems more difficult to find histories regarding other domains of philosophy. This is the case for epistemology and for ...
3
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2answers
1k views

What is that French phrase about having innate knowledge of God?

I've got something right on the tip of my tongue, and I'd really like to figure it out. The most I remember about it was that it was in French, was two or three words, and had something to do with ...
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0answers
59 views

Prerequisites to study aesthetics

So, I plan to begin to self study aesthetics, and was wondering whether a working knowledge of art history would be helpful for the same? If so, would Gardner's History of Art be sufficient? Also, on ...
2
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1answer
84 views

What undergraduate-level books focus on analogical arguments?

I want books that dive deeper into nothing but analogies. I went to the library and riffled the books in the Bibliography of SEP's Analogy and Analogical Reasoning, but none were introductions at an ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Philosophers dealing with fundamental structure of everything

I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such authors is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following: Hegel aims ...
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2answers
95 views

Calumnies on Aristotle's character

I've heard people allude to writings of some of Aristotle's students alleging bad character of Aristotle. I've not found the actual writings or any secondary literature on them. Can someone point me ...
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0answers
67 views

Resource recommendations for cogent arguments against the MWI of quantum mechanics

I am looking for cogent, current arguments against the Many-Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, from a philosophical, rather than purely physical point of view. To be clear, I am interested ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Plato - against teaching philosophy to children

I'm trying to hunt down a half-remembered quote from Plato, possibly from the Republic, where he actually argues AGAINST teaching children philosophy too early, in the fears it will confuse them and ...
3
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2answers
270 views

Are there philosophers who argue for a close connection between consciousness and existence?

(I'm not entirely satisfied with this question because I can't quite express it clearly, but a personal experience has moved me to ask it. I know it may be too vague or general.) The consciousness my ...