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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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Prerequisites to study aesthetics

So, I plan to begin to self study aesthetics, and was wondering whether a working knowledge of art history would be helpful for the same? If so, would Gardner's History of Art be sufficient? Also, on ...
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Philosophers dealing with fundamental structure of everything

I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such authors is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following: Hegel aims ...
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2answers
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Calumnies on Aristotle's character

I've heard people allude to writings of some of Aristotle's students alleging bad character of Aristotle. I've not found the actual writings or any secondary literature on them. Can someone point me ...
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Resource recommendations for cogent arguments against the MWI of quantum mechanics

I am looking for cogent, current arguments against the Many-Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, from a philosophical, rather than purely physical point of view. To be clear, I am interested ...
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Plato - against teaching philosophy to children

I'm trying to hunt down a half-remembered quote from Plato, possibly from the Republic, where he actually argues AGAINST teaching children philosophy too early, in the fears it will confuse them and ...
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2answers
241 views

Are there philosophers who argue for a close connection between consciousness and existence?

(I'm not entirely satisfied with this question because I can't quite express it clearly, but a personal experience has moved me to ask it. I know it may be too vague or general.) The consciousness my ...
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How does Plantinga's “transworld depravity” compare with what Calvinists call “total depravity”?

In God, Freedom and Evil Alvin Plantinga offers a challenge: (page 48) (I leave as homework the problem of comparing transworld depravity with what Calvinists call "total depravity.") He defines "...
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Why is there no “Mario Bunge” entry in the SEP? Where could I find a valuable presentation of Mario Bunge's philosophy?

I only have a rudimentary knowledge of Mario Bunge's philosophy. But what I've read in the Ontology part of his Treatise of basic philosophy seems much promising. I'm astonished that Bunge is not ...
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2answers
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Where did Carnap express his disagreement with Wittgenstein's Tractatus?

I read the following in G. E. M. Anscombe's description of the consequences of Wittgenstein's picture theory of language: (page 82) Carnap strongly objected to Wittgenstein's doctrine with its ...
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Circularity between truth and meaning?

These two common claims are equally appealing: (1) the meaning of a ( declarative) sentence consists in its truth conditions (2) the truth of a sentence depends on its meaning But are we moving ...
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1answer
82 views

Nothing human is foreign to me

I've been reading this great book 'Love Yourself As If Your Life Depends On It' by Kamal Ravikant. Absolute great book, changing my life right now even. Whenever I come across this quote, it always ...
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1answer
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Are there any well known academic philosophy forums?

Apart from Philosophy Stack Exchange (PSE), are there any well known academic philosophy forums? PSE does not seem to me as active as MathSE or PhysicsSE. That's the reason I'm asking the question ...
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What are the identity conditions for “ a truth” [closed]

Here I'm not talking about "truth" in general ( as when one says " truth is correspondence between thought and reality") but about truth considered as a particular truth, as when one says " this ...
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2answers
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Aristotle's Categories: Original Greek text for Chapter 2?

I'm trying to find the original Greek for this passage in the Octavius Own Oxford edition. Does anyone know of a source? Likewise also some things are predicated of a certain subject, yet are in ...
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60 views

What is the division of philosophical doctrines with respect to absoluteness/relativity of truth?

Right now I am listening to a talk on youtube which starts with the declaration "of course we all know truth is a relative notion". There are certainly some directions in philosophy which accept this ...
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2answers
188 views

What are the known philosophical works about a God without revelations?

Have the following ideas been proposed by philosophers of Religion, all in one package! The universe is well organised that calls for the belief in the existence of some intelligent agency that ...
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1answer
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Where does Aristotle say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?

In which of Aristotle's works does he say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?
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Traditional beginner's commentary on Aristotle's categories [duplicate]

I am looking for a traditional beginner's commentary on Aristotle's categories in order to start learning Aristotle's system of logic. Even better would be a "road map" for studying Aristotle's logic ...
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1answer
209 views

What is the philosophical significance of speech acts/implicature?

I have been reading materials on speech acts (eg. Austin, Searle), and also read Scott Soames' exposition of Gricean implicature theory in his Philosophical analysis in the twentieth century, but I ...
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Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...
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0answers
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partial fictionalism about propositions

One theory of propositions is that they're "useful fictions." However, this faces the formidable objection that fictionalism makes it hard to explain how something fictional can tell us about the ...
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1answer
214 views

Are we facing a new form of social prejudice and discrimination? [closed]

How is it different from previous forms of social injustice? Why is this a new kind of systematic prejudice and discrimination? - Firstly, the "old" way was entrenched in law and custom, whereas now ...
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2answers
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Looking for a piece regarding the relationship between subject and object (by Schopenhauer?)

I am desperately looking for a piece I've read years ago on the internet. It is written as a conversation (literally) between the subject and the object. The quintessence is that neither can exist ...
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1answer
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Is there a world behind you when you do not look behind your back? [closed]

There is a very famous philosophical question that almost all of us have heard before: If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound? My question is a little ...
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3answers
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Can science prove or provide evidence that the brain is the source of the mind

I am seeking published discussions or arguments about this proposition, though some discussion here would be useful: Science can prove or provide significant evidence that the brain is the source ...
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39 views

Philosophical journal that allows blind referee

I'd like to know which journals in Philosophy (logic) allow papers without author's information to be reviewed by referees.
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1answer
81 views

Epicurus's claim that the mind is in the heart

I'm looking for a reference to back the claim made on SEP: The mind, which is located at the heart, is a center that controls the other soul-parts as well as the body, and that receives and ...
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0answers
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Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
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2answers
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Does anyone know any philosophers who engage with (ordinary language) dictionaries in their work?

This may be a strange question, but here's the breakdown. I work on a concept that has received very little philosophical attention. For this reason, I have to consult good old dictionaries (Oxford, ...
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3answers
180 views

Does history provide support for moral objectivism?

I must say this was thoroughly entertaining: The Lizard People Of Alpha Draconis 1 Decided To Build An Ansible - Scott Alexander https://www.lesswrong.com/s/zfXAcwLnGocsCsriG/p/...
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1answer
93 views

Given the principle of innocence, how shall we explain logic's usefulness?

I have been reading Florian Steinberger's dissertation (Harmony and logical inferentialism) and I come across the following on p60: ...two fundamental assumptions (the other one being the principle ...
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3answers
233 views

Is symmetry real?

Ask almost anyone, and they'll hold up their hands, put them together and say "there you go!" Except, your hands aren't really symmetrical. In fact every "symmetry" I can think of suffers from this '...
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2answers
62 views

Seeking literature on whether all beliefs should be justified

This is more or less just a reference request. Sometimes, when a belief is revealed to be unjustified, we should respond by either giving up that belief or at the very least, yielding a certain ...
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1answer
109 views

How do I keep up with the latest in the cutting edge of philosophy? [duplicate]

I always viewed philosophy to be dead after the arrival of modern science. The last great philosopher in metaphysics was Kant, I believe the others who followed him were made irrelevant by the ...
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1answer
139 views

Where to find Descartes’ violin player analogy?

I really tried finding the original passage where Descartes lays out the following argument: Descartes himself anticipated an objection like this and argued that dependence does not strongly ...
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3answers
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Are there writers on the topic of an inherent human bias towards the value of rational thinking?

Some people place humans as 'higher animals' because we are uniquely capable of rational thought, while most other animals are not. This assumes that the trait of rationality is superior to other ...
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6answers
109 views

How is/was “good” (as the contrary of bad) defined? [closed]

As Nietzsche differentiated there are two kinds of good: this question's focus is on the contrary of bad, not the contrary of evil. There are quite a lot of possible ways to define the common term "...
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2answers
203 views

Criticism of stoicism

In relation to the writings of Epictetus or Seneca, what is some adequate criticism to stoicism? Any writings/papers dealing with that in particular?
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What did Kant say on the invention of new terms?

I remember I once read in Kant's "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft" about the tendency to come up with or invent new terms/words, about which he was quite "critical" (pun intended). I need the exact quote, ...
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1answer
152 views

On age and Wisdom

Often it happens that a writer will change their position over time. For example a consummate materialist in youth may temper their outlook with a pinch of idealism in more advanced years. This state ...
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1answer
113 views

Philosophers who did not think that language is more special than cognition as a whole

There are pretty many philosophers who talked and wrote on the philosophy of language. Usually language only means the use of words and symbols, however, I noticed that symbols may have different ...
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1answer
71 views

Nietzsche aphorism about happiness - interpretation

THE DANGER IN HAPPINESS.--"Everything now turns out best for me, I now love every fate:--who would like to be my fate?" From Beyond Good and Evil. I wondered if anyone could share some wisdom ...
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374 views

Book on Meinong's theory of objects

Could anyone please recommend a book to begin to learn about Meinong's theory of objects and "Meinong's Jungle". I thought a good one might be "Meinong's Theory of Objects and Values" by Findlay (1963)...
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On the nature of reality from different scientific views [closed]

I apologize from many imprecisions that you will find both in the grammatic and in the ideas. Close your eyes and then reopen them. So: how does the universe, the experience, emerge? Then, we can ...
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1answer
113 views

Is having a “type” ethical?

Some people have a particular “type”, a person with particular physical aspects that they look for in a partner. What ethical frameworks can be used to evaluate this phenomena? Do those frameworks ...
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4answers
214 views

Are Platonic Forms alive?

Reading Dominic J. O'Meara's Plotinus, I noticed that he seems to be claiming that Plotinus looked at the Soul, Forms and the One as active and in some sense alive. However, I am trying to get a ...
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Reference for book — cultural relativism — cognised/cognisable/real worlds (with golden dragon)

I am hoping someone can give me a reference for a book I read once. (I should [as in "would"] have a note, but if I do I can not find it.) The book was, from memory, a collection of articles/...
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0answers
60 views

Does evil exist outside a mind: a reference request?

Evil seems related to intentions, but i am sure there are those that believe it can exist external to minds. Are there any philosophers that attempt to argue that evil can exist outside a mind?
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1answer
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References discussing self-evident truths?

I am interested in philosophical or logic-based texts that discuss the nature of self-evident truths, which seem related to Alvin Plantinga's discussion of so-called properly basic beliefs. I am more ...
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1answer
180 views

What is the best proof that 1+1=2 by a person who was not Bertrand Russell?

The question says it all. Besides Russell and Whitehead, who are the philosophers and mathematicians who demonstrated successfully that 1+1=2? Extra bonus (i.e., a warm feeling inside) awarded for ...