Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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124 views

Are there any philosophers who are experts on conceivability and have written texts about it?

I recently asked about a definition of conceivable. Now I am asking a slightly different question. I want to know if there are philosophers who have written texts clarifying (and perhaps even defining)...
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45 views

How do dialetheists determine which contradiction is true?

I have been reading a lot about dialetheism lately. I know for a fact that dialetheists do not believe that every contradiction is true. (Surely there is a difference between asserting that Liar is ...
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1answer
57 views

Did the later Kuhn write that when he said “theory” he meant “disciplinary matrix”/“paradigm”?

In his later writings (from 1969 on), Thomas Kuhn stopped talking about "paradigms" or "disciplinary matrixes" and started talking about "theories" instead. Some Kuhnians ...
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1answer
45 views

Quine said that even logic could be revised on empirical grounds. Did he later reverse that position? Where?

Quine said that even logic could be revised on empirical grounds. Did he later reverse that position? If so, in which of his writings?
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2answers
57 views

Is there an ethical difference between taking away and withholding?

Has anyone in contemporary ethics discussed whether or not there is a difference between (1) taking something away (e.g., stealing $100) or withholding something (e.g., refusing to pay $100 of taxes)?
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1answer
112 views

Books/Author suggestions?

I highly enjoyed Aldous Huxley's and Alan Watts' books on Philosophy : for example, Huxley's The Divine Within and The Perennial Philosophy and Watts's Become What You Are, This Is It, The Book, and ...
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145 views

Towards a formal definition of conceivable

I asked a similar question a few years ago, but I have never found an answer. In philosophy, people often debate about whether an entity or state of affairs is conceivable. One example is ...
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3answers
93 views

What philosophical approaches towards social philosophy and social relations do we know?

Personally I can name two scientifically oriented examples: In critical realism (M. Archer, T. Lawson, D. Elder-Vass, etc.) social relations are being studied on an intersubjective level as "an ...
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1answer
85 views

Books on Philosophy of Mathematics [duplicate]

I want to buy a philosophy of mathematics book. I have three options in mind: Philosophy of Mathematics by Øystein Linnebo, Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Readings by Paul Benacerraf, or The ...
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24 views

Texts on the analysis of “why”

Often, people ask why something is true, or why someone did something. That is, they are asking for reasons behind a statement's truth, or reasons for the action. Has any philosopher or philosophy ...
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1answer
87 views

What is the current state of the Philosophy of Video Games?

Since there is philosophy of literature and philosophy of film I was wondering if someone could describe the current state of the philosophy of video games since there doesn't seem to be any articles ...
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1answer
70 views

Good texts on logicism

I'm trying to learn about the logicist programme by myself so I was wondering, what are some good book/papers/articles on logicism? I'm looking for introductory to medium level texts, nothing very ...
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28 views

What is the roadmap for learning applied ethics, if targeting academia?

I am a undergraduate student studying philosophy. Our university is good at history of philosophy, but very poor at problem-oriented philosophy. However, I wish to enter academia and study applied ...
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8answers
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Does science require the exclusion of the “infinite”?

And if so, are there any interesting implications? According to the storyline, Galileo launched modern science by declaring the necessity of rendering physical events countable. What is countable must ...
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2answers
162 views

Are there philosophically serious moral arguments against eugenics?

First, I'm sure there are, but I have yet to read much in this area. It seems that most moral arguments are or quickly become historical arguments about violent or judicial racism, which may then ...
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0answers
215 views

How narrow is the Measurement Problem in QM? [closed]

I realize that the "Measurement Problem" is an issue unique to the highly technical field of quantum mechanics. But is it ever discussed in philosophy in relation to more general issues of ...
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0answers
39 views

Number of causes in Porphyry

Aristotle proposed a well known and much studied doctrine of Four causes. Seneca the Younger in the first years of the new era wrote that his quintam Plato adicit exemplar, quam ipse idean vocat (as ...
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1answer
42 views

Where in Aristotle's Topics did he say there's no exact/clear way to distinguish two concepts?

I've heard that Aristotle supposed in his Topics that there's no exact/clear way to distinguish two concepts. What exactly did he say?
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1answer
144 views

philosophy magazine which would cover new findings

I have a question about which magazine or journal for general public would you recommend as the best to follow current developments in philosophy without geting into too much detail? Due to last ...
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2answers
47 views

Philosophy books with mathematical and logical notation [closed]

I am looking for some philosophy books that employ a technical notation, similar to math and logic books. I do not care too much about the subject matter of the books, just books that employ formal ...
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0answers
53 views

Who said: “Everything is meaningless, but nothing is chance”?

In the German movie series Heimat 2 (episode 8), the philosophy student Alex says at one point: Everything is meaningless, but nothing is chance [my tentative transcription from German: Alles ist ...
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1answer
35 views

What's Sextus Empiricus recommended book about scepticism?

Having read Cicero's Academics, I'd like to learn a bit more about skepticism (through original texts, not summaries). If a had to read only one book from Sextus Empiricus, would you recommend the ...
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2answers
89 views

Fear those you have helped?

Who has expanded upon the idea that the act of charity has a hidden duality, in that the recipient will hate the charitable, forever trapped in an imposed inferiority complex. And that one has no ...
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88 views

What are some good papers, essays and articles that elucidate Walter Benjamin's essay “The Author as Producer”?

I've recently read Walter Benjamin's essay “The Author as Producer”. Not having a formal educational background in philosophy, I found it a bit difficult to read. Do you have any suggestions for ...
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1answer
186 views

Should I study philosophy of science directly, or after understanding other branches of philosophy?

I wanted to learn philosophy of science and started with reading A historical introduction to the philosophy of science but found it surprisingly hard because a lot of concepts were unfamiliar to me. ...
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1answer
65 views

Are there any Things for which Hegel's approach to consciousness' apprehension of reality fails?

In the Consciousness chapter, Hegel presents two naive approaches to the picture of how consciousness interfaces reality. Hegel shows these approaches are inadequate in the endeavor of consciousness ...
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0answers
63 views

Best books on gender and racism

(Please excuse my poor wording and bad english) What are the best books to learn about gender and racism as of July 2020? I feel like my generation (born between 1990 and 2005 approx) may be the first ...
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2answers
89 views

Looking for references to political/moral philosophy literature on communal child-rearing and the institution of the family

[Note: this question was previously closed under the reason "needs to be more focused". I subsequently edited the question to make it more focused and then hoped it would be reopened, but no ...
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4answers
740 views

Best Book(s) to Explain multiple Philosophies

After recently starting to read again, I got interested and picked up a few more books. The first one I read was Nausea by Jean-Paul Sartre. That book, in return, made me think about life, etc. So my ...
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68 views

Help reading Husserl?

Does anyone have reading/comprehension tips and tricks for reading Husserl in pdf format? I've tried highlighting and summary notes on the sides but, its not enough. I don't feel like I'm able to hold ...
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0answers
61 views

Top-down vs bottom-up approaches in science?

I am a student of a natural science but very interested in philosophy. During my studies, I have noted a perceived difference in how various disciplines approach the explanation of data they obtain. I ...
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1answer
91 views

Is there any second-hand, open-source literature on Georges Bataille's essay “The Psychological Structure of Fascism”?

A while ago, I read Bataille's essay “The Psychological Structure of Fascism”, translated into English by Carl Lovitt. As I haven't followed any philosophy courses at a university (I'm mostly a self-...
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1answer
27 views

Is there a way to search for words and phrases in English-language translations of Nietzsche's works?

Are you aware of a way to search English-language translations of Nietzsche's works? It would be ideal to be able to search all of Nietzsche's works simultaneously, but I'd be delighted to be able to ...
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34 views

Where could I find philosophy papers questions and sample papers?

I recently came across the Cambridge " past papers " page : https://www.phil.cam.ac.uk/curr-students/ugrads-exam-folder/IA-past-exam-papers The site also contains sample papers of various levels, ...
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0answers
120 views

The idea of trade miracle for knowledge

I've read a long time ago the philosophy text that describes the nice and interesting idea that humanity is losing the feeling of the things in nature when they get scientific and precise knowledge ...
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0answers
144 views

Philosophy histories adopting the topical approach, presenting each branch independently ? (Reference request)

There are mainly two ways to expose the history of philosophy : (1) by presenting authors in a chronological order, and explaining one at a time the whole system of each author ( with maybe altering a ...
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48 views

What happened to ( aristotelian) substantial forms in cartesian ontology? On which ground ( metaphysical or physical) are they rejected?

In aristotelian philosophy, there are no bare particulars ( contrary to what is the case in Plato, according to P.V. Spade) but internally structured ( substantial) particulars in which 2 "parts"/...
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2answers
84 views

Is everything that is known to exist in the world a system? [closed]

I was looking at some philosopher's neologisms where he uses new words to essentially describe old concepts from systems theory by generalizing them a bit by replacing the "system" in their defintion ...
2
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1answer
171 views

When and under whose influence did the JTB conception of knowledge become standard in contemporary philosophy ( i.e. after Kant)?

My question is on the history of the Justified True Belief conception of knowledge. It is well known that this conception is considered in Plato's Meno, but dismissed. I think Hobbes comes close ...
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12 views

What works or books would you recommend to understand Fatalism?

Also, What are some ways to study and measure Fatalism? I'm wondering if sociologists/psychologists/social scientists, in general, have explored the philosophical concept of Fatalism and developed ...
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2answers
123 views

Reference request: How do we grasp reality?

I am curious whether there are any wide-spread philosophical thoughts about the nature of the mental concepts by which we grasp reality, know or understand things. Note that I do not directly mean ...
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105 views

Book recommendations on philosophy of science [duplicate]

I am looking for an introductory book that deals with logic, scientific method and philosophy of science( with greater emphasis on the latter). I don't want any historical approach but rather an ...
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0answers
232 views

Which philosophers have contradicted Nietzsche?

These days I'm becoming tired of the recurrent introduction of Friedrich Nietzsche as the epitome of the philosophical genius, the revolutionary whose ideas have never been as relevant as now and the ...
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65 views

What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant's moral philosophy?

Main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant, especially in the subjects of justice, morality and also how Rousseau influenced Kant.
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26 views

Article about local realism

I am looking for an article I read several years ago regarding local realism in physics, especially related to the resolution of the EPR paradox in different interpretations of QM. Unfortunately I ...
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32 views

Is there a decent book or section in opposition to many of Nietzsce's concepts in “Beyond Good and Evil”?

It would also be neat to discover a list or work that has brief critiques of major philosophical ideas or texts. Related, I found this site: https://www.denizcemonduygu.com/philo/browse → ...
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1answer
158 views

Based on these 8 beliefs, which school of philosophy should I focus on?

I’m interested in world philosophy and have tried to make sense of what I have read thus far on my own, mainly as regards secure foundation, or central axis, upon which to gradually build some kind of ...
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29 views

Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...
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1answer
56 views

Up to date Moral Philosophy textbooks for self-study

I wonder if there's an up to date account in moral philosophy that can be used in principle as a textbook for university courses. I have digged a little bit but I have only found for example Paley's ...
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1answer
298 views

Book recommendation for Diogenes of Sinope

I'm curious what guys have to say when I ask of a book recommendation which surrounds Diogenes of Sinope. He seems to be a truly mystical character, but there has to be a canonical representation of ...

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