Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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132 views

Based on these 8 beliefs, which school of philosophy should I focus on?

I’m interested in world philosophy and have tried to make sense of what I have read thus far on my own, mainly as regards secure foundation, or central axis, upon which to gradually build some kind of ...
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20 views

Annotations or explanations for difficult philosophy writing in English? ISO Philosophical Chrestomothies!

Aside from Early Modern Texts, are there any books, guides or websites that gloss unreadable philosophy writing in English? Such aids are available for just some English literature. As far as ...
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28 views

Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...
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46 views

Up to date Moral Philosophy textbooks for self-study

I wonder if there's an up to date account in moral philosophy that can be used in principle as a textbook for university courses. I have digged a little bit but I have only found for example Paley's ...
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284 views

Book recommendation for Diogenes of Sinope

I'm curious what guys have to say when I ask of a book recommendation which surrounds Diogenes of Sinope. He seems to be a truly mystical character, but there has to be a canonical representation of ...
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185 views

Reference request for an argument that atheism is a natural consequence if we do not treat the world as special

Let us assume "miracles" do not happen. Proponents of the existence of God would argue that it's somehow a necessity for God to exist, because they think the world had to have been created. But it's ...
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262 views

Is there a branch of philosophy/science that deals with making decision under uncertainty/imperfect information of a complex system?

I am curious whether there are well-established works of philosophical/scientific knowledge relating to ways to deal with an uncertain situation to produce desired outcome(s). I am asking this ...
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44 views

what is called the view that all knowledge “bottoms out” in intuition and/or psychological prejudice?

Suppose I see a tree through my window; I naturally believe that there's a tree outside. From my experience, I simply intuit (so it seems to me) the existence of that tree. Of course, I could ...
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103 views

Metaphysicist or Metaphysician?

As a physicist who takes an interest in metaphysics, I was shocked to learn that practitioners of metaphysics call themselves metaphysicians. Why not metaphysicists? My first thought was that unlike ...
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31 views

Looking for a concept: each decision must be looked at as if it were taken an infinite number of times

I am looking for a concept to which I had been exposed during some sort of Philosophy 101 class. The details that I remember (perhaps erroneously) are the following: The core idea is that each ...
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35 views

Reference request: relationship between descriptions and things being described

I am not at all educated in philosophy, but was hoping someone could point me in the right direction. I am looking for something that explores the relationship between the description of a thing, ...
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1answer
66 views

Reverse epiphenomenalism and recursion?

Let's say for a moment that the mind is of unknown substance, and that the state of a particular brain region is emergent from it. That is certain states of the mind will cause certain states of this ...
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58 views

What to read on how the philosophical understanding of the nature of philosophical topics, and being on- and off-topic, has evolved?

My focus is to study the topic of topic itself and topicality, that is how a message, a question either a discussion can be on- or off-topic. Which philosophers have been discussing this and what are ...
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123 views

Importance of technology in Western thought

Ours is a world which is full of promises that advanced technology, such as autonomous cars, cloud computing, quantum computing, and artificial intelligence will somehow bring forth a future worth ...
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233 views

Contemporary philosophers on intellectual intuition?

The 18th-19th century German philosophers (the so-called "German Idealists"), and other Post-kantian philosophers have used the term "intellectual intuition" in slightly different ways, but generally ...
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1answer
63 views

Learning Logic, A Pathway

I would like to devote a greater amount of time to further learning logic. I have experience with mathematical proofs and thus have an understanding of logic to the degree necessary for proofs. I ...
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55 views

Bibliography for a beginner in philosophy of language

In my main time, I am a mathematician working in logic and category theory. As a logician, I am familiar with some bits of philosophy of language. Stuff I have read: Word and object, Quine. Naming ...
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205 views

Where can I learn about identifying and defining objects?

I guess I am asking a vague question about blurred lines in philosophy/language/actions and where/who I can learn more about this from. here is the passage: "A step further, existentialism says ...
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50 views

Recent versions of books such as Critique of Pure Reason

I am looking for books which have a critical view on reason and rationality especially in the light of all the new things we currently know in 21st century. In a sense maybe new versions or iterations ...
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1answer
38 views

After a religious ceremony, will the animal offerings be eaten? [closed]

In Africa, the deities and spirits are often honored through the sacrifice of animals. After the ceremony, would the animals be eaten by people? I know that in Asia, some people would eat the animal ...
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69 views

Russell on what philosophy is

Somewhere, Bertrand Russell wrote something like philosophy argues from premises so obvious no one could doubt them, to conclusions no one would believe if they had not seen the argument. Can anyone ...
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117 views

Best philosopher to read in tandem with studying symbolic logic?

I took a symbolic logic class in college about 2 years ago and really enjoyed it. However, (in my opinion) the one thing that the class didn't emphasize enough is applying symbols and operators to ...
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77 views

Where could I find good sample papers of philosophical academic writing?

This question deals with the methodology of academic philosophical writing. The "paper" exercise is rather different from "dissertation", the kind of philosophical academic writing in which I have ...
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1answer
85 views

What are main references on decolonization of knowledge/science?

Here and there I hear a lot about decolonization of knowledge or science. What does that mean? What thinkers believe that knowledge or scientific knowledge or scientific practices or academic ...
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54 views

Sets of Five in Plato

Numbers are abundantly found in Plato's works but it seems (to me at least) that 5 plays a rather important role. The platonic solids are five, of course, even if they come rather later, the Timaeus ...
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189 views

Reference Request: Where can I read about philosophy of the digital arts?

I am interested in reading about ways to evaluate art that are done solely by computers (computer generated art) or otherwise by the help of computers or by the usage of computers such as in digital ...
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78 views

Neo-liberal capitalism

In an academic paper I am trying to argue that there is a stark difference between neoliberal capitalism and traditional religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism etc.). Do you know of any philosopher ...
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1answer
453 views

What is the original text of Lao Zi’s quote “When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be”?

I can not find the original quote in Chinese. It may be so difficult because the original text is probably very far from "When I let go of what I am...". Does anyone know what the original Chinese ...
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101 views

How does the philosophy of science explore original research formulation?

Although rarely admitted or communicated, in scientific research it's quite common to change the originally formulated question once insurmountable obstacles have made an answer difficult or ...
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549 views

Conceptual distinction between “ strength” , “ force” and “ power”?

Philosophers distinguish between 2 kinds of " powers": moral powers ( authority, right to order something) which corresponds to potestas in Latin and " physical power" ( ability to do something, or to ...
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95 views

Is there a basic philosopher classification resource?

I'm trying to figure out a basic classification of philosophical beliefs or approaches. For example, a philosopher can be "religious" (i.e. a deist or theist), an agnostic or a naturalist. He or she ...
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96 views

If C is evil, when's it unethical to fail to boycott C? [closed]

My son said that causation and remoteness are part of the answer. Which philosophers write on this topic? I don't know philosophy and just use examples. Presume I'm vegan. If C's one steakhouse, then ...
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1answer
103 views

Why do we personally identify with our future selves, but not mental copies? [closed]

I'm sure this question has been asked somewhere before, but I don't know the name of this type of question, and so I've been unable to find it. Any pointer to literature written on the topic would be ...
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1answer
118 views

Hegel's bibliography: where to find the 1801 and 1817 Lectures on Logic and Metaphysics? ( English or German version)

I cannot find the track on the internet of the english translation of a book published in french as : Hegel, Leçons de logique et de métaphysique ( Heidelberg, 1817). Could anyone tell me under ...
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39 views

Reference request on Idealist ontology

Apologies if this is original, it may or may not already exist (I've no idea), but it may also be a restatement of an ontology like Meinong's jungle. It contemplates a conception of concentric spheres ...
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1answer
56 views

With or without opposition between A and B, how many ways are there for A not to be B?

I'm looking for references and "loci" regarding the concepts of opposition, distinction, diversity, and negation. I'm not certain if one must distinguish the case in which A and B stand for concepts ...
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2answers
64 views

Have Kant, Hegel or Fichte. etc. talked about hallucination or illusion?

How do Kant (a Constructivist), idealists such as Hegel, or subjectivists like Fichte deal with hallucination or illusion, given that it appears to show their beliefs about the world are uncertain? ...
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2answers
112 views

How does one perform phenomenological reduction?

I have done some preliminary reading on phenomenology and Husserl via basic sources. How is phenomenological reduction performed? I understand the steps involved but I don't understand how to ...
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1answer
1k views

Did Camus ever really write “Should I kill myself or have a cup of coffee”?

I think it's so wonderfully and beautifully put, but can't find the source, and am curious as to whether or not it's a genuine quotation.
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90 views

On Kierkegard's definition of the Self: “ a relation that relates itself to itself” ( question based on an SEP's quote)

In The Sickness unto death , Kierkegaard says in a sybilline way that the self is (1) a relation that relates itself to itself (2) a synthesis of finite and infinite. Should I understand that " ...
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1answer
164 views

Does our experience with habits lead us to believe in free will?

Notoriously intractable, free will have had no success in being proven physically. Even phenomenally it is difficult to pin down precisely. So why do people believe each other when claiming that they ...
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1answer
46 views

Is this argument against the possibility of epistemology correct?

(1) Epistemology is looking for a definition of knowledge. (2) Suppose an epistemologist claims that he has come upon a correct definition, this claim would amount at saying " now, I know what is ...
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155 views

Is there a form of set theory involving imperatives and interrogatives?

I finally read the article Is there a Logic of Imperatives? Conifold showed me and it elicited the question, for me, whether imperative programming is a form of imperative logic at all? The essay took ...
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149 views

Reference request for philosophies like Stoicism

I'm doing a bit of a review of philosophical systems... At one end being the logic and reason of Critical thinking, in the middle are logical problems with "accepted" answers, and at the other end "...
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307 views

Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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99 views

Explaining the existence of the cosmos

The following is a reference request, not an invitation for argument. However, I do welcome argument if that's what you feel like doing. By the "cosmos" I mean all that exists---not just physical ...
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74 views

Are there any systems of mathematics that permit such a wide range of ways to formulate ideas

... that there is no algorithm for determining whether or not a given sequence of symbols is a wff ("well-formed formula"), but instead non-trivial proofs are required, so that some sequence of ...
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2answers
324 views

If I had to read one book on philosophy, what should it be?

My main interests lie in mathematics, and in particular its foundations, which naturally (though not necessarily) leads me to being interested in the philosophy of mathematics (along with other ...
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52 views

Who said, “a parliament with no opposition should be dissolved”?

I've found a reference in a Jewish text from the mid-19th century to a "gentile sage" (an expression usually referring to a Greek philosopher, but it could be any non-Jewish person really) who said ...
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151 views

Truth outside of god

I am looking for resources about this matter, thank you for your help! I start from a theist viewpoint (god exists). God created existence, before that, though, it is true that he was "there", but ...

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