Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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Reference request: relationship between descriptions and things being described

I am not at all educated in philosophy, but was hoping someone could point me in the right direction. I am looking for something that explores the relationship between the description of a thing, ...
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1answer
52 views

Reverse epiphenomenalism and recursion?

Let's say for a moment that the mind is of unknown substance, and that the state of a particular brain region is emergent from it. That is certain states of the mind will cause certain states of this ...
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52 views

What to read on how the philosophical understanding of the nature of philosophical topics, and being on- and off-topic, has evolved?

My focus is to study the topic of topic itself and topicality, that is how a message, a question either a discussion can be on- or off-topic. Which philosophers have been discussing this and what are ...
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2answers
113 views

Importance of technology in Western thought

Ours is a world which is full of promises that advanced technology, such as autonomous cars, cloud computing, quantum computing, and artificial intelligence will somehow bring forth a future worth ...
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228 views

Contemporary philosophers on intellectual intuition?

The 18th-19th century German philosophers (the so-called "German Idealists"), and other Post-kantian philosophers have used the term "intellectual intuition" in slightly different ways, but generally ...
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44 views

Learning Logic, A Pathway

I would like to devote a greater amount of time to further learning logic. I have experience with mathematical proofs and thus have an understanding of logic to the degree necessary for proofs. I ...
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159 views

Where did Suárez say the principle of non-contradiction does not apply to the Trinity?

Fr. Réginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P., says, in Le Sens du Mystère et le Clair-Obscur Intellectuel: Nature et Surnaturel p. 128 fn. 1 (Engl. transl. p. 142 fn. 41): St. Thomas never would have ...
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47 views

Bibliography for a beginner in philosophy of language

In my main time, I am a mathematician working in logic and category theory. As a logician, I am familiar with some bits of philosophy of language. Stuff I have read: Word and object, Quine. Naming ...
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202 views

Where can I learn about identifying and defining objects?

I guess I am asking a vague question about blurred lines in philosophy/language/actions and where/who I can learn more about this from. here is the passage: "A step further, existentialism says ...
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49 views

Recent versions of books such as Critique of Pure Reason

I am looking for books which have a critical view on reason and rationality especially in the light of all the new things we currently know in 21st century. In a sense maybe new versions or iterations ...
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36 views

After a religious ceremony, will the animal offerings be eaten? [closed]

In Africa, the deities and spirits are often honored through the sacrifice of animals. After the ceremony, would the animals be eaten by people? I know that in Asia, some people would eat the animal ...
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63 views

Russell on what philosophy is

Somewhere, Bertrand Russell wrote something like philosophy argues from premises so obvious no one could doubt them, to conclusions no one would believe if they had not seen the argument. Can anyone ...
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115 views

Best philosopher to read in tandem with studying symbolic logic?

I took a symbolic logic class in college about 2 years ago and really enjoyed it. However, (in my opinion) the one thing that the class didn't emphasize enough is applying symbols and operators to ...
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59 views

Where could I find good sample papers off philosophical academic writing?

This question deals with the methodology of academic philosophical writing. The "paper" exercise is rather different from "dissertation", the kind of philosophical academic writing in which I have ...
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1answer
84 views

What are main references on decolonization of knowledge/science?

Here and there I hear a lot about decolonization of knowledge or science. What does that mean? What thinkers believe that knowledge or scientific knowledge or scientific practices or academic ...
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47 views

Sets of Five in Plato

Numbers are abundantly found in Plato's works but it seems (to me at least) that 5 plays a rather important role. The platonic solids are five, of course, even if they come rather later, the Timaeus ...
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181 views

Reference Request: Where can I read about philosophy of the digital arts?

I am interested in reading about ways to evaluate art that are done solely by computers (computer generated art) or otherwise by the help of computers or by the usage of computers such as in digital ...
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75 views

Neo-liberal capitalism

In an academic paper I am trying to argue that there is a stark difference between neoliberal capitalism and traditional religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism etc.). Do you know of any philosopher ...
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1answer
435 views

What is the original text of Lao Zi’s quote “When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be”?

I can not find the original quote in Chinese. It may be so difficult because the original text is probably very far from "When I let go of what I am...". Does anyone know what the original Chinese ...
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1answer
100 views

How does the philosophy of science explore original research formulation?

Although rarely admitted or communicated, in scientific research it's quite common to change the originally formulated question once insurmountable obstacles have made an answer difficult or ...
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508 views

Conceptual distinction between “ strength” , “ force” and “ power”?

Philosophers distinguish between 2 kinds of " powers": moral powers ( authority, right to order something) which corresponds to potestas in Latin and " physical power" ( ability to do something, or to ...
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89 views

Is there a basic philosopher classification resource?

I'm trying to figure out a basic classification of philosophical beliefs or approaches. For example, a philosopher can be "religious" (i.e. a deist or theist), an agnostic or a naturalist. He or she ...
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91 views

If C is evil, when's it unethical to fail to boycott C? [closed]

My son said that causation and remoteness are part of the answer. Which philosophers write on this topic? I don't know philosophy and just use examples. Presume I'm vegan. If C's one steakhouse, then ...
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1answer
101 views

Why do we personally identify with our future selves, but not mental copies? [closed]

I'm sure this question has been asked somewhere before, but I don't know the name of this type of question, and so I've been unable to find it. Any pointer to literature written on the topic would be ...
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1answer
116 views

Hegel's bibliography: where to find the 1801 and 1817 Lectures on Logic and Metaphysics? ( English or German version)

I cannot find the track on the internet of the english translation of a book published in french as : Hegel, Leçons de logique et de métaphysique ( Heidelberg, 1817). Could anyone tell me under ...
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36 views

Reference request on Idealist ontology

Apologies if this is original, it may or may not already exist (I've no idea), but it may also be a restatement of an ontology like Meinong's jungle. It contemplates a conception of concentric spheres ...
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1answer
54 views

With or without opposition between A and B, how many ways are there for A not to be B?

I'm looking for references and "loci" regarding the concepts of opposition, distinction, diversity, and negation. I'm not certain if one must distinguish the case in which A and B stand for concepts ...
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2answers
57 views

Have Kant, Hegel or Fichte. etc. talked about hallucination or illusion?

How do Kant (a Constructivist), idealists such as Hegel, or subjectivists like Fichte deal with hallucination or illusion, given that it appears to show their beliefs about the world are uncertain? ...
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2answers
79 views

How does one perform phenomenological reduction?

I have done some preliminary reading on phenomenology and Husserl via basic sources. How is phenomenological reduction performed? I understand the steps involved but I don't understand how to ...
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1answer
224 views

Did Camus ever really write “Should I kill myself or have a cup of coffee”?

I think it's so wonderfully and beautifully put, but can't find the source, and am curious as to whether or not it's a genuine quotation.
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57 views

On Kierkegard's definition of the Self: “ a relation that relates itself to itself” ( question based on an SEP's quote)

In The Sickness unto death , Kierkegaard says in a sybilline way that the self is (1) a relation that relates itself to itself (2) a synthesis of finite and infinite. Should I understand that " ...
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1answer
153 views

Does our experience with habits lead us to believe in free will?

Notoriously intractable, free will have had no success in being proven physically. Even phenomenally it is difficult to pin down precisely. So why do people believe each other when claiming that they ...
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1answer
44 views

Is this argument against the possibility of epistemology correct?

(1) Epistemology is looking for a definition of knowledge. (2) Suppose an epistemologist claims that he has come upon a correct definition, this claim would amount at saying " now, I know what is ...
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1answer
151 views

Is there a form of set theory involving imperatives and interrogatives?

I finally read the article Is there a Logic of Imperatives? Conifold showed me and it elicited the question, for me, whether imperative programming is a form of imperative logic at all? The essay took ...
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147 views

Reference request for philosophies like Stoicism

I'm doing a bit of a review of philosophical systems... At one end being the logic and reason of Critical thinking, in the middle are logical problems with "accepted" answers, and at the other end "...
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221 views

Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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98 views

Explaining the existence of the cosmos

The following is a reference request, not an invitation for argument. However, I do welcome argument if that's what you feel like doing. By the "cosmos" I mean all that exists---not just physical ...
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73 views

Are there any systems of mathematics that permit such a wide range of ways to formulate ideas

... that there is no algorithm for determining whether or not a given sequence of symbols is a wff ("well-formed formula"), but instead non-trivial proofs are required, so that some sequence of ...
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2answers
307 views

If I had to read one book on philosophy, what should it be?

My main interests lie in mathematics, and in particular its foundations, which naturally (though not necessarily) leads me to being interested in the philosophy of mathematics (along with other ...
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50 views

Who said, “a parliament with no opposition should be dissolved”?

I've found a reference in a Jewish text from the mid-19th century to a "gentile sage" (an expression usually referring to a Greek philosopher, but it could be any non-Jewish person really) who said ...
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148 views

Truth outside of god

I am looking for resources about this matter, thank you for your help! I start from a theist viewpoint (god exists). God created existence, before that, though, it is true that he was "there", but ...
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1answer
91 views

Did Aquinas or Aristotle discuss what happens to the man when he feels bored?

Question: Did Aquinas or Aristotle discuss what happens to the man when he feels bored? What do they say about it? How do they explain that feeling? I coupled Aristotle and Aquinas in this question ...
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1answer
75 views

Meaning of a diagram by Althusser

A diagram by Althusser captioned “The future lasts a long time” (the title of his memoirs) appears on several of his book covers. Below is my own reproduction, based on a sketched version found here. ...
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47 views

General characteristics of rules [closed]

I'm starting a research on rules -- whether moral rules, laws, game rules, etc. Can anyone point me to references which investigate rules as their object? EDIT (in response to @YechiamWeiss ) @...
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1k views

Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

The movie Total Recall 1990 was inspired by the book "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" written by Philip K. Dick whose leading role was played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The storyline is about a ...
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2answers
65 views

Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
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0answers
55 views

Which currently active philosophers could be considered Wittgenstein followers?

A. C. Grayling offers the following description of currently active followings of Wittgenstein: (page 129) The Wittgensteinians accordingly make a distinctive although relatively small group in ...
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138 views

Abridged version of Kant's critiques, especially critique of pure reason

I'm a mathematician. I'm considering reading Emmanuel Kant's famous Critique of Pure Judgement to help me think. I care more about the ideas rather than the ways of his presentation, which I'm not ...
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55 views

Descartes’ innate idea of extension

Can you give the most clear and self-contained quote out of Descartes’ works where he states that extension is an innate idea? I’ve read the third meditation again, but I didn’t anything easily ...
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63 views

Do you know of a book on Greek philosophy with a Corinthian helmet on the cover?

I read it years ago, and it seems I have lost it. The biggest thing I can remember is that it had a Corinthian helmet on the front cover. Also that it was translated by multiple authors and it had ...