Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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29 views

Kant’s claim “there are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God”

There are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God possible from speculative reason. All paths on which one may set forth with this aim either begin from determinate experience and the ...
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Motivations for ontological pluralism – suggested reading?

I’m looking for suggested reading on ontological pluralism. There are so many contested entities (?) like numbers, holes, the poems of Lord Byron, universals, various types of non-existent objects (...
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1answer
106 views

Why are minor chords perceived as melancholic?

In occidental music there are minor and majors chords, differing only by half a tone of one note. Usually major chords feel more vibrant and energetic, while minor chords sound more melancholic. ...
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132 views

Does the sum of all being exist itself?

Can we conceptually build the (mereological) “sum” of “all being” / “everything that exists” without running into problems or paradoxes? Can we think of the resulting concept (sometimes called “Being”,...
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53 views

Are there any book recommendation for identity, especially personal identity or metaphysics?

I have studied philosophy on my own for a long time and gained overall impression on the history of philosophy. And I am interested in self-consciousness,particular in personal identity. Recently I ...
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2answers
122 views

A Study Plan in Philosophy

I am a graduate student in mathematics but I've done philosophy in high school (we have majors in high school where I live). Having gone through a bachelor in mathematics, I would like to revisit ...
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1answer
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Aristotle quote on how developing friendship takes a long time

Conor Gallagher, If Aristotle's Kid Had an iPod: Ancient Wisdom for Modern Parents ch. 10 says: “WISHING TO BE FRIENDS IS QUICK WORK, BUT FRIENDSHIP IS A SLOW RIPENING FRUIT.”—ARISTOTLE I'm assuming ...
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1answer
101 views

Which 20th century male philosopher contended that creating and composing gets increasingly difficult, as time progresses?

I can't remember where, but I stumbled on this quotation in some print book on postmodernism or 20th century music, written in English because I can't read any other language. The author was a ...
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4answers
111 views

Philosophy of Math question: Has anyone ever claimed that one minus one does not equal zero, but instead equals negative one(or just 1-1)?

This question is based off of the observation that the notion of zero depends on the presence of absence. I can say there is 1 banana right over there or there are 2 bananas right over there and when ...
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5answers
399 views

How can statements of probability be verified?

Suppose I said, "There is a 50% chance of it raining tomorrow", and someone else said, "No, it is actually 60%". How can we know which person, if either, is correct? What I am ...
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148 views

Is there a philosophical justification for the dichotomy in discimination law?

In the UK, and in many other countries, it is illegal to discriminate on certain personal characteristics in many circumstances, including employment and accommodation. These characteristics include ...
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2answers
188 views

Why doesn't Searle's argument apply against humans?

Here's "Complete argument" from Wikipedia: (A1) "Programs are formal (syntactic)." A program uses syntax to manipulate symbols and pays no attention to the semantics of the ...
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3answers
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Reference request: books about meta-ethics theory

I want to construct an ethics system, my ethics. When I studied logic was very fruitful to understand the theory of the theory of logic (meta-theory). Now I want to learn about ethics because I want ...
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1answer
63 views

Does Plato ever call God "Father"?

This article suggests in several places that Plato at times called God (or, perhaps the Demiurge) by the name of "Father". However, I cannot find any such primary sources to validate the ...
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33 views

Fireflies in a mechanical car

I remember reading a short story a long time ago which illustrated the mind body problem with a metaphor of "fireflies inhabiting a mechanical car", or something like that. Possibly the ...
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48 views

The structure of the epistemic regress

I just read this essay on coherentism, and it resonated with a question I have about reconciling foundationalism, coherentism, and infinitism. The gist of the essay is that there are graph-theoretic ...
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1answer
52 views

Where and from whom can I learn about Wittgenstein's family resemblance?

After reading the relevant Wikipedia article as well as the relevant Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article, I still feel like I need a gentle introduction to Wittgenstein's Philosophical ...
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1answer
54 views

Informative diagram of Whitehead's philosophy?

I've been reading Whitehead's Process and Reality for the past few months, and I now realize that his writing is indeed very much hard to read (Concept of Nature was much easier in comparison). He ...
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1answer
35 views

Quote about serving to someone better than you

I remember reading something along the lines of "what can be better than to serve to someone who is better than you" in my philosophy class back in the days. I was pretty sure that I read ...
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1answer
83 views

Comparing Albert Camus and Karl Marx

My brother is lawyer. He likes reading philosophy and writing about law. He wants to find a source about a conflict ideas of revolution as you know Albert Camus and Karl Marx have. He wants to write ...
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2answers
234 views

Reference needed: why is the Liar Paradox regarded as not important/fringe by some?

Most people, when first encountering the Liar Paradox, react in one of two ways. One reaction is not to take the Paradox seriously and say they will not reason any more about it. - Dowden, IEP article ...
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3answers
120 views

Where can I find good place to obtain philosophy articles, journals, and books for free?

Where can I find a good place to obtain philosophy articles, journals, and books for free?
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1answer
329 views

Where is the source of the Seneca quote “to be good, it is not enough to be better than the worst”?

Where Seneca says something like: To be good, it is not enough to be better than the worst. I am looking for the correct preferably online reference.
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Justification logic and set theory

I was reading the SEP article on justification logic and the question arose for me, whether the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic justifications of set-theoretic axioms (a difference that has ...
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Analysis of Liar-like sentences in fuzzy logic

Let t0 = FALSE and t1 = TRUE. In fuzzy logic, 0 or 1 can be switched out for any real number in the interval [0,1]. This lets us construct all manner of liar/honest-like sentences, ranging from, "...
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2answers
126 views

Which specific branch of philosophy defines the 'realness' of something?

One or two years ago I read an article about what was termed a newer branch of philosophy that examined not only what was real, but what took precedence in importance in certain areas depending on ...
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1answer
125 views

How is ~CH derived in paraconsistent set theory?

This question on MathOverflow has been left unanswered. The respondents pointed mainly towards "Transfinite Numbers in Paraconsistent Set Theory", an article to which I don't have access. ...
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What does 'language' mean in Political Philosophy?

This practical and critical objective is achieved in two steps. The first is a critical survey of the languages and practices in which the struggles arise, and various theoretical solutions are ...
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79 views

A comprehensive reading of Foucault's theory of power

I have repeatedly encountered mentions and uses of Foucault's ideas when discussing socio-political issues, but have not had a proper introduction to his ideas. Recently, certain concepts from his ...
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How would infinitism intersect ethical beliefs?

Assuming that some moral knowledge is to be action-guiding, how could one appeal to an infinite chain of reasons to justify moral beliefs? (This is at least another "proof-of-concept" issue ...
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Philosophers who challenged the premise of the question of "the meaning of life" [duplicate]

One thing that gets talked about often when people talk about philosophy (perhaps a stereotype of what philosophers do) is the question of the meaning of life, "what is the meaning of life?" ...
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1answer
113 views

Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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4answers
84 views

Could there be any situation justifies crime?

I think right and wrong depends on context especially because we live in a non-ideal society. It is a moral dilemma to decide how to act if we know we can't have what we need by rightful-legal way. ...
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2answers
85 views

Books on having children

I'm at a crossroads in life where I can choose to live a life of a father or remain child-free. I don't feel like becoming a father and want to remain child-free for the rest of my life. Are there any ...
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2answers
74 views

Advanced logic books recommendations

I've studied from introduction to logic by Harry Jensler, so I'm looking for a more advanced and profound logic books any recommendations will be much appreciated, thank you in advance.
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Looking for a book which tries to speak about the ultimate foundation

I'm interested in philosophically digging as deep as possible. I'm looking for a book whose subject is to speak about the ultimate foundation. I apologise for this scarce description, the topic I'm ...
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5answers
314 views

Why does poverty still exist in the world that discovered advanced technologies? [closed]

For example some individuals may say 'a poor life of an individual is because that he doesn't work enough'. The world advanced as much as inventing many advanced technologies such as gun, calculator, ...
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1answer
67 views

Which field in the natural sciences always requires accurate and precise scientific instruments? [closed]

I am a high school student that believes as many others that natural sciences is an area of knowledge that is about reliable information. However, I see that scientific instruments play an significant ...
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1answer
79 views

Quote about meaning of meaning

Trying to track down a quote about the emptiness of the notion of "meaning of life", or the "justness of an entire framework of justice". I think it was by Friedrich Hayek, and I ...
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422 views

Are There Any Hegelian Approaches to Modern Physics?

In his section on Force and the "inverted world" in "Phenomenology of Spirit," Hegel provides a dialectical account of Newtonian physics and gravity that I find very interesting, ...
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1answer
77 views

Locke's psychology : reference request

While histories of philosophy traditionally devote a paragraph to the psychology of each author , it seems to me it is not the case for Locke. There might be reasons for this: (1) Locke is somewhat ...
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2answers
745 views

Is the appeal to futility a logical error, fallacious?

I've heard though unreliable sources that it's the nirvana fallacy, list of logical fallacies: solutions to problems are rejected because they are not perfect. Although, this doesn't quite fit. I've ...
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2answers
372 views

What is the difference between how the DSA understands Democratic Socialism and how George Orwell understood it?

Note This question is a copy from a similar one on Politics.SE, and was brought here per the suggestion of Kevin as a reference-request question. Background Democratic Socialism is a form of Socialism ...
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1answer
31 views

References on the analysis of "but"

I want to read philosophy papers that analyze the logical connective "but", and contrasts it with "and". I once read a paper that talked about this topic, but I can't find it ...
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6answers
193 views

Why isn't there just one quale? (qualia)

As far as I know, the hard problem of consciousness is focused on how the physical and mental states relate. However I haven't been able to find any attempts to answer the question of how identical ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the exact form of law of non-contradiction that dialetheism rejects?

Dialetheism asserts that there are sentences that are both true and false, e.g. the Liar. This seems to, quite obviously, go against the law of non-contradiction (LNC), and indeed Priest seems to ...
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1answer
31 views

Are there any books where Aristotlean quotations are collected?

Are there any books where Aristotle's quotations are available?
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3answers
227 views

What should a person interested in the philosophy of mathematics know?

What philosophy should a person interested in the philosophy of mathematics know, at a minimum? Having delved into the subject, it looks like there are things you need to know.
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2answers
184 views

A thought experiment for free-will, individuality and one-way functions?

Here is a thought experiment I have been thinking about concerning Free Will, Individuality and One-Way functions: Assumptions: Each conscious being in a world has material body which distincts it ...
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Book recommendation on the history of philosophical psychology : structure of mind and mental faculties

I'm looking for a systematic survey of the history of philosophical psychology, either an expository text, or a selection of readings arranged chronologically. My orignal motivation regards the ...

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