Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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38 views

Can we know anything about the “outside” of our simulation?

Given that all we see or seem, are the product of arcane computations on an unimaginably sophisticated machine. We may be tempted to wonder if we could learn something of the outside, after all we too ...
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1answer
55 views

How to define a new logical language

There are a number of logical languages defined that are so called flavors of a certain logic (for example, flavors of First Order Logic). Such new logical languages sometimes extend or restrict the ...
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9answers
3k views

What ethical problems might be involved in time travel?

Has anyone addressed the ethics of time travel? Time travel looks like a gold mine for moral dilemmas, but I don't know of anyone who addresses these issues. For example: Am I morally obligated to ...
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2answers
1k views

What is that French phrase about having innate knowledge of God?

I've got something right on the tip of my tongue, and I'd really like to figure it out. The most I remember about it was that it was in French, was two or three words, and had something to do with ...
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1answer
281 views

The origin of a particular self-reference paradox

This is a simple reference request, for the origin of a particular type of paradoxical statement. The example I remember is Roger Penrose can't consistently claim this statement to be true. It's a ...
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7answers
9k views

Did the Ancient Greek Philosophers actually believe in their Gods and Myths?

Is there any historical proof that shows what attitude the Ancient Greeks, specially the philosophers, had towards their Gods?
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3answers
3k views

Does extreme nihilism endorse suicidal behavior?

Nihilism lacks any belief in moral values. Then, if taken to its extreme form, does nihilism prescribe to a belief in no purpose for existence at all? If nihilism has no objective value system, does ...
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1answer
74 views

Plato - against teaching philosophy to children

I'm trying to hunt down a half-remembered quote from Plato, possibly from the Republic, where he actually argues AGAINST teaching children philosophy too early, in the fears it will confuse them and ...
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0answers
31 views

Looking for references regarding the history of metaphysics, and specially of ontology

Although many histories of ethics, of esthetics or of logic are available, it seems more difficult to find histories regarding other domains of philosophy. This is the case for epistemology and for ...
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17answers
27k views

What are some good introductions to philosophy?

I've been searching the questions posed here, and don't seem to find one that gives the answers I am looking for. I've proposed to start a list on meta but no one proposed anything, so I feel I must ...
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2answers
510 views

What does Marx mean by “value form”?

I've been reading some recent books that refer to money as the "value form" in Marx. In English translation, Marx does use the term "value form" and also refers to commodities as "values," in the ...
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3answers
829 views

Books on logical fallacies

I'm interested in learning and understanding logical fallacies for better skills in debate and discussions and in hopes to improve critical thinking as well. Can you guys please recommend me some ...
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0answers
97 views

Does evil exist outside a mind: a reference request?

Evil seems related to intentions, but i am sure there are those that believe it can exist external to minds. Are there any philosophers that attempt to argue that evil can exist outside a mind?
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54 views

Prerequisites to study aesthetics

So, I plan to begin to self study aesthetics, and was wondering whether a working knowledge of art history would be helpful for the same? If so, would Gardner's History of Art be sufficient? Also, on ...
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2answers
87 views

Calumnies on Aristotle's character

I've heard people allude to writings of some of Aristotle's students alleging bad character of Aristotle. I've not found the actual writings or any secondary literature on them. Can someone point me ...
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0answers
61 views

Philosophers dealing with fundamental structure of everything

I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such authors is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following: Hegel aims ...
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0answers
66 views

Resource recommendations for cogent arguments against the MWI of quantum mechanics

I am looking for cogent, current arguments against the Many-Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, from a philosophical, rather than purely physical point of view. To be clear, I am interested ...
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5answers
6k views

What does it mean to know something?

Humans know trees. So do squirrels. Even though their mental concept of "tree" may be very different, I think we can agree that lots of animals recognise trees and have some sort of understanding of ...
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1answer
87 views

Nothing human is foreign to me

I've been reading this great book 'Love Yourself As If Your Life Depends On It' by Kamal Ravikant. Absolute great book, changing my life right now even. Whenever I come across this quote, it always ...
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2answers
256 views

Are there philosophers who argue for a close connection between consciousness and existence?

(I'm not entirely satisfied with this question because I can't quite express it clearly, but a personal experience has moved me to ask it. I know it may be too vague or general.) The consciousness my ...
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1answer
93 views

Given the principle of innocence, how shall we explain logic's usefulness?

I have been reading Florian Steinberger's dissertation (Harmony and logical inferentialism) and I come across the following on p60: ...two fundamental assumptions (the other one being the principle ...
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0answers
37 views

How does Plantinga's “transworld depravity” compare with what Calvinists call “total depravity”?

In God, Freedom and Evil Alvin Plantinga offers a challenge: (page 48) (I leave as homework the problem of comparing transworld depravity with what Calvinists call "total depravity.") He defines "...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
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0answers
56 views

Why is there no “Mario Bunge” entry in the SEP? Where could I find a valuable presentation of Mario Bunge's philosophy?

I only have a rudimentary knowledge of Mario Bunge's philosophy. But what I've read in the Ontology part of his Treatise of basic philosophy seems much promising. I'm astonished that Bunge is not ...
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2answers
176 views

Where did Carnap express his disagreement with Wittgenstein's Tractatus?

I read the following in G. E. M. Anscombe's description of the consequences of Wittgenstein's picture theory of language: (page 82) Carnap strongly objected to Wittgenstein's doctrine with its ...
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1answer
175 views

Are there any well known academic philosophy forums?

Apart from Philosophy Stack Exchange (PSE), are there any well known academic philosophy forums? PSE does not seem to me as active as MathSE or PhysicsSE. That's the reason I'm asking the question ...
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0answers
47 views

Circularity between truth and meaning?

These two common claims are equally appealing: (1) the meaning of a ( declarative) sentence consists in its truth conditions (2) the truth of a sentence depends on its meaning But are we moving ...
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2answers
33 views

Aristotle's Categories: Original Greek text for Chapter 2?

I'm trying to find the original Greek for this passage in the Octavius Own Oxford edition. Does anyone know of a source? Likewise also some things are predicated of a certain subject, yet are in ...
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0answers
71 views

What are the identity conditions for “ a truth” [closed]

Here I'm not talking about "truth" in general ( as when one says " truth is correspondence between thought and reality") but about truth considered as a particular truth, as when one says " this ...
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2answers
230 views

References for the study of language

I'm looking for (not too difficult too read) references related to Semiotics Philosophy of Language Philosophy of Linguistics I mainly seek the understanding of ideas about the relation between ...
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2answers
199 views

What are the known philosophical works about a God without revelations?

Have the following ideas been proposed by philosophers of Religion, all in one package! The universe is well organised that calls for the belief in the existence of some intelligent agency that ...
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1answer
208 views

Logical positivism on religious language

I was searching for an essay on logical positivists’ view of religious language but I can't seem to find any good one. Can someone point out to me some links related to this?
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63 views

What is the division of philosophical doctrines with respect to absoluteness/relativity of truth?

Right now I am listening to a talk on youtube which starts with the declaration "of course we all know truth is a relative notion". There are certainly some directions in philosophy which accept this ...
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1answer
64 views

Reference request: applied ethics and the finance industry

Have any philosophers written about ethics and the financial services industry? I'm less interested in the bits covered by law (insider trading, etc) than ethical issues around the role the industry ...
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1answer
119 views

Dialectic of Enlightment Prerequisites

I wanted to start reading Dialectic of Enlightenment by Adorno and Horkheimer. My question is simple: Which philosophers' works do I have to be familiar with to get a decent first time reading from it?...
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1answer
163 views

What are some common positions: is it ethical to quote statistics routinely?

I was reading Malcolm Gladwell's Outliers, and a fragment of a sentence reads: [...] and try to figure out why Asians are so good at math. This is presumably based on data and statistics, which ...
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1answer
44 views

Where does Aristotle say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?

In which of Aristotle's works does he say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?
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2answers
95 views

**Choose Choice**

Choose choice, means: When all other things are equal, then the preferred choice would be the one that allows for the greatest number of subsequent choices. Has any philosopher proposed this or ...
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2answers
402 views

Aristotle's Categories with academic commentary

I am looking for books on Aristotle's Categories with academic commentary, preferably with references to further development of logic.
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1answer
222 views

Are we facing a new form of social prejudice and discrimination? [closed]

How is it different from previous forms of social injustice? Why is this a new kind of systematic prejudice and discrimination? - Firstly, the "old" way was entrenched in law and custom, whereas now ...
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0answers
24 views

Traditional beginner's commentary on Aristotle's categories [duplicate]

I am looking for a traditional beginner's commentary on Aristotle's categories in order to start learning Aristotle's system of logic. Even better would be a "road map" for studying Aristotle's logic ...
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1answer
211 views

What is the philosophical significance of speech acts/implicature?

I have been reading materials on speech acts (eg. Austin, Searle), and also read Scott Soames' exposition of Gricean implicature theory in his Philosophical analysis in the twentieth century, but I ...
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1answer
92 views

Authors who link religions to Plato's Noble lie

Noble Lie as taught by Plato is a lie created to keep the social order and harmony. Are there any remarkable authors who understood religions as such?
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6answers
110 views

How is/was “good” (as the contrary of bad) defined? [closed]

As Nietzsche differentiated there are two kinds of good: this question's focus is on the contrary of bad, not the contrary of evil. There are quite a lot of possible ways to define the common term "...
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1answer
194 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
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3answers
257 views

Can science prove or provide evidence that the brain is the source of the mind

I am seeking published discussions or arguments about this proposition, though some discussion here would be useful: Science can prove or provide significant evidence that the brain is the source ...
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3answers
122 views

Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
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1answer
67 views

On Putnam's belief that we can choose a logic system based on the task at hand

I was reading "A Graphic Guide to Logic" and a little speech bubble from Hilary Putnam says that "I still believe that there are facts in the world that determine which logic it is appropriate to use ...
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1answer
41 views

Searching for book on Ibn Arabi

I'm looking for this book: The mystical philosophy of Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi by Afifi. Could anyone help?
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0answers
16 views

Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...