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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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67 views

Meaning of a diagram by Althusser

A diagram by Althusser captioned “The future lasts a long time” (the title of his memoirs) appears on several of his book covers. Below is my own reproduction, based on a sketched version found here. ...
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0answers
42 views

General characteristics of rules

I'm starting a research on rules -- whether moral rules, laws, game rules, etc. Can anyone point me to references which investigate rules as their object? EDIT (in response to @YechiamWeiss ) @...
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2answers
150 views

Ontological Foundations of Epistemology

A review of the SEP article of epistemology indicates that there are 5 sources of knowledge: perception, memory, introspection, reason, and testimony. Robert Audi in his Epistemology: A Contemporary ...
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2answers
207 views

Where can I find logical fallacies in action?

I'm looking for a website that gives logical fallacies in action. Not a video that explains logical fallacies, but a video, say a debate between two people where one of the debators uses a logical ...
2
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2answers
48 views

What is a contemporary version of AC Grayling's Philosophy 1? (a logically rigorous intro one-branch-a-chapter)

I am a math/logic student who has taken your standard basic intro to philosophy course. I skimmed AC Grayling's Philosophy 1 and 2 books and they are logically rigorous and concise overviews of an ...
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2answers
387 views

What are the objections to the axioms of modal logic?

I am looking for good/classical references on objections/criticism of modal logic. I am a bit familiar with the work of Quine but find his objections around the paradoxes of material implication or ...
6
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3answers
979 views

Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

The movie Total Recall 1990 was inspired by the book "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" written by Philip K. Dick whose leading role was played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The storyline is about a ...
4
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2answers
94 views

Are there any online resources where it is possible to read the works of great philosophers?

I think the work of great past philosophers is no longer in copyright. Is it possible to read them online somewhere? More specifically I want these: Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy ...
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3answers
85 views

Books on the logic of science

I was recently skimming through Nagels "The Structure of Science", and I wonder if there are other books that go through the philosophy of science through a logical point of view; That is, I am ...
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3answers
627 views

Introductory book on philosophy of logic?

I know that there are quite a few questions like this here already, but I haven't yet found an answer that would satisfy me. I'm looking for an introductory logic book. My main goal is to work ...
6
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4answers
911 views

Books on logical fallacies

I'm interested in learning and understanding logical fallacies for better skills in debate and discussions and in hopes to improve critical thinking as well. Can you guys please recommend me some ...
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6answers
959 views

What are some good books on the philosophy of economics?

I'm a college student of physics, and I'm looking to expand my horizon in the field of philosophy of economics, so, what books would you recommend for newbies like me? I was thinking in history of ...
3
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3answers
246 views

Philosophers on alternatives to capitalism and communism

Philosopher Karl Marx envisioned an economic system called communism to fight the abuses suffered by working class people during the industrial era. The exploration of man by man and the excessive ...
3
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2answers
64 views

Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
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0answers
46 views

Which currently active philosophers could be considered Wittgenstein followers?

A. C. Grayling offers the following description of currently active followings of Wittgenstein: (page 129) The Wittgensteinians accordingly make a distinctive although relatively small group in ...
3
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4answers
454 views

What book recommendations for learning Hegel and Wittgenstein?

I'm currently interested in Hegel's Dialectic and Wittgenstein works. I'm mostly looking for things related to logic, language and the foundation of mathematics. What do you think I should read from ...
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1answer
117 views

Abridged version of Kant's critiques, especially critique of pure reason

I'm a mathematician. I'm considering reading Emmanuel Kant's famous Critique of Pure Judgement to help me think. I care more about the ideas rather than the ways of his presentation, which I'm not ...
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4answers
411 views

What are some good introductions to analytic ontology?

What is/are the best introduction(s) of analytic ontology? I know about a book written by Edmund Runggaldier ‎and Christian Kanzian but still I don't have it. I would like to read clear, simple ...
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0answers
46 views

Descartes’ innate idea of extension

Can you give the most clear and self-contained quote out of Descartes’ works where he states that extension is an innate idea? I’ve read the third meditation again, but I didn’t anything easily ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Do you know of a book on Greek philosophy with a Corinthian helmet on the cover?

I read it years ago, and it seems I have lost it. The biggest thing I can remember is that it had a Corinthian helmet on the front cover. Also that it was translated by multiple authors and it had ...
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3answers
177 views

Ref request: Reality objective or subjective

This is a request for a reference on (within) philosophy.stackexchange.com. It follows from discussions around this question. I am asking after having tried my luck at websearch. What I am searching ...
4
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1answer
166 views

Did consciousness always exist?

Speaking of Stuart Hameroff and Sir Roger Penrose: "Both of them now believe that consciousness, as the interplay of fine-scale quantum events, may have always existed in the universe." - ...
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3answers
989 views

Authors on the Credibility and Corruption of Modern Science

During the Renaissance and Industrial eras science was a way to remove superstition, religious misconception, and irrational fears. The scientific method was proved to be valid and available to ...
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7answers
599 views

Does 'to believe that P' imply 'to believe that P is true'?

Williams (1973) casually asserts that to believe that P is to believe that P is true. He explains what he means by that: To believe that so and so is one and the same as to believe that that ...
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2answers
186 views

Serious arguments against skepticism about the external world?

As we all know, Kant wrestled with Cartesian skepticism for a long time. And of course, Descartes himself did, but he appeals to a version of the ontological argument which is not very persuasive. ...
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1answer
71 views

Reference request: applied ethics and the finance industry

Have any philosophers written about ethics and the financial services industry? I'm less interested in the bits covered by law (insider trading, etc) than ethical issues around the role the industry ...
4
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1answer
127 views

Dialectic of Enlightment Prerequisites

I wanted to start reading Dialectic of Enlightenment by Adorno and Horkheimer. My question is simple: Which philosophers' works do I have to be familiar with to get a decent first time reading from it?...
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1answer
80 views

Which branch of philosophy would address the question “How to be effective at a typical day job”? [closed]

I'm not sure how to phrase this question. It stems from a complaint that I can't seem to find a truly "practical philosophy" (even "Pragmatism"). I know a lot of philosophy starts with ABSOLUTELY ...
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60 views

Authors on Social Evolution, Personal Liberties and Corruption

Institutional corruption as been associated with excessive hedonism eg. libertinism. In history there have been recurring cycles in which economic depression has led to the uprising of authoritarian ...
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3answers
162 views

Authors on consciousness and its relation with suffering

Let's say we take a group of volunteers willing to receive a 120V discharge under fMRI scanners. They all may receive the same intensity but how can we know that they all recieve the same amount of ...
3
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2answers
67 views

The needs of many (in 'ok' circumstances) vs. the needs of few (in 'extreme' circumstances)

I am writing about decision making when allocating charity resources, and I need a bit of background on deciding between improving lots of lives for animals with, let's say, average welfare (that ...
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0answers
52 views

This philosopher deliberately taught misinformation

I remember reading once about a philosopher (Kierkegaard? Schopenhauer? Aristotle?) who would deliberately supply their students with misinformation that they should learn better, seek the truth. ...
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2answers
128 views

Authors on wars making societies evolve [closed]

Let's presume Nazi Germany did not happen. Young kids would not have references on how damaging extreme nationalism can be therefore the Third Reich could have append anywhere in the world an can ...
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0answers
42 views

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world?

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world rather than the entire biosphere? It might be the "Human Race" or the "Human Species", but I am thinking in conceptual terms or ...
4
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1answer
231 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
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3answers
136 views

Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
4
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1answer
78 views

Where does Bertrand Russell discuss mysticism?

G. E. M. Anscombe writes in An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus (1971, St Augustine's Press) the following about Wittgenstein's use of the concept of mysticism: (page 170) But Wittgenstein ...
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0answers
51 views

How can mereology be applied to the substantivalism and relationism spacetime discussion?

I've just began to try to understand mereology through this book with rather great difficulty. As i've dredged through it i've begun to wonder how it is that mereology could influence my favorite ...
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1answer
83 views

How to define a new logical language

There are a number of logical languages defined that are so called flavors of a certain logic (for example, flavors of First Order Logic). Such new logical languages sometimes extend or restrict the ...
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6answers
13k views

Recommend “best” (see description) English translation of Tao Te Ching

Would someone who is vary familiar with Lao Tzu's philosophy please refer me to a translation of Tao Te Ching that preserves the spirit and eternal messages of Tao Te Ching. I don't like the ...
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4answers
3k views

Did Plato believe in reincarnation?

I have read in some philosophy forums that Plato believed that death was not the end and he most likely believed in reincarnation. Are there any texts that confirm that Plato actually believed in ...
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2answers
14k views

How do I use the “Barbara, Celarent, … etc.” mnemonic?

Medieval logicians memorized this most famous logic mnemonic: Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio ← direct first figure Baralipton, Celantes, Dabitis, Fapesmo, Frisesomorum ← indirect first figure Cesare,...
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1answer
332 views

How valid is assignment of probabilites when evidence is totally lacking, as in Pascal's Wager?

The SEP article discussing Pascal's Wager states, Premise 1 presupposes that you should have a probability for God’s existence in the first place. However, perhaps you could rationally fail to ...
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1answer
30 views

Second Order Quantification without Ontological Commitment

I've seen some philosophers allude to second order quantification without ontologically committing to the second order predicates quantified over. However, I'm struggling to find papers discussing ...
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1answer
254 views

Where does this Alan Watts audio clip come from?

I'm trying to locate the source of an Alan Watts quote/audio clip that has been used in numerous YouTube edits. It is referenced in some places as the 'Falling Into Love' lecture, but there is no such ...
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3answers
212 views

Can we know anything about the “outside”, if we are in a simulation?

Please note this question isn't about "simulation" as such. It is cast in this way to illustrate a particular sub-to-super ontology relationship: Given that all we see or seem, are the product of ...
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1answer
43 views

Source of a Russell quote about purpose and meaninglessness

The following quote is attributed to Bertrand Russell: Unless you assume a God, the question of life’s purpose is meaningless. The reference for the quote is: Bertrand Russell, quoted in Rick ...
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2answers
267 views

Prerequisites for Michael Dummett texts

I want to read Michael Dummett's The Logical Basis of Metaphysics. Is it hard to read ? I would like an answer for the same question regarding his other texts. Do I need a prior exposition to other ...
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0answers
102 views

Using differential equation to estimate epistemological growth constant

I found some tweets (1,2) describing a philosophy paper as follows: I came across this paper from the academic journal of philosophy that tries to solve a differential equation for an ...
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2answers
231 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...