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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

2
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1answer
100 views

Are we facing a new wave of social prejudice and discrimination? [on hold]

We are talking about computer algorithms and AI, not the engaging human like ones, but those used by business and government to decide how to treat people... Almost anyone who has tried to negotiate ...
1
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3answers
116 views

Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

On Putnam's belief that we can choose a logic system based on the task at hand

I was reading "A Graphic Guide to Logic" and a little speech bubble from Hilary Putnam says that "I still believe that there are facts in the world that determine which logic it is appropriate to use ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Searching for book on Ibn Arabi

I'm looking for this book: The mystical philosophy of Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi by Afifi. Could anyone help?
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0answers
16 views

Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...
1
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0answers
22 views

partial fictionalism about propositions

One theory of propositions is that they're "useful fictions." However, this faces the formidable objection that fictionalism makes it hard to explain how something fictional can tell us about the ...
5
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3answers
75 views

Are there writers on the topic of an inherent human bias towards the value of rational thinking?

Some people place humans as 'higher animals' because we are uniquely capable of rational thought, while most other animals are not. This assumes that the trait of rationality is superior to other ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Is there a world behind you when you do not look behind your back? [closed]

There is a very famous philosophical question that almost all of us have heard before: If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound? My question is a little ...
2
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2answers
40 views

Looking for a piece regarding the relationship between subject and object (by Schopenhauer?)

I am desperately looking for a piece I've read years ago on the internet. It is written as a conversation (literally) between the subject and the object. The quintessence is that neither can exist ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the relation between modern political philosophy and politics? [closed]

I am thinking about authors like Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, as well as current debates about e.g. negative and positive freedom or liberal and republican notions of freedom. Are there political ...
0
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0answers
108 views

Annotations or explanations for difficult philosophy writing in English?

Are there any books, guides, or annotated editions that explain or gloss complex, worthy philosophy writing in English? I prefer works originally written in English to improve my reading comprehension ...
4
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2answers
212 views

Can science prove or provide evidence that the brain is the source of the mind

I am seeking published discussions or arguments about this proposition, though some discussion here would be useful: Science can prove or provide significant evidence that the brain is the source ...
1
vote
5answers
93 views

How is/was “good” (as the contrary of bad) defined?

As Nietzsche differentiated there are two kind of good: this question focus is on the contrary of bad, not the contrary of evil. There are quite a lot possibilities to define the common term "good". ...
7
votes
5answers
309 views

Does 'to believe that P' imply 'to believe that P is true'?

Williams (1973) casually asserts that to believe that P is to believe that P is true. He explains what he means by that: To believe that so and so is one and the same as to believe that that ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

What should I read to learn about Spinoza's philososphy?

I don't have much philosophical background aside from a couple college classes and stuff I've picked up from general interest. I'd like to learn Spinoza's philosophy. What is a good starting place? ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Philosophical journal that allows blind referee

I'd like to know which journals in Philosophy (logic) allow papers without author's information to be reviewed by referees.
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Epicurus's claim that the mind is in the heart

I'm looking for a reference to back the claim made on SEP: The mind, which is located at the heart, is a center that controls the other soul-parts as well as the body, and that receives and ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Does anyone know any philosophers who engage with (ordinary language) dictionaries in their work?

This may be a strange question, but here's the breakdown. I work on a concept that has received very little philosophical attention. For this reason, I have to consult good old dictionaries (Oxford, ...
5
votes
3answers
122 views

Does history provide support for moral objectivism?

I must say this was thoroughly entertaining: The Lizard People Of Alpha Draconis 1 Decided To Build An Ansible - Scott Alexander https://www.lesswrong.com/s/zfXAcwLnGocsCsriG/p/...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What would a fractal universe tell us about Time?

To begin with let's look at what is known as the coastline paradox. Briefly it goes like this: If you measure the circumference of Britain with a 1km long stick, and then do the same with a 100m long ...
4
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0answers
74 views

Given the principle of innocence, how shall we explain logic's usefulness?

I have been reading Florian Steinberger's dissertation (Harmony and logical inferentialism) and I come across the following on p60: ...two fundamental assumptions (the other one being the principle ...
5
votes
3answers
227 views

Is symmetry real?

Ask almost anyone, and they'll hold up their hands, put them together and say "there you go!" Except, your hands aren't really symmetrical. In fact every "symmetry" I can think of suffers from this '...
0
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2answers
723 views

What is the connection between conscious mind and Gödel's incompleteness in a mathematical universe?

Assume that our universe is a mathematical one, similar to the one that Tegmark proposed (see here). In contrast to what I read there, let's assume that the axioms upon we build the universe are such ...
1
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1answer
150 views

On age and Wisdom

Often it happens that a writer will change their position over time. For example a consummate materialist in youth may temper their outlook with a pinch of idealism in more advanced years. This state ...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Seeking literature on whether all beliefs should be justified

This is more or less just a reference request. Sometimes, when a belief is revealed to be unjustified, we should respond by either giving up that belief or at the very least, yielding a certain ...
6
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2answers
762 views

Books on logical fallacies

I'm interested in learning and understanding logical fallacies for better skills in debate and discussions and in hopes to improve critical thinking as well. Can you guys please recommend me some ...
-1
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1answer
103 views

How do I keep up with the latest in the cutting edge of philosophy? [duplicate]

I always viewed philosophy to be dead after the arrival of modern science. The last great philosopher in metaphysics was Kant, I believe the others who followed him were made irrelevant by the ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Criticism of stoicism

In relation to the writings of Epictetus or Seneca, what is some adequate criticism to stoicism? Any writings/papers dealing with that in particular?
8
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1answer
134 views

Where to find Descartes’ violin player analogy?

I really tried finding the original passage where Descartes lays out the following argument: Descartes himself anticipated an objection like this and argued that dependence does not strongly ...
13
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2answers
2k views

What did Kant say on the invention of new terms?

I remember I once read in Kant's "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft" about the tendency to come up with or invent new terms/words, about which he was quite "critical" (pun intended). I need the exact quote, ...
2
votes
4answers
268 views

Books on how Philosophers overcame Misanthropy (hatred towards humanity)

There has been many great philosophers and thinkers that at some point or for all their lives hated society: “In the depths of my heart I can’t help being convinced that my dear fellow-men, with a ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Where did Rorty claim no essential difference between Philosophy and Literary Criticism/Theory?

What's the source for this comment? Rorty infamously claimed (in so many words) that there is no essential difference between philosophy and litcrit. Has any other philosophers argued this?
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Philosophers who did not think that language is more special than cognition as a whole

There are pretty many philosophers who talked and wrote on the philosophy of language. Usually language only means the use of words and symbols, however, I noticed that symbols may have different ...
8
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4answers
211 views

Are Platonic Forms alive?

Reading Dominic J. O'Meara's Plotinus, I noticed that he seems to be claiming that Plotinus looked at the Soul, Forms and the One as active and in some sense alive. However, I am trying to get a ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Nietzsche aphorism about happiness - interpretation

THE DANGER IN HAPPINESS.--"Everything now turns out best for me, I now love every fate:--who would like to be my fate?" From Beyond Good and Evil. I wondered if anyone could share some wisdom ...
9
votes
5answers
554 views

What are book recommendations on Philosophy of Consciousness by contemporary authors?

I am looking for a book that is more focused on the philosophy of consciousness(rather than general topic of Phil. of Mind) which takes up the hard problem as a major theme. Can you guys give me ...
7
votes
7answers
860 views

What good books are there on the mind–body problem?

What good books are there on the mind–body problem? I would be especially curious whether there are any well-written books about the "mind vs. brain" problem and related questions like the hard/soft ...
25
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3answers
1k views

What are the major research programmes in contemporary logic?

As an interested outsider who is prone to reading about different formulations of logic, I've become interested in better understanding the big picture of what people are trying to accomplish as they ...
6
votes
2answers
369 views

Book on Meinong's theory of objects

Could anyone please recommend a book to begin to learn about Meinong's theory of objects and "Meinong's Jungle". I thought a good one might be "Meinong's Theory of Objects and Values" by Findlay (1963)...
1
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0answers
53 views

On the nature of reality from different scientific views [closed]

I apologize from many imprecisions that you will find both in the grammatic and in the ideas. Close your eyes and then reopen them. So: how does the universe, the experience, emerge? Then, we can ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What modern, nonspecialist translations of Boethius, “The Consolation of Philosophy”, are available?

I'm presently reading a PG ebook of The Consolation of Philosophy and realizing it is great for me to read but the translation is hard reading to offer non-philosophers / non-scholars who visit my ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Is having a “type” ethical?

Some people have a particular “type”, a person with particular physical aspects that they look for in a partner. What ethical frameworks can be used to evaluate this phenomena? Do those frameworks ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Authors who link religions to Plato's Noble lie

Noble Lie as taught by Plato is a lie created to keep the social order and harmony. Are there any remarkable authors who understood religions as such?
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0answers
20 views

Reference for book — cultural relativism — cognised/cognisable/real worlds (with golden dragon)

I am hoping someone can give me a reference for a book I read once. (I should [as in "would"] have a note, but if I do I can not find it.) The book was, from memory, a collection of articles/...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
3
votes
2answers
181 views

My first thought is always: I AM

This question is derivative of the question here: Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false? It is noted by authors such as Nietzsche and Kierkegaard that there are several assumptions ...
5
votes
9answers
705 views

Is it impossible for a human brain completely to understand the human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Does evil exist outside a mind: a reference request?

Evil seems related to intentions, but i am sure there are those that believe it can exist external to minds. Are there any philosophers that attempt to argue that evil can exist outside a mind?
2
votes
1answer
60 views

References discussing self-evident truths?

I am interested in philosophical or logic-based texts that discuss the nature of self-evident truths, which seem related to Alvin Plantinga's discussion of so-called properly basic beliefs. I am more ...