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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

2
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2answers
41 views

Where did Rorty claim no essential difference between Philosophy and Literary Criticism/Theory?

What's the source for this comment? Rorty infamously claimed (in so many words) that there is no essential difference between philosophy and litcrit. Has any other philosophers argued this?
1
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1answer
71 views

Ethics vs manipulation: Is it ethical to manipulate and is ethics a form of manipulation?

Are there ethical frameworks in which manipulation is acceptable? Knowing that we are being raised and conditioned to accept an ethical framework since early childhood is it fair to say that all ...
2
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1answer
59 views

**Choose Choice**

Choose choice, means: When all other things are equal, then the preferred choice would be the one that allows for the greatest number of subsequent choices. Has any philosopher proposed this or ...
1
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1answer
205 views

What (who) to read before reading Kant

I am going to be taking an undergraduate course with a prof who marks quite severely. She mentioned that the course expects a working knowledge of Early Modern Philosophy, and specifically to read the ...
1
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1answer
101 views

History of philosophy - not chronological but thematic

I was reading in the recent past the multivolume History of Philosophy of F.Copleston. It is essentially the only interesting history of philosophy (along with the multivolume Routhledge History of ...
0
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2answers
68 views

Authors that wrote on how to look for the truth efficiently?

The human mind is perhaps not efficient when it comes to looking for the truth, specially when you are emotionally attached to an idea about any subject such us close relatives, God, your government, "...
3
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1answer
95 views

Who said that questions can only be asked if the askers roughly knows the answers?

I remember it was Marx who said this as a thought for Hegel's take on history, but searching for keyword answer in his Wikiquote page doesn't yield any result. The exact quote might be very different ...
2
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3answers
89 views

Can my attitude kill you? Part 2

This question follows on (sort off): Can my attitude kill you? Taking attitude to mean: The unique medley of ideas that makes the person. Suppose I'm a doubly depressed neurotic pessimist. Who can ...
2
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3answers
142 views

Can my attitude kill you?

Would it be morally reprehensible to tell a truth to someone if I know or suspect that it may cause them harm or discomfort? Of course there are trivial instances like telling a dying man he is going ...
4
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7answers
394 views

Is atheism about the existence of Deities or a personal perception of Sacredness?

Wikipedia on atheism: Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities. Now what about deities? A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred. ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Is Frankenstein's monster tantamount to positive proof in Science?

Specifically Biology presents some problems for me. For instance, now that we have Evolution we know what to look for. Thus we are bound to observe some adaptations, and over time even new species. ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Looking for Sources on Philosophical Discussion of Modern Atomic Theory

I'm currently planning a research project which tracks the development of atomic theory in the physical sciences (though mainly physics since that's my subject). In the last section I want to discuss ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Is this nihilism?

I'm looking for a quote or a passage about how we shouldn't waste time analyzing possibilities that don't exist, like "what if"s of the past. That we should reflect on how things came to be and not on ...
-1
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0answers
146 views

Authors on the brainwashing of the American People and western world [closed]

I'm looking for books and authors which relate to the times we are going through in terms of disinformation, "fake news", cultures based on war and violence and the "call of duty", false flag ...
6
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5answers
160 views

Do future selves have duties to the current self?

I think there are clear cases in which my future selves have rights against me (or I have duties to my future selves). For example, my future selves have the right to enjoy a healthy life and thus I ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Any book/article that talks about a difference in what science achieves and what society wants/needs?

I'm not trying to ignite a discussion on the topic, simply a reading reference for someone who talks about any difference between the academia and society - for example I've seen a book (published ...
3
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2answers
125 views

What does Helmuth Plessner mean by : 'the human being is at a distance to her boundary'?

Plessner defines living organims in terms of a boundary between It and the environment. http://helmuth-plessner.de/en/helmuth-plessner/denken/ This question concerns the following statment: ...
1
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1answer
182 views

Is Reality an intersection of Incompatible Ontologies?

Empiricists do not ask questions about the ontological status of mathematical or logical structures. Idealists don't explain how Ideas are developed, or how technological advancement in general takes ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Did Plato believe in reincarnation?

I have read in some philosophy forums that Plato believed that death was not the end and he most likely believed in reincarnation. Are there any texts that confirm that Plato actually believed in ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
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1answer
128 views

Philosophy of dreams

According to some eastern teachings (Tantric, Buddhist, etc) it's a good thing to ponder and meditate on dreams: Dream 1 A person dreams of finding money or gold or any other luxuries. This ...
9
votes
3answers
601 views

How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
0
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5answers
262 views

Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...
2
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1answer
120 views

What are the main reference tools professional philosophers use to do research?

Many people do an internet search to find information about a topic they are interested in. Some tools I’ve seen referenced here to find philosophical information are the Stanford Encyclopedia of ...
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1answer
68 views

What are the top professional organizations that philosophers belong to?

I looked for a list of philosophical organizations and found this list on Wikipedia. What are the top or most prestigious organizations on this list (or some other list) that a professional ...
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0answers
35 views

A database of answers to what is __ questions, Plato style

What is a 'place'? What is a 'strategy'? What is 'fun'? Is there any philosophical forum that answers these questions in a way in greater alignment with foundationalism than coherentism? ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Western philosophers that emphasize on the importance of meditation?

Who are the main western philosophers who acknowledge the importance of meditation, self-discovery(know yourself) and the realization of your own mind-habits and emotional responses?
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0answers
37 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
0
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1answer
55 views

Authors on the philosophical impact of the discovery of an Extraterrestrial civilization [closed]

Consider the following thought experiment: Some kinds of spiders species while mating the female eats the male. Sometimes when female puts and egg and later when it hatches the baby spiders eat ...
-1
votes
0answers
43 views

Why is metaethics both “intellectually and practically problematic”?

I wonder if some of you could give me some bibliographical references with respect to the following passage of the entry Metaethics in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Such reflection ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Who are the representatives of Michigan and Rutgers ethical naturalism?

I am writing an excursus on contemporary naturalism for my thesis. In fact, after a brief introduction to the subject of moral philosophy and to ethical naturalism, I will analyze the Duke manifesto "...
1
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1answer
125 views

Authors on the Philosophy of Ancient Egypt

What philosophies or systems of believes apart from the religious ones did those people have? Were there any forums in which ideas were discussed? Were there any significant philosophers or high ...
2
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4answers
205 views

Books on how Philosophers overcame Misanthropy (hatred towards humanity)

There has been many great philosophers and thinkers that at some point or for all their lives hated society: “In the depths of my heart I can’t help being convinced that my dear fellow-men, with a ...
1
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2answers
70 views

Introductions to Camus on absurdity

For a layman, what’s a good, accessible introduction to Camus’ work on absurdity?
21
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6answers
8k views

Did the Ancient Greek Philosophers actually believe in their Gods and Myths?

Is there any historical proof that shows what attitude the Ancient Greeks, specially the philosophers, had towards their Gods?
0
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1answer
69 views

Authors on the Business of Philosophy and the Philosopher's ego

In a capitalistic society every human experience is susceptible of becoming a business, eg. the business of beauty, sex, art, justice, health, education, journalism, emotions and psychology, ...
0
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2answers
269 views

Were the Bavarian Illuminati actually Luciferians? [closed]

According to wikipedia the real illumianti were: ...the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on 1 May 1776. The society's goals were to oppose superstition, ...
4
votes
4answers
140 views

Is all meaning just comparison/measurement? (Reference request)

I've had an idea and I'm almost certain it might not be a novel one, so I'd like some pointers to read more about it. Maybe some philosophers/writers already explored the subject and elaborated it a ...
1
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1answer
61 views

In German, to which of Nietzsche's books does the abbreviation “GA” refer to?

I'm reading an academic article in German about Nietzsche and I really need to check the texts the author refers to, however I have no clue what "GA" refers to, even after checking the list of German ...
2
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3answers
187 views

Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

A taxonomy of Meta-Ethics (Reference Request)

On the accounts of many Doctors of Philosophy specialising in Meta-Ethics, the philosophical landscape is notoriously hard to taxonomise. What are the best comprehensive guides to Meta-Ethics. I have ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

What ethical studies have been performed on what would happen if a government raises kids without parents?

This is a thought experiment that deals with morality and ethics: Due to low natality governments decide to create schools in which kids are raised by professional caregivers and people trained ...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

What other theistic positions support open theism besides Christianity?

Open theism is a libertarian view of free will claiming that God’s omniscience does not extend to knowing the actual choices of free human agents. It is a theory of “dynamic omniscience”. This ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Where to find the “tightened up” definitions of computing mentioned by Searle?

I think it is probably possible to block the result of universal realizability by tightening up our definition of computation. Certainly we ought to respect the fact that programmers and engineers ...
5
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1answer
104 views

Introduction to Philosophy via thought experiments

I am a mathematics scholar who once took a course on "Philosophy of rationality" and absolutely loved it. In there, we discussed a couple of thought experiments including 'The Trolley Problem'. I am ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

On Putnam's belief that we can choose a logic system based on the task at hand

I was reading "A Graphic Guide to Logic" and a little speech bubble from Hilary Putnam says that "I still believe that there are facts in the world that determine which logic it is appropriate to use ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

The primary nature of feeling

Are there philosophical schools or traditions that support the idea, that the physical world is secondary (but neither illusion nor projection of own mind) and the feelings of people and their ...
4
votes
2answers
299 views

Berkeley on perception - now you see it, next it's not there?

I remember years ago I read somewhere that, 'Objects don't exist when we are not looking at them', is an old philosophical idea. I have heard that it probably comes from Berkeley or is based on ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Authors on “the Trouble with the Revolutions of the Mind”

Accepting that planet Earth was not at the centre of the universe and the stars were like just like the Sun but only much further was a "revolution of the mind" that took centuries to accept. ...