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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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Book or article recommendation about causality and counterfactuals

I'd like to assign social science undergraduate students an article, short part of a book, or even a blog post about causality and counterfactual logic that is easy to understand. It seems that most ...
3
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1answer
136 views

why did Kant say the only truly “good” thing in this world “without exception” is a “good will”?

why did Kant say the only truly “good” thing in this world “without exception”? if I understand him correctly, which I very well may not, I believe he states that good will is the only truly good ...
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2answers
100 views

Faith versus Reason

I am looking for books on the discussion of terms and concepts like reason, faith, instinct, evidence, confidence, justification, etc. But especially reason versus faith. I not looking for science ...
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0answers
100 views

On the explanation of facts

As a chemist, I have some philosophical doubts about explanation of facts. Short intro In Bertrand Russell's book 'History of Western Philosophy' he says that leading-to scientific knowledge is the '...
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2answers
58 views

subject-based philosophical book request

Is there a subject-based philosophical book? one book which discusses in each chapter a philosophical subject such as ethics, nature of world, ...
3
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2answers
123 views

Why is Kant's Groundwork so much more popular than his other ethical works?

Kant has three main works on ethics: the Groundwork, the second Critique, and the Metaphysics of Morals, and some important short essays: "What is enlightenment?", "Toward perpetual peace", and "...
4
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1answer
88 views

Any good philosophy debate recommendations?

[Note for admins - close if it doesn't fit the SE, I asked in the Symposium but no one answered so I came here. No need to downvote.] Hi all, I saw Dennet, Krauss, and Massimo debate a couple of days ...
5
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3answers
345 views

Rigorous, modern introductions to informal reasoning and critical thinking?

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a modern, rigorous, and intelligently written introductory book on informal logical reasoning and critical thinking, aimed at a non-mathematical audience (...
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2answers
92 views

Burden of proof amid a temporal sequence

Say doctrine A claims premise X to be true, and Y to be false. Say doctrine B claims premises X and Y to be true. There is some sense (I believe; you might want to confirm), in which the "burden of ...
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1answer
92 views

philosophical quotation

Who said the following? "what is isn't and what isn't is" I can't remember where I picked up that line but I seem to remember hearing it being repeated by some fictional character, possibly ...
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1answer
99 views

Sport as a performing art on the report of aesthetic philosophy [closed]

I am seeking additional philosophical references. For instance: J. Neville Turner, 1992. "Is sport an art form?", Sporting Traditions 8, pp. 153–166. I suppose that both disciplines are fond of ...
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0answers
87 views

What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
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46 views

Island of philosophers?

I vaguely remember reading or hearing about a classical greek (Aristoteles?) making the case that if an island was full with nothing else than philosophers it would not be a viable society. However ...
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1answer
212 views

Did Gödel do philosophy beyond logic?

On Wikipedia Gödel is described as a philosopher and since I do know of his logical works (as far as I am able to understand what I've read and heard of it). I wanted to know if he wrote more stuff, ...
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1answer
86 views

Material for simple explanations of philosophies

I am preparing for an examination which requires to have a general understanding of philosophies of certain Western thinkers (I have a hard time understanding Kant, Russell, Wittgenstein in particular)...
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1answer
123 views

a priori and a posteriori

Where can I find a systematic review of the concept a priori and a posteriori and investigations on their proper distinction? Classical texts are prefered but Kant, Aristotle are excluded. Actually ...
2
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1answer
68 views

How and where did Homer state a necessity to report historical occurences “unbiased” or “while mentioning the defeated equally”?

I'm coming from a talk by Hannah Arendt, where she mentions Homer as being the first to entertain the notion of "we must not forget those who fought equally as valiant as our enemies" and unbiased ...
2
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2answers
166 views

Philosophy of Time

I have a question about time. What philosophical arguments can be presented for the reality of time? And I would like sources to be posted too. It is confusing me.
3
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1answer
343 views

Natural deduction introduction and elimination rules for modal quantifiers

I've read several papers on modal natural deduction but I've only been able to find one clear explanation of []-Introduction ([]A if A can be proved from no assumptions/premises). But there were no ...
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0answers
61 views

Some similarity of Leibniz and Anaxagoras

As early as 1666 Leibniz was able to compose "A Conjecture Why It Seems That Anaxagoras Could Have Said That Snow Is Black" (A II, 1, 4-5). Later, as a librarian, he became extraordinarily well read ...
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170 views

Criticisim of Hilbertian Formalism

The two main criticisms against the philosophical position on mathematics which is called game formalism (see here for details) are, The first is the question of applicability: if mathematics is ...
2
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3answers
88 views

Philosophical Perspectives on the Response to Landscapes

As a hiker and (very amateur) philosopher, this question is one that has resonated with me a great deal. As well as hoping to spark discussion on the topic, I'm really hoping for guidance on existing ...
6
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1answer
152 views

In what ways was Maimonides an influence on Spinoza?

As someone with an intense interest in Arabic Neoplatonism (in particular Ibn Sina), I have a passing familiarity with Maimonides. (I am considering reading The Guide for the Perplexed after I finish ...
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4answers
219 views

What are the theoretical limits of self-awareness?

Let us sidestep fundamental questions such as whether there is in fact self-awareness. In this, let us define self-awareness in its common form of usage, typically meaning awareness of one’s ...
3
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1answer
80 views

How to formally establish the argument whether programming could be a new form of literacy or not?

Reading and writing was invented only recently, and it took time to propagate worldwide; even today there will be millions illiterate people - hard to imagine. Then, there are about 20 millions of ...
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2answers
147 views

Contemporary objections to “human nature”

Motivation The sentiment that Human Rights are not universal poses legal, political, and philosophical problems. Stephen C. Angle cites the head of a Chinese delegation, Liu Huaqiu (1995), in his ...
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3answers
242 views

Philosophy of AI - Consciousness and Free Will

I am a computer science student taking an elective on the 'Philosophy, Epistemology and History of Science'. We are required to write a short essay discussing our topic of choice. The course focused ...
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2answers
80 views

Is there an online English translation of Cicero's Phaenomena Aratea?

I was wondering if there's an English/Italian translation of Cicero's Phaenomena Aratea (Prognosis?)? i.e. the translation that he did of Aratus' work. Thanks!
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1answer
26 views

Who (name of the science) researches meaning communicated through arts?

John I. Saeed in his famous textbook defines the Semantic as "Semantics is the study of meaning communicated through language". So - what is name for the science that researches meaning as ...
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890 views
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1answer
60 views

Is the business of science to construct models of objects and processes?

Prominent theoretical physicist and science educator David Hestenes begins his widely cited paper Modeling Games in the Newtonian World (American Journal of Physics 60, 732 (1992)) with this: The ...
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3answers
124 views

Philosophical Writing at a Graduate level

I need some book recommendations or other source recommendations on where to find a good book on the actual act of writing philosophy. I won't be able to attend graduate school for philosophy ...
3
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1answer
113 views

Did Kant believe that all the planets in the solar system are inhabited?

I see occasional references to this claim: Immanuel Kant believed that all the planets in the solar system are inhabited. What's more, that he had a proof! I have carefully checked my dog-eared copy ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Does extreme nihilism endorse suicidal behavior?

Nihilism lacks any belief in moral values. Then, if taken to its extreme form, does nihilism prescribe to a belief in no purpose for existence at all? If nihilism has no objective value system, does ...
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1answer
139 views

Philosophy book indications for beginners

I know that there are many excellent topics of philosophy book indications. But I'm looking for a specific type of book: • A Beginner's Guide • A well-structured book with pedagogical resources (...
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37 views

Further reading on a unique aspect of scientific paradigms

In the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Kuhn makes an off-hand remark that it seems like, in science, paradigms achieve a near-universal acceptance that rarely happens in non-scientific fields. ...
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76 views

How does one distingusih Consiouness form its so-called objects

How is consciousness distinguished from things? If one, f.i., sees a watch on a wrist of a sumptuous arm, gleaming in the recesses of a dark restaurant, what is not supposed to be included in the "...
2
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0answers
246 views

Which discredited philosophy is referred to in The Machine Stops, which says that the imponderable bloom is essence of intercourse?

He broke off [fell silent], and she fancied that he looked sad. She could not be sure, for the [communication] Machine did not transmit nuances of expression. It only gave a general idea of people ...
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2answers
135 views

Literature for Analytic philosophy

Which books exist that cover the history of analytic philosophy? Which papers are integral to the field and as such are a must-read?
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1answer
35 views

References on the analysis of tensed statements

Is there a book or text that tries to give an analysis of statements whose truth values are time-dependent. For example, a statement like "It is raining today" changes in truth value over time.
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3answers
149 views

Ownership of the commons

A recent article from The Guardian explores the ambitions of the Luxembourg government in developing commercial space activity in the country. This move was partly enfranchised in the law. As the ...
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1answer
73 views

Appropriateness/Justification of fear

Obviously, the philosophy of emotions is complex and contentious (it's philosophy after all). But many people, philosophers and cognitive scientists alike, agree that there are conditions for the ...
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1answer
155 views

Where does Aristotle say that it's better to know a little bit of higher things than much of lower things?

Where does Aristotle say that it's better to know a little bit of higher things (e.g., metaphysics) than a lot of lower things (e.g., physics)? It would seem this would be somewhere in his Ethics or ...
8
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1answer
127 views

Chomsky— On Language and the Essential Chomsky

I have taken an interest in the philosophy of language and have studied on my own the equivalent of a undergrad course in the philosophy of language. I want to know if Chomsky's On Language is ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Is there a technical term for the belief/view that one should try to improve the world

Recently I have noticed that I am bothered anytime I hear/read something along the lines of: one should leave the world better than we found it one should try to improve the world one should try to ...
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5answers
1k views

How can I answer to the question: who am I?

Almost always when we try to answer to the question "Who am I?", we say about what we do or what we like, but how should we answering this question? If you can recommend me books or papers to at least ...
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1answer
100 views

Reference Request for an introduction to constructive mathematics and intuitionistic logic

I have become deeply interested in intuitionist and constructivist logics after reading the well phrased answer of joberkmark here: Nondisprovable Claims And some of the works of Brouwer. I am ...
6
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4answers
832 views

Is it proper to speak of non-existent objects?

I hear a lot of people say things like "The set of all sets does not exist". But this seems to be improper to say. I think one should really say that "There does not exist a set of all sets". Anyway, ...
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1answer
81 views

Are there any online resources where it is possible to read the works of great philosophers?

I think the work of great past philosophers is no longer in copyright. Is it possible to read them online somewhere? More specifically I want these: Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy ...
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4answers
382 views

Can spontaneous body movements confirm or infirm free will?

When explaining to someone why I don't believe in freewill, it is almost certain that they will flap their arms around or do some sort of strange dance with their arms. I know the reason why they do ...