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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

3
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1answer
144 views

Can someone help me find this article on the philosophy of religion?

There was this essay on the current state of the field of the philosophy of religion, which made a list of uncritically accepted premises in the field, mostly because the field is subsumed with the ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
1
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1answer
137 views

The source of “It riles them to believe that you perceive the web they weave”?

I love this quote from a Moody Blues album: "It riles them to believe that you perceive the web they weave. Keep on thinking free." I've been told that it was simply written by their drummer, but it ...
4
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1answer
153 views

Is Psychological Egoism true? Did C Daniel Batson refute it?

Batson observed that increased empathy correlates with increased helping behaviour, SEP then describes as follows: He found that the altruistic hypothesis always made superior predictions. Against ...
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2answers
87 views

Descartes's cogito falls short [duplicate]

I just started learning philosophy at school, so please forgive me if what I say sounds naive or has been disproved by philosophers. Basically, the teacher said that Descartes said "I think therefore ...
1
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1answer
102 views

Dialectics on Victimhood and Responsibility

I am looking for reference recommendation on the subject of analyzing responsibility in victim situations. I am curious which philosophers have written on that subject, ranging in scope from ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Source for an Al-Kindi quotation

Can anyone provide me with a reliable source for the quote below which is attributed to Al-Kindi, preferably from his own work? It is fitting for us not to be ashamed to acknowledge truth and to ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Searching for book on Ibn Arabi

I'm looking for this book: The mystical philosophy of Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi by Afifi. Could anyone help?
3
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5answers
2k views

Difference between 'neutral' and 'objective'?

Is there a philosophical difference between neutral and objective? I got a comment (on a paper) that both terms are used interchangeably and thus, my distinction is not valid. However, I have ...
2
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0answers
147 views

Are there accredited theories that state that my definition of scientific method is the best way to gain knowledge? [closed]

I have a good idea of what the scientific method is, but I use a definition I formulated myself, that is broader than the definition of scientific method that only imply a process used for collective ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Which books to read?

I understand that these questions are in bad taste as they are nothing to do with philosophical matters themselves, but it's extremely hard to answer the following questions even by using Google. ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Averroes's commentaries on Aristotle

Are the commentaries of Averroes, in Latin or English translation, available online? If there are none available online, what are some editions of Averroes in Latin or English? The closest I've been ...
2
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5answers
279 views

Does this definition of a soul make sense?

A few years ago I came up with a (perhaps?) novel concept of a "soul" which, to me, seems very robust and meaningful. I have, however, no background in philosophy and would like to know what real ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Reference request: applied ethics and the finance industry

Have any philosophers written about ethics and the financial services industry? I'm less interested in the bits covered by law (insider trading, etc) than ethical issues around the role the industry ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Is it possible to know of the properties of concrete particulars without having a reference to compare with?

After researching for quite some time, all forms of knowledge about properties of concrete particulars I can think of, rely on a comparison with some sort of reference. Some simple examples might be: ...
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0answers
36 views

history of philosophy side-by-side with science and art

Do you know any books which study the history of western philosophy side-by-side with: history of mathematics, or history of physics, or history of art?
2
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2answers
183 views

“Cannot legislate morality” – principled arguments?

Some time ago, I've read a principled argument about how to fully legislate ethics is pragmatically impossible and also itself unethical (this seems like a contradiction, but the relationship between ...
8
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1answer
107 views

Is there a contemporary survey of exportation?

In "Unrestricted Exportation and Some Morals for the Philosophy of Language", Kripke discusses unrestricted exportation in relation to the de dicto / de re distinction. In this paper he cites a few ...
6
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4answers
424 views

Alternatives to Axiomatic Method

In his article The Pernicious Influence of Mathematics upon Philosophy (see Chapter 12 of this book) Rota says (my emphasis), The axiomatic method of mathematics is one of the great achievements ...
2
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0answers
294 views

Reading Aristotle or Secondary Sources

In these two articles IEP and SEP, it is suggested that the works of Aristotle we have are very probably "lecture notes and draft manuscripts never intended for general readership." After reading some ...
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0answers
69 views

Has anyone discussed the computerisation of democracy?

Has anyone discussed the computerisation of democracy? I read that a lot of middle class jobs are going to go missing soon, due to technological progress. Does that include government roles, such ...
1
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2answers
171 views

Empiricism out the door

I remember having read something like No matter how long we debate about the existence of the external world, at the end of the evening we all exit the room through the door Or something like ...
3
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4answers
517 views

Physical reality cannot be defined

This question was allowed by this meta answer. What are references (preferably free and online) to the following philosophical idea (and related ideas). Note that this is my own idea, so in principle ...
1
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0answers
228 views

Existence of a standardized test for determining one's philosophical views?

Does there exist a reliable standardized test for determining one's philosophical views in relation to established philosophies? I am looking for any professional standardized test that someone may ...
2
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0answers
62 views

How, if at all, has the concept of rhetoric mutated during post-modernity?

How, if at all, has the concept of rhetoric mutated during post-modernity? I gather than it ('rhetoric') began its life, in classical Greece, as a form of public discourse inclusive of 'poetry', '...
2
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2answers
174 views

What is a good layman's introduction to Popper?

I'm looking for an introduction to Karl Poppper's philosophical ideas that have influenced the world the most. I have no prior knowledge of his work.
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0answers
148 views

How would ethics or moral science be different if (human) life were eternal?

I admit that my question is quite useless in terms of practical philosophy or ethics, but I came to wonder how ethics will be changed if the life of human beings or further, the life of every ...
3
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2answers
173 views

How should I approach Wittgenstein's works?

I recently read Ray Monk's excellent biography of Wittgenstein, and would like to read something by the Austrian philosopher himself. It seems that you need to know a fair amount of logic to start ...
9
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1answer
244 views

Logic and Computation : a philosophical viewpoint

The link between logic and computation is stronger than ever, especially since the establishment of the Curry-Howard isomorphism specifying that proofs can be seen as programs and formulas as program'...
0
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1answer
66 views

Is it a good idea to write a Philosophical essay when you know the conclusion will not be satisfying? [closed]

Is it a good idea to write a philosophical essay when you know the conclusion will not be satisfying? I have a dilemma (pun intended). I am asked to write an essay of just 1 page. Well, easy peasy ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Looking for a reference on a kind of mathematical platonism

I've been doing some introductory reading on the philosophy of mathematics in an attempt to find well expressed views similar to the following. I haven't been successful. The view is that ...
11
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1answer
559 views

Are there any philosophical writings/works about Fourier transforms?

I am interested in reading about possible meaning and implications of the time-frequency duality in Fourier transforms and the uncertainty principle (not necessarily the usually discussed Heisenberg ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

How do these three books on philosophy compare and contrast to each other?

I am looking for a book that would give me a broad overview of western philosophy (something like Sophie's World, but for a more mature audience). The three books I'm considering right now are: The ...
15
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4answers
5k views

Does Aristotle ever explicitly refer to man as a “rational animal”?

Did Aristotle every explicitly refer to man as a "rational animal" (ζῷον λόγον ἔχον)? The internet is riddled with uncited claims to this effect: that "rational animal" was an explicitly stated ...
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0answers
24 views

A reference for the modern western values

I am asking for a good book that discusses the modern western values such as democracy, capitalism, secularism... I want a book that discusses objectively these values, their historical development, ...
5
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1answer
129 views

What sources discuss the polemic over the Feder-Garve review of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason?

The affair with the Garve-Feder review of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in the Göttinger Gelehrten Anzeigenand is a well-known story (Kant felt misrepresented, and complained bitterly in the Appendix ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Researches on 'Ontology of the Subject' with a focus on Lacan

I'm looking for essays about "Lacan's Ontology of the subject" . The point is the formation of them. So, It's like writing a report about the researches already made on "Lacan's Ontology of the ...
0
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2answers
142 views

Jacques Lacan's Structuralism - Terminology

I'm doing a research on Jacques Lacan's Structuralism. I've been told that he had some believes, or ideas about subject. So, I'm looking for the terminology of Lacan's Structuralism, as the first step ...
3
votes
1answer
563 views

Historiography of the Ship of Theseus

Does anybody know of a historiography or review of the discussion of the idea of the Ship of Theseus and things related thereto (I suppose this might also include Alan Gibbard's discussion of the ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Looking for references about the philosophy of speech

I'm not sure whether the subject "philosophy of speech" exists, but I was wondering whether someone can point me towards references where the question "why do humans use speech as a primary ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

How to start Philosophy and find the branches that are related to my questions?

From Wikipedia: Ontology: philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations. Epistemology: study of the nature ...
13
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2answers
319 views

Quine on higher set theory

In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic, Stewart Shapiro states in his introductory section: Quine himself accepts mathematics (as true) only to the extent that it is applied ...
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0answers
57 views

Could you give me clear and accurate differentiation between Individualism and Personalism? [closed]

Could you give me clear and accurate differentiation/distinction/comparison between Individualism and Personalism? .Also ,examples of the most notable Individualists and Personalists?.
8
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4answers
4k views

Who was first to say that justice is “to give each his due”?

May I know which Greek or Roman philosopher is the first to define justice as "giving each his due"? And what arguments have he put forward to justify this definition?
2
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4answers
265 views

Can Resurrection and Reincarnation be reconciled?

Many philosophies and religions adopt either reincarnation (in cyclic creation) or resurrection (then final judgement then eternal life in paradise or hell). Is there a philosophy or a religion which ...
1
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2answers
227 views

“Proper” and “improper” functions of objects in art

Background I am trying to describe the use of an object in a non-traditional way, and am trying to use philosophical language to talk about this. Specifically, I am describing sculptural art that ...
5
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4answers
169 views

Intro books without historical focus

I keep bouncing off of learning philosophy because none of the texts I find seem to really "synthesize" the concepts involved, between different philosophers. I'm really not interested in learning ...
8
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2answers
265 views

What are some resources on the roots of critical/cultural theory?

Who was the first philosopher to write seriously on the topic of movies, cinema, video games and other modern artifacts of popular culture? Is there a good reference covering the birth of this branch ...
10
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4answers
275 views

Are You Blameworthy for “reasoning incorrectly”

Moral judgements are a certain species of normative judgement that people make about the actions of others. However, there are instances where I am tempted to say that you can be judged as "wrong" in ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Untranslated Plato's republic?

I can't find the original text anywhere online. Can someone point me in the right direction?