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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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4answers
465 views

Is there any philosopher who thinks that parts of the world are real, others unreal?

I am a panentheist. like George Berkeley, Through meditation and mystic visions, I have come to think that existence is composed only of God and humans. The universe is God's manifestation, namely, it ...
2
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1answer
294 views

Where is Nietzsche's Antichrist last part (Law against Christianity)?

I was looking for a sentence in the last part of Nietzsche's The Antichrist (a part called "Law against Christianity"), which comes after the chapter 62. To my surprise, the vast majority of "full-...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

References for the Realism/Anti-Realism debate in Logic

The concept of anti-realism in logic seems to be an interesting and growing idea. I'm looking for references (papers, books, authors...) regarding the debate between realism and anti-realism but ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Prerequisites for Michael Dummett texts

I want to read the "The Logical Basis of Metaphysics" book from Michael Dummett. Is it hard to read ? I would like an answer for the same question regarding his other texts. Do I need a prior ...
3
votes
2answers
577 views

What are good arguments against the moral case for vegetarianism?

There is a strong utilitarian case for a pragmatic type of vegetarianism, based on the idea that eating meat usually causes suffering and that it is wrong to needlessly make something suffer. See this ...
4
votes
5answers
360 views

Animal behavior considered morally neutral?

I have been thinking about utilitarianism a lot lately and am trying to find at what point an action goes from being morally good to morally wrong. For example, if it is morally better (according to ...
2
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4answers
1k views

Can you recommend me 1 or 2 good formal logic books?

I'm interested in philosophical applications, parsing English sentences and practical real-life reasoning situations. I'm not so much interested in the math/computer science angle.
2
votes
2answers
296 views

Authors who think Capitalism encourage psychopathic behaviour? [closed]

When morality and ethics is a problem to a great deal of people is it safe to assume that capitalism rewards those individuals with no empathy or remorse who are good at emulating to have them? e.g....
0
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1answer
72 views

To what extent is traditional theology relevant to simulated realities? [closed]

I've noticed from playing with the old Sims game that I have some of the attributes of God - I'm completely independent of them, I have an isolated moral framework, I can surround them with grills and ...
3
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0answers
280 views

What are some of the best books for a robust introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking?

As the question states: What are some of the best books for a robust introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking? My background: I'm 24, graduating with two degrees in Political Science and ...
4
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1answer
144 views

References for the study of language

I'm looking for (not too difficult too read) references related to Semiotics Philosophy of Language Philosophy of Linguistics I mainly seek the understanding of ideas about the relation between ...
6
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1answer
248 views

Does semantic externalism imply modal realism?

Semantic externalism, or more broadly externalism about mental content, is the idea that propositions, intentions, attitudes, etc. derive their meaning from the external world as opposed to internally ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Is the following a quote from Nietzsche?

Hello everyone on PhilStackexchange, I am just requesting source for a line I heard from a friend who alleges that it is from Nietzsche. The line goes like 'he who leaves me is my true follower', and ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Are we all living in a “Black Box” and may we ever be able to make the world to serve our purpose?

This world is a "Black Box" in essence. If we want to know how it works, we will be lost. We can only find our way if we strive how to use the world to serve our purpose. The very same notion is true ...
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0answers
55 views

Do any moral philosophers discuss 'validation'?

Do philosphers of ethics talk about validation? The idea that my life or projects or person have some intrinsic value, specifically not just those that are innate to persons? Maybe my tags seem a ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Is there any scientific documenation expatiating upon The Law Of Cause and Effect?

The reason why I find this question to be worthy here is because a Google search simply does not return any valid resources. Most results are from, shall we say, less scientific sources, yet ...
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0answers
68 views

Who has linked the analysis of modernism or post modernism to Lacan's four discourses?

Who has linked the analysis of modernism or post modernism to Lacan's four discourses? I mean obviously there's some kinda link between the master's discourse and at least some forms of modernism. I'...
3
votes
2answers
234 views

Book of quotations from philosophers, inpsirational sayings, or passages to reflect on?

I am looking for a comprehensive book of sayings by philosophers throughout history. I like to look at some short segments, anything from a single line to a half page passage, a quote that I can ...
7
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2answers
943 views

How to study Hegel?

A lot of my professors suggested just reading through Kojève's 'Introduction to the reading of Hegel'. One of my professors advised me to read Hegel first, and only then refer to Kojeve for what I ...
1
vote
2answers
249 views

References for the justification of the use of Logic

Following that question : How to justify the use of logic? I'm looking for references of the justification of the use of Logic (the question above didn't ask explicitly for resources but rather for a ...
1
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0answers
66 views

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena?

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena? I'm asking cos I want to know what aestrhetic modernism was, and would like to build up my understanding from the ground up. What book length (...
0
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3answers
85 views

Does intent matter when deciding someone is lying? [closed]

I was watching Judge Judy and the defendant communicated some information about her case. Later, it was determined that some key pieces of information were excluded from her testimony. Judge Judy then ...
1
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0answers
110 views

Sir John Eccles and Professor John Searle debate

While lecturing about DesCartes' thoughts regarding the pineal gland (where the "soul" is attached to the body) Professor Searle mentions a similar line of thinking in the work of neurophysiologist ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Discussion of alleged Wittgenstein quote about proof in philosophy

I have been told that Ludwig Wittgenstein claimed that a good philosopher can "prove" or "disprove" anything and therefore that the entire pursuit of philosophy is completely null. However, I was also ...
5
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1answer
142 views

Who should I read to broadly understand contemporary philosophical discourse?

I'm taking ancient philosophy at a public university. I've engaged with the Western canon from the pre-socratics through Aristotle, a number of the medievals and a smattering of modern philosophers ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

French “everyday” philosopher book with exercises

I forgot the name, hence this. There is a French philosopher who has written kind of "taking philosophy back to everyday life" book(s). I cannot remember his name or the name of the book(s). Can you?
3
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5answers
799 views

How can death be a release from pain?

Has anyone discussed this particular problem, which may be a subset of Epicurean problems: can death be a good, for putting a stop to pain, even if dead people don't exist? This seems problematic, ...
3
votes
4answers
385 views

What book recommendations for learning Hegel and Wittgenstein?

I'm currently interested in Hegel's Dialectic and Wittgenstein works. I'm mostly looking for things related to logic, language and the foundation of mathematics. What do you think I should read from ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

What is a good book for someone who has never studied philosophy before? [duplicate]

I've never studied philosophy, nor have I previously been interested in it, but I feel like I need to esablish a philosophical foundation on which my personal stance on various political and perhaps ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

What is the ontological basis for sentience arising from complexity?

Recently I read a comment that most physicalists believe that some threshold of complexity must be surpassed prior to any sentience being exhibited. I've heard of similar ideas a lot, but I've never ...
6
votes
2answers
187 views

What sorts of questions do philosophers of science think about?

I am a student of science (physics) with no formal or informal training in philosophy. However, I'm interested in knowing a very basic question: what kind of questions does a philosopher deal with and ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Who was/were the philosopher(s) that said “man is free when he feels like he is free”?

I remember, some time ago, reading about a philosopher who said that a person is free if he feels like he is free (100% paraphrasing here). I can't seem to find who he/she was, any help?
0
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2answers
119 views

Can someone help me understand how to symbolize?

There are jackals on the stairs and in the elevator and Tom is scared. If there are jackals on the stairs, then they are not on the elevator and Mary is happy. Either it is the case that, if there ...
5
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2answers
368 views

Materialism/consumerism in philosophy

I was just wondering whether anybody knows of a philosopher(s) who have frequently commented and have philosophical ideas on materialism/consumerism.
4
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1answer
162 views

Logical positivism on religious language

I was searching for an essay on logical positivists’ view of religious language but I can't seem to find any good one. Can someone point out to me some links related to this?
4
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4answers
294 views

Is existence a feature of life? Can a stone exist without life to recognize it?

First of all I would like to make clear I am not an expert in philosophy. With the question "Is existence a feature of life?" I mean the following: Could something exist without the presence of an ...
0
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2answers
4k views

What is the most powerful argument against moral nihilism? [closed]

What is the most powerful (according to most philosophers) argument against moral nihilism in Western philosophy? SEP and googling are of no help.
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0answers
38 views

What state/event distinctions have philosophers made?

I am looking for as many philosophy-of-language accounts of state/event distinction as possible, as those presented by traditional linguistics are always specific-language-centric (especially) English ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Philosohy of Rabindranath Tagore

Can someone provide some online and offline references which analyses the philosophies of Rabindranath Tagore (from credible sources)?
6
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2answers
186 views

Right wing approaches to alienation?

Alienation is associated mainly with Marx, but it seems to me that there's nothing inherently socialist or leftist about the problem or its potential solutions. One might argue that while Marx was ...
1
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1answer
168 views

Introduction to first order logic for someone with a mathematical background

I am looking for resources for an introduction to formal logic, with the aim of being able to understand a proof of Gödel's completeness theorem for 1st order logic. I have some background in set ...
11
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4answers
286 views

How can we take the ontologies of our best physical theories seriously?

It seems to me that numerous features of our best physical theories thus far (most notably in my humble and near-meaningless opinion: the whole notion of renormalization in quantum field theory) ...
8
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5answers
1k views

Best books on philosophy of physics

I'm looking for recommendations on graduate level books concerning philosophy and physics, or preferably the philosophy of physics. I'm currently reading 'After Physics' by David Albert, and 'The ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Classical philosophical texts on aesthetics [closed]

What are the best (according to most philosophers) classical philosophical texts on aesthetics? I have found several ones on the Internet, but I don't know which one to start with first.
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Is there an innate drive to offer sacrifices for a higher being?

I have heard that philosophy recognizes or recognized a human inner drive to offer sacrifices to a higher being/authority and that this is the basis of early pagan practices and the foundation of ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Are there basic methods/techniques to research topics in philosophy? What are they?

I am a mathematics student and am curious about how research in philosophy is done. In mathematics, let's say we have a geometric object, this object has various representations and each ...
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2answers
138 views

Is there a formal philosophical position equivalent to the popular “spiritual but not religious” idea?

Is there a formal philosophical position equivalent to the popular "spiritual but not religious" idea? You hear lots of people identify as "spiritual but not religious", presumably because they want ...
0
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1answer
128 views

Is Nietzsche's thought primarily a solution on how to classify people?

I was just now doing some super light reading on Nietzsche's aristocraticism. Seems to me that a lot of human history, both intellectual and social, is an attempt to create a stronger class system. ...
3
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1answer
221 views

Resources for learning about philosophy of mind and consciousness

I would like to devote a significant amount of time over the next year learning about philosophy of mind with a specific focus on topics related to phenomenal consciousness. I have a background ...
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3answers
76 views

Are there sources in daoistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of daoistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...