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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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68 views

Who has linked the analysis of modernism or post modernism to Lacan's four discourses?

Who has linked the analysis of modernism or post modernism to Lacan's four discourses? I mean obviously there's some kinda link between the master's discourse and at least some forms of modernism. I'...
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35 views

In which writings does Charles Sanders Peirce generalize the idea of freedom so that it applies to all creatures?

Charles Hartshorne claimed that Peirce was pretty close to the first philosopher in the world who generalized the idea of freedom so that it applied to all the creatures.... In which writings ...
3
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0answers
56 views

On Putnam's belief that we can choose a logic system based on the task at hand

I was reading "A Graphic Guide to Logic" and a little speech bubble from Hilary Putnam says that "I still believe that there are facts in the world that determine which logic it is appropriate to use ...
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280 views

What are some of the best books for a robust introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking?

As the question states: What are some of the best books for a robust introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking? My background: I'm 24, graduating with two degrees in Political Science and ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
3
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0answers
131 views

What reasoning does Melissus or Parmenides give against the existence of “empty” or “the void”?

Melissus reaffirms Parmenides by explaining how there cannot be many without the existence of that which is empty, and since that which is empty is nothing, and nothing can't exist, thus there cannot ...
3
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0answers
362 views

What are some answers besides besides Mallarmé to Nietzsche's 'who is speaking?'

Nietzsche in what can be considered a critique of Cartesian reasoning at one point uses the identity of a flash with the lightning that 'produced it as a metaphor for famously saying that there's no ...
2
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0answers
29 views

Are there writers on the topic of an inherent human bias towards the value of rational thinking?

Some people place humans as 'higher animals' because we are uniquely capable of rational thought, while most other animals are not. This assumes that the trait of rationality is superior to other ...
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0answers
39 views

Criticism of stoicism

In relation to the writings of Epictetus or Seneca, what is some adequate criticism to stoicism? Any writings/papers dealing with that in particular?
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0answers
60 views

Does evil exist outside a mind: a reference request?

Evil seems related to intentions, but i am sure there are those that believe it can exist external to minds. Are there any philosophers that attempt to argue that evil can exist outside a mind?
2
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0answers
61 views

Some similarity of Leibniz and Anaxagoras

As early as 1666 Leibniz was able to compose "A Conjecture Why It Seems That Anaxagoras Could Have Said That Snow Is Black" (A II, 1, 4-5). Later, as a librarian, he became extraordinarily well read ...
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0answers
170 views

Criticisim of Hilbertian Formalism

The two main criticisms against the philosophical position on mathematics which is called game formalism (see here for details) are, The first is the question of applicability: if mathematics is ...
2
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0answers
246 views

Which discredited philosophy is referred to in The Machine Stops, which says that the imponderable bloom is essence of intercourse?

He broke off [fell silent], and she fancied that he looked sad. She could not be sure, for the [communication] Machine did not transmit nuances of expression. It only gave a general idea of people ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Searching for book on Ibn Arabi

I'm looking for this book: The mystical philosophy of Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi by Afifi. Could anyone help?
2
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0answers
294 views

Reading Aristotle or Secondary Sources

In these two articles IEP and SEP, it is suggested that the works of Aristotle we have are very probably "lecture notes and draft manuscripts never intended for general readership." After reading some ...
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0answers
62 views

How, if at all, has the concept of rhetoric mutated during post-modernity?

How, if at all, has the concept of rhetoric mutated during post-modernity? I gather than it ('rhetoric') began its life, in classical Greece, as a form of public discourse inclusive of 'poetry', '...
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0answers
46 views

Are there sources in hinduistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of hinduistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...
2
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0answers
80 views

C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to, C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Broad’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography, ...
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0answers
37 views

Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy. Dynamic Systems

Below is an extract from Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy by Bruce Matthews. Two requests: I'm completely new to philosophy and trying make sure I'm understanding the fundamentals; jumped in the ...
2
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0answers
127 views

History of determinism

Does determinism have its roots in logic? When was determinism as a discrete discipline first recorded? I am just interested in the historical aspect at the moment.
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17 views

Reference for book — cultural relativism — cognised/cognisable/real worlds (with golden dragon)

I am hoping someone can give me a reference for a book I read once. (I should [as in "would"] have a note, but if I do I can not find it.) The book was, from memory, a collection of articles/...
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0answers
34 views

Anti-Positivist Texts

I am hoping someone can recommend good texts concerning interpretivist epistemology. Thanks.
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0answers
31 views

Recommendation: Second Order Logic textbook

I'm looking into Universalist Realism, Nominalism, Trope theory and the application of Second Order logic to each of them, however I have little/no experience with Second Order logic. Please let me ...
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0answers
44 views

Foucault and scientific revolutions

In the famous debate between Foucault and Chomsky (link), Foucault argues that there is no human nature really because, among other things, a scientific revolution in some science is just a revolution ...
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0answers
28 views

Any book/article that talks about a difference in what science achieves and what society wants/needs?

I'm not trying to ignite a discussion on the topic, simply a reading reference for someone who talks about any difference between the academia and society - for example I've seen a book (published ...
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0answers
37 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
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100 views

On the explanation of facts

As a chemist, I have some philosophical doubts about explanation of facts. Short intro In Bertrand Russell's book 'History of Western Philosophy' he says that leading-to scientific knowledge is the '...
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0answers
87 views

What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
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0answers
37 views

Further reading on a unique aspect of scientific paradigms

In the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Kuhn makes an off-hand remark that it seems like, in science, paradigms achieve a near-universal acceptance that rarely happens in non-scientific fields. ...
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36 views

history of philosophy side-by-side with science and art

Do you know any books which study the history of western philosophy side-by-side with: history of mathematics, or history of physics, or history of art?
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228 views

Existence of a standardized test for determining one's philosophical views?

Does there exist a reliable standardized test for determining one's philosophical views in relation to established philosophies? I am looking for any professional standardized test that someone may ...
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0answers
148 views

How would ethics or moral science be different if (human) life were eternal?

I admit that my question is quite useless in terms of practical philosophy or ethics, but I came to wonder how ethics will be changed if the life of human beings or further, the life of every ...
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0answers
55 views

Do any moral philosophers discuss 'validation'?

Do philosphers of ethics talk about validation? The idea that my life or projects or person have some intrinsic value, specifically not just those that are innate to persons? Maybe my tags seem a ...
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0answers
66 views

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena?

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena? I'm asking cos I want to know what aestrhetic modernism was, and would like to build up my understanding from the ground up. What book length (...
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0answers
110 views

Sir John Eccles and Professor John Searle debate

While lecturing about DesCartes' thoughts regarding the pineal gland (where the "soul" is attached to the body) Professor Searle mentions a similar line of thinking in the work of neurophysiologist ...
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0answers
108 views

Are there any contemporary continental studies based on linking the philosophy of language to science?

I guess verificationism may be a philosophy of language: the idea that to know the meaning of a scientific proposition... is to know what would be evidence for that proposition Are there more ...
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0answers
27 views

Who are the contemporary proponents of the metalinguistic view about idenity statements?

I am looking for contemporary proponents of the following thesis: Identity statements such as "a = b" are to be interpreted metalingustically, for example as "the names "a" and "b" are coreferential"....
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0answers
56 views

Are there any websites that walkthrough Nietzsche's work?

I have often seen sites dedicated to famous literary works that break down a composition and help explain it to the beginner. I've only taken one class on philosophy so I'm not going to understand ...
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0answers
175 views

Infantilization as explanation for wide-spread fear in society?

I came across the following quote in a radio programme (Das Philosophische Radio, in German) that is devoted to matters philosophy. The resulting question borders on sociology but I hope it is still ...
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0answers
45 views

Measuring freedom in republican theories?

The liberal, or pure negative, approach to freedom, which identifies freedom with non-interference, often allows for freedom to be measured, e.g. in the works of Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer. Are ...
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0answers
59 views

How are separation of concerns, hierarchy and order related?

While fighting with the interaction between local and global aspects for the solution of the Helmholtz equation, I realized that a hierarchical multilevel method may not necessarily be applicable for ...
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35 views

A database of answers to what is __ questions, Plato style

What is a 'place'? What is a 'strategy'? What is 'fun'? Is there any philosophical forum that answers these questions in a way in greater alignment with foundationalism than coherentism? ...
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43 views

Why is metaethics both “intellectually and practically problematic”?

I wonder if some of you could give me some bibliographical references with respect to the following passage of the entry Metaethics in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Such reflection ...
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46 views

Island of philosophers?

I vaguely remember reading or hearing about a classical greek (Aristoteles?) making the case that if an island was full with nothing else than philosophers it would not be a viable society. However ...
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76 views

How does one distingusih Consiouness form its so-called objects

How is consciousness distinguished from things? If one, f.i., sees a watch on a wrist of a sumptuous arm, gleaming in the recesses of a dark restaurant, what is not supposed to be included in the "...
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0answers
69 views

Has anyone discussed the computerisation of democracy?

Has anyone discussed the computerisation of democracy? I read that a lot of middle class jobs are going to go missing soon, due to technological progress. Does that include government roles, such ...
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0answers
24 views

A reference for the modern western values

I am asking for a good book that discusses the modern western values such as democracy, capitalism, secularism... I want a book that discusses objectively these values, their historical development, ...
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0answers
18 views

Who was/were the philosopher(s) that said “man is free when he feels like he is free”?

I remember, some time ago, reading about a philosopher who said that a person is free if he feels like he is free (100% paraphrasing here). I can't seem to find who he/she was, any help?
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242 views

Philosophers relevant to the European Refugee Crisis

I am interested in philosophical answers to actual, current real world problems. Let's use the "European Refugee Crisis" as the topic. What current philosophy either directly addresses or is clearly ...
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0answers
45 views

Has any mainstream philosopher written extensively on the Eleusinian mysteries?

Has any mainstream philosopher written extensively on the Eleusinian mysteries? So anyone with their own SEP page. Also, I found a selection of texts (allegedly) referring to them, here. While this ...