Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

71 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Does 'to believe that P' imply 'to believe that P is true'?

Williams (1973) casually asserts that to believe that P is to believe that P is true. He explains what he means by that: To believe that so and so is one and the same as to believe that that ...
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53 views

In which writings does Charles Sanders Peirce generalize the idea of freedom so that it applies to all creatures?

Charles Hartshorne claimed that Peirce was pretty close to the first philosopher in the world who generalized the idea of freedom so that it applied to all the creatures.... In which writings ...
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71 views

Who has linked the analysis of modernism or post modernism to Lacan's four discourses?

Who has linked the analysis of modernism or post modernism to Lacan's four discourses? I mean obviously there's some kinda link between the master's discourse and at least some forms of modernism. I'...
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1answer
194 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
4
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1answer
119 views

Dialectic of Enlightment Prerequisites

I wanted to start reading Dialectic of Enlightenment by Adorno and Horkheimer. My question is simple: Which philosophers' works do I have to be familiar with to get a decent first time reading from it?...
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1answer
93 views

Given the principle of innocence, how shall we explain logic's usefulness?

I have been reading Florian Steinberger's dissertation (Harmony and logical inferentialism) and I come across the following on p60: ...two fundamental assumptions (the other one being the principle ...
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1answer
100 views

Works on philosophy and television?

There seem to be many works on "Philosophy and..." this or that popular TV show; philosophical takes on the ethical contents of tv shows; and works on television in critical theory, pop culture, and ...
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0answers
330 views

What are some of the best books for a robust introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking?

As the question states: What are some of the best books for a robust introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking? My background: I'm 24, graduating with two degrees in Political Science and ...
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46 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
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139 views

What reasoning does Melissus or Parmenides give against the existence of “empty” or “the void”?

Melissus reaffirms Parmenides by explaining how there cannot be many without the existence of that which is empty, and since that which is empty is nothing, and nothing can't exist, thus there cannot ...
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370 views

What are some answers besides besides Mallarmé to Nietzsche's 'who is speaking?'

Nietzsche in what can be considered a critique of Cartesian reasoning at one point uses the identity of a flash with the lightning that 'produced it as a metaphor for famously saying that there's no ...
3
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1answer
216 views

Does pragmatism view death as optional?

In a paper Pragmatism and Umwelt-theory the author begins by contrasting pragmatism with scientific realism. He writes something very intriguing at a certain point. That from pragmatic perspective "...
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31 views

Looking for references regarding the history of metaphysics, and specially of ontology

Although many histories of ethics, of esthetics or of logic are available, it seems more difficult to find histories regarding other domains of philosophy. This is the case for epistemology and for ...
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61 views

Philosophers dealing with fundamental structure of everything

I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such authors is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following: Hegel aims ...
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37 views

How does Plantinga's “transworld depravity” compare with what Calvinists call “total depravity”?

In God, Freedom and Evil Alvin Plantinga offers a challenge: (page 48) (I leave as homework the problem of comparing transworld depravity with what Calvinists call "total depravity.") He defines "...
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56 views

Why is there no “Mario Bunge” entry in the SEP? Where could I find a valuable presentation of Mario Bunge's philosophy?

I only have a rudimentary knowledge of Mario Bunge's philosophy. But what I've read in the Ontology part of his Treatise of basic philosophy seems much promising. I'm astonished that Bunge is not ...
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47 views

Circularity between truth and meaning?

These two common claims are equally appealing: (1) the meaning of a ( declarative) sentence consists in its truth conditions (2) the truth of a sentence depends on its meaning But are we moving ...
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97 views

Does evil exist outside a mind: a reference request?

Evil seems related to intentions, but i am sure there are those that believe it can exist external to minds. Are there any philosophers that attempt to argue that evil can exist outside a mind?
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202 views

Criticisim of Hilbertian Formalism

The two main criticisms against the philosophical position on mathematics which is called game formalism (see here for details) are, The first is the question of applicability: if mathematics is ...
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335 views

Which discredited philosophy is referred to in The Machine Stops, which says that the imponderable bloom is essence of intercourse?

He broke off [fell silent], and she fancied that he looked sad. She could not be sure, for the [communication] Machine did not transmit nuances of expression. It only gave a general idea of people ...
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346 views

Reading Aristotle or Secondary Sources

In these two articles IEP and SEP, it is suggested that the works of Aristotle we have are very probably "lecture notes and draft manuscripts never intended for general readership." After reading some ...
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46 views

Are there sources in hinduistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of hinduistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...
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89 views

C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to, C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Broad’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography, ...
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41 views

Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy. Dynamic Systems

Below is an extract from Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy by Bruce Matthews. Two requests: I'm completely new to philosophy and trying make sure I'm understanding the fundamentals; jumped in the ...
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0answers
129 views

History of determinism

Does determinism have its roots in logic? When was determinism as a discrete discipline first recorded? I am just interested in the historical aspect at the moment.
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1answer
95 views

How can a society be humane while not allowing people to freeload?

I've been thinking about government assistance, and on one hand, I dont want to let people die, but on the other hand, I dont want to let them live by taking advantage of my generosity. For example, ...
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2answers
212 views

How to start Philosophy and find the branches that are related to my questions?

From Wikipedia: Ontology: philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations. Epistemology: study of the nature ...
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38 views

Can we know anything about the “outside” of our simulation?

Given that all we see or seem, are the product of arcane computations on an unimaginably sophisticated machine. We may be tempted to wonder if we could learn something of the outside, after all we too ...
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1answer
55 views

How to define a new logical language

There are a number of logical languages defined that are so called flavors of a certain logic (for example, flavors of First Order Logic). Such new logical languages sometimes extend or restrict the ...
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54 views

Prerequisites to study aesthetics

So, I plan to begin to self study aesthetics, and was wondering whether a working knowledge of art history would be helpful for the same? If so, would Gardner's History of Art be sufficient? Also, on ...
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24 views

partial fictionalism about propositions

One theory of propositions is that they're "useful fictions." However, this faces the formidable objection that fictionalism makes it hard to explain how something fictional can tell us about the ...
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0answers
41 views

Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
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21 views

Reference for book — cultural relativism — cognised/cognisable/real worlds (with golden dragon)

I am hoping someone can give me a reference for a book I read once. (I should [as in "would"] have a note, but if I do I can not find it.) The book was, from memory, a collection of articles/...
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40 views

Anti-Positivist Texts

I am hoping someone can recommend good texts concerning interpretivist epistemology. Thanks.
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34 views

Recommendation: Second Order Logic textbook

I'm looking into Universalist Realism, Nominalism, Trope theory and the application of Second Order logic to each of them, however I have little/no experience with Second Order logic. Please let me ...
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46 views

Foucault and scientific revolutions

In the famous debate between Foucault and Chomsky (link), Foucault argues that there is no human nature really because, among other things, a scientific revolution in some science is just a revolution ...
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31 views

Any book/article that talks about a difference in what science achieves and what society wants/needs?

I'm not trying to ignite a discussion on the topic, simply a reading reference for someone who talks about any difference between the academia and society - for example I've seen a book (published ...
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40 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
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118 views

On the explanation of facts

As a chemist, I have some philosophical doubts about explanation of facts. Short intro In Bertrand Russell's book 'History of Western Philosophy' he says that leading-to scientific knowledge is the '...
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What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
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Some similarity of Leibniz and Anaxagoras

As early as 1666 Leibniz was able to compose "A Conjecture Why It Seems That Anaxagoras Could Have Said That Snow Is Black" (A II, 1, 4-5). Later, as a librarian, he became extraordinarily well read ...
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38 views

Further reading on a unique aspect of scientific paradigms

In the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Kuhn makes an off-hand remark that it seems like, in science, paradigms achieve a near-universal acceptance that rarely happens in non-scientific fields. ...
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history of philosophy side-by-side with science and art

Do you know any books which study the history of western philosophy side-by-side with: history of mathematics, or history of physics, or history of art?
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How, if at all, has the concept of rhetoric mutated during post-modernity?

How, if at all, has the concept of rhetoric mutated during post-modernity? I gather than it ('rhetoric') began its life, in classical Greece, as a form of public discourse inclusive of 'poetry', '...
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160 views

How would ethics or moral science be different if (human) life were eternal?

I admit that my question is quite useless in terms of practical philosophy or ethics, but I came to wonder how ethics will be changed if the life of human beings or further, the life of every ...
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60 views

Do any moral philosophers discuss 'validation'?

Do philosphers of ethics talk about validation? The idea that my life or projects or person have some intrinsic value, specifically not just those that are innate to persons? Maybe my tags seem a ...
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68 views

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena?

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena? I'm asking cos I want to know what aestrhetic modernism was, and would like to build up my understanding from the ground up. What book length (...
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118 views

Sir John Eccles and Professor John Searle debate

While lecturing about DesCartes' thoughts regarding the pineal gland (where the "soul" is attached to the body) Professor Searle mentions a similar line of thinking in the work of neurophysiologist ...
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108 views

Are there any contemporary continental studies based on linking the philosophy of language to science?

I guess verificationism may be a philosophy of language: the idea that to know the meaning of a scientific proposition... is to know what would be evidence for that proposition Are there more ...
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Who are the contemporary proponents of the metalinguistic view about idenity statements?

I am looking for contemporary proponents of the following thesis: Identity statements such as "a = b" are to be interpreted metalingustically, for example as "the names "a" and "b" are coreferential"....