Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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Would you recommend the book "Philosophical devices: Evidence, Probability, Possibility and Sets" by David Papineau?

Would you recommend the book "Philosophical devices: Evidence, Probability, Possibility and Sets"? I am not familiar with the author, David Papineau, and would like to ask for an opinion ...
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0answers
40 views

Laws of logic literature recommendations

What are some books/papers/articles I could read to develop an informed perspective on questions like "where do the laws of logic come from? Do they have a deep connection with the structure of ...
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15answers
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Does Pascal's Wager contain any logical flaws or fallacies?

Blaise Pascal's famous wager was that even if the existence of God cannot be determined through reason, a rational person should wager as though God exists, because living life accordingly has ...
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2answers
109 views

To which extent mathematics tools allow to grasp the world beyond human intuition?

To which extent Mathematics formalisms are an extension of intuitive reasonning as tools to grasp the world in the fields of Quantum Physics and Relativity ? My feeling is that when intuitive ...
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0answers
108 views

Best books on gender and racism

(Please excuse my poor wording and bad english) What are the best books to learn about gender and racism as of July 2020? I feel like my generation (born between 1990 and 2005 approx) may be the first ...
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1answer
123 views

Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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0answers
26 views

Cassirer and the Categorical Imperative

I've been reading some of the shorter works of the neo-Kantian and proto-semiologist Ernst Cassirer. While I find him a valuable bridge across the "continental divide," I'm not sure yet that ...
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4answers
328 views

Joy accompanies, joy does not move

In Will to Power, Nietzsche wrote that joy accompanies, joy does not move This claim strikes me as false. Behind this seems to be the idea that power rather happiness motivates us. But I think ...
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1answer
46 views

Is the synthetic/analytic distinction about metaphysics?

Is the distinction between synthetic/analytic a claim about epistemology, ontology or something else altogether? Where can one read more about the stakes of the relevant arguments? I did read the The ...
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1answer
236 views

What is mathematics? What are some of the most predominant philosophical definitions of mathematics?

Philosophers have given the nature of mathematics a lot of thought. As a beginner exploring philosophy, one of the questions which presents itself is 'what is X', and in this case, X is mathematics. ...
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1answer
73 views

Where and from whom can I learn about Wittgenstein's family resemblance?

After reading the relevant Wikipedia article as well as the relevant Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article, I still feel like I need a gentle introduction to Wittgenstein's Philosophical ...
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1answer
49 views

What is philosophical position is it for only the things that are in your immediate vicinity to exist at any given time?

You can only know so much about what is going on around you. For example, it is impossible for me to know what is going on in China right now if I am in South America. I might try to look at the news, ...
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1answer
80 views

Rousseau Experts, Assemble! (to identify a quote)

I know this is a long shot, but I am looking for a quote from Rousseau. I heard it a long time ago and have looked for it many times, but I have not been able to find it. In the quote (only about 1-to-...
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1answer
163 views

Kant’s claim “there are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God”

There are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God possible from speculative reason. All paths on which one may set forth with this aim either begin from determinate experience and the ...
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32 views

What's a good introduction to formal epistemology for a math/philosophy double major?

Preferably one that has exercises and is geared towards people who have more of a background in math than philosophy.
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0answers
33 views

can some one please tell me about iqbals "ego" [closed]

what ever you know about it ? he says that the ultimate way to understand the purpose of one's existence on earth is by "khudi" (Persian word for self)
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1answer
43 views

What makes any linear function linear? [closed]

Is it the fact that the function's graph includes a non cursive line (but not necessarily a totally straight line)? Is it something else?
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31 views

Is there an equivalent reading to Russel's 'The Problems of Philosophy' but for metaphysics?

I'm looking for an overview of the field of metaphysics accessible to laymen. If there is anything that leans in any way towards the social sciences, I would be particularly interested in it.
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57 views

John Locke on socks and identity : reference request

I am aware that the question is somewhat vague, but I am trying to locate where in Locke's writings the argument about identity – exemplified with him repairing his socks again and again – is to be ...
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1answer
69 views

Resources for Philosophy of Mathematics

Are there any suggestions to go through the foundations and logic of mathematics step by step. I understand that there are lot of resources to go through but I keep losing motivation as these are ...
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2answers
101 views

Are there scholarly works on philosophy of language treatment of the Gettier problem?

I found two essays on a kind of response to the Gettier problem. One is a Philosophy Now article, and another is a blog post. On both sources, they argue that Smith's belief (on the original Gettier ...
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5answers
406 views

Essential reading list in the philosophy of science

I'm a mathematician, not a philosopher, by education. I would like to get some reading suggestions to get acquainted with the philosophy of science as intended today. I am mainly talking about the ...
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5answers
2k views

Philosophers on alternatives to capitalism and communism

Philosopher Karl Marx envisioned an economic system called communism to fight the abuses suffered by working class people during the industrial era. The exploitation of man by man and the excessive ...
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3answers
94 views

Is there no such thing as rigorous and formal in philosophy?

I once asked a question on a rigorous and formal definition of conceivable, and was told that there is no such thing as rigorous and formal in philosophy or science. Is this really true? I thought ...
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3answers
48 views

Reference request: books about meta-ethics theory

I want to construct an ethics system, my ethics. When I studied logic was very fruitful to understand the theory of the theory of logic (meta-theory). Now I want to learn about ethics because I want ...
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1answer
63 views

Modeling of persuasion [closed]

I'd like to set out a model of how the mind changes its beliefs based on persuasive evidence, and I'm interested to know what work has been done similar to this. Borrowing some of the terminology of ...
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0answers
48 views

Philosophy of social motivations

There is a certain philosophy that social status seeking motivations stand in opposition to finding out the truth. A social-status-motivated person will look first at status markers on arguments, ...
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2answers
79 views

Use of the term "diabolism" in philosophy or critical/systems theory

This is mainly just a reference question. I seem to recall long ago encountering the term "diabolism" in some social theoretical writings, used not in any theological sense but in its ...
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2answers
151 views

Which specific branch of philosophy defines the 'realness' of something?

One or two years ago I read an article about what was termed a newer branch of philosophy that examined not only what was real, but what took precedence in importance in certain areas depending on ...
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0answers
54 views

Motivations for ontological pluralism – suggested reading?

I’m looking for suggested reading on ontological pluralism. There are so many contested entities (?) like numbers, holes, the poems of Lord Byron, universals, various types of non-existent objects (...
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1answer
117 views

Why are minor chords perceived as melancholic?

In occidental music there are minor and majors chords, differing only by half a tone of one note. Usually major chords feel more vibrant and energetic, while minor chords sound more melancholic. ...
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1answer
391 views

On Kierkegard's definition of the Self: " a relation that relates itself to itself" ( question based on an SEP's quote)

In The Sickness unto death , Kierkegaard says in a sybilline way that the self is (1) a relation that relates itself to itself (2) a synthesis of finite and infinite. Should I understand that " ...
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3answers
131 views

Is there a philosophical assessment of the terms "virtual" and "imaginary"?

In casual terms, at least from explanations I can find, imaginary is something which "does not exist" in reality: "an imaginary world" virtual is something which "exists ...
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4answers
220 views

Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
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1answer
93 views

Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
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1answer
177 views

Philosophers dealing with fundamental structure of everything using no prior assumptions

I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such author is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following: Hegel aims to ...
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1answer
39 views

Is there a way to search for words and phrases in English-language translations of Nietzsche's works?

Are you aware of a way to search English-language translations of Nietzsche's works? It would be ideal to be able to search all of Nietzsche's works simultaneously, but I'd be delighted to be able to ...
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0answers
57 views

Are there any book recommendation for identity, especially personal identity or metaphysics?

I have studied philosophy on my own for a long time and gained overall impression on the history of philosophy. And I am interested in self-consciousness,particular in personal identity. Recently I ...
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0answers
134 views

Does the sum of all being exist itself?

Can we conceptually build the (mereological) “sum” of “all being” / “everything that exists” without running into problems or paradoxes? Can we think of the resulting concept (sometimes called “Being”,...
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1answer
102 views

Reference request: applied ethics and the finance industry

Have any philosophers written about ethics and the financial services industry? I'm less interested in the bits covered by law (insider trading, etc) than ethical issues around the role the industry ...
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2answers
134 views

A Study Plan in Philosophy

I am a graduate student in mathematics but I've done philosophy in high school (we have majors in high school where I live). Having gone through a bachelor in mathematics, I would like to revisit ...
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2answers
119 views

Is there an ethical difference between taking away and withholding?

Has anyone in contemporary ethics discussed whether or not there is a difference between (1) taking something away (e.g., stealing $100) or withholding something (e.g., refusing to pay $100 of taxes)?
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1answer
149 views

Is there a philosophical justification for the dichotomy in discimination law?

In the UK, and in many other countries, it is illegal to discriminate on certain personal characteristics in many circumstances, including employment and accommodation. These characteristics include ...
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1answer
77 views

Aristotle quote on how developing friendship takes a long time

Conor Gallagher, If Aristotle's Kid Had an iPod: Ancient Wisdom for Modern Parents ch. 10 says: “WISHING TO BE FRIENDS IS QUICK WORK, BUT FRIENDSHIP IS A SLOW RIPENING FRUIT.”—ARISTOTLE I'm assuming ...
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2answers
88 views

Books on having children

I'm at a crossroads in life where I can choose to live a life of a father or remain child-free. I don't feel like becoming a father and want to remain child-free for the rest of my life. Are there any ...
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1answer
102 views

Which 20th century male philosopher contended that creating and composing gets increasingly difficult, as time progresses?

I can't remember where, but I stumbled on this quotation in some print book on postmodernism or 20th century music, written in English because I can't read any other language. The author was a ...
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6answers
196 views

Why isn't there just one quale? (qualia)

As far as I know, the hard problem of consciousness is focused on how the physical and mental states relate. However I haven't been able to find any attempts to answer the question of how identical ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
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4answers
113 views

Philosophy of Math question: Has anyone ever claimed that one minus one does not equal zero, but instead equals negative one(or just 1-1)?

This question is based off of the observation that the notion of zero depends on the presence of absence. I can say there is 1 banana right over there or there are 2 bananas right over there and when ...
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5answers
408 views

How can statements of probability be verified?

Suppose I said, "There is a 50% chance of it raining tomorrow", and someone else said, "No, it is actually 60%". How can we know which person, if either, is correct? What I am ...

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