Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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5
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1answer
149 views

Encyclopaedic overview of philosophy

I'm looking for an encyclopaedic overview, which can be used as a study resource. By this, I mean a book in which all important philosophers are explained very concisely (2-3 pages per philosopher on ...
3
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1answer
213 views

Looking for an antithesis to Schopenhauer

I'm looking for someone who can give me the name of a thinker who says the complete opposite to Schopenhauer (on the same subject). I'm about to read "Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung" or at least ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Stephanus numbering

I have all of Plato's works, but unfortunately they're missing the Stephanus numbering. Is there a resource which I can use to see which paragraphs they refer to? A brief table containing the first ...
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5answers
1k views

How to understand numbers that become really large?

If we begin with a notion of number N that we denote F(N) as a function of time, can a decidable procedure exist on definability of the growth of numbers? Inspired by Tipler's Omega point and Thomson'...
1
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1answer
122 views

Where and from whom can I learn more about individualist anarchism?

I'd like to learn about individualist anarchism. Do you know a free online resource for this? Who are contemporary philosophers working on this subject? Is there an online forum for individualists?
3
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2answers
187 views

Guidance into philosophy

I know one site: How to become a pure mathematician, there are levels of study on math, book recomendations and advices. I'm searching for something equivalent but for philosophy. The math site I ...
3
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1answer
250 views

Examples of models that requires new inventions of logic

I was looking at this video and a comment there mentioned paraconsistent logic that can model the concept of "unknown known". My question is if there are examples of any concepts that cannot be ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Where should I start to learn about philosophy in general? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to get started with philosophy without getting overwhelmed quickly? What philosophy books are good for an new person to philosophy? Philosophy in general, not specific ...
1
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1answer
127 views

Popular exposition of the problem of induction

Is there a good survey article for lay readers (imagine an intelligent secondary-school pupil who may later do graduate work in philosophy but doesn't yet know much) of the philosophical difficulties ...
1
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1answer
161 views

Resources for application of Actor–network theory to non-human objects

In a very interesting talk Graham Harman speaks of a woman doing a PhD thesis on Actor-Network theory and Volcanoes. This is almost syncronistically in line with ideas I have been considering for my ...
2
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1answer
380 views

Who said “crisis is the end of an illusion”?

Which philosopher has stated "This is not the beginning of a crisis. This is the end of an illusion"? (approximate quote) And if you remember the philosopher: from which context or book comes this ...
3
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2answers
128 views

Conception of honor and why human are happy about it and see it valuable

I have this question haunting me for a while now. I always appreciate Feynman's saying about Nobel prize most: "I appreciate the work that I did, and all the people who appreciated it, and I noticed ...
1
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1answer
261 views

What is Marion J. Levy's tenth Law

I recently discovered Marion Levy's laws. And Princeton's news article on his life claims his laws grew to eleven, but only adds the eleventh. What is Marion J. Levy's tenth Law? My apologies if ...
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2answers
104 views

Connection Between Virtue and Well-Being

I'm curious if anyone has any suggestions for finding contemporary philosophy essays/books (i.e., not Aristotle) which deal with the connection between virtue and well-being.
4
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2answers
218 views

On consistency as a univerally recognized value, and arguments using this principle

Consider this dialogue: John: If I bet you a dollar this quarter would land heads, would you accept? Jane: Yes. John: If I bet you a dollar this nickel would land heads, would you accept? ...
1
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1answer
208 views

A book that introduces Philosophy [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to get started with philosophy without getting overwhelmed quickly? What is a good book (Or online resource) that introduces Philosophy and the methods of Philosophers, ...
1
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2answers
118 views

On the age of mankind

“CHILDHOOD’S END” From what is presently known, Homo sapiens—the modern form of man—has existed on earth for approximately a hundred thousand years in numbers large enough to constitute a ...
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1answer
419 views

Aristotelian logic vs. propositional logic and other controversies in philosophical logic

As we all know until late XIX century, only offical logic was the Aristotelian logic. Also it's known fact that many scholars were aware of existance of propositional logic and disregarded it ex ...
4
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2answers
147 views

References on beneficent obligations

I'm interested in sources discussing the obligations we have to be "beneficent", e.g. through charitable donations. Famine, Affluence and Morality is one of the more famous articles of this type. SEP ...
7
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1answer
299 views

Which texts might provide a critical introduction or review of contemporary and recent philosophical movements?

I'm intending to read Anthony's Kenny's 4 volume History of Philosopy. I notice though it stops in 1975 which is fair enough I think. You can't have the history of yesterday. However I'm curious to ...
2
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1answer
112 views

What is a good introduction to asian (korean) philosphy?

The title says it all. I looking into studying abroad in South Korea (I'm from Germany) in a year or so and I want to have at least a working knowledge of the philosophical workings of Asia and ...
5
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1answer
171 views

Questions and ideas that have stumped philosophers

I'm looking for questions and ideas that are seen as unresolved in philosophy. I guess nothing is actually resolved. But I mean things that are generally understood to not have been sufficiently ...
5
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1answer
103 views

Canonical Papers on Context

The notions of context and contextual disambiguation are either implicitly or explicitly deployed in order to solve problems of ambiguous reference and meaning in the majority of the theories of ...
5
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1answer
172 views

In which text does Berkeley develop his philosophy of subjective idealism?

A while ago, I asked this question about Borges's philosophical influences, which yielded Berkeley. Reading the wikipedia page on Berkeley, I can see that as far as philosophers go, his philosophy of ...
5
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1answer
242 views

literature and theories of man's encounter with himself

I am planning on writing a paper on what Sellars calls "the paradox of man's encounter with himself" (Sellars Philosophy and the Scientific Image of Man 1962: 6). To quote Sellars in more detail: "[...
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1answer
144 views

Would adopting the veil and Rawls' two principles bring about the result Rawls' desires? [closed]

What problem(s) is Rawls' veil of ignorance meant to fix? Do you think the problem is a real one in contemporary America? Would adopting the veil and Rawls' two principles bring about the result Rawls'...
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6answers
637 views

Which authors have discussed death in philosophy?

Could anyone point me to some authors who have discussed the ideas surrounding death in western Philosophy? (Not whether we know we exist but rather the concept of mortality and immortality).
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5answers
704 views

What are some good critical readings of the film The Matrix?

Where might I find some thoughtful philosophical or critical readings of The Matrix, in particular which treat the primary theme of virtual reality?
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1answer
2k views

Was Aristotle aware of Buddha's teachings?

Are there any references in Corpus Aristotelicum to suggest whether Aristotle was aware of Buddhist teachings or Eastern philosophy? Aristotle travelled to Asia Minor at one stage of life, left a ...
7
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2answers
331 views

Can any Nietzsche experts offer recommendations for research on the origin/meaning of suffering in Nietzsche?

I'm gearing up to explore Nietzsche for the first time in a junior undergraduate 19th Century Euro Thought class, and I'm interested in exploring a specific question regarding the meaning and origin ...
3
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2answers
243 views

Books/Pieces/Essays about self-worth? [closed]

I'm interested in reading some good books/pieces/essays about self-worth (ultimate meaning of life, learning, working, etc). It's hard to precisely define the topic, but anything you think is ...
7
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3answers
958 views

Which philosophers provide theories of subjectivity?

Which philosophers write about subjectivity? What are some primary sources for philosophical theories of subjectivity?
5
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1answer
263 views

Are there any responses to Penelope Maddy's “Second Philosophy”?

I am finishing up reading Penelopy Maddy's [2007] "Second Philosophy". I really enjoy her flavor of naturalism. Like Quine, she justifies parts of mathematics because of its application. Unlike Quine, ...
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4answers
215 views

What philosophers and schools have considered 'transcendental' economic values?

Background Settle a bet- more likely; enrich a debate. A friend of mine (a philosophy PhD with a penchant for economics) and I have been arguing for some time on the same topic. He is a libertarian ...
7
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4answers
1k views

What are some good resources for philosophy in laymen's terms?

What are some good resources for a layman to get a basic overview of modern philosophical theories, positions, and open questions in plain language? I'm reminded somewhat of Bryan Magee's videos, ...
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3answers
1k views

What hierarchies exist in different branches of Philosophy?

If you were to map out different branches of Philosophy in a hierarchical nature on multiple levels in order to compare them what would some look like or could you point me to a reference that sorts ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Which ethical philosophy is concerned with maximizing expected universal good?

Take this ethical belief: "People should act such that they, upon considering with a reasonable amount of effort related to the significance of the decision, believe that they will maximize the good ...
9
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2answers
601 views

Are there philosophers who examined the reasons for believing in the existence of other people?

While I am familiar with Descartes and the oft-quoted idea, I think therefore I am, I am not familiar with any philosophy that actively sought to rationalize that anybody else exists. Are there ...
6
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1answer
149 views

What if any cognitive science research has been done on the experiences of animals in captivity?

I was reading this question, and it reminded me of something interesting I had once stumbled upon, although for the life of me I cannot remember where. I think it may have been a book (perhaps a ...
12
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1answer
236 views

Are there any philosophical works consisting entirely in conditional propositions?

Related, I suppose, to this question. In mathematics most theorems are of the form: If we have a [type of object] with [property 1] then it also has [property 2] That is, they are conditional ...
12
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1answer
2k views

What are the main points of criticism of the ancient Stoic school vis-a-vis the system of philosophy of the Epicureans?

What was the main criticism of the ancient Stoic school of philosophy with respect to the system of philosophy of the Epicureans?
8
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1answer
170 views

What journal should I read for cutting-edge epistemology?

I'm a PhD candidate, but I still don't read many journals. Where should I start if I want to be up-to-date? One of my areas is epistemology, but this can be a more open ended question if need be.