Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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6answers
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What are some good books on the philosophy of economics?

I'm a college student of physics, and I'm looking to expand my horizon in the field of philosophy of economics, so, what books would you recommend for newbies like me? I was thinking in history of ...
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3answers
266 views

Philosophers on alternatives to capitalism and communism

Philosopher Karl Marx envisioned an economic system called communism to fight the abuses suffered by working class people during the industrial era. The exploration of man by man and the excessive ...
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2answers
65 views

Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
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0answers
51 views

Which currently active philosophers could be considered Wittgenstein followers?

A. C. Grayling offers the following description of currently active followings of Wittgenstein: (page 129) The Wittgensteinians accordingly make a distinctive although relatively small group in ...
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4answers
455 views

What book recommendations for learning Hegel and Wittgenstein?

I'm currently interested in Hegel's Dialectic and Wittgenstein works. I'm mostly looking for things related to logic, language and the foundation of mathematics. What do you think I should read from ...
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4answers
423 views

What are some good introductions to analytic ontology?

What is/are the best introduction(s) of analytic ontology? I know about a book written by Edmund Runggaldier ‎and Christian Kanzian but still I don't have it. I would like to read clear, simple ...
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0answers
49 views

Descartes’ innate idea of extension

Can you give the most clear and self-contained quote out of Descartes’ works where he states that extension is an innate idea? I’ve read the third meditation again, but I didn’t anything easily ...
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0answers
61 views

Do you know of a book on Greek philosophy with a Corinthian helmet on the cover?

I read it years ago, and it seems I have lost it. The biggest thing I can remember is that it had a Corinthian helmet on the front cover. Also that it was translated by multiple authors and it had ...
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3answers
188 views

Ref request: Reality objective or subjective

This is a request for a reference on (within) philosophy.stackexchange.com. It follows from discussions around this question. I am asking after having tried my luck at websearch. What I am searching ...
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1answer
174 views

Did consciousness always exist?

Speaking of Stuart Hameroff and Sir Roger Penrose: "Both of them now believe that consciousness, as the interplay of fine-scale quantum events, may have always existed in the universe." - ...
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3answers
998 views

Authors on the Credibility and Corruption of Modern Science

During the Renaissance and Industrial eras science was a way to remove superstition, religious misconception, and irrational fears. The scientific method was proved to be valid and available to ...
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7answers
720 views

Does 'to believe that P' imply 'to believe that P is true'?

Williams (1973) casually asserts that to believe that P is to believe that P is true. He explains what he means by that: To believe that so and so is one and the same as to believe that that ...
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2answers
203 views

Serious arguments against skepticism about the external world?

As we all know, Kant wrestled with Cartesian skepticism for a long time. And of course, Descartes himself did, but he appeals to a version of the ontological argument which is not very persuasive. ...
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1answer
71 views

Reference request: applied ethics and the finance industry

Have any philosophers written about ethics and the financial services industry? I'm less interested in the bits covered by law (insider trading, etc) than ethical issues around the role the industry ...
4
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1answer
127 views

Dialectic of Enlightment Prerequisites

I wanted to start reading Dialectic of Enlightenment by Adorno and Horkheimer. My question is simple: Which philosophers' works do I have to be familiar with to get a decent first time reading from it?...
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1answer
81 views

Which branch of philosophy would address the question “How to be effective at a typical day job”? [closed]

I'm not sure how to phrase this question. It stems from a complaint that I can't seem to find a truly "practical philosophy" (even "Pragmatism"). I know a lot of philosophy starts with ABSOLUTELY ...
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60 views

Authors on Social Evolution, Personal Liberties and Corruption

Institutional corruption as been associated with excessive hedonism eg. libertinism. In history there have been recurring cycles in which economic depression has led to the uprising of authoritarian ...
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3answers
170 views

Authors on consciousness and its relation with suffering

Let's say we take a group of volunteers willing to receive a 120V discharge under fMRI scanners. They all may receive the same intensity but how can we know that they all recieve the same amount of ...
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2answers
68 views

The needs of many (in 'ok' circumstances) vs. the needs of few (in 'extreme' circumstances)

I am writing about decision making when allocating charity resources, and I need a bit of background on deciding between improving lots of lives for animals with, let's say, average welfare (that ...
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0answers
54 views

This philosopher deliberately taught misinformation

I remember reading once about a philosopher (Kierkegaard? Schopenhauer? Aristotle?) who would deliberately supply their students with misinformation that they should learn better, seek the truth. ...
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2answers
130 views

Authors on wars making societies evolve [closed]

Let's presume Nazi Germany did not happen. Young kids would not have references on how damaging extreme nationalism can be therefore the Third Reich could have append anywhere in the world an can ...
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0answers
44 views

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world?

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world rather than the entire biosphere? It might be the "Human Race" or the "Human Species", but I am thinking in conceptual terms or ...
4
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1answer
258 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
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1answer
82 views

Where does Bertrand Russell discuss mysticism?

G. E. M. Anscombe writes in An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus (1971, St Augustine's Press) the following about Wittgenstein's use of the concept of mysticism: (page 170) But Wittgenstein ...
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1answer
84 views

How to define a new logical language

There are a number of logical languages defined that are so called flavors of a certain logic (for example, flavors of First Order Logic). Such new logical languages sometimes extend or restrict the ...
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6answers
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Recommend “best” (see description) English translation of Tao Te Ching

Would someone who is vary familiar with Lao Tzu's philosophy please refer me to a translation of Tao Te Ching that preserves the spirit and eternal messages of Tao Te Ching. I don't like the ...
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4answers
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Did Plato believe in reincarnation?

I have read in some philosophy forums that Plato believed that death was not the end and he most likely believed in reincarnation. Are there any texts that confirm that Plato actually believed in ...
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2answers
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How do I use the “Barbara, Celarent, … etc.” mnemonic?

Medieval logicians memorized this most famous logic mnemonic: Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio ← direct first figure Baralipton, Celantes, Dabitis, Fapesmo, Frisesomorum ← indirect first figure Cesare,...
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1answer
340 views

How valid is assignment of probabilites when evidence is totally lacking, as in Pascal's Wager?

The SEP article discussing Pascal's Wager states, Premise 1 presupposes that you should have a probability for God’s existence in the first place. However, perhaps you could rationally fail to ...
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1answer
30 views

Second Order Quantification without Ontological Commitment

I've seen some philosophers allude to second order quantification without ontologically committing to the second order predicates quantified over. However, I'm struggling to find papers discussing ...
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1answer
3k views

Where does this Alan Watts audio clip come from?

I'm trying to locate the source of an Alan Watts quote/audio clip that has been used in numerous YouTube edits. It is referenced in some places as the 'Falling Into Love' lecture, but there is no such ...
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3answers
224 views

Can we know anything about the “outside”, if we are in a simulation?

Please note this question isn't about "simulation" as such. It is cast in this way to illustrate a particular sub-to-super ontology relationship: Given that all we see or seem, are the product of ...
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1answer
73 views

Source of a Russell quote about purpose and meaninglessness

The following quote is attributed to Bertrand Russell: Unless you assume a God, the question of life’s purpose is meaningless. The reference for the quote is: Bertrand Russell, quoted in Rick ...
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2answers
271 views

Prerequisites for Michael Dummett texts

I want to read Michael Dummett's The Logical Basis of Metaphysics. Is it hard to read ? I would like an answer for the same question regarding his other texts. Do I need a prior exposition to other ...
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0answers
104 views

Using differential equation to estimate epistemological growth constant

I found some tweets (1,2) describing a philosophy paper as follows: I came across this paper from the academic journal of philosophy that tries to solve a differential equation for an ...
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2answers
240 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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2answers
184 views

Philosophy book indications for beginners

I know that there are many excellent topics of philosophy book indications. But I'm looking for a specific type of book: • A Beginner's Guide • A well-structured book with pedagogical resources (...
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2answers
266 views

References for the Realism/Anti-Realism debate in Logic

The concept of anti-realism in logic seems to be an interesting and growing idea. I'm looking for references (papers, books, authors...) regarding the debate between realism and anti-realism but ...
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Who are the author of the principle “everything is permitted that does not contradict the freedom of others”?

Who are the author of the following philosophical principle? everything is permitted that does not contradict the freedom of others Where are roots of this principle?
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9answers
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What ethical problems might be involved in time travel?

Has anyone addressed the ethics of time travel? Time travel looks like a gold mine for moral dilemmas, but I don't know of anyone who addresses these issues. For example: Am I morally obligated to ...
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2answers
1k views

What is that French phrase about having innate knowledge of God?

I've got something right on the tip of my tongue, and I'd really like to figure it out. The most I remember about it was that it was in French, was two or three words, and had something to do with ...
3
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1answer
301 views

The origin of a particular self-reference paradox

This is a simple reference request, for the origin of a particular type of paradoxical statement. The example I remember is Roger Penrose can't consistently claim this statement to be true. It's a ...
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7answers
9k views

Did the Ancient Greek Philosophers actually believe in their Gods and Myths?

Is there any historical proof that shows what attitude the Ancient Greeks, specially the philosophers, had towards their Gods?
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1answer
82 views

Plato - against teaching philosophy to children

I'm trying to hunt down a half-remembered quote from Plato, possibly from the Republic, where he actually argues AGAINST teaching children philosophy too early, in the fears it will confuse them and ...
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0answers
41 views

Looking for references regarding the history of metaphysics, and specially of ontology

Although many histories of ethics, of esthetics or of logic are available, it seems more difficult to find histories regarding other domains of philosophy. This is the case for epistemology and for ...
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17answers
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What are some good introductions to philosophy?

I've been searching the questions posed here, and don't seem to find one that gives the answers I am looking for. I've proposed to start a list on meta but no one proposed anything, so I feel I must ...
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2answers
653 views

What does Marx mean by “value form”?

I've been reading some recent books that refer to money as the "value form" in Marx. In English translation, Marx does use the term "value form" and also refers to commodities as "values," in the ...
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0answers
101 views

Does evil exist outside a mind: a reference request?

Evil seems related to intentions, but i am sure there are those that believe it can exist external to minds. Are there any philosophers that attempt to argue that evil can exist outside a mind?
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Prerequisites to study aesthetics

So, I plan to begin to self study aesthetics, and was wondering whether a working knowledge of art history would be helpful for the same? If so, would Gardner's History of Art be sufficient? Also, on ...
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2answers
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Calumnies on Aristotle's character

I've heard people allude to writings of some of Aristotle's students alleging bad character of Aristotle. I've not found the actual writings or any secondary literature on them. Can someone point me ...