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Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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2
votes
1answer
112 views

Who said that questions can only be asked if the askers roughly knows the answers?

I remember it was Marx who said this as a thought for Hegel's take on history, but searching for keyword answer in his Wikiquote page doesn't yield any result. The exact quote might be very different ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

What scientific evidence is there that our actions are pre-conscious?

I recall reading some article or other some time ago that it had been demonstrated that our actions are apparent before we are entirely conscious of them; and here we are not talking about fractions ...
2
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3answers
111 views

Can my attitude kill you? Part 2

This question follows on (sort off): Can my attitude kill you? Taking attitude to mean: The unique medley of ideas that makes the person. Suppose I'm a doubly depressed neurotic pessimist. Who can ...
2
votes
3answers
177 views

Can my attitude kill you?

Would it be morally reprehensible to tell a truth to someone if I know or suspect that it may cause them harm or discomfort? Of course there are trivial instances like telling a dying man he is going ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

What is the role of the art curator?

I keep seeing people talking about the increased importance of curation in art today. What is going on here, has any philosopher discussed this trend or possible problems linked to curation of art? ...
5
votes
1answer
853 views

Can Kant's Copernican revolution be viewed as an extension of Wittgensteinian language games?

Forgive me if this question is clumsily posed. The so-called 'Copernican revolution' of declaring the mind as bringing objecthood and properties to objects, rather than their perception bringing ...
4
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0answers
48 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
3
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1answer
195 views

Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Looking for Sources on Philosophical Discussion of Modern Atomic Theory

I'm currently planning a research project which tracks the development of atomic theory in the physical sciences (though mainly physics since that's my subject). In the last section I want to discuss ...
5
votes
3answers
194 views

In which text/paper was the concept of dialetheism first introduced as a serious position?

More or less the question title. My final-year logic course a few years back covered a number of non-classical logics (deontic, Kleene/Lukasiewicz multi-valued, etc.), however dialetheism was left as ...
3
votes
4answers
630 views

Can spontaneous body movements confirm or infirm free will?

When explaining to someone why I don't believe in freewill, it is almost certain that they will flap their arms around or do some sort of strange dance with their arms. I know the reason why they do ...
12
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3answers
736 views

Did Malebranche believe both the idea in the mind and the movement in the body are caused by God?

My senior thesis explored the notion of action under George Berkeley's system, and one claim I tried to address was that Berkeley contradicts himself when discussing will. In his Philosophical ...
1
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1answer
139 views

a priori and a posteriori

Where can I find a systematic review of the concept a priori and a posteriori and investigations on their proper distinction? Classical texts are prefered but Kant, Aristotle are excluded. Actually ...
1
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2answers
81 views

Is this nihilism?

I'm looking for a quote or a passage about how we shouldn't waste time analyzing possibilities that don't exist, like "what if"s of the past. That we should reflect on how things came to be and not on ...
-1
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0answers
157 views

Authors on the brainwashing of the American People and western world [closed]

I'm looking for books and authors which relate to the times we are going through in terms of disinformation, "fake news", cultures based on war and violence and the "call of duty", false flag ...
6
votes
5answers
212 views

Do future selves have duties to the current self?

I think there are clear cases in which my future selves have rights against me (or I have duties to my future selves). For example, my future selves have the right to enjoy a healthy life and thus I ...
3
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4answers
356 views

What are the theoretical limits of self-awareness?

Let us sidestep fundamental questions such as whether there is in fact self-awareness. In this, let us define self-awareness in its common form of usage, typically meaning awareness of one’s ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Any book/article that talks about a difference in what science achieves and what society wants/needs?

I'm not trying to ignite a discussion on the topic, simply a reading reference for someone who talks about any difference between the academia and society - for example I've seen a book (published ...
5
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2answers
753 views

Searle on morality

Specifying my first question on Searle, I am looking for papers by Searle or others that deal with Searle's notion of moral responsibility or morality in general. I found a great deal about free will, ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

What does Helmuth Plessner mean by : 'the human being is at a distance to her boundary'?

Plessner defines living organims in terms of a boundary between It and the environment. http://helmuth-plessner.de/en/helmuth-plessner/denken/ This question concerns the following statment: ...
2
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2answers
84 views

What are some references on intertextuality?

Intertextuality is defined here. It is a way to enrich a text by using reference to another text. What would be a good reference on this subject?
2
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1answer
220 views

Is Reality an intersection of Incompatible Ontologies?

Empiricists do not ask questions about the ontological status of mathematical or logical structures. Idealists don't explain how Ideas are developed, or how technological advancement in general takes ...
3
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2answers
62 views

subject-based philosophical book request

Is there a subject-based philosophical book? one book which discusses in each chapter a philosophical subject such as ethics, nature of world, ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

why did Kant say the only truly “good” thing in this world “without exception” is a “good will”?

why did Kant say the only truly “good” thing in this world “without exception”? if I understand him correctly, which I very well may not, I believe he states that good will is the only truly good ...
9
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3answers
1k views

How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Who are the representatives of Michigan and Rutgers ethical naturalism?

I am writing an excursus on contemporary naturalism for my thesis. In fact, after a brief introduction to the subject of moral philosophy and to ethical naturalism, I will analyze the Duke manifesto "...
7
votes
1answer
131 views

Chomsky— On Language and the Essential Chomsky

I have taken an interest in the philosophy of language and have studied on my own the equivalent of a undergrad course in the philosophy of language. I want to know if Chomsky's On Language is ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
4
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4answers
145 views

Is all meaning just comparison/measurement? (Reference request)

I've had an idea and I'm almost certain it might not be a novel one, so I'd like some pointers to read more about it. Maybe some philosophers/writers already explored the subject and elaborated it a ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Philosophy of dreams

According to some eastern teachings (Tantric, Buddhist, etc) it's a good thing to ponder and meditate on dreams: Dream 1 A person dreams of finding money or gold or any other luxuries. This ...
7
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3answers
275 views

Is there a formal presentation of Maturana's “Autopoiesis”

I have been reading through "Autopoiesis and Cognition" by Humberto R. Maturana and Francisco J. Varela. One of their goals in defining autopoiesis and the supporting concepts of simple and composite ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

What are the main reference tools professional philosophers use to do research?

Many people do an internet search to find information about a topic they are interested in. Some tools I’ve seen referenced here to find philosophical information are the Stanford Encyclopedia of ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

What are the top professional organizations that philosophers belong to?

I looked for a list of philosophical organizations and found this list on Wikipedia. What are the top or most prestigious organizations on this list (or some other list) that a professional ...
1
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2answers
110 views

Western philosophers that emphasize on the importance of meditation?

Who are the main western philosophers who acknowledge the importance of meditation, self-discovery(know yourself) and the realization of your own mind-habits and emotional responses?
6
votes
5answers
993 views

A Marxist Theory of Justice?

I am stuck in a vast amount of papers concerning Marx's view of justice, written in the 70s, 80s and 90s, disputing and contradicting each other. With my current knowledge of Marx, it is sometimes ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
0
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1answer
59 views

Authors on the philosophical impact of the discovery of an Extraterrestrial civilization [closed]

Consider the following thought experiment: Some kinds of spiders species while mating the female eats the male. Sometimes when female puts and egg and later when it hatches the baby spiders eat ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Authors on the Philosophy of Ancient Egypt

What philosophies or systems of believes apart from the religious ones did those people have? Were there any forums in which ideas were discussed? Were there any significant philosophers or high ...
2
votes
2answers
355 views

Authors who think Capitalism encourage psychopathic behaviour? [closed]

When morality and ethics is a problem to a great deal of people is it safe to assume that capitalism rewards those individuals with no empathy or remorse who are good at emulating to have them? e.g....
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Authors on the Business of Philosophy and the Philosopher's ego

In a capitalistic society every human experience is susceptible of becoming a business, eg. the business of beauty, sex, art, justice, health, education, journalism, emotions and psychology, ...
2
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2answers
86 views

Introductions to Camus on absurdity

For a layman, what’s a good, accessible introduction to Camus’ work on absurdity?
0
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2answers
489 views

Were the Bavarian Illuminati actually Luciferians? [closed]

According to wikipedia the real illumianti were: ...the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on 1 May 1776. The society's goals were to oppose superstition, ...
2
votes
3answers
265 views

Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

What ethical studies have been performed on what would happen if a government raises kids without parents?

This is a thought experiment that deals with morality and ethics: Due to low natality governments decide to create schools in which kids are raised by professional caregivers and people trained ...
1
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1answer
73 views

In German, to which of Nietzsche's books does the abbreviation “GA” refer to?

I'm reading an academic article in German about Nietzsche and I really need to check the texts the author refers to, however I have no clue what "GA" refers to, even after checking the list of German ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

A taxonomy of Meta-Ethics (Reference Request)

On the accounts of many Doctors of Philosophy specialising in Meta-Ethics, the philosophical landscape is notoriously hard to taxonomise. What are the best comprehensive guides to Meta-Ethics. I have ...
1
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0answers
165 views

How would ethics or moral science be different if (human) life were eternal?

I admit that my question is quite useless in terms of practical philosophy or ethics, but I came to wonder how ethics will be changed if the life of human beings or further, the life of every ...
5
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1answer
105 views

Introduction to Philosophy via thought experiments

I am a mathematics scholar who once took a course on "Philosophy of rationality" and absolutely loved it. In there, we discussed a couple of thought experiments including 'The Trolley Problem'. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Where to find the “tightened up” definitions of computing mentioned by Searle?

I think it is probably possible to block the result of universal realizability by tightening up our definition of computation. Certainly we ought to respect the fact that programmers and engineers ...
1
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2answers
137 views

Is there an online English translation of Cicero's Phaenomena Aratea?

I was wondering if there's an English/Italian translation of Cicero's Phaenomena Aratea (Prognosis?)? i.e. the translation that he did of Aratus' work. Thanks!