Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

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29 views

Looking for a book which tries to speak about the ultimate foundation

I'm interested in philosophically digging as deep as possible. I'm looking for a book whose subject is to speak about the ultimate foundation. I apologise for this scarce description, the topic I'm ...
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5answers
318 views

Why does poverty still exist in the world that discovered advanced technologies? [closed]

For example some individuals may say 'a poor life of an individual is because that he doesn't work enough'. The world advanced as much as inventing many advanced technologies such as gun, calculator, ...
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69 views

Which field in the natural sciences always requires accurate and precise scientific instruments? [closed]

I am a high school student that believes as many others that natural sciences is an area of knowledge that is about reliable information. However, I see that scientific instruments play an significant ...
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1answer
80 views

Quote about meaning of meaning

Trying to track down a quote about the emptiness of the notion of "meaning of life", or the "justness of an entire framework of justice". I think it was by Friedrich Hayek, and I ...
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2answers
443 views

Are There Any Hegelian Approaches to Modern Physics?

In his section on Force and the "inverted world" in "Phenomenology of Spirit," Hegel provides a dialectical account of Newtonian physics and gravity that I find very interesting, ...
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1answer
79 views

Locke's psychology : reference request

While histories of philosophy traditionally devote a paragraph to the psychology of each author , it seems to me it is not the case for Locke. There might be reasons for this: (1) Locke is somewhat ...
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2answers
841 views

Is the appeal to futility a logical error, fallacious?

I've heard though unreliable sources that it's the nirvana fallacy, list of logical fallacies: solutions to problems are rejected because they are not perfect. Although, this doesn't quite fit. I've ...
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2answers
373 views

What is the difference between how the DSA understands Democratic Socialism and how George Orwell understood it?

Note This question is a copy from a similar one on Politics.SE, and was brought here per the suggestion of Kevin as a reference-request question. Background Democratic Socialism is a form of Socialism ...
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1answer
31 views

References on the analysis of "but"

I want to read philosophy papers that analyze the logical connective "but", and contrasts it with "and". I once read a paper that talked about this topic, but I can't find it ...
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6answers
194 views

Why isn't there just one quale? (qualia)

As far as I know, the hard problem of consciousness is focused on how the physical and mental states relate. However I haven't been able to find any attempts to answer the question of how identical ...
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1answer
114 views

What is the exact form of law of non-contradiction that dialetheism rejects?

Dialetheism asserts that there are sentences that are both true and false, e.g. the Liar. This seems to, quite obviously, go against the law of non-contradiction (LNC), and indeed Priest seems to ...
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1answer
32 views

Are there any books where Aristotlean quotations are collected?

Are there any books where Aristotle's quotations are available?
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236 views

What should a person interested in the philosophy of mathematics know?

What philosophy should a person interested in the philosophy of mathematics know, at a minimum? Having delved into the subject, it looks like there are things you need to know.
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184 views

A thought experiment for free-will, individuality and one-way functions?

Here is a thought experiment I have been thinking about concerning Free Will, Individuality and One-Way functions: Assumptions: Each conscious being in a world has material body which distincts it ...
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23 views

Book recommendation on the history of philosophical psychology : structure of mind and mental faculties

I'm looking for a systematic survey of the history of philosophical psychology, either an expository text, or a selection of readings arranged chronologically. My orignal motivation regards the ...
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1answer
64 views

How reliable are scientific instruments such as spectrometry in the determination of the oldest material “Startdust”? [closed]

After reading one of the latest findings by scientists, Stardust was considered the oldest material on earth. However having not much of an experience with chemistry, I was intrigued upon how ...
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1answer
47 views

Who first said that he who cannot govern himself cannot govern others?

What philosopher said that he who cannot govern himself cannot govern others? I heard that Foucault said something similar, but surely Aristotle or even King Solomon may have said something similar.
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3answers
131 views

Is there a philosophical assessment of the terms "virtual" and "imaginary"?

In casual terms, at least from explanations I can find, imaginary is something which "does not exist" in reality: "an imaginary world" virtual is something which "exists ...
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3answers
105 views

An argument that everything is possible

I have an argument that claims everything is possible. For, if something is impossible, it is not a thing at all. "Going faster than the speed of light" is merely a statement, not a thing at ...
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1answer
326 views

What Western philosophers are read today as guiding luminaries as to how to live

In the past, I saw two remarks on Philosophy SE that were quite telling to me: all philosophy is a commentary on Plato modern philosophy is specialized. These two remarks are obviously subject to ...
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1answer
342 views

I am looking for a parable that tells about a tyrant and an honest poor man

Brief paraphrase: In a certain city there lived a tyrant and a poor man, the tyrant did not know about his tyranny and believed that he was doing the right thing, the poor man saw the tyrant's ...
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42 views

What is a Good, Historically Grounded, Summary or Presentation of Kant's Epistemology

I am looking for an historically grounded book which can introduce me to understanding Kant's epistemology such as he gives in his Critique of Pure Reason and his Metaphysical Foundations of Natural ...
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1answer
35 views

How to make sense of " I know that p but I could be wrong as to p"? ( Faillibilism)

There is a well known modal fallacy regarding knowledge which says that if some subject s knows that p, then p cannot be false, and therefore , p is a necessarily true proposition. Source : [ by ...
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215 views

List of books which teaches historical Aristotelian logic

Background: I want to study philosophy and I think a good way is to first learn logic, so I tried reading The Categories. But even after trying so hard, I didn't understand it. The writing is very ...
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149 views

How, when and why Plato's "Ideas" were changed to "Forms" in English translations?

Until the mid 20th c. in most of philosophy related publications it was agreed that Plato and subsequent reasearch dealt with "Ideas" - a word adapted from his original Greek. Some 50 years ...
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55 views

The philosophy of friendship

I am new to philosophy. Are there any good writings on what friendship means? I came across something on https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/friendship/. How good is this website? Is it good for ...
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Where did Aristotle say that the more self-evident something is, the more difficult it is to see?

18:45 of this claims that Aristotle said that the more self-evident something is, the more difficult it is to see (reminiscent of: "hidden in plain sight"). Where did Aristotle say this?
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29 views

Looking for an essay on what it means for a philosopher to repudiate their earlier work

I read an essay some time ago about what it means for an author to declare that their prior work seems 'false' or 'misleading.' The essayist wanted to make some point, IIRC, about how it is not the ...
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1answer
99 views

Is there a name for this philosophy?

In my life, I follow the philosophy that if you do not own something expensive or have someone important in your life (like a romantic partner), it is impossible to lose it or them. Because losing ...
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1answer
64 views

Good (intro) textbook for deontic logic

I've read 90% of Sider's Logic for Philosophy and thought it was great - very lucid. Assuming I am more or less familiar with what's introduced there, are there any great resources out there for ...
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152 views

Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists?

Monism is the belief that only one thing exists. Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists, and have any serious philosophers given any arguments for that belief?
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Review of Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Content

Although it calls itself an encyclopedia, the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is a collection of articles in varying formats (expository, historical, literature reviews, lecture-style). I am ...
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1answer
76 views

Where does Schelling discuss the "bad" or spurious infinity?

I read in my Hegel Dictionary that Schelling also discusses a version of the "bad infinity" and gives as an example the repayment of debt by issuing more debt at the Bank of England. I just ...
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39 views

To what extent is the notion of "common" of philosophical interest?

The 2021 theme for a french competitive philosophical exam is: "the common". I'm not sure the expression really makes sense in English. In French, it is the adjective "commun" ( ...
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1answer
312 views

In how many and which ways can a logic be non-classical? Are there systems for organizing them?

I asked on MathSE What are the various respects under which a logic can deviate from classical logic, thus being “ non-classical”? and received one short answer. So, I'm interested in responses from ...
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3answers
238 views

Are There Other "Cave Allegories" in Ancient Greek Philosophy or Drama?

We are all familiar with the famous, incomparably suggestive cave allegory in Plato's Republic. From the cave paintings at Lascaux to modern movies, TV, and social media, this allegory seems to retain ...
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5answers
551 views

Do philosophers have some arguments regarding possible explanations for origin of free will?

Assuming that some free will exists or is real, what major philosophical arguments have been offered regarding the origin of free will? The Philosophy StackExchange post Is the theory of evolution a ...
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Why is it wrong to answer a question with a tautology? Isn't "2+2" correct when answering 'What is "2+2"'?

Many times in class, we are asked to answer, "What is 2+2?" or "What is the derivative of the function x?". It would not be the intended answer to write "2+2" or "...
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49 views

Reference request regarding 'a priori knowledge' and conscious development

One possible key element about a priori knowledge that would allow a precise understanding of it would raise from the question: is (Kantian) a priori knowledge produced consciously or subconsciously? ...
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1answer
60 views

Do any mainstream philosophers talk about a duty to being to true to yourself?

I'm just wondering who has taken Kant's ideas and still explicates on duties to oneself including the duty of being true to who you are, to be authentic. I know existentialism also considers the ...
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1answer
21 views

References on philosophical aspects of experimental design

I am an engineer working in molecular neuroscience field, hence getting exposure in both solving practical problems (how to image fish brain) and molecular bio questions (do neurons X connect to ...
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24 views

Internet Fora and Metaphilosophy

Prologue Given a look at the history of philosophy, one can argue that philosophical methods have evolved from those of the Pre-Socratics to contemporary methods which rely heavily on citations and ...
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1answer
145 views

Are there any philosophers who are experts on conceivability and have written texts about it?

I recently asked about a definition of conceivable. Now I am asking a slightly different question. I want to know if there are philosophers who have written texts clarifying (and perhaps even defining)...
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57 views

How do dialetheists determine which contradiction is true?

I have been reading a lot about dialetheism lately. I know for a fact that dialetheists do not believe that every contradiction is true. (Surely there is a difference between asserting that Liar is ...
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1answer
96 views

Did the later Kuhn write that when he said "theory" he meant "disciplinary matrix"/"paradigm"?

In his later writings (from 1969 on), Thomas Kuhn stopped talking about "paradigms" or "disciplinary matrixes" and started talking about "theories" instead. Some Kuhnians ...
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52 views

Quine said that even logic could be revised on empirical grounds. Did he later reverse that position? Where?

Quine said that even logic could be revised on empirical grounds. Did he later reverse that position? If so, in which of his writings?
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2answers
118 views

Is there an ethical difference between taking away and withholding?

Has anyone in contemporary ethics discussed whether or not there is a difference between (1) taking something away (e.g., stealing $100) or withholding something (e.g., refusing to pay $100 of taxes)?
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1answer
130 views

Books/Author suggestions?

I highly enjoyed Aldous Huxley's and Alan Watts' books on Philosophy : for example, Huxley's The Divine Within and The Perennial Philosophy and Watts's Become What You Are, This Is It, The Book, and ...
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159 views

Towards a formal definition of conceivable

I asked a similar question a few years ago, but I have never found an answer. In philosophy, people often debate about whether an entity or state of affairs is conceivable. One example is ...
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3answers
120 views

What philosophical approaches towards social philosophy and social relations do we know?

Personally I can name two scientifically oriented examples: In critical realism (M. Archer, T. Lawson, D. Elder-Vass, etc.) social relations are being studied on an intersubjective level as "an ...

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