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3 votes
2 answers
157 views

On Relations Versus Relational Properties

According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the following holds: Relations and relational properties can be distinguished. A relation is borne from one thing to another thing. A relational ...
10 votes
11 answers
4k views

Is it defensible to claim that religion is a personal relationship with God and therefore contains no claims?

It is a common line of argumentation against religion that it includes dogmatic claims without evidence and that the resistance to change that is peculiar to religion and stems from its dogmatism ...
3 votes
3 answers
157 views

What are some philosophical discussions on the nature of relationships?

We are social animals, and while living in a society, we make relationships with other humans. Relationships like mother, father, son, aunt, etc., are determined by default, i.e., we don't have a ...
2 votes
0 answers
29 views

Do relational metaphysics and analytic philosophy conflict via relational vs external properties?

You might first think, relations do indeed involve external properties of the relata. But I want to be careful. Are relational properties, a la relational quantum mechanics say, and external ...
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

How to grasp in romantic relationship the difference of "to be identified with" and "do the identifying"?

I've been doing close reading for my bachelor thesis and I struggle with concept regarding love as union. To set a little bit of context: I concentrate specifically on creation and the problematic ...
2 votes
1 answer
139 views

Are there any pairs of things that are fully irrelevant to each other?

Alternatively, does relevance come in degrees or amounts, and if so, can that measure ever be reduced to zero between two topics? I had hoped to explain this question in terms of relevance logic, but ...
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

States-of-affairs as zero-place analogues of properties and relations?

I've been going slow through the SEP article on intrinsic properties, and came across this intriguing gem: (The locution ‘state of affairs’ is used differently by different philosophers. Here it is ...
0 votes
0 answers
47 views

In the liar/similar sentences, are the characteristic predicates being used more generally or more particularly, or neither?

Between (1) and (2), it seems like "is true" is more particular in the latter than the former: The truth predicate ("is true") is a predicate attaching to (interpreted) sentences ...
2 votes
2 answers
231 views

Confucianism and other cultures/peoples

Are there considerations and reflections about other cultures and peoples (than Confucianism and confucianist societies) in Confucianism? For instance concerning the kind of relationship a ...
1 vote
1 answer
185 views

The aggregate effects of human-human interaction

It can be seen that individual human-human interactions vary widely, from positive to neutral to negative. However, I have no empirical evidence on the effects of human-human interactions as an ...
1 vote
2 answers
64 views

Does a formula denote it's truth value once the variable is assigned?

In a lot of systems like boolean algebra '=' is treated as a function that takes two inputs and yields a truth value. In first-order logic we often use an expression like 1. p(x)=(x+1=2) and to treat '...
0 votes
0 answers
34 views

Is there any aggregation contains all the relationships between things?

We know there have many relationships between things, such as causal relationship, parallel relationship and so on. But is there any books or post which describe all the relationship between things?
6 votes
7 answers
860 views

What is an ordered pair of identical objects?

Background I am reading this book. In the chapter "The Ontology of Metaphysical Realism" the author says: Many relations are such that pairs of objects enter into them only when taken in a ...
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

If there are abstract cases of space and time, then why wouldn't all the other abstract objects be located inside of them?

As per the SEP article on abstract objects: Some of the archetypes of abstractness are non-spatiotemporal in a straightforward sense. It makes no sense to ask where the cosine function was last ...
1 vote
3 answers
316 views

What is the relation between narratives and knowledge?

It feels like narratives and knowledge are two related concepts that would appear in some sort of diagram, but I have never seen such a diagram and I'm not sure exactly what the connection between the ...
1 vote
2 answers
64 views

Correct wording for analysis? What is the nature of this relation?

I'm trying to analyse the statement "The computer has the capacity to perform long division", but I can't decide whether to use the connector because or therefore. Which one is more fitting ...
3 votes
1 answer
226 views

What philosopher regarded the end and purpose of human life to be in relationships with other individuals?

I remember in my undergrad being taught about some philosopher who regarded the whole end and purpose of human existence to be primarily that of relationship with other people. I dont remember if he ...
-1 votes
2 answers
244 views

What is love actually? [closed]

Okayyy.. this can be a bit long but if you can give satisfactory ANSWER to it... it might be very helpful to me... so the situation about me is.... How do you come to know if you are in love? You ...
0 votes
0 answers
78 views

The philosophy of friendship

I am new to philosophy. Are there any good writings on what friendship means? I came across something on https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/friendship/. How good is this website? Is it good for ...
1 vote
0 answers
248 views

Does This Answer The Two Hard Problems – Why Is There Anything? and How Do We Know It?

Question I imagine that most philosophers, professional or amateur, must have some kind of personal philosophical view of their preferred ontology/metaphysic, even if it is incomplete. This is mine as ...
0 votes
0 answers
88 views

Beginning of time problems?

Dear philosophy stackexchange, I'm curious as to whether there have been arguments by philosophers for there being a finite past/future or whether it has always been past/future temporally infinite? ...
1 vote
2 answers
170 views

Should we forgive?

Religion and to some degree philosophy, may promote forgiveness. But how do you deal with: when people see that you forgive, that may give them a lesson that it is "ok" to do that to you. Another ...
0 votes
0 answers
63 views

Relational spacetime and simultaneity?

I once asked a similar question but didn't really get the answer or discussion that I was looking for and decided to start clean. Recall that in Galilean (classical) spacetimes its assumed that space-...
-4 votes
1 answer
195 views

How is it possible that so many people get together, get married, have kids and *then* divorce and break up? [closed]

I have always been fundamentally baffled about this fact, as a male currently in his mid-30s who never managed to attract any female. If this had happened, and we had got so far as to get married, ...
1 vote
1 answer
314 views

What resolves Zeno's argument for the non-existence of place?

Aristotle discusses six dialectical arguments for the non-existence of place in Physics bk. Δ On Place, ch. 1 (209a); Zeno's argument is #5: if everything that exists has a place, place too will ...
0 votes
2 answers
128 views

Use-mention distinction

Is it 1+1 or “1+1” that is a formula of addition? To my intuition, it is the former, and the latter seems to be a name of the formula. The reason why I ask this question is that provided my intuition ...
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

Human relations for the future

If the future had lesser jobs for humans at all would (seems to head that way now like AI,partial self reliance vacuum cleaner, smart car) the world be undoing what it just done?What do I mean?For a ...
1 vote
3 answers
156 views

Are there natural language examples of n-ary relations greater than 3?

Binary relations are obvious, and I see the need to have 3-ary relations such as "being in between things". Are there natural language examples of relations greater 3? Edit: without combining binary ...
0 votes
2 answers
237 views

Who first studied asymmetric relations qua relation?

Who first asymmetric relations qua relation, viz., the fact that A relates to B by some relation does not always/necessarily imply that B relates to A by the same relation. ?
2 votes
2 answers
118 views

Social Response to Legal/Moral Duty Violation

When a person, especially a public figure, has committed a serious legal or moral violation, there is a tendency for friends/clients/companies/etc. to dissociate from that individual, even if the ...
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Compositional relations vs definitional relations, always distinct kinds of relations?

Are compositional (mereological) relations always distinct from definitional relations, or can compositional relations be considered definitional relation in some cases? Does this depend on whether we ...
2 votes
0 answers
67 views

Grounding without fundamental relations

Philosophers from Leibniz to John Heil have proposed the reduction/elimination of relations to non-relational features of their relata; essentially, they seek to formulate an ontology which does not ...
3 votes
2 answers
358 views

Are virtues non-relational?

I was reading this, by Shirong Luo, on the ethics of care care is notoriously difficult to define. As Ruddick points out, at least three distinct but overlapping meanings of care have emerged in ...
-1 votes
1 answer
40 views

What if the words ‘son’ and ‘daughter’ in Germannic languages are cognates of (and Maybe originate from) forms for sun and morning? [closed]

To name the gender of your offspring, why relate to sky terminology? Son/Zoon/Sohn vs Sun/Zon/Sonne Dochter/Tochter/Daughter vs Ochtend and Dageraad/Tag/Day Compare this with: Mother earth: matter ...
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is "ownership"?

So I was partaking in a course about Indigenous Peoples of America (and Canada, in particular). One of the questions that arose was "What is ownership?". (It was actually part of an assignment, but it ...
2 votes
0 answers
150 views

Relations between "natural" and "artificial"

When we say "aritificial", we typically mean "created by intelligent being". When we say "natural", we typically mean "created by nature, not by intelligent being". But then is the human created ...
1 vote
2 answers
101 views

Is epistemological potential relational?

There was a thought experiment that came to me. Suppose there would only be a cube, and you as an observer. These are the restrictions. You do not have any knowledge of yourself. i.e. questions ...
1 vote
5 answers
312 views

Can one person value two other persons equally?

If one thinks deeply enough about the subjective value they place on their connection to other individuals, would they discover clearly distinct rankings of value?
3 votes
5 answers
3k views

Are all sufficient conditions necessary?

If X is the necessary condition of A, then it doesn't follow that X is sufficient. However, if X were a sufficient condition, would it also follow that X is a necessary condition? Put otherwise, is a ...
3 votes
2 answers
318 views

Is discrimination in society bi-directional?

Today I had a discussion with someone about the what is discrimination in society. The person I was talking with thought that discrimination is only one-way, what he meant is that a party puts down ...
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

What if we could only "surmount" propositions with lower order properties as their object

This link nicely explains the difference between lower order and higher order properties First-order properties and relations are those that can only be instantiated by individuals. For example, ...