Questions tagged [rights]

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1answer
34 views

Is this a logical fallacy or simply a bad argument?

In my English class today, we were talking about thesis statements. One of the students said that one of the thesis statements didn't sound right; its syntax sounded odd. However, my teacher said that ...
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2answers
85 views

Who was the first philosopher of property?

I assume that the idea of property already existed in ancient Greece, else there would be no slaves -- at least no privately owned slaves. Yes, I know that litte about the Greeks. Who was the first ...
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1answer
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Hobbes: Theory of value vs Theory of right action

What does it mean when someone says Hobbes has a “subjective” theory of value and an “objective” theory of right action? Does "objective" in this sense still mean fact-based? And if so, how are the ...
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1answer
50 views

Is freedom from discrimination a positive or a negative right?

Because of the recent controversy regarding pronouns on Meta, I started thinking about this question. In general, is freedom from discrimination as protected in most modern liberal states a positive ...
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1answer
125 views

Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

Is unplugging a robot from power the same as killing a person? As the commenters said this does not quite work because robots can be plugged back in. So let's replace robots with philosophical zombies,...
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1answer
58 views

Ethics of saying “this cause is a just cause, but now is not the time to fight for it”?

This question stems from a discussion I heard with regards to LGBTQ rights in Arab and Muslim communities: Arab progressive: LGBTQ rights are very important, and I respect LGBTQ people and think ...
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2answers
522 views

How to disprove “I'm entitled to my opinion”

Background There is an article in The Conversation that attempts to disprove the notion that people are "entitled to their opinions." That is, people have a right to believe whatever they wish. I ...
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4answers
2k views

When does something immoral become morally justifiable?

There are actions in human societies which are considered immoral/unethical. Most of them have to do with causing harm to other members of the community and violating their rights as they are defined ...
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5answers
212 views

Do future selves have duties to the current self?

I think there are clear cases in which my future selves have rights against me (or I have duties to my future selves). For example, my future selves have the right to enjoy a healthy life and thus I ...
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1answer
86 views

What's power that one doesn't want to recognize as power?

What's power that one doesn't want to recognize as power? It's a dichotomy. On the other hand someone or some group claims power, but if one refuses it, then does it exist or not? If it exists, ...
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1answer
26 views

Why aren't always defeated rights, legal rights?

Source: Benatar, David. Better Never to Have Been (2008 1 edn). pp. 104-105.   It is widely thought that these considerations are sufficient to justify a legal right to have children. However, ...
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2answers
168 views

Is Google Duplex unethical if it doesn’t specifically identify itself as a non-human?

The recent Google Duplex demo caused a firestorm of criticism online. One of the things that I kept hearing was that it was an unethical deception for an AI system to present itself as a human caller....
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2answers
175 views

Is it my right to choose to violate the law?

Is it my right to choose not to follow the law, provided I accept to bear the consequences? Or should I be forced to follow it at all times? The point is not whether it's right to violate the law ...
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8answers
698 views

Can one be pragmatic when dealing with ethnic groups without being racist?

Situation A: A terrorist attack has just occurred and out of the several possible suspects, one of them belongs to an ethnicity notorious for violent behavior and extremist beliefs. The authorities ...
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3answers
488 views

Why are abortions considered a “right”, rather than a privilege?

By rights, one means an entitlement a person has to do something. Abortion, on the other hand, does not concern the pregnant woman doing something. People don't do abortions on themselves. Rather, ...
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2answers
366 views

How is it that humans can contemplate individual liberty for some while at the same time accept the idea of owning and selling fellow humans?

The Enlightenment was a period in which concepts such as individual rights, individual liberty, and equality began to gain popularity. Yet it is precisely in this same period that the slaves trade is ...
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3answers
220 views

Ownership of the commons

A recent article from The Guardian explores the ambitions of the Luxembourg government in developing commercial space activity in the country. This move was partly enfranchised in the law. As the ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is invasion of privacy necessarily a bad thing? [closed]

In discussions of all kinds of topics, the notion of invasion of privacy can often come up, and it is usually invoked as something which is matter-of-factly wrong, with no further arguments presented ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it ever acceptable to go by the principle of “guilty until proven innocent”?

I have been following the news about the current US administration reversing the Obama administration's policies on campus sexual assault. The two opposing positions can be summed as following: (A)...
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1answer
178 views

What is the relation of natural rights to human rights ? [closed]

Assuming that there are natural rights and human rights, are they co-extensive - so that to have (all) natural rights is to have (all) human rights and vice versa? Is there any difference in their ...
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5answers
633 views

How do feminist thinkers justify choice feminism?

Choice feminism (see here, here, and here) includes the idea that women can occupy traditional roles (housewife, stay at home mom, etc...) and still be regarded as feminists, as long as it's their own ...
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3answers
799 views

Practical differences between a 'duty' and a 'rights' based ethical framework

In this SEP entry, the author states that African Ethics are ethics ... ... of Duty, Not of Rights [...] A morality of duty is one that requires each individual to demonstrate concern for the ...
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1answer
128 views

Can one find in the writings of Ayn Rand a definitive list of rights?

Is there to be found anywhere in the writings, lectures or interviews of Ayn Rand a precisely-formulated list of rights, with or without justifications or explanations? In other words, did she ever ...
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6answers
204 views

Should the debate about the ethics of meat consumption focus around sentience and the ability to suffer?

I have been reading a little bit about the problem of consuming meat ethically. As much as I find the ethical argument compelling I have some reservations regarding the inconsistency with which it ...
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5answers
877 views

Is deriving natural rights from nature a logical fallacy?

According to the view of natural rights, rights are derived from nature (a la John Locke), and these rights are possessed by all humans by virtue of being human. To provide an example based on my ...
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1answer
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Can conception of rights of citizens be sustained in a society characterized by racial discrimination?

Can a society which needs affirmative action to correct historical injustice still be able to uphold rights of its citizens?
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3answers
251 views

Is an AI the kind of entity that would qualify for basic human rights? [closed]

If hypothetically someone were to create an artificial intelligence possessing systemic consciousness nearby that of humans, then would that separate entity be entitled to basic rights such as those ...
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3answers
232 views

Who (else) dislikes rights?

I continually run across arguments where people fail to understand that morality is not always and automatically about rights per se, and particularly not necessarily about the intellectual equivalent ...
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1answer
408 views

Can I steal my organs back? [closed]

What ethical standards or well-known arguments address the conflict between reclaiming property taken from me against my will (in a word, "stolen"), and honoring the right to life of the person ...
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8answers
1k views

Does a person have the freedom or the right to not work?

Ethically and morally, does a person have the freedom or the right to not work? If it is so, is it conditional or not and how? My first idea is that if everyone in the world does not work, then the ...
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1answer
139 views

What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Some say that human beings are granted rights, and this becomes the basis for a claims in parts of the Western legal system. Other parts of the Western legal system consider these privileges that are ...
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1answer
569 views

Is it better thing to kill animal not human. Whats the difference?

One human is condemned if he kills another human, but if the same human killed an animal it is not a big deal and you won't even receive jail time (atleast in my country). How did we decided that ...
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1answer
259 views

German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...
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1answer
81 views

Kant and punishment/ rights arbitrations

Does Kant every justify punishment of criminals? For example, is it obligatory for governments to restrict the action of a murderer after they have murdered? Furthermore how can Kant's "principle of ...
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6answers
2k views

If a lawyer that is representing a defendant finds that his client is guilty, how is he supposed to act?

If a lawyer that is representing a defendant finds that his client is guilty, how is he supposed to act? Can a lawyer lie or pretend he doesn't know something? Should or could he, morally, try to win ...
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3answers
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Should governments have the power to limit the citizen's rights during wartime?

Should the government be allowed to limit their citizens rights during wartime or other hard times that the country is going through? What if it was an apocalyptic event that everyone knew they would ...
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5answers
368 views

How do you tell what are human rights?

Recently on Google's homepage there is a quote attributed to the Olympic Charter: The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practicing sport, without ...
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1answer
535 views

Hegel and private property

Did Hegel concern private property as a natural right as liberals did? I know that Hegel talked about private property in Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences describing it as an abstract ...
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2answers
116 views

Must a self-legislating citizenry guarantee itself freedom of speech?

Specifically I want to know whether a constitution that is authored by its own citizens must contain a guarantee of free expression. And why? The intent is to retain the capacity of self-legislation ...
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1answer
92 views

How do philosophers distinguish between rights that beg legislation vs. those that not?

I have over the years seen podcasts or iTunes lectures from Michael Sandel's justice lectures at Harvard. He asks many profound questions. The problem I have is that most of them seem to be based ...
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1answer
178 views

Are there two fundamental views of rights?

I once saw a cartoon / infographic that attempted to explain the differences between liberals and conservatives. It had plenty of details that were subjective questions or might be said to be due to ...
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4answers
314 views

Can one ask for more than they deserve?

I would appreciate if answers can cite the individuals or religious-paradigm that derive the answer. The concept of being 'deserving' suggested an availability, if not a right, to something. '...
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2answers
133 views

Violation of everyday rights or “whose right to what did I violate today?”

The idea of rights seems to be strongly, if not inextricably, connected to the idea of duties. As far as I remember in philosophy of law this is referred to as "reciprocity". If I must do something, ...
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2answers
456 views

Should uncontacted peoples have a right to privacy?

I've been reading some of the wikis about the uncontacted peoples of the world and the often repeated attempts to establish contact with a a number of them even after being rebuffed (sometimes ...
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5answers
2k views

Why should almost extinct animals be protected from going extinct?

The feeling that it's "sad" if a species dies out seems to be coming from an aesthetic point of view how the world should be. But is there a rationality behind it? The only rational reason I was ...
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2answers
661 views

Do animals deserve rights? [closed]

I've been thinking about this lately and I cannot come to a consistent conclusion. Do animals deserve any rights? If so which rights and to which animals? For example: testing medicine on chimps ...
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Is it immoral to download music illegally?

I should first point out that the title is more to capture a common occurrence of the broader idea I want to address in this question. It is also somewhat incorrect in that—at least in the US—I'm not ...