Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [scientific-realism]

The tag has no usage guidance.

2
votes
2answers
100 views

What is the principle of underdetermination?

While studying I read about the principle of underdetermination of scientific theories. I made some researches online but I am more confused than before. I read about the Quine-Duhem holistic thesis, ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Philosophy of Science and the nature of observation: what counts as 'observable'?

In the realist-antirealist debate within philosophy of science, the distinction between the 'observable' and 'unobservable' is made very often though I have seen that this distinction is also ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

What is the 'idea' behind structural realism?

I have read a little bit about the structural realist's position. It is characterised by the belief that there are key ideas that must be retained in scientific theories, namely those mathematical/...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Responses to the problem of Underdetermination

Underdetermination and the arationality in the process of theory choice is often brought up by anti-realists on science as a proof of the problems with the scientific process in tracking truth. What ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Advancements in scientific mind and its side effects on society

A scientific mind is one that can make the most of observation. It has highly-refined imagination and curiosity that makes it possible to carry forward advanced research work. And also it's a bit ...
5
votes
2answers
175 views

How does constructive empiricism differ from instrumentalism?

Constructive empiricism is the belief that science aims to give theories which are empirically adequate (i.e. agree with observables), and accepting a theory means believing that it is empirically ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Is instrumentalism popular in contemporary philosophy of science?

I've just read about the distinction between instrumentalism and realism in philosophy of science, and would like to know, did instrumentalism gain popularity nowadays?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What sort of knowledge has been retained through theory change?

The wikipedia article on the PMI says When we develop a new theory, the central ideas of the old one usually become refuted. Parts of the old theory, however, we carry over to the new one This ...
5
votes
2answers
247 views

Is the no miracles argument for scientific realism viciously circular?

Does the no miracles argument for scientific realism commit a fallacy? I've read the claim that because science is abductive, and the no miracles argument proceeds via abduction, it is circular. Is ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Prominence of Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism

Just what is the current dominant view on the realism/anti-realism debate on the matter of science? I have read from multiple sources that there is a consistent back-and-forth, but does academic ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

What is the relationship between Kripke's rigid designators and scientific realism?

In a lecture on philosophy of science, the lecturer said something to the effect that the necessity of identity and Kripke's theory of rigid designators "provides a path back to scientific realism" in ...
4
votes
3answers
251 views

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Realism is the theory that there is a mind-independent reality which we can know and interact with. Anti-realism holds, in general, either that there is no such mind-independent reality or that if ...
10
votes
1answer
364 views

What is the Anti-Realist and Constructionist interpretation of empirical dating methods and existence of the past?

I'm fairly interested in the realism, anti-realism debate and would like to hear, if possible by an anti-realist or constructivist, how dating methods fit into their world view. As a realist, dating ...
1
vote
5answers
248 views

Literature on Mathematical Universe Hypothesis beyond Tegmark?

I'm looking for further reading about the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis. I'm intrigued and would like to know to which degree this has been discussed. I'm aware and have been looking at Tegmark's ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the underdetermination of theories by evidence, and how does it square with scientific realism?

What is the underdetermination of theories in philosophy of science? Is it the lack of ability to choose between alternative scientific theories? If so, how can it be that more than one theory ...
3
votes
2answers
192 views

Do philosophical theories stay independent of scientific discoveries?

I asked a question earlier about how the Genealogy of Morals by Nietzsche had held out in terms how accurate his philosophy was, now that we know more about the emergence of the human animal. The ...
2
votes
3answers
202 views

A final end to the depth we can investigate reality?

The higher energies we use the deeper we look into the mysteries of the universe. We started to find molecules, atoms, protons, quarks, ... All at different energy scales. Each new stage forced and ...
2
votes
1answer
466 views

Do postmodernists believe in such a thing as fundamental truth?

It's my understanding that postmodern philosophy examines the way in which power and language are used to create discourses around the "truth". What's less clear to me is whether postmodernists ...
-3
votes
1answer
76 views

will human do whatever they like if money is not human's objective? [closed]

suppose we are living in 3000AD where money is not human's objective. Then the question is: will human do whatever they like if money is not human's objective?
2
votes
3answers
198 views

Speculative realism: Does changing law of nature collapse the ancestral argument? [closed]

Lets say, I am an astronomer, Bob Down jr. When I was twelve years old I was a perfect naive realist. I did know nature as something bigger and more powerful than me. Not that I had no power. No doubt,...
4
votes
5answers
838 views

Should scientific realists reject knowledge obtained by psychology?

Psychology wields a fair amount of power in our society - criminals are sentenced or released based on the evidence of psychologists. Employers often rely on psychological tests to determine whether ...