Questions tagged [self]

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14
votes
9answers
954 views

Why am I this particular human being?

Some philosophers dismiss this as a question about a tautology: when Alice asks "Why am I Alice?", this is equivalent to her asking "Why is Alice Alice?", which is not an interesting question. But ...
10
votes
15answers
3k views

If I upload my brain into a computer is it still me?

I think the answer is yes but I know a lot of people disagree. So, I would like to ask these people when exactly does it stop being me. Let's say I want to upload my brain into a computer using the ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Are there any Western philosophies that present views similar to the No-self view of Buddhism?

Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the ...
6
votes
2answers
245 views

Psychoanalysis and the ontologization of the self

I'm very interested in psychoanalysis ontologization of the "self"-concept meaning: The idea that there is a self - a continuous entity with some inner dynamic, that we must fight (defense mechanism) ...
6
votes
3answers
299 views

What is the best philosophical expression for the “mutual containment” of mind and body?

The old "ouroboros" of mind and body reappears in various forms. Basically, the world is formed within consciousness; consciousness is formed within the brain; the brain is formed within the world. ...
6
votes
6answers
414 views

Why does the eastern teaching of no-self be so difficult to accept, as an actuality and not as a weird claim, by western thought?

In West, self is seen as a precious concept, central to everyday life decisions. On the opposite, Western stretches the illusory nature of a permanent entity. It seems to be there such an huge ...
6
votes
2answers
217 views

Does self-awareness have a time span?

I recall as a young child that I didn't quite recognize that the "me" of tomorrow and the "me" of yesterday was quite the same as myself today. Once a punishment for a misdeed got delayed until ...
6
votes
3answers
624 views

Gender roles - do they matter?

This may well be too broad (spreading over into psychology too), I'll try to narrow it down as I outline my thinking but any advice is welcome. I began by thinking about how its unfair if you ...
5
votes
3answers
808 views

What are some good books about existential philosophy?

I recently have gained a lot of interest in philosophy and have especially taken to Nietzsche's work and ideas. I am reading philosophy to understand on a more personal level to lead a more fulfilled ...
5
votes
2answers
305 views

How does Kant rule out permanent soul in his argument for the existence of external world?

I have been studying Stephan Körner's intro to Kant's philosophy. I'm not sure if in the following excerpt I make sense of the reasoning quoted from Kant. In fact, I wonder how the permanence must be ...
5
votes
3answers
356 views

Does the existence of colors give evidence against materialism?

It seems to me the only thing about colors that can be understood rationally is that they are distinct. We interact with other people who for the most part label my red as their red, my green as their ...
5
votes
2answers
234 views

Self identity in present day society

When we left back frames of reference like being an aristocrat, or religion and nation, or what kind of consumer and of what brands we are, what is left? How do we self-identify in the XXI century? ...
4
votes
1answer
471 views

Does materialism presuppose that a self is a bundle of mental states and perceptions?

The physicalist/materialist (going forward I'll use the two interchangeably) position on the mind body problem is the following: Nothing exits besides the physical and therefore the mind is just a ...
4
votes
4answers
139 views

Is the word “I” a dangling linguistic pointer with no actual referent?

Is the word "I" a dangling linguistic pointer with no actual referent? Otherwise, what exactly is this slippery referent? Could it be possible the phrase "I am" is meaningless due to a lack of an ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Why do I doubt my logical reasoning?

I have been wondering for several years why I just can't trust my own proofs in math or when giving some logical arguments. I keep thinking I might be making a mistake at some step of the proof and ...
4
votes
5answers
571 views

Buddhism self, no-self and the middle path. [closed]

I have come across several articles attempting to define the concept of no-self, not-self and self. These articles include http://www.wildmind.org/blogs/on-practice/if-there-is-no-self http://www....
4
votes
1answer
188 views

What does Ortega y Gasset mean by “art is dehumanizing”?

In "Man and People", Ortega discusses the dehumanization of art, which is made confusing from his repeated switching between speaking literally and speaking philosophically, and by virtue of his work ...
4
votes
1answer
604 views

The reality of self [closed]

A person is perceived and judged by their actions. Frequently the intention or motive of a person's actions can be misunderstood or misinterpreted for a variety of factors. A few possible factors ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

What is the term for the belief that everyone acts entirely selfishly

There is a term I heard someone use to describe the idea that no none acts selflessly. So under this belief, a mother giving some food to her child, and going hungry herself, only does so because the ...
3
votes
6answers
307 views

How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that in western culture, it is quite common to conceive the Self as an illusion — probably as an import from eastern religions, and in particular from Buddhism, and in ...
3
votes
6answers
1k views

Can you exist in two places at once?

One idea in H+ is that a person's consciousness can be digitized to outlive its human body. I think the assumption is that everything that you consciously are is just the emergent configuration of ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties?

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties? In particular, an analysis which eschews 'democracy', or separates out democracy from 'civil ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

Philosophy describing a deeper reasoning for how to act toward others than feelings or personal gain?

Utilitarianism seems to be based on personal gain or positive / negative emotion. Why help others? It makes you feel good, or it makes the world a better place which may benefit you with good ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

How do I find a philosophy to define my current beliefs?

I recently went from Christianity to Agnosticism. I already know what I do and don't believe: I don't believe in fate. I believe that people should respect each other because life is short. I don't ...
2
votes
4answers
138 views

Can you argue that you are not selfish?

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

What are some good English translations of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

I have acquired a desire to read Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, but I do not read Sanskrit and I do not know which translations should be trusted. What are high quality translations of the Brihadaranyaka ...
2
votes
4answers
283 views

Why does Descartes think that we know our mind better than we know our body?

According to Descartes we know our own mind better than we know bodies. Why does he think so? How can this view be criticized?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Aristotle and Charles Taylor's view of the self

I watched the movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind with Jim Carrey, and was asked: Do you think think erasing another from one's memory, as in the film, is a form of erasing oneself? Answer ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative?

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative? My narrative is a mess, so I'd like to get to grips with the question, ideally as it links to literature. Who in ...
2
votes
0answers
447 views

What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
2
votes
1answer
755 views

What is the philosophical definition of a person? [closed]

What defines us as people? as individuals? Names? I don't really think so, I mean even if I change my name, I'm still the same person. Memories? so if I lose my memory, then I'll become another ...
2
votes
3answers
85 views

Does all information about you belong to you? [on hold]

This is a multi-faceted topic, one that sprawls many fields, from computer science to law, but I will attempt to be brief. Does information about you belong to you? In today's society, the topics of ...
1
vote
4answers
196 views

If the atoms of a person's body change every x number of years, should the person be prosecuted today for a crime that he/she committed x years ago?

I saw this question somewhere in the Internet(I forgot the source) and I think this forum is a good place to ask it. According to what I know, the atoms in a persons body are replaced every certain ...
1
vote
2answers
395 views

How can you imagine yourself in another state, without mentally transporting yourself to that imagined state?

Preface: I capitalised all italics; the book only italicised. Source: pp 141-142 , Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   But suppose instead I am not ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

How to find a purpose at life [closed]

Just watched the How to Know Your Life Purpose in 5 Minutes: Adam Leipzig at TEDxMalibu He talks about 3 questions. Who you are ?(%90) What do you love to do "X" ? (%80) Who do you do "X" for ? ( ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

What areas within philosophy look at continuity of personality and self-hood?

I'm sure these kinds of questions fall within some fairly central fields of philosophy: what makes "me now" and "me 10 seconds, months, or decades ago", the same person? In what sense are these "the ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Conundrum of the self?

I've been thinking about this topic in relation to artificial consciousness. Specifically self-awareness. (I can define terms precisely if requested, but usually prefer to be as general as possible:)...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

Why does Nagasena reject Attributes + Dependence on Constituents Parts, as a Substance?

Source: p 362 Top. Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Nagasena's point? As it is with 'chariot', so it is with 'person'. Like 'chariot', 'person' ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

According to Humean analysis, if self-identity is but a stream of impressions, than what allows for imagination and associations to begin with?

Imagination is the recollection of certain impressions. But it seems necessary to believe that there is a difference between the recollection of certain impressions and the actual experience of ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How would you reconcile your ambitions if your strongest will/dreams are forged? [closed]

Most of us would think that 'intention' or 'want' is an integral part of 'self'. However, during open brain surgeries, scientists have used electric stimulation on certain parts of the patients' brain ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

What Are Some Recurring Questions/Themes That Are Explored or Argued for in Renaissance Philosophy?

I suppose this is not necessarily a question, rather I'm looking for inspiration for writing a research paper. I have been assigned with the task of: "Submit a research paper, using at least 3 ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Is there the creator overseeing us all. How does He do that? [closed]

Is there the creator overseeing us all. How does He do that? Is that possible due to His omnipresence and being independent of 3+1D (x, y, z, ct) limitations? My previous question and related to ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Where does the sense of self come from?

We human beings experience a sense of identity, an inner personality. I assume Machines and computers do not. Animals also seem to possess consciousness and some sort of sense of self. Where does ...
1
vote
1answer
378 views

What is the concept of knowing one's own abilities?

For example, I know that I am strong enough to pick up a feather, but that I am unable to lift up a car. I'm unsure if this is self-awareness, because it does not cover the conscious knowledge of ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Who are the leading thinkers, both past and present, on the subject of self-deception?

I'm interested more in the philosophical perspective, rather than the evolutionary aspect like Robert Trivers presents.
0
votes
3answers
117 views

Can we look forward to being dead? [closed]

Can we look forward to being dead, self annihilation? Seems like we should be able to, but I'm not sure that we can without confusing ourselves about selfhood. Does anyone say we can't?
0
votes
2answers
67 views

To whom are people talking when they talk to (in) themselves? [closed]

It's commonly said that one is talking to (in) his- or himself. Does that mean there are two of the person in question: the one who's talking and the one who's listening?
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Would a clone of myself be a different person than myself? [closed]

don't know if anyone will read this, but just a random thought I had: Try to imagine the following: you wake up in a hospital bed, with no recollection of how you got there. You look over at the bed ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Collective Being

If, as a Collective of embodied selves (eSelves) we voted for ideas instead of individual eSelves - the objective being to construct a Reality that resonates with Existence itself - what would that ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Is it a good idea to write a Philosophical essay when you know the conclusion will not be satisfying? [closed]

Is it a good idea to write a philosophical essay when you know the conclusion will not be satisfying? I have a dilemma (pun intended). I am asked to write an essay of just 1 page. Well, easy peasy ...