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Does Thomas Hobbes assert that political philosophy or civic philosophy as it was known then, began with him?

I found this claim that Hobbes believed he founded political philosophy in multiple reputed places. In this lecture from Yale: 12. The Sovereign State: Hobbes' Leviathan In Leo Strauss and Joseph ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
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1 answer
68 views

When does permission equal moral permissibility?

When does permission equal moral permissibility? I definitely feel there is a difference, but am struggling to verbalize it. In Nazi Germany, I may be legally permitted to execute Jewish people, but ...
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12 answers
5k views

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Suppose there are some criminals who have no respect for ethics and will lie/cheat/steal/kill whenever they perceive it could gain them some advantage. Suppose that to treat these people with fairness ...
causative's user avatar
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What is the Common Good According to Hobbes?

Two key arguments of Hobbes' in his Leviathan seem to be the ideas of "state of nature" and "social contract." If I am correct in my interpretation, it seems that once a ...
DDS's user avatar
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Did Hobbes start social contract theory?

There seems to be an implicit assumption in Western philosophy that social contract theorizing begun -- or only begun in earnest -- with Hobbes. As an example, this Stanford Encyclopedia entry assumes ...
flen's user avatar
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Looking for theories/references about how social conventions are formed and followed

Social changes happen all the time. Sometimes changes lead to conventions. Certain ways of living, certain lifestyles, certain regulations become conventional. People follow them without questioning ...
Sasan's user avatar
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1 answer
80 views

Can I agree to what I do not allow the sovereign?

Suppose we enter a social contract to bring about some power Social contract arguments typically are that individuals have consented, either explicitly or tacitly, to surrender some of their freedoms ...
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2 answers
551 views

Is it morally wrong to deny food to the mother in this specific case?

A women has two sons, A and B. The son A has denied to keep her, take care of hers and give her food. The woman strongly loves Son A but not Son B. So, she decides to stay at Son A for most of the ...
Rony's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is Hobbes describing a 0th or 1st Law of Nature here?

In Hobbes' Leviathan, specifically section The Fundamental Law Of Nature contained in Chapter XIV, Hobbes says: "And consequently it is a precept, or generall rule of Reason, “That every man, ...
TomDot Com's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
171 views

How can one reconcile individual and social interests?

The conflict between the interests of an individual and those of a group/society plays on many levels: Economic relations It can be framed as a conflict between liberalism/individualism and socialism....
Roger V.'s user avatar
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1 answer
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Regarding Rousseau's Right to Conquest

In book I chapter 4 of Rousseau's social contract. While discussing the topic of right to conquest I didn't quite understand what Rousseau meant by saying that individuals are in constant state of war ...
B E I R U T's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
150 views

How to convince an anti-rawlsian of the pertinence of the "veil of ignorance" condition?

My question is not about the contractarian methodology adopted by Rawls, but specfically about the "veil of ignorance" condition. How to articulate precisely the moral intuition that is ...
Floridus Floridi's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is the tyrannicide perpetrated by William Tell morally legitimate?

I have recently been reading Friedrich Schiller's fantastic Drama William Tell, in which he not only relates the folkloric-mythological origin of Switzerland upon its liberation from the yoke of the ...
Dr. Mathva's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
208 views

Are there opposites to the "social contract theory" where humans are regarded as naturally social beings, and yet individualism is a human invention?

The social contract theories assume that people are "naturally individuals", and they give up some of their individuality in a "social contract". However, humans are also naturally ...
J Li's user avatar
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Is there a moral to the deontic-logic story?

In alethic modal logic, it is arguably conventional (or metaphysically thematic) to start with a possibility or a necessity operator. For example, you can start with possibility and get not-possibly (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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12 answers
7k views

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

Update: Based on some of the comments and answers, I feel like I need to clarify something. I wasn't saying that scientists and intellectuals are necessarily the ones making millions of dollars a year ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
199 views

How is it possible that so many people get together, get married, have kids and *then* divorce and break up? [closed]

I have always been fundamentally baffled about this fact, as a male currently in his mid-30s who never managed to attract any female. If this had happened, and we had got so far as to get married, ...
Stavros's user avatar
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1 answer
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What "ideology" does "social contract" belong to?

What "ideology" does "social contract" belong to? Some problems with "social contract": It should be as reasonable to say that "We have a social contract" as it would be to say that "We don't have a ...
mavavilj's user avatar
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Which English translation of "The Social Contract" is better?

I was trying to read Rousseau's The Social Contract and Discourses. On archive.org I found a copy of the Everyman's Library version translated by G.D.H. Cole (1913). However, on amazon.com, a reviewer ...
user1551's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Metaphysical substrate and the Judeo-Christian legacy

Is the idea of a metaphysical substrate, of stories, meaningful? I have been listening to some talks by Jordan Peterson, and it seems he posits this idea of a metaphysical substrate as counterpoint to ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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Burke on the social contract

What did Burke say about the social contract in Reflections on the Revolution in France or elsewhere, and how much did he develop his idea of a 'social contract for the ages'? How does this fit within ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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Is Epicureanism more like egoism or utilitarianism

Epicureans put a focus on pleasure, but it is unclear from any material I've seen whether this the goal is one's own pleasure, the pleasure of everyone equally, or some more complicated interaction. ...
rtpax's user avatar
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How does majority opinion entail individual error in Rousseau's Social Contract?

Exactly how does it follow for Rousseau that when I and the rest of the citizenry deliberate under the conditions he prescribes in the Social Contract, if I disagree with the majority , I am in error ?...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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Is there a name for the ethical and unethical response that arises from the juxtaposition of "wealth" and poverty?

I would like to get a better understanding of the juxtaposition of wealth and poverty. By wealth I mean the situation where one has resources as opposed to one that does not. Consider the following ...
1.21 gigawatts's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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What is the content of “equality”?

Much attention focuses on the inequalities within American society. As a single example, note the comparisons of income earned by people in the top one percent versus income earned by the remainder. ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
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1 vote
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Can we separate ideas (utilitarianism, social contract) from their primary associated philosophers (Mill, Rousseau)?

I've run into some difficulty discussing utilitarianism and the social contract because the typical response is something specific to Mill or Rousseau. It's not quite ad hominem argument -- they're ...
bdure's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is there injustice in division of labour?

The division of labour is a "micro-level" as well as a societal phenomenon. It means that different individuals are "coerced" into doing different parts of larger projects and that the labour is ...
mavavilj's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
173 views

What are some good books about social consensus theory?

I am interested in reading more about the social consensus theory. I looked up online, but found nothing more than the Wikipedia article. Is there a book, or any kind of reference for this topic?
M.M's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
828 views

Is justice a zero-sum game?

I'm studying Rawls and the notion of justice being a zero-sum game has been a recurring, underlying question. His theory seems to suggest that justice works in this way, however I wonder if there are ...
QuizzicalTest's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
8k views

What is the difference between Ethics and Social Contract

Ethics refers to society's idea of what is right and wrong and we do it because society says it is the right thing to do. Social contract is the idea that any given society has a set of conventions ...
Computernerd's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
136 views

What are the ethical consequences of a citizen self reporting society?

I read this article about police asking people to tweet pictures of parking violations so that they can accrue fines. Extending the abilities of the policing agents of society through tips by ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
590 views

Would it be immoral to duplicate food to resolve world hunger, if food and recipes were copyrighted?

In today's world, copyrighted digital content is considered illegal by most nation's law, and immoral by some as stealing. Digital Content is duplicated through millions of 1's and 0's. There is no ...
Carter81's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
152 views

What evidence is there that Arrows Theorem manifests itself in democracies?

Arrows impossibility theorem states: no rank-order voting system can be designed that satisfies these three "fairness" criteria: a. If every voter prefers alternative X over alternative Y, ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

What major innovations in social contract theory did Rousseau make compared to that of Plato's Crito?

In Plato's dialogue, Crito, where Socrates is urged by Crito to flee before he is executed, Socrates refuses and outlines a theory of social contact between a citizen and the city. I had understood ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
122 views

Does the history of modern Europe bear out Rousseau' assertion that the rule of the many cannot follow that of the few?

Rousseau writes, in Book 3, section 10 of the Contract (The abuse of government and its propensity to degenerate): There are two general courses by which government degenerates: i.e., when it ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
763 views

What are Kant's Permissive Laws?

My new term brings new questions, this time concerning Kant's "Perpetual Peace" (you can read most of it here). The preliminary articles can be differentiated: All of them are prohibitive rules, but ...
iphigenie's user avatar
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4 votes
7 answers
657 views

Is work neccessary to be happy?

I've been following some online discussions about the current economic situation. There are a number of solutions proposed to the economic malaise across much of the developed world, but one idea ...
Vivian River's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

How much if any suspension of civil liberties can be ethically justified during a "state of war"? [closed]

We constantly see civil liberties getting sacked because the country/state/city/town is in a state of war (let it be curfews or bugging civilian mobile phones). How much is ok? At what level is it ...
ritwik's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the fundamental philosophical questions reflected in the American legal system?

I am interested in the link between philosophy and legal systems, in particular the American legal system (and English heritage) and the underlying ideas in play. At a high-level, it seems to me ...
DuckMaestro's user avatar