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Questions tagged [social-epistemology]

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5answers
220 views

Social theory of science?

A lot of philosophers of science try to explain what science is through a normative approach. That it, they try to show what are norms and standards the satisfaction of which make a theory or practice ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Is there any study about how half-baked philosophies encourage maladaptive thoughts? [closed]

There are many schools of philosophy that advocate refuting perceived phenomena, for example: Taoism: the bad equals the good, why be afraid or avoid the bad ones? Science: before proving it ...
0
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2answers
67 views

Authors that wrote on how to look for the truth efficiently?

The human mind is perhaps not efficient when it comes to looking for the truth, specially when you are emotionally attached to an idea about any subject such us close relatives, God, your government, "...
2
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2answers
56 views

How can social philosophy deviate from mere opinions/views?

How can social philosophy deviate from mere opinions/views? Can one prove/demonstrate social philosophies somehow? What about, are social philosophies also supposed to exist as "social truths", not ...
1
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0answers
89 views

Functionalism, its key concepts and social phenomena

I have a class test and have been instructed to find the following information and I have chosen the functionalism perspective and in particular Emile Durkheim as one of its key thinkers.  State the ...
3
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3answers
669 views

Is evolutionary “morality” really the same thing as human morality?

In a different question I asked, Chris Johns' answer pinpointed exactly why all of the answers didn't satisfy me, so I'd like to ask a follow-up question which will further focus my question - would ...
3
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5answers
228 views

Evolution - how (epistemologically) an instinctive moral is possible?

I've asked a question about how evolution would explain morality, which lead me to a more basic question - if an instinct would tell the group members to act altruistically, where would that instinct ...
5
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3answers
142 views

Axiomatic politics

Is there a formalized version of politics out there? I think political debates on TV today are just like spewing junk. We really need to formalize and logically analyze politics (in my opinion). ...
5
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1answer
163 views

What is the consensus on metaphysical innocence of social construction (2N2C)?

What is the consensus about 2N2C? Is there any broad consensus on its truth, or utility? That's the fun abbreviated title of Boyd's No Non Causal Contribution (double N, double C) thesis, see ...
0
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1answer
136 views

Is it morally wrong to deny friendship with nice people? [closed]

If someone you got to know who always has been polite to you tells you honestly that he likes you, is it morally wrong to tell him that you don't want to spend time with him? On one hand, one could ...
8
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6answers
595 views

Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible?

A typical argument between an atheist and a theist goes along the following lines: ATH: "Modern science and reason are incompatible with a religious world view." TH: "That's not true, many scientists,...
1
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0answers
230 views

Discipline and Punish: Foucault's argument on Hospital [closed]

"Is it surprising that prisons resemble factories, schools, barracks, hospitals, which all resemble prisons?" page 228, Discipline and Punish, M Foucault. Foucault had elaborately written about ...
6
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3answers
122 views

Is there a conflict between upholding rational justification and seeing societal norms as its ultimate source?

Societal norms in many philosophical schools has come to be seen as the end-all determinant of rational life. This attitude is displayed by Richard Rorty when he says "truth is simply a compliment ...
7
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3answers
221 views

How can one objectivley measure the nobility or value of a given pursuit?

John Stuart Mill famously said: It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognise the fact, that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others. It would ...
15
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11answers
930 views

If everything is theory laden, how can one argue against climate change deniers?

Per Quine's results from "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", the Duhem-Quine thesis, and later results such as those of Kuhn and Feyerabend, all empirical observations are theory laden. Even widely accepted ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Is Logic Pre-Human?

It was German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) who famously said, "animals are poor in world." Although this may be true, I do not see them as being poor in logic. Paleontologists have ...
3
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3answers
303 views

(How) Does philosophy make you a better moral agent?

Where (literature) would you recommend I start if I wanted to explore the intuition that the practice of philosophy makes/could (if proper) make philosophers better moral agents? Thanks.
4
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2answers
187 views

What is the difference between explanatory, descriptive, and predictive analysis?

What is the difference between explanatory, descriptive, and predictive analysis? If one accepts the argument that we cannot hope to explain why/how someone from another culture acts, then how can we ...
5
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1answer
124 views

Are there any critical responses to Peter Winch?

In The Idea of a Social Science, Winch takes a hard stance against naturalistic and positive accounts of social phenomena. In fact, he argues that we cannot understand the meaning of social action ...
-1
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2answers
56 views

Can one argue against the objectivity of Social Media and TV sources as compared to more traditional bibliographical sources? [closed]

People often present fallacious statements based on erroneous facts from social media, blogposts and biased/low quality TV documentaries. How can one argue against such statements by referring to ...
5
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1answer
317 views

What is Wittgenstein's “criterial solution” to the problem of other minds?

I'm having difficulty with the language in this article on the Problem of Other Minds. It provides 3 solutions to the epistemological problem of other minds in section 1.1 - "The Epistemological ...
32
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7answers
2k views

Are Methodological Assumptions of StackExchange Fundamentally Flawed?

I looked here for an answer while writing a paper on evidence and scientific inference. I then saw the bold claims made by the website that the process goes as follows: Anybody can ask a question ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Systems of Merits and inclusive Participation… Has this Utopian social system already a name?

First of all... no professional philosophers on this side... Just stepping inside this Philosophy platform... That said... For some years already some friends and I have been dealing with a utopia of ...
4
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5answers
498 views

Why should we believe other people, or scientists?

Looking for sourced answers or article references for this question, please. Why should someone believe another person's assertions? I would imagine that the answer is because most of the times when ...
2
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1answer
421 views

Unconscious Mental States and the Ontological Subjectivity of Reality

Searle claims that social reality is ontologically subjective. By this, should one interpret him as meaning that our perception of reality is ontologically subjective since perception requires ...
5
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1answer
600 views

What is the relationship between the rhizome and the body without organs?

I am in the middle of A Thousand Plateaus and considering the relationship between rhizome and body without organs. One thought I had is that they both take part in the constitution of relationships ...
1
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1answer
157 views

Philosophy of Synergy and Collaboration [closed]

So I'm trying to study sociology and the science of human collaboration. Are there particularly throrogh books on this topic that anyone knows of? And indeed I am looking mainly at the philosophy ...
-1
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1answer
121 views

How to spread the philosophical word? [closed]

I personally think, thinking about philosophy is a very good mean to keep calm when it comes to stressful times. I know some people that don't care about philosophy at all. It's too esoteric for them, ...
5
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7answers
1k views

Why is philosophy viewed as unnecessary, extra, by the common man?

This may be more of a sociology or psychology question as I do not mean "What is the point of philosophy today?" (You can find many related questions at my favorites.) Then what I mean is, how does ...
2
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1answer
161 views

Is Culture a Subset of Nature or Vice Versa?

We have often heard that human history compared to the geological or biological historical record is merely just a blip on the map of time. Compared with cultural agencies, processes, and aims, ...
-1
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2answers
757 views

“Fallacy of failure to comprehend”? [closed]

Is there a name for the logical fallacy of assuming that if one can't personally understand something, it must not be valid? For example, I've heard people refuting scientific evidence on the ...
4
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1answer
171 views

What makes analytic (social) epistemology relevant?

In a recent paper, Steve Fuller lambasts the analytic social epistemologist as having little understanding of how knowledge making actually works in the real world. The criticism is that the analytic ...
5
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5answers
924 views

What are the epistemic problems or justifications for obtaining knowledge from StackExchange sites?

What philosophical problems are there with obtaining knowledge by picking the correct or closest answer from a small set of solutions? And further, what are the problems/justifications for judging ...