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Can/Have there be(en) bullshit or non-sensical philosophical schools or traditions established in academia? [closed]

Taking 'bullshit' as by H. G. Frankfurt, of course. The question is essentially about professionalization and institutionalization in academic philosophy: Is there any example of a philosophical ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,787
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is belief nothing but a feeling of certainty about what something means?

Or to rephrase, can beliefs also be shaped by doubts and intuitions?
Nitin Sheokand's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

Conspiracy Theories and Epistemology? [closed]

Is it prima facie irrational (Karl Popper’s view) or consistent with vice epistemological traits (Quassim’s view) such as gullibility to believe in conspiracy theories? See new episode of Spotify/...
John Camacho's user avatar
22 votes
10 answers
8k views

What is a ‘woman'? [closed]

In contemporary society, the theoretical and philosophical question of what gender is is an active topic of discussion. Arguably, while gender may have been a topic of philosophical analysis prior to ...
Timmy Fry's user avatar
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9 votes
6 answers
3k views

Can philosophy be useful?

I cite the article by Hans Radder entitled "Everything of value is useful: How philosophy can be socially relevant", published by Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective. He ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,385
2 votes
1 answer
323 views

Is there a difference between an I-private and a we-private language?

Alternatively, is the privacy clause in the argument relative? So to say, imagine two people A and B looking at a patch of blue together, while standing next to someone C who's blind. A says to B, &...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
91 views

Do some philosophers-of-mathematics give priorities to different epistemologies of math, rather than (over)committing to one epistemology?

Take Kant and Gödel, for example. Kant was neither just an intuitionist nor just a formalist, nor even absolutely a non-realist (the forms of space and time are, after all, empirically real and ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
227 views

Circular reasoning about the existence of other minds

If I use the IBE argument to justify my belief in the existence of other minds, but I don't know how the argument reached its conclusion, can I just trust the experts who formulated the argument or ...
Arti's user avatar
  • 157
0 votes
4 answers
129 views

What's the meaning and roots of the notion of "fault"?

This may sound naive and I'm not a native english speaker, but recently I've started wondering what people really mean by the notion of "fault", for example in the context of saying "it'...
Denis's user avatar
  • 206
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

What functions exist to represent the idea of an object being “self-contiguous”?

I have had an intuitive idea for a while that I am now trying to link to the actual mathematical theory treating this. The idea comes from debating if a thing is “intrinsically real” or just “socially ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
3 votes
7 answers
1k views

Two ways of thinking about social reality (progressive/fluid vs conservative/structure)

Regarding topics on biological sex, gender, sexual orientation and relationships it seems there are broadly 2 ways of thinking about social reality (roughly corresponding to more progressive and more ...
rcphilosophy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Is the response (in the mathematics community) to Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, evidence for social constructivism about math?

Wiles' proof initially involved reference to functional equivalents of inaccessible cardinals (here, Grothendieck universes). Rather than take this as evidence for the meaningfulness and usefulness of ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
26 views

Looking for theories/references about how social conventions are formed and followed

Social changes happen all the time. Sometimes changes lead to conventions. Certain ways of living, certain lifestyles, certain regulations become conventional. People follow them without questioning ...
Sasan's user avatar
  • 501
2 votes
0 answers
162 views

Philosophy of social media

I recently came across this Instagram post: https://www.instagram.com/p/Ckv00Fuo7po/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link A person says, "thank you for ruining my life" and Instagram replies, "I'...
Ishan Kashyap Hazarika's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
753 views

How do fact and belief relate to each other?

So I understand the main differences between facts and beliefs, but is there a part where they overlap? Is it possible that there is a point where one can find similarities between both concepts? How ...
Doris Duke's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
99 views

Linguistic meaning among evolved artificial agents [closed]

Suppose we have used an evolutionary algorithm to produce a community of artificial agents. These agents navigate a virtual environment, seeking food and avoiding predators. No one designed these ...
causative's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
91 views

Impersonally-accountable communities

I'd like to lay out a few thoughts about how ideas rise and fall within communities. Is there a philosopher I can read that expresses these kinds of ideas better? Some communities adopt ideas more as ...
causative's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
157 views

Which philosophers and philosophies discuss "worldview epistemologies"?

A lot of theologians and religious thinkers advance the idea that in order for any position to have meaning in epistemology or ethics or metaphysics it is necessary to interpret reality through some ...
Rageforthemachine 's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
171 views

Are different conception of morality just new terms for science-friendly versions of religions?

Note: religion is herein defined as "a cause, principle, or system of beliefs held to with ardor and faith". Given that there are multiple mutually exclusive conceptions of morality, both ...
matcheek's user avatar
  • 137
2 votes
2 answers
224 views

Need help with this paper on epistemic justice

What form must a theory of epistemic injustice take in order to successfully illuminate the epistemic dimensions of struggles that are primarily political? How can such struggles be understood as ...
Ericleast992's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
211 views

Name for believing reality cannot be modeled?

What is the name for the belief that truth and reality cannot be modeled or represented logically, intellectually, nor linguistically and hence cannot actually be discussed? Do any philosophers say ...
Al Brown's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
292 views

Is there a reason that utilitarianism is the "default" moral system of thinking for many humans, and if so, why?

Over the past few centuries a shift has been seen, from the likes of strict adherence to Christianity (at least, in Europe) to greater reliance on science, etc. as observed by Friedrich Nietzsche. ...
Bithov Vinu 's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
224 views

Is Durkheimian critique of Kantian understanding of space and time valid?

In one chapter in The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life and in paper Primitive classification (Mauss also), Durkheim critiques Kantian a priori pure forms of sensibility: space and time; on basis,...
thealophen's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
109 views

References Request about Social Networks

I want to explore what paradigms underlie social networks (especially online networks as twitter, Instagram, Facebook, etc.) with respect to several aspects. For example, regarding knowledge: do ...
Luna's user avatar
  • 769
5 votes
1 answer
485 views

How does one distinguish fact and belief?

I have seen a similar question, but I am looking for the distinction between fact and belief, and not knowledge and belief. Also, I do not seek, necessarily, Plato's view. In order to distinguish fact ...
Gonçalo Peres's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Should an ethical system aspire to rigorous epistemological justification, and is it possible to attain?

There seems to be no ethical system which does not rely on either the generalization of the mind (ie, arguments reliant upon compassion or empathy) or the assumption of some starting value (ie, "...
CodeReaper's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
34 views

Is there a philosophical model of sensations-emotions-thoughts?

Ten years ago, I read Vankatesh Rao's blog post The Gervais Principle. It blew my mind, as it did the minds of many other people. It quickly became Rao's most popular blog post entry, prompting a ...
Ram Rachum's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
86 views

Is there consensus on the framework of truth one should use when talking about moral statements?

My understanding is that for a moral realist, moral statements are propositions that have a true/false property that can guide reasoning. However, most articles I have read do not talk about what ...
Vimal's user avatar
  • 139
1 vote
1 answer
117 views

Language and Sociology [closed]

Could someone systematically, methodologically, organisedly research Sociology, Civilisation, Culture through Language? I.e The state of Language would be the observation and one would give a ...
George Ntoulos's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
216 views

What is structural power in Miranda Fricker's Epistemic Injustice?

I'm reading Epistemic Injustice by Miranda Fricker (looking at pages 10 and 11 here) and she starts out by defining power. One of the things she says is [...] power can operate purely structurally. ...
azani's user avatar
  • 168
-1 votes
1 answer
125 views

Why should/can politics concern aspects of social life?

Why should/can politics concern aspects of social life? Such as those pertraining to relationships or labour rights. Why can one claim that "there exists a right social life model", which is what the ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
1 vote
1 answer
125 views

Is there anything in epistemology beyond exploration+reinforcement learning (RL)? [closed]

I am trying to build consciousness in artificial intelligence. The general mechanism is that agent (randomly or based on some preexisting knowledge) performs some actions (gets some knowledge, makes ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 179
7 votes
5 answers
345 views

Social theory of science?

A lot of philosophers of science try to explain what science is through a normative approach. That it, they try to show what are norms and standards the satisfaction of which make a theory or practice ...
Sasan's user avatar
  • 501
2 votes
0 answers
134 views

Is there any study about how half-baked philosophies encourage maladaptive thoughts? [closed]

There are many schools of philosophy that advocate refuting perceived phenomena, for example: Taoism: the bad equals the good, why be afraid or avoid the bad ones? Science: before proving it ...
Ooker's user avatar
  • 795
1 vote
2 answers
113 views

Authors that wrote on how to look for the truth efficiently?

The human mind is perhaps not efficient when it comes to looking for the truth, specially when you are emotionally attached to an idea about any subject such us close relatives, God, your government, "...
user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
197 views

How can social philosophy deviate from mere opinions/views?

How can social philosophy deviate from mere opinions/views? Can one prove/demonstrate social philosophies somehow? What about, are social philosophies also supposed to exist as "social truths", not ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
1 vote
0 answers
325 views

Functionalism, its key concepts and social phenomena

I have a class test and have been instructed to find the following information and I have chosen the functionalism perspective and in particular Emile Durkheim as one of its key thinkers.  State the ...
Alura's user avatar
  • 11
4 votes
3 answers
762 views

Is evolutionary "morality" really the same thing as human morality?

In a different question I asked, Chris Johns' answer pinpointed exactly why all of the answers didn't satisfy me, so I'd like to ask a follow-up question which will further focus my question - would ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
344 views

Evolution - how (epistemologically) an instinctive moral is possible?

I've asked a question about how evolution would explain morality, which lead me to a more basic question - if an instinct would tell the group members to act altruistically, where would that instinct ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
509 views

Axiomatic politics

Is there a formalized version of politics out there? I think political debates on TV today are just like spewing junk. We really need to formalize and logically analyze politics (in my opinion). ...
MetaLogicianWannabe's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
318 views

What is the consensus on metaphysical innocence of social construction (2N2C)?

What is the consensus about 2N2C? Is there any broad consensus on its truth, or utility? That's the fun abbreviated title of Boyd's No Non Causal Contribution (double N, double C) thesis, see ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
264 views

Is it morally wrong to deny friendship with nice people? [closed]

If someone you got to know who always has been polite to you tells you honestly that he likes you, is it morally wrong to tell him that you don't want to spend time with him? On one hand, one could ...
user27076's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
1k views

Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible?

A typical argument between an atheist and a theist goes along the following lines: ATH: "Modern science and reason are incompatible with a religious world view." TH: "That's not true, many scientists,...
Alexander S King's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
168 views

Is there a conflict between upholding rational justification and seeing societal norms as its ultimate source?

Societal norms in many philosophical schools has come to be seen as the end-all determinant of rational life. This attitude is displayed by Richard Rorty when he says "truth is simply a compliment ...
Mithrandir's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
345 views

How can one objectivley measure the nobility or value of a given pursuit?

John Stuart Mill famously said: It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognise the fact, that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others. It would ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
14 votes
11 answers
2k views

If everything is theory laden, how can one argue against climate change deniers?

Per Quine's results from "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", the Duhem-Quine thesis, and later results such as those of Kuhn and Feyerabend, all empirical observations are theory laden. Even widely accepted ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
148 views

Is Logic Pre-Human?

It was German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) who famously said, "animals are poor in world." Although this may be true, I do not see them as being poor in logic. Paleontologists have ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
  • 1,995
3 votes
3 answers
593 views

(How) Does philosophy make you a better moral agent?

Where (literature) would you recommend I start if I wanted to explore the intuition that the practice of philosophy makes/could (if proper) make philosophers better moral agents? Thanks.
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
9k views

What is the difference between explanatory, descriptive, and predictive analysis?

What is the difference between explanatory, descriptive, and predictive analysis? If one accepts the argument that we cannot hope to explain why/how someone from another culture acts, then how can we ...
EVolk's user avatar
  • 139
5 votes
1 answer
147 views

Are there any critical responses to Peter Winch?

In The Idea of a Social Science, Winch takes a hard stance against naturalistic and positive accounts of social phenomena. In fact, he argues that we cannot understand the meaning of social action ...
EVolk's user avatar
  • 139