Questions tagged [social-ethics]

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17
votes
5answers
2k views

Why should almost extinct animals be protected from going extinct?

The feeling that it's "sad" if a species dies out seems to be coming from an aesthetic point of view how the world should be. But is there a rationality behind it? The only rational reason I was ...
14
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9answers
1k views

Should I vote for what is best for me or what is best for others?

I live and vote in a constituency where the policies of Party A are better for the long-term success of my business, which determines the material conditions of my well-being and that of my family. ...
13
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7answers
4k views

Is it possible that evolution brought human kind morality?

I've heard this (rather odd imho) statement that evolution, by the need of survival, dictated humans to uphold moral codes in order to survive, thus gaining a moral system. Now, to my understanding, ...
13
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6answers
2k views

Can the act of having certain thoughts be unethical? [duplicate]

On the basis of Western morality, the Greco-Roman Judeo-Christian one, behaviors like killing, betraying, cursing are considered immoral. Christianity imposes that thoughts can be corrupt, therefore ...
9
votes
1answer
348 views

What are reasonable basic obligations of citizens in democratic societies?

Theorists (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel) have often discussed the state's obligations to its citizens, but nowadays it seems we need a definitive-but-succinctly articulated account of citizens'...
7
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5answers
662 views

Where is the line drawn between immoral inactivity and a simple lack of action?

I've heard a lot about the supposed evils about not voting/voting for a 3rd party in recent political discussion here in the States. The reasoning seems to posit that (e.g.) in the Trump/Hillary race, ...
6
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6answers
1k views

What is the philosophical value of cultural diversity?

A personal question: As an Arab-American, I try to maintain my children's ties to Arab culture and the Arabic language, going out of my way to make sure that they speak Arabic fluently, and sending ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Discerning among ethics, morality, principles, virtues, and etiquette

Although I have studied these terms in my own language, could anyone possibly explain them in such a way that I could differentiate between them better. I have not gotten their basic difference in a ...
6
votes
2answers
451 views

Should uncontacted peoples have a right to privacy?

I've been reading some of the wikis about the uncontacted peoples of the world and the often repeated attempts to establish contact with a a number of them even after being rebuffed (sometimes ...
5
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3answers
424 views

Can being Violent in speech be considered as violence?

I want to know whether being Violent with speech too can be considered as violence - partially or fully?
5
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1answer
73 views

Democratic ethics - sources for system of ethics determined by democratic principles

Ethics can be seen as a purely social construct, and so being determined by the powerful in the society (John Stuart Mill takes such a view in On Liberty). This view can also be further advanced to ...
5
votes
2answers
379 views

Is it moral to lie to the populace for their own good?

There is a discussion in the History arm of StackExchange that got sidetracked into the merit of brainwashing society for their own good, as advocated in Plato's Republic. IMO that side track deserves ...
5
votes
3answers
289 views

Ethics when breaking non written rule occurs

Breaking non written rules happens all the time. This happens mostly in our private lives and close social circles, which is main source of anger for common peoples. For example, mother gives a ...
5
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3answers
285 views

How should the fair distribution of some goods depend on other-regarding preferences?

I am a welfare economist, working on fairness in economics, and I would like your opinion on some distributional dilemma. Suppose we have the following situation: A country is endowed with some ...
4
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3answers
525 views

Was Kierkegaard racist?

From his Fear and Trembling, People commonly travel around the world to see rivers and mountains, new stars, birds of rare plumage, queerly deformed fishes, ridiculous breeds of men – they ...
4
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3answers
694 views

Is evolutionary “morality” really the same thing as human morality?

In a different question I asked, Chris Johns' answer pinpointed exactly why all of the answers didn't satisfy me, so I'd like to ask a follow-up question which will further focus my question - would ...
4
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3answers
10k views

What are the ethical considerations regarding cannibalism?

Cannibalism is generally frowned upon in most of today's societies1. On the other hand, it has happened quite a bit in times of difficulty, and famine aside it was simply common practice in some ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Embryo stem cells and the concept of “person”

I have to do a very good,clear and simple presentation on embryo stem cells so that everyone can understand. I have done the part of biology regarding this cells but I have to do the part that regards ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Can moral objectivism be reconciled with the fact that some unethical behaviors are “human nature”?

A constant argument I've been hearing recently is that people should be forgiven for engaging in unethical behavior if it is "natural" for them to do so. Examples: It's natural for people to be ...
3
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7answers
890 views

Is Fatherhood among humans really natural? [closed]

I read in a book and have heard this argument by many social scientists that Fatherhood was an invention by humans during the time when we first started living as societies. This was presumably in ...
3
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9answers
4k views

How does one argue for “helping others” without any religious context?

I was having a political discussion with roots in philosophy, where I was explaining an idea for a government program which would enforce equal opportunities for children who have poor / parentally ...
3
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3answers
242 views

Do Non Vegetarians not have rights to mourn morally if their beloved ones are killed?

Pleasures for us is pain & suffering for the animals which are slaughtered. When we are causing suffering & pain to others, we lose moral rights to expect not the same ever happened to us. In ...
3
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3answers
202 views

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
3
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2answers
419 views

Would it be immoral to duplicate food to resolve world hunger, if food and recipes were copyrighted?

In today's world, copyrighted digital content is considered illegal by most nation's law, and immoral by some as stealing. Digital Content is duplicated through millions of 1's and 0's. There is no ...
3
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5answers
292 views

Evolution - how (epistemologically) an instinctive moral is possible?

I've asked a question about how evolution would explain morality, which lead me to a more basic question - if an instinct would tell the group members to act altruistically, where would that instinct ...
3
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5answers
4k views

What's Wrong with Social Darwinism? [closed]

It's a common criticism of Spencer's social Darwinism that it misunderstands the entire theory of evolution and the meaning of "fitness" such that it is commonly exploited to fulfill specific hateful ...
3
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4answers
2k views

What did Marx mean by “revolutionary terror”?

there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is ...
3
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2answers
1k views

How might you apply John Rawls' theory of justice as fairness to the issue of privacy and security?

I'm a bit confused about how to apply John Rawls' theory of Justice as Fairness to the issue of privacy/security. Which statement below is correct? Justice as Fairness does not justify a decrease in ...
2
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2answers
76 views

Does Sokal & Bricmont's book offer proof of the vacuity of Post-Modernism? Can any schools of Philosophy be proven to be pure Sophistry?

Is Sokal & Bricmont's lambasting of Post-Modern Intellectuals proof of the vacuity of Post-Modernism? Does this offer us a hope at proving that some schools of Philosophy can be proven to be pure ...
2
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2answers
252 views

Is wisdom always appropriate? [closed]

I have a 990 KB text file I wrote of wisdom I learned from God. No one asks me to hear what God teaches me, but I share anyway because it will do good for them. Is this OK? Does wisdom always need to ...
2
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1answer
134 views

What evidence is there that Arrows Theorem manifests itself in democracies?

Arrows impossibility theorem states: no rank-order voting system can be designed that satisfies these three "fairness" criteria: a. If every voter prefers alternative X over alternative Y, ...
2
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4answers
157 views

When is it okay to criticize someone?

Both in my family life and in politics, I see people running into the following dilemma. Some entity (a person, or an organization, or a country) is doing something that someone sees as wrong. So, ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Who else has explored the ‘cad problem’?

Is there anything in philosophy (presumably ethics) that specifically explores what I’ve called the “cad problem”. Simply put, how should an individual (or a distinct group) that focuses on self ...
2
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1answer
235 views

What is the intrinsic difference between freedom of speech and freedom of deeds?

What are philosophical reasons for approving of freedom of speech but not of freedom of deeds? If teasing the others by speech is allowed, why not by deeds? If freedom of deeds is wrong, then why ...
2
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4answers
847 views

Is there injustice in division of labour?

The division of labour is a "micro-level" as well as a societal phenomenon. It means that different individuals are "coerced" into doing different parts of larger projects and that the labour is ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Name of French Social Scientist and Theory where life has five domains

I read of a french social scientist who believed life could be separated into five spheres, in which so many "points" (so much time) could be spent into each. From what I vaguely remember, the ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Is our general level of abstraction in ethics hypocritical?

We have come to discover that a high level of serotonin (the leadership chemical, and what falls during depression) improves one's ability to think abstractly. Some of our greatest gains in thinking ...
2
votes
1answer
634 views

What are the differences between morals and ethics? [duplicate]

What are the differences between morals and ethics? Are morals standards of behaviour that everybody in a certain group can agree on or is that an ethical code of behaviour? To the Vikings doing the '...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

What are the main concrete conceptualisations of social/societal good and a good society? [closed]

My main objective is to see how a particular technology instantiates or doesn't instantiate particular ideas of "socially/societally good". I'm more of a technologist, so it would help if someone ...
1
vote
4answers
199 views

If the atoms of a person's body change every x number of years, should the person be prosecuted today for a crime that he/she committed x years ago?

I saw this question somewhere in the Internet(I forgot the source) and I think this forum is a good place to ask it. According to what I know, the atoms in a persons body are replaced every certain ...
1
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3answers
268 views

Does anti-discrimination contradict free will?

Does anti-discrimination imposed by laws, or as a universally held position and imposed by society, contradict the idea of free will? Take for example: In a business context, choosing to not ...
1
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5answers
128 views

Can one person value two other persons equally?

If one thinks deeply enough about the subjective value they place on their connection to other individuals, would they discover clearly distinct rankings of value?
1
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2answers
282 views

Who is selfish?

Am I selfish if I choose not, or do not want, to help others? Example: A friend asked me write a piece of code, ignoring everything else. I did not want to do it. We were not competing and there was ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Which philosophers talk about social power structures?

Can anyone recommend philosophers that are concerned with what structures power relationships in society, particularly in workplaces? I know that Foucault's work was concerned with this in ...
1
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2answers
106 views

What is the basis of the belief that words themselves can be hurtful and verbal aggression should be weeded out?

I used to believe that verbal aggression on its own is a minor issue and that, while insults, contemptuous language, unwelcome sexual advances and the likes are far from praiseworthy, they are ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Is there any way to gain “truth”/accuracy in social truth? How?

Is there any way to gain "truth"/accuracy in social truth? How? What seems to make it difficult is that I don't know if social truth has any generally accepted epistemologies, truth deduction ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Can one appreciate all people without discrimination at all?

Can one appreciate all people without discrimination at all? Or is conflict normal? How to deal with it?
1
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1answer
62 views

Is there a name for the ethical and unethical response that arises from the juxtaposition of “wealth” and poverty?

I would like to get a better understanding of the juxtaposition of wealth and poverty. By wealth I mean the situation where one has resources as opposed to one that does not. Consider the following ...
1
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2answers
177 views

Is the “Anomaly of Plato?” a reality? [closed]

The "Anomaly of Plato" is a name for the fact that Socrates promoted Truth as a transcendent idea but (according to Popper), Plato did not allow for the immanent changes that Truth causes. Truths ...
1
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2answers
363 views

How would a Kantian handle vigilante justice?

Suppose that somebody took something expensive that belonged to you which you left on a bench and you saw them do it. Within a Kantian or more broadly deontic framework, would it be acceptable to ...