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Questions tagged [society]

Society in general refers to a group of people who have distinctive cultural relations and institutions sharing the same territory. These organised groups of people associate for some specific purpose or on account of some common interest. Usually, they provide protection, security, continuity and a national identity for its members.

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Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

The internet is awash with claims that anyone arguing that Stalinist Russia / Maoism wasn't communist is committing the no true Scotsman / ad hoc rescue fallacy. However, I suspect that few of its ...
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Can we tell whether human groups or societies are behaving as superorganisms?

An anthill can be described as a superorganism, with behaviours and interactions much more complex than those of an individual ant. We could find analogies between the superorganism and other living ...
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Can philosophy overcome “the two cultures” divide?

Snow noted a growing divide between "the two cultures" in Western society, scientists and "literary intellectuals", who became increasingly self-absorbed and incomprehensible to each other. One of ...
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Was the Republic a meritocracy?

One direct way of stating the heart of the question might be: is there sufficient textual evidence and support for the assertion that Plato's Republic contains meritocratic elements? A second and ...
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Arguments for/against tolerance against intolerance?

What arguments speak for/against tolerance towards intolerance? Can someone be called fully tolerant, if they don't tolerate intolerance? Hence, does tolerance exist in a pure form? On the other ...
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What are reasonable basic obligations of citizens in democratic societies?

Theorists (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel) have often discussed the state's obligations to its citizens, but nowadays it seems we need a definitive-but-succinctly articulated account of citizens'...
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612 views

Is Marx's model of capitalist society no longer valid?

Given the evolution of the capitalistic society, to what degree is Marx's model of capitalist society no longer valid nowadays ? Are there any authors which discuss the contemporary validity of Marx'...
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What is the difference between Functionalism and Structural-Functionalism?

I don't know if I should ask this here because the question is more like a sociology one. Anyway, I will give it a try, since most of the sociologists are also philosophers, so maybe I'll be lucky ...
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Could a programming language be considered as a language? [closed]

This question might seem like it answers itself, but I urge you to consider the possibilities and the impact this could have on society. As a systems engineer, programming is more common to me than ...
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What did Russell intend to achieve with “The Impact of Science on Society”?

I have been reading Russell's "The Impact of Science on Society" and I found it to be a very strange book. This book has become like a Bible to some conspiracy theorists, and I can see why. However, I ...
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Does Sartre ever talk about irrelevance?

Does Sartre ever talk about authenticity in terms of irrelevance? I think that authenticity means (amongst other things) both being irrelevant and failing to act: that membership of a group which ...
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What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

As far as I know the main post-Marxist criticism of identity politics is that it is divisive, and so prevents the association of the proletariat. This seems to me to not take liberalism seriously ...
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For a political ruler is it better to be loved or feared?

Let's suppose the title question applies especially (but not exclusively) in the context of a leadership role (where the goal is to sustain power) and for simplicity let's say the choice is strictly ...
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Gender roles - do they matter?

This may well be too broad (spreading over into psychology too), I'll try to narrow it down as I outline my thinking but any advice is welcome. I began by thinking about how its unfair if you ...
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Is religion fundamentally problematic for logical decision making in society?

From my interpretation, religion is a school of thought that encourages or rather demands that we believe in something on faith. Faith is to believe in something because we have been told that it is ...
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1answer
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What are the reasons for taboos in a society?

As we know, the society is full of taboos on many topics such as sex, drugs, etc... But what are the reasons for the creation of taboos by humans? Shouldn't we be open-mind and free to discuss all ...
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What sorts of questions do philosophers of science think about?

I am a student of science (physics) with no formal or informal training in philosophy. However, I'm interested in knowing a very basic question: what kind of questions does a philosopher deal with and ...
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1answer
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What branch of philosophy studies 'clouds' of concepts that spread as intellectual templates?

I am currently reading Andreas Wimmer's Waves of War, he makes an argument that I found interesting and I was wondering if anyone knew of what Philosophical Theory that style of reasoning would be ...
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607 views

Weber and Marx - Modern Culture and Dominant Culture

Not sure if this is the right forum, but this seems to be the best fit. IF there is a better forum, please direct me. Marx and Weber are both concerned with the role of "culture" or "idea/ideology" ...
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What's the difference between the “hermeneutics of suspicion” and conspiracy theory?

The term "conspiracy theory" was invented by Karl Popper as a way to describe Marxist theories of history as a collusion of the bourgeoise class against the working class. So, as far as I can tell, ...
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Aren't all children philosophers? [closed]

As described by writer Jostein Gaarder in his book Sophie's World, to philosophize is to be astonished by things in nature around us, and we can always see children always surprised of things ...
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Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Perhaps this is an odd question, but... Question: Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning? I'm seeking an answer from a philosophical point of view (hence why I ask ...
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Would Utilitarianism say that surveillance of the public is wrong?

If surveillance results in fear from the majority of the public, will Utilitarianism reject surveillance of the public for security reasons? I'm assuming this because Utilitarianism calls an action ...
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Which writers might offer critical readings of Luhmann?

Niklas Luhmann introduces the so called Binary Code in his Systems Theory. Any system has its own binary code. For example, in science the code is "the truth vs. not the truth". Which writers might ...
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Has there ever been a society without the assumption of free will?

Has there ever been a society that didn't assume that people have free will (and thus, not punished them [directly])? Could a society exist, that didn't take that assumption of free will?
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1answer
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A post in the desert - a metaphor used in a false-analogy argument in support of conservative institutions. Details please

A metaphor is sometimes used by those who philosophise in favour of conservative institutions such as monarchy or English public schools. It is a picture of something like a post standing in the ...
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What are the ethical considerations regarding cannibalism?

Cannibalism is generally frowned upon in most of today's societies1. On the other hand, it has happened quite a bit in times of difficulty, and famine aside it was simply common practice in some ...
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Why do we value confidence so highly, or at all?

In most Western societies confidence is highly valued as an aspect of someone's personality, and yet it doesn't necessarily indicate anything about that person, their abilities, their personality, ...
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4answers
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Is there a name for a position that governments could be replaced with voluntary organizations?

The problem I see with governments is that you have "duties" (from the position of legislators) even despite the fact you didn't choose to be born in any particular state. Therefore, probably it would ...
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Are boycotts distinct from force? When are boycotts ethical?

I have sometimes participated in boycotts in the past. But it seems to me that I’m seeing more and more boycotts attempted all the time, and I’m becoming uncomfortable with them. Boycotts now seem to ...
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3answers
374 views

If I say that a stereotype conditions people to act in a certain way, isn't that an stereotype in itself?

I am arguing with a friend. She hates the use of stereotypes because she thinks that they condition the society in a bad way, but isn't that also a stereotype? I might know about a stereotype but not ...
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1answer
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Does the history of modern Europe bear out Rousseau' assertion that the rule of the many cannot follow that of the few?

Rousseau writes, in Book 3, section 10 of the Contract (The abuse of government and its propensity to degenerate): There are two general courses by which government degenerates: i.e., when it ...
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1answer
274 views

Rousseau and civil society

How does Rousseau account for the emergence of civil society?--what is the change, or more precisely, the transformation of material relations, that accounts for the founding of society in a robust ...
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556 views

Is contemporary advertising a form of Rhetorics?

The definition that Aristotle gives of Rhetoric makes me think that it could also include contemporary advertising. The definition of Rhetoric is the following: Rhetoric may be defined as the ...
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781 views

Is Fatherhood among humans really natural? [closed]

I read in a book and have heard this argument by many social scientists that Fatherhood was an invention by humans during the time when we first started living as societies. This was presumably in ...
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460 views

Pendulum Theory / Cyclical Theory in Philosophy?

In political science, the Cyclical Theory states that societal attitudes (Liberal-Conservative spectrum) move like a pendulum moving from one extreme to the other. Are there any philosophers who ...
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2answers
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How do we select protected attributes?

The origin of much contention in contemporary politics is the presence of discrimination of protected attributes. For instance, affirmative action, insurance or credit provision via models for ...
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7answers
599 views

Is work neccessary to be happy?

I've been following some online discussions about the current economic situation. There are a number of solutions proposed to the economic malaise across much of the developed world, but one idea ...
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Why, according to Lu Xun, is exaltation a method of suppression?

I'm currently reading an edition of the Analects with an introduction that talks about Lu Xun. It quotes him as saying Whenever a truly original genius appears in this world, people immediately ...
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Has Marxism been refuted as philosophy?

"For understandable, if philosophically frivolous, reasons the collapse of the Soviet Union has been taken - especially in the media - as signaling the defeat of Marxism qua philosophy", so writes ...
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2answers
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Advancements in scientific mind and its side effects on society

A scientific mind is one that can make the most of observation. It has highly-refined imagination and curiosity that makes it possible to carry forward advanced research work. And also it's a bit ...
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Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
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4answers
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How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
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2answers
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What are the main approaches on how to count inequality?

For the moment let's ignore distribution models like meritocracy. Suppose a group has decided to divide their money in a certain way. What are the different formulas to measure how even or equal ...
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2answers
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Why magical thinking is still present to this day?

Despite all the bad reputation and hatred to people that have any kind of magical thinking (i.e. believes in magic, any kind), this ideology still very present in society these days, day that seems ...
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2answers
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Why do societies sustain law of private inheritance of property?

Inheritance laws state that in the case of death, material property ownership is passed to next of kin, or distributed based on the documented will of the deceased, with only some tax going to the ...
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1answer
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Has anyone used Aristotle's philosophy to study social media?

It is my understanding that Aristotle believed one shouldn't work too many hours in the day (I am currently having a hard time finding any references on this, sorry). He (or maybe this was just the ...
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1answer
62 views

Is there a fundamental difference between hypothetical explanations in sociology and natural sciences?

According to Explanandum and Explanans on Wikipedia: An explanandum (a Latin term) is a sentence describing a phenomenon that is to be explained, and the explanans are the sentences adduced as ...
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1answer
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What does the term “ego” really mean?

According to different sources and authors, ego is referred to as one's self-perception by one's self concept. It is sometimes considered as selfishism. But what can a person do that will not refer to ...
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Do anarchists want to eliminate all the power or only juridical one?

I often see as a criticism of anarchism that power has a natural occurrence. It's impossible to eliminate power. There will always be an authority. However, I always thought that the total ...