Questions tagged [society]

Society in general refers to a group of people who have distinctive cultural relations and institutions sharing the same territory. These organised groups of people associate for some specific purpose or on account of some common interest. Usually, they provide protection, security, continuity and a national identity for its members.

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Does a person own his/her body?

To be more specific, i was wondering about the legal aspect of the issue. Does a person own his/her body? If not, who owns it? If yes, then can a person sell themselves into slavery? Prostitution? ...
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Is the right to an abortion the same as the right to kill human being? [closed]

If a fetus could be safely and simply removed from a woman and put in an artificial womb where it could grow normally, would a woman have a right to kill it instead?
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Why do societies sustain law of private inheritance of property?

Inheritance laws state that in the case of death, material property ownership is passed to next of kin, or distributed based on the documented will of the deceased, with only some tax going to the ...
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How can anything be established as good? [closed]

How can anything be established as good or bad? We, collectively, agree that certain things are good and certain things are bad. But how do we come to establish and derive the morals that we possess ...
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What are the main concrete conceptualisations of social/societal good and a good society? [closed]

My main objective is to see how a particular technology instantiates or doesn't instantiate particular ideas of "socially/societally good". I'm more of a technologist, so it would help if someone ...
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In Madness and Civilization does Foucault say / imply that no-one loves a mad person?

In Madness and Civilization does Foucault say / imply that no-one loves a mad person? If not ever, then that it has been a system of power? I can't tell whether or not I just made that up, when I ...
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philosophy of travel

I try, and practically cannot find works on this subject. I got Alain de Botton´s "The Art of Travel", found Santayana´s early essay, leafed through “The Ethics of Travel” by Sayed Manzurul Islam… Do ...
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Scenario in which society is better off by someone breaking a rule?

Suppose there is some rule in some social setting/scenario where society (or a relevant smaller set of people) is/are better off when some people violate it. Specifically, we have that (where '>' ...
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If I say that a stereotype conditions people to act in a certain way, isn't that an stereotype in itself?

I am arguing with a friend. She hates the use of stereotypes because she thinks that they condition the society in a bad way, but isn't that also a stereotype? I might know about a stereotype but not ...
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Have there been fin de siècle moments, in philosophy

Fin de siècle is a term I've encountered in poetry, usually in reference to the approach of modernism. Oscar Wilde, e.g., as well as in contemporary poets and theorists, anticipating something new, an ...
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Are Laws crafted around personal/individual beliefs ethical? [closed]

For instance. Gender Identity is defined as what a person believes they are. Gender Roles is defined as what society constitutes as being a specific gender. With the latest boom in Gender Identity ...
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Is it morally wrong to deny friendship with nice people? [closed]

If someone you got to know who always has been polite to you tells you honestly that he likes you, is it morally wrong to tell him that you don't want to spend time with him? On one hand, one could ...
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How do we select protected attributes?

The origin of much contention in contemporary politics is the presence of discrimination of protected attributes. For instance, affirmative action, insurance or credit provision via models for ...
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I trust people, why should it change?

I trust people. For the small things in life, it helps me, definitely, but when it comes to larger things it is an issue. For instance I recently started to search if I could buy a house. I am not ...
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Explanation behind the 'human' reaction to 'terrorism' [closed]

My question is essentially, what are the philosophical reasons behind the way in which societies as a whole react to terrorism. Taking the recent Manchester attacks as an example, 22 people were ...
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Gender roles - do they matter?

This may well be too broad (spreading over into psychology too), I'll try to narrow it down as I outline my thinking but any advice is welcome. I began by thinking about how its unfair if you ...
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What are reasonable basic obligations of citizens in democratic societies?

Theorists (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel) have often discussed the state's obligations to its citizens, but nowadays it seems we need a definitive-but-succinctly articulated account of citizens'...
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What's the difference between the “hermeneutics of suspicion” and conspiracy theory?

The term "conspiracy theory" was invented by Karl Popper as a way to describe Marxist theories of history as a collusion of the bourgeoise class against the working class. So, as far as I can tell, ...
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What are the reasons for taboos in a society?

As we know, the society is full of taboos on many topics such as sex, drugs, etc... But what are the reasons for the creation of taboos by humans? Shouldn't we be open-mind and free to discuss all ...
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What is the content of “equality”?

Much attention focuses on the inequalities within American society. As a single example, note the comparisons of income earned by people in the top one percent versus income earned by the remainder. ...
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Registering as the “Incorrect” Political Party [closed]

Is there any overriding reason (i.e., philosophical, ethical, etc.) that a US citizen should register only with the political party with which he or she most closely identifies? Suppose the ...
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Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Perhaps this is an odd question, but... Question: Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning? I'm seeking an answer from a philosophical point of view (hence why I ask ...
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Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic?

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic, e.g. political capital? Especially, in what ways is capialism reproduced besides the investment of money into means of production, to extract ...
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How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement?

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement? I don't so much mean the counter revolution in Russia, but the lack of an international working class movement, especially one which ...
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Is there a logical way to look at “alternative facts”? [closed]

There have been a lot of laughs about the term "alternative facts" (as used by the incoming US administration), but are there logical or philosophical frameworks for the types of distorted truth-...
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Ethics of taboo in research

From a utilitarian point of view research is of benefit to the future population and so (if considering future generations) performing it would take precedent over some discomfort. However some ...
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What are the main approaches on how to count inequality?

For the moment let's ignore distribution models like meritocracy. Suppose a group has decided to divide their money in a certain way. What are the different formulas to measure how even or equal ...
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Is there a fallacy of priorities?

Decisions can be affected by fallacies. Decisions are taken based on subjective knowledge. Knowledge need to be prioritized or decisions can lead to death. I find that this is the most extended ...
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What sorts of questions do philosophers of science think about?

I am a student of science (physics) with no formal or informal training in philosophy. However, I'm interested in knowing a very basic question: what kind of questions does a philosopher deal with and ...
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Is Nietzsche's thought primarily a solution on how to classify people?

I was just now doing some super light reading on Nietzsche's aristocraticism. Seems to me that a lot of human history, both intellectual and social, is an attempt to create a stronger class system. ...
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Are values dominant behaviours of a society, or are they personal?

My lecturer told me: "Values are the dominant behaviours and beliefs of a society or a group" and that values have nothing to do with individuals. But then on other sites I have read things such ...
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What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

As far as I know the main post-Marxist criticism of identity politics is that it is divisive, and so prevents the association of the proletariat. This seems to me to not take liberalism seriously ...
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The role of the fool in philosophy

The Shakespearean fool, though not necessarily well educated and by most appearances a simpleton, is nevertheless often wiser and cleverer than, and consequently outwits, his superiors of higher ...
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What should be the role of musicians (artists) in the marketplace?

There's a bit of consternation about what is going on with musical artists and the music industry in the wake of widespread dissemination of music digitally. The ease of moving music around as bits, ...
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What would Marx and his dialectic claim happens when both classes have been ruined?

Marx famously, in his communist manifesto, said Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master(3) and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant ...
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Is religion fundamentally problematic for logical decision making in society?

From my interpretation, religion is a school of thought that encourages or rather demands that we believe in something on faith. Faith is to believe in something because we have been told that it is ...
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A post in the desert - a metaphor used in a false-analogy argument in support of conservative institutions. Details please

A metaphor is sometimes used by those who philosophise in favour of conservative institutions such as monarchy or English public schools. It is a picture of something like a post standing in the ...
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Philosophical assumption in current political discourse [closed]

I have just finished reading a collection of essays by Isaiah Berlin and it was one the most insightful books I have read in my life. I seem to agree with him on many points and especially the ...
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How might you apply John Rawls' theory of justice as fairness to the issue of privacy and security?

I'm a bit confused about how to apply John Rawls' theory of Justice as Fairness to the issue of privacy/security. Which statement below is correct? Justice as Fairness does not justify a decrease in ...
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Would Utilitarianism say that surveillance of the public is wrong?

If surveillance results in fear from the majority of the public, will Utilitarianism reject surveillance of the public for security reasons? I'm assuming this because Utilitarianism calls an action ...
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How can a society be humane while not allowing people to freeload?

I've been thinking about government assistance, and on one hand, I dont want to let people die, but on the other hand, I dont want to let them live by taking advantage of my generosity. For example, ...
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Are citizens in a democratic society morally obligated to vote? [closed]

Considering that democracy was achieved through substantial efforts.
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Has Marxism been refuted as philosophy?

"For understandable, if philosophically frivolous, reasons the collapse of the Soviet Union has been taken - especially in the media - as signaling the defeat of Marxism qua philosophy", so writes ...
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Does Sartre ever talk about irrelevance?

Does Sartre ever talk about authenticity in terms of irrelevance? I think that authenticity means (amongst other things) both being irrelevant and failing to act: that membership of a group which ...
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Nozick-like argument for property rights?

So, upon reading Nozick again I ran into something I haven't seen any libertarians argue vis a vis justifications of property rights (I don't think Nozick wouldn't promote this as an argument since ...
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Will strict dress code rules make the society better? [closed]

Does imposing dress code on visitors for places such as hospitals, universities, government buildings, libraries and public spaces improve our society? For example, visitors are dictated to wear ...
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Is Fatherhood among humans really natural? [closed]

I read in a book and have heard this argument by many social scientists that Fatherhood was an invention by humans during the time when we first started living as societies. This was presumably in ...
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If we all came from Adam and Eve [closed]

How many descendants are required before sexual relations is no longer incest ? This is an ethical question, and is based on most societal systems rejecting incest, however if you follow the logic, ...
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Could a programming language be considered as a language? [closed]

This question might seem like it answers itself, but I urge you to consider the possibilities and the impact this could have on society. As a systems engineer, programming is more common to me than ...
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Why does western law treat criminal and civil violations so differently [closed]

Example 1, criminal act: You find a set of keys on the ground and use them to obtain access to a nearby xyz, taking it away for your own use. You make no effort to pay for the xyz. Example 2, ...