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Questions tagged [sociology]

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Definition of Cults in Popular language vs Sociological Terms

There seem to be a huge difference between the use of the word cult in popular use and the academic definition of cult. To my understanding the academic definition basically fit any new religious ( ...
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1answer
22 views

What does ‘Disinterestedness’ mean in the context of Mertonian norms?

With ref to the CUDOS Mertonian norms...I used to think disinterestedness mean’t striving to be objective but I now think the intended meaning was for it to be taken literally.
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56 views

Do you know any Medieval philosophers, who have writings on the problem of anomie?

I know that the usage of the term declined in the Middle ages, but I was wondering, whether someone discussed this problem, perhaps referring to it as normlessness.
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1answer
57 views

Is “class culture” an artificial construct or does it have “natural” motivation?

Is "class culture" an artificial construct or does it have "natural" motivation? A lof of things, at least judging by internet, are associated or measured relative to socio-economic class. However, ...
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2answers
114 views

Authors who think war and violence are part of the American culture and economy

The United States Military budget exceeds the next 9 countries on the list combined ref. here. A great deal of Hollywood movies portrait the glory of war and present violence as something entertaining ...
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4answers
180 views

Would we choose to become psychopaths if we could?

Deep Brain Stimulation to stop major depression is a reality in its infancy hence let’s make a thought experiment: Presume a much more advanced version of it was created and everybody could ...
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1answer
64 views

Authors on leaders, leadership, and the crave for power

Where does the need to become a leader come from? Is it an animal instinct and humans as social animals need an alpha male figure to lead the mob? Are individuals who eager for power dangerous for ...
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2answers
99 views

Authors on wars influencing societies [closed]

Let's presume Nazi Germany did not happen. Young kids would not have references on how damaging extreme nationalism can be therefore the Third Reich could have append anywhere in the world an can ...
3
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1answer
50 views

Is there a fundamental difference between hypothetical explanations in sociology and natural sciences?

According to Explanandum and Explanans on Wikipedia: An explanandum (a Latin term) is a sentence describing a phenomenon that is to be explained, and the explanans are the sentences adduced as ...
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145 views

Authors on the brainwashing of the American People and western world [closed]

I'm looking for books and authors which relate to the times we are going through in terms of disinformation, "fake news", cultures based on war and violence and the "call of duty", false flag ...
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3answers
1k views

What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

According to wikipedia page on moral realism: A survey from 2009 involving 3,226 respondents found that 56% of philosophers accept or lean towards moral realism (28%: anti-realism; 16%: other). ...
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1answer
111 views

Is the confusion about philosophy's place in the academia a result of the analytic movement?

First, let's state that obviously there will be those who'll say "what confusion" (by confusion I mean for example questions like "what philosophy has to do with science"), and for them I'll start ...
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2answers
96 views

Can class, status and power exist independently?

Class, status and power are usually seen together as the three-component theory of stratification (according to Max Weber) Class - the division of a society based on socioeconomic status Status - the ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Was Bourdieu's 'Ökonomisches Kapital, kulturelles Kapital, soziales Kapital' written originally in German?

Self explaining question. I did an extensive online research to find the original text, but it doesn't go before In: Reinhard Kreckel (Hg.), »Soziale Ungleichheiten« (Soziale Welt Sonderband 2), ...
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2answers
129 views

How can philosophy and soc. sci. avoid idealism, which seems so prevalent? [closed]

So, again and again I notice that even philosophers, soc. scientists etc. that claim to not be prone to be idealist (since it's unfashionable to be labeled as an idealist, because it's anti-realist), ...
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0answers
90 views

Functionalism, its key concepts and social phenomena

I have a class test and have been instructed to find the following information and I have chosen the functionalism perspective and in particular Emile Durkheim as one of its key thinkers.  State the ...
3
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2answers
70 views

Is philosophy considered mainly as ethics in modern society (mainly in the public perception)?

I might be very wrong in my judgment here, so correct me if I'm wrong, that's just what I'm getting from reading and hearing the every-day talk about philosophy (news, small talks, etc). It seems as ...
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1answer
31 views

What are some discussions on the state of prison rehabilitation in the UK and globally?

I'm interested in doing a data-based study on re-offending rates as people leave prison. One thing I'm particularly interested in is the differing approaches to prison lifestyle and/or rehabilitation ...
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0answers
30 views

Who first filmed and researched unconscious synchronized movement? [closed]

I think it was in my high school sociology class, around 1980, that I learned of an anthropologist who spent three months analysing a 90 second film of a mother, father and child in a kitchen, ...
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3answers
198 views

If I say that a stereotype conditions people to act in a certain way, isn't that an stereotype in itself?

I am arguing with a friend. She hates the use of stereotypes because she thinks that they condition the society in a bad way, but isn't that also a stereotype? I might know about a stereotype but not ...
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1answer
312 views

Why do famous people become famous? [closed]

Why do famous people become famous? Is it because how historians pick them and then portray them or can one become famous by pursuing it? E.g. was Alan Turing such person that he deserves, how his ...
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1answer
172 views

Are Laws crafted around personal/individual beliefs ethical? [closed]

For instance. Gender Identity is defined as what a person believes they are. Gender Roles is defined as what society constitutes as being a specific gender. With the latest boom in Gender Identity ...
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2answers
176 views

How do we select protected attributes?

The origin of much contention in contemporary politics is the presence of discrimination of protected attributes. For instance, affirmative action, insurance or credit provision via models for ...
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3answers
206 views

Explanation behind the 'human' reaction to 'terrorism' [closed]

My question is essentially, what are the philosophical reasons behind the way in which societies as a whole react to terrorism. Taking the recent Manchester attacks as an example, 22 people were ...
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3answers
437 views

Gender roles - do they matter?

This may well be too broad (spreading over into psychology too), I'll try to narrow it down as I outline my thinking but any advice is welcome. I began by thinking about how its unfair if you ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What are the reasons for taboos in a society?

As we know, the society is full of taboos on many topics such as sex, drugs, etc... But what are the reasons for the creation of taboos by humans? Shouldn't we be open-mind and free to discuss all ...
2
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1answer
232 views

Can a society with an arbitrary social rule be moral?

Suppose there existed an isolated society somewhere with a central ruling (church-like) committee that dictates how people should live. If that committee came up with a set of social rules that no ...
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1answer
247 views

Does culture both reflect and create society? [closed]

It seems to me that if a culture represents a society's values and ideologies, then it is society that creates culture, and not the other way around. Take, for example, the 1960's civil rights ...
2
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0answers
398 views

What does Baudrillard mean by “The end of the Social”?

In Simulacra and Simulation (as well, I am told, as in many other works), Baudrillard speaks with the typical obscurity of a French-English translation of the end of society and the "End of the ...
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11answers
935 views

If everything is theory laden, how can one argue against climate change deniers?

Per Quine's results from "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", the Duhem-Quine thesis, and later results such as those of Kuhn and Feyerabend, all empirical observations are theory laden. Even widely accepted ...
2
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1answer
185 views

Assistance in interpreting this excerpt concerning political philosophy

The article comes from "The Rhetorical Functions of Slogans: Classifications and Characteristics" by Robert E. Denton. The title should give away what the entire article is about. I've come to the ...
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0answers
30 views

a relationship with the other

Bourriaud somewhere says: “artistic practice is always a relationship with the other, at the same time as it represents a relationship with the world”. Does he by "with the other" mean "with ...
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1answer
403 views

What are the philosophical roots of the current American parenting style?

A light hearted question: As a parent of two young children, I struggle with the current mainstream American parenting and educational style which is typically parodied (rightfully so) as the "...
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0answers
84 views

How does Pareto solve Parson's utilitarian dilemma?

In Parsons' The Structure of Social Action and Contemporary Debates, the author claims that Pareto's analysis solves Parsons' utilitarian dilemma by embracing a different version of the sociological ...
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4answers
184 views

Has anyone suggested a modern substitute for mythology?

Several authors have mentioned that mythology play a central role in human societies, satisfying various social and psychological needs and giving meaning and a spiritual dimension to people's lives. (...
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2answers
546 views

What is the philosophy of terrorism? [closed]

We are seeing things being done in the world by some organized group of people. And I am trying to understand something. Certainly, as a group, they act on a defined agenda. This must imply a ...
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11answers
2k views

Can religion be considered obsolete? [closed]

Can religion be considered obsolete and in practice an obstacle to the rise of science and reason? I think that religion is the outdated mode of existence, governance, and education of social ...
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7answers
661 views

Is Fatherhood among humans really natural? [closed]

I read in a book and have heard this argument by many social scientists that Fatherhood was an invention by humans during the time when we first started living as societies. This was presumably in ...
6
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1answer
164 views

Is there still any philosopher who supports the incompatibility thesis in the social sciences?

The incompatibility thesis asserts that quantitative and qualitative research paradigms are inherently different from each other. Their irreconcilable differences prevent the possibility of a mixed-...
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4answers
193 views

If the atoms of a person's body change every x number of years, should the person be prosecuted today for a crime that he/she committed x years ago?

I saw this question somewhere in the Internet(I forgot the source) and I think this forum is a good place to ask it. According to what I know, the atoms in a persons body are replaced every certain ...
7
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1answer
515 views

What are “entanglements” in “feminist philosophy”?

I saw this: http://www.hastac.org/blogs/ari-schlesinger/2013/11/26/feminism-and-programming-languages As someone who likes computer programming, I am intrigued by new ideas for computer programming ...
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2answers
143 views

In a way, isn't everyone biased somehow? [closed]

You hear people say that you ought to see an "expert" to get unbiased viewpoints. Isn't that largely based on the assumption that experts are unbiased? Or is it believed that smarter people in, say, ...
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2answers
621 views

How do Modernity and Progress relate to one another? [closed]

I understand that the Modern world is where we have science and technology, humans relying on empirical evidence rather than truths found in some scripture to derive laws for themself. I often hear ...
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5answers
3k views

Who owns the means of production?

Labour is Marxs term for those who do not own the means of production and thus rely on their own labour - ie they are wage earners. What is his term for those who do own the means of production? Its ...
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2answers
118 views

How did Bourdieu interpret the word 'class'?

If I were to ask Pierre Bourdieu: "What is class to you?", what would he answer? I've read some research on Bourdieu's work, but I have yet to encounter a clear answer on his interpretation of class. ...
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1answer
80 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
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4answers
3k views

Is there a modern, secular argument for the soul?

In modern times it is common to think the soul is a religious belief. Even though the original arguments for the soul were not religious (e.g. Plato and Aristotle, and more recently Descartes, ...
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2answers
64 views

Why is always spoken of a 'game' in sociologic subjects?

I nearly heard it everytime in sociologic matters, e.g. in a description for the sociologist itself ("A sociologitst is, who's professionally trying to understand the game of individuals in groups") ...
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1answer
157 views

Philosophy of Synergy and Collaboration [closed]

So I'm trying to study sociology and the science of human collaboration. Are there particularly throrogh books on this topic that anyone knows of? And indeed I am looking mainly at the philosophy ...
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3answers
630 views

Reading material about gender studies/feminism

I took a gender studies course in undergrad, and it left me with a bad taste in my mouth about the whole topic. Maybe it was because I was older than many of the other students, or because the ...