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Questions tagged [socrates]

Socrates was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.

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Who invented definitions?

Is an intensional genus–differentia definition an invention of ancient greek philosopy? "Chair is a seat typically having four legs and a back for one person" Have you seen definitions like this ...
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Is Socrates' happiness possible for average, normal people?

Socrates talked a big game in the Republic: we don't need money, family or friends to be happy; all that requires is that we pursue truth and wisdom. I can sort of see how this can make sense for ...
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Can the Socratic method be used to teach science or math?

I'm not sure if this is philosophy or pedagogy, because it kind of straddles both! I've seen this method used for extremely abstract problems in philosophy. But I haven't seen it used for resolving ...
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Question about the Argument of Recollection from Plato's Phaedo

Under the argument of recollection, what would the answer to the following scenario? A young child has not learned a single thing about geometrical shapes. If a person were to draw a triangle and ...
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In the socratic dialogues, what figure argues in bad faith against Socrates?

If I remember correctly, one of Socrates' interlocutors challenged the Socratic method not directly but indirectly. They did so by not participating in the argument fully. In the literary context of ...
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Is it ethical to try to convince someone of something without explicitly letting them know what that is?

Is it ethical or virtuous to try to convince someone of something without telling them explicitly what that is? For example, is it ethical to try to convince someone that an art work by Picasso is ...
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Is Plato contradicting himself in the Republic?

In Book VII of the Republic, Plato claims that geometry and arithmetic will lead to eternal/pure truth. However, as we know the eternal/pure truth are Forms. Knowing the forms is knowing the pure ...
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Does Plato think there is a anti-social/non-pragmatic danger in the study of mathematics?

In the Theaetetus we see Socrates interacting with an up and coming mathematician: Theaetetus and his mentor Theodorus. It's noteworthy that Plato places his dialogue about the nature knowledge in the ...
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What's the argument of Socrates in addressing Thrasymachus' argument that the pursuit of self-interest or injustice pays better than that of justice?

While reading The Republic by Plato, I don't quite understand the argument. It seems that the argument did not address why a just man won't be worse off than an unjust man. What's the argument of ...
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How one should live a peaceful life knowing this fact that there is no meaning of life? [closed]

So I am going through philosophical path and I think I am deep into it now days , That old question "What is the purpose of living when we are going to die one day" was eating my mind but Then I found ...
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Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
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How would the Sophists challenge Socrates' solution to the problem of justification?

Confused about the question. What is it trying to say? Would the sophists argue with Socrates on justification?
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Plato's Meno - the other paradox?

One paradox in the Meno is familiar : A person cannot look for (zitein) what he knows or for what he doesn't know. He would not look for what he knows, for he knows it already and one who has the ...
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Meno's paradox of knowledge - how is knowledge possible?

In Plato's Meno, it is talked about how knowledge is neither gained nor searched for. I am confused on this particular question. What does is entail?
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The Orphic Socrates

Short introduction Reading about Socrates I found he was more or less Orphic in his beliefs. He believed in the indestructibility of mind or life after dead. Also in certain ascetic life. On the ...
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Did Socrates believe all madness to be good?

In "Phaedro", it seems that Socrates argues that love is a form of divine madness. He then claims that lots of divine things are committed by those who are "not in their right mind ". He also states ...
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Socrates condemnation,King, unknown name

What was the full name of the king archon from Euthyphro, who condemned Socrates to death?
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Book to start studying ethics and Socrates especially

As far as I know Socrates is one of the first philosophers who started thinking about ethics and morals. So what book would you recommend me to read as a beginner in this topic. I recently read Early ...
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Remind you of anybody?

Referring to http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-croatia-slobadan-praljak-20171129-story.html (and many similar stories you can google about this incident). This may be somewhat off-topic, but can't ...
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In Plato's Symposium, what are the similarities and differences between Phaedrus's speech and Socrates's/Diotima's?

I feel like these two speeches have some things in common like how they're both striving for something in the name of love but I'm not too sure. What are the similarities and differences between the ...
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Name of style of argumentation through questions?

I typically construct my arguments in a procedure, where one argument leads to the next. Like so; Conclusion It should not be illegal to be a racist. a. The problem with racists, is that they ...
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Does Socrates fear Euthyphro?

In Plato's Euthyphro, Socrates in dialogue with Euthyphro is asked to clarify his questions "is all which is just pious? or, is that which is pious all just" and attempts to clarify his wording by ...
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“The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms.” - Socrates?

Did Socrates actually say, "The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms"? The aphorism, "The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms" is often attributed to Socrates, but I could not ...
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What would Socrates' approach be towards Darwinism?

So Socrates was pretty fond of the idea of reincarnation, the soul, the inferior material objects and bodily matter around us. Would his idea of the soul fit into the theory of evolution, a theory ...
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Where's the story with “…not in this generation, no; but in 2 or 3 generations, yes” located?

There's an episode in Plato's writings (I'm not sure) which I can't find and I'd appreciate any help. Socrates (I'm not sure), advances a theory through a fable which is hard to believe. An ...
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Socrates as a foot soldier and his political philosophy

Socrates is well known for his participation of several wars during his life span (for almost 30 years). It is believed that he was 48 at his final participation in a war. As an armed foot soldier, ...
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'you cannot refute the truth; for Socrates is easily refuted': How does this rebut disagreeing disputatiously?

Source: How to Read a Book: The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading (Revised 1972 ed.), p. 145 Bottom - 146 Top.   The second general maxim of critical reading is as obvious as the first, but it ...
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Did Jesus try to copy Socrates? [closed]

The life of Jesus is largely the same as that of Socrates. I'm looking at the possibility that Jesus was affected by Socrates' life to such an extent that he tried to copy him. Are there any ...
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Socrates and The Republic

Why does Socrates think that right conduct cannot be defined as "telling the truth and restoring anything we have been trusted with"?
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Aristophanes’ Clouds - What's the Significance of 3ʳᵈ Place?

After 20 years, I've circled back to reevaluate the Clouds (motivated primarily by a learned hatred of lawyers, and government in general). I think Wikipedia does a fine job of presenting the work ...
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Is the Phaedo relevant to a materialist?

I've just finished reading the Phaedo, and I'm wondering if one does not buy into the mind/body dualism arguments that Socrates advances in the dialogue, is there still anything to learned from it? Is ...
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Who is Plato and Socrates' God?

I'm reading the Phaedo, as translated by Benjamin Jowett. The characters alternately mention "God" (As a monotheist would spell it with a capital "G"), for example, at one point, Socrates says: ...
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What evils does Socrates refer to when discussing his State and the origins of war?

In Book II of The Republic (373e), as part of the discussion between Socrates and Glaucon, Socrates states the following (quote taken from Benjamin Jowett's translation): Then without determining ...
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What is the difference between dialectic and logic?

What is the difference between dialectic and logic? By dialectic, I mean what Plato employs in dialogues. Thanks in advance!
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Does Nietzsche's rejection of Socrates mean that he is a relativist about ethics?

In Twilight of Idols (passage 10 in Problem of Socrates section) Nietzsche asserts that Socrates's equating Reason, Virtue and Happiness is a sign of decadence. Does it follow from this that ...
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How applicable is the craft analogy for discussing the virtues, like justice?

In Book I of The Republic, Socrates uses a craft analogy (CA) as part of his argument against Thrasymachus to convince him that justice is not the advantage of the stronger. To do so he equates ruling ...
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Are people inherently good according to Plato?

Are people inherently good according to Plato? Are Gods subject to forms, in the sense that they are good because they are subject to the form of good, or are they independent of the forms? Because I ...
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Was Socrates Greek?

Greeks are citizens of Greece. Greece rejected Socrates. Socrates was not a Greek. Does that syllogism work?
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A courageous philosopher?

I have to write a high school essay where the prompt is roughly centered around writing about someone who is courageous. With my interest in philosophy I would like to write my paper on a philosopher, ...
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In the Gorgias, does Plato make a contradiction about perfect people?

1.) The temperate man does what is just and holy. 2.) The temperate man, since he does just and holy things, is necessarily just and holy. 3.) The temperate man is completely a good man. This ...
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Socratic thought on Greek deities as metaphor

"To be a master of metaphor," Aristotle wrote in his Poetics, "is the greatest thing by far." Not, as we know from Plato, to be "used" as a form of rhetoric (which, as far as I know, he and the ...
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Possible Logical Error in Euthyphro?

There is an argument near the beginning of Euthyphro that Socrates tries to make to Euthyphro in which I believe that Socrates makes a logical mistake. It's a pretty basic mistake, so rather than ...
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How do I compose a paper analyzing a philosophical work?

I am thoroughly analyzing Plato's Symposium.I would like advice on how to compose an essay/paper on what I have read. I have written notes from many times I have gone and reread the dialogues. I have ...
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Please expose how Socrates subtly Appeals to Pity

Source: pp 235-236, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel   This fallacy [Appeal to Pity, abbreviated to AtP] is very common. It is ...
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Socrates question on god

What was Socrates idea of God? What does Socrates say about the idea of the good in the republic? How did he act on this idea? Also, how would you know that his idea of God is correct?
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Why does Socrates think that you can master something without wisdom or knowing what one is talking about?

Source: p 3, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; but Reprint ed, 2012 extant) by PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge) [...] ‘How can I be the wisest man in Athens when I know so little?’ he [...
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Was Socrates of the belief that knowledge was attainable after death?

I've begun reading The Phaedo, wherein Socrates argues against the case of suicide. He begins by assuming that since we as men are possessions of the gods, they would be angered were one of their ...
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How accurate can Plato's recital of dialogues & events be? [duplicate]

In Dialogues, there are hundreds of conversations between Socrates and many others that was written word by word. Did Plato actually write everything down as it happened, or try to recite from memory ...
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Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

For example, Did Socrates really meet Zeno in Parmenides as a young man and the conversation that took place between them was recorded by Plato? Are ANY of Plato's dialogues recordings of actual ...