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10 votes
8 answers
2k views

Is there ‘reality’ after the death of the observer? Does this imply there are multiple ‘realities’?

I presume that, after death, there would not be any afterlife or any remains of the soul. while I am alive, I have a certain perception or concept of the universe. I have a sense of space, time, ...
3 votes
3 answers
231 views

Within scholastics, how does animals' perception work, when compared to humans' apprehension of universals?

In the study of scholastic philosophy, I'm struggling with this question for a while: It seems like dogs do know what dogs are. Aquinas states that animals have perception, capable of complex ...
3 votes
5 answers
1k views

Location of Soul

Colloquially, we often have a notion that souls are like some sort of ghosts or "cloud inside a bottle" that leave body after death. I feel the notion of soul in a bit different way. I feel ...
2 votes
1 answer
70 views

On Plato's Transmigration of Souls

In Plato's theory of transmigration of souls, do some souls ever make it to a place of eternal bliss or get remanded to a place of eternal punishment?
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is there a philosophical doctrine that suggests that the soul endlessly travels between living organisms without being tied to space-time?

By the detachment of the soul from space-time, I understand the ability of the soul, after the death of the organism, to be reborn into anyone, anywhere and anytime. For example, the soul lived in a ...
0 votes
0 answers
62 views

Why isn't Buddha nature a soul?

I was thinking about 'soul' and whether what is problematic about it for many is less its permanence than its duality (reminded of my friend on the 'kingdom of heaven' "hey look, Jesus is over ...
12 votes
8 answers
6k views

Is there a modern, secular argument for the soul?

In modern times it is common to think the soul is a religious belief. Even though the original arguments for the soul were not religious (e.g. Plato and Aristotle, and more recently Descartes, ...
2 votes
3 answers
385 views

Why did Aristotle and Saint Thomas Aquinas believe that the fetus only receives a rational soul at a later stage of pregnancy?

What is different about a fetus at this later stage to deserve a rational soul?
13 votes
14 answers
6k views

Why is it an unpopular view, among philosophers and religious people, that a human being has a supernatural, spiritual soul?

I used to believe that a human being has a supernatural, spiritual soul and that it is obvious for the reasons stated below. I was very surprised to find out that not only secular philosophy, but even ...
0 votes
4 answers
201 views

If we accept that living things have a soul, when and where does that happen?

I identify myself as a Christian, but I'm not posting this on Christianity because almost all religions have a definition for soul. The Latin word "anima" was "something" they ...
1 vote
1 answer
442 views

Where did Socrates describe the tripartite of the soul in the Republic?

Reading through the books I to V, I couldn't a real explanation about the tripartite of the soul as I could find in the Phaedo. Reading in some analysis of the books[1], and the wikipedia article ...
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Is there a quote arguing for soul's existence similar to "I cannot believe that the difference between man and a watch lies in complexity alone."

A friend remembers a quote that argues for the existence of the soul that is similar to "I cannot believe that the difference between man and a watch lies in complexity alone." We interpret ...
1 vote
2 answers
304 views

Our Soul after death

I'm new to philosophy and I have 2 questions: Will our Soul leave this Universe after our body death ? Is our body created before our Soul ? What are the opinions on these 2 questions among current ...
4 votes
6 answers
996 views

Is it rationally possible to believe in a sensationless soul after death?

Epicurus's thoughts on death were: -Death is the cessation of sensation -Good and evil only make sense in terms of sensation Therefore: Death is neither good nor evil My (sort of related) question ...
1 vote
1 answer
88 views

Platos's/ Socrates' conception of reincarnational purpose and the soul's nature

I can not help but wonder what must have been Socrates' opinion of the human soul. On the one hand I am told that 'the Greeks' (and thus, I assume, Socrates and his followers too) took ψυχή which is ...
2 votes
0 answers
472 views

Plato's Phaedo : Why does the soul stay separate from the body?

In Plato's Phaedo, Socrates established that death is the separation of soul and body. But he did not give any clue for this separation. What are the factors that lead to this separation? Physical ...
0 votes
2 answers
189 views

How can a soul have parts if it's the unifying principle of the person? (Aquinas)

Context: Aquinas The problem is something like this: for the parts of the human body to be 'one', they must have a form — this form is the principle of the body's unity. But if the soul itself has ...
1 vote
2 answers
687 views

What is a dualists response to Sean Carroll’s QFT objection to souls?

https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2011/05/23/physics-and-the-immortality-of-the-soul/ He argues that given the universe operates on QFT, we would need to create new physics to account for ...
2 votes
1 answer
656 views

Plato's tripartite soul and Chariot Allegory

I liked Plato's tripartite soul theory but am confused with its analogy of the chariot. Maybe I am missing some good definitions. I very well understand that logos is related to the charioteer. But ...
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

How can the soul be a form in Aristotle's metaphysics but continue to exist after the body's destruction?

Many authors, especially in introductory books, seem to characterize Aristotle's forms as some kind of structure or organizational feature of matter, which seems to be compatible with a reductionist ...
0 votes
1 answer
107 views

Are neural correlates of consciousness and immortal souls compatible?

Can one be a hard-boiled believer in neural correlates of consciousness and at the same time believe in things like the immortal soul reincarnation telepathy and if so, which approaches have been ...
4 votes
8 answers
1k views

Can anyone recommend a good book on The Self?

I don't have any formal education on philosophy but I read some books including Think by Simon Blackburn that got me interested in this subject. Thanks. Edit: Specifically, I was intrigued by Kant's ...
2 votes
1 answer
176 views

Hume's analogy to prove that the soul is mortal

Passage from "The immortality of the soul" by David Hume Where any two items x and y are so closely connected that all alterations we have ever seen in x are accompanied by corresponding ...
2 votes
1 answer
206 views

Is Aristotle's "Animal Soul" the immune system?

According to Aristotle, the soul is the substantial form of the body. As such, it is the principle that unifies the various parts of the body and maintains this unity. The immune system also seems ...
1 vote
2 answers
138 views

Consciousness and Spacetime [closed]

What is consciousness? Is our conceived perception a part of space or time? Can we be conscious in a state where time is non existent, or frozen? Is consciousness energy? Does it adhere to ...
0 votes
2 answers
567 views

Do other animals have conscience?

Does any other animal (apart from humans) have conscience, feel guilt, and have the ability to discern right and wrong?
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
5 votes
4 answers
116 views

On what basis do we assume that people are similar?

In philosophical discussions, when we e.g. talk about souls (mind-body problem) or consciousness, it is often assumed that people are similar. This is why we ask whether "we" have souls, or why "our" ...
2 votes
2 answers
3k views

How would Plato view a just soul?

Does Plato view a just person as someone who three parts of their soul are equal? Or would reason win over appetite and spirit?
1 vote
0 answers
66 views

Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
3 votes
2 answers
615 views

Anaesthesia and an Immaterial Soul -- Edit Anaesthesia and Awareness

Consider that undergoing anesthesia completely suppresses consciousness. If one posits the existence of an immaterial soul which survives bodily death, how do they reconcile that the immaterial soul ...
1 vote
1 answer
303 views

What would Socrates' approach be towards Darwinism?

So Socrates was pretty fond of the idea of reincarnation, the soul, the inferior material objects and bodily matter around us. Would his idea of the soul fit into the theory of evolution, a theory ...
0 votes
1 answer
349 views

What kind of arguments are there for the existence of the soul?

Arguments for the existence of God generally fall into certain categories (e.g. cosmological arguments, moral arguments, arguments from design, etc). But into which categories arguments for the ...
3 votes
1 answer
7k views

What are the objections to the Affinity Argument in the Phaedo?

The Phaedo proposes four arguments for the immortality of the soul. The third of these is the Affinity Argument, and goes something like this: There are two kinds of existences: (a) the visible world ...
1 vote
0 answers
2k views

What kind of arguments are there against the existence of a soul?

I know of two sorts of argument denying the existence of a soul, where the soul is believed to exist from the beginning of the fetus, given by God (or Gods) and persisting as an unchangeable entity ...
0 votes
1 answer
448 views

What is Aquinas' argument for humans having a nature desire to live forever?

In the Summa Contra Gentiles, Thomas Aquinas presents many arguments for the immortality of the soul. Here is one of them: [13] A further argument. It is impossible for natural desire to be in ...
0 votes
2 answers
982 views

Scientific consensus about the soul [closed]

I've read a bit of Julien Musolino's book “The Soul Fallacy” in which he claims that there is a scientific consensus that the soul does not exist. Is his view correct? For this question, “soul” ...
2 votes
0 answers
1k views

What are the best arguments against substance dualism? [closed]

As I understand it, substance dualism is a position that holds that current physics and neuroscience cannot account for certain properties of qualia and the mind, implying the existence of some other ...
2 votes
1 answer
89 views

Stance of Bhagwad Gita regarding permanence of life [closed]

I am reading God Talks With Arjuna by Sri Sri Paramahansa Yogananda. In chapter 2 verse 20, I came across the following line in the interpretation: This stanza expresses the profound truth of the ...
1 vote
4 answers
316 views

Is there a metaphysics or theology positing a mutable soul? [closed]

Definition of "Soul" from Britannica: Soul, in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be ...
-4 votes
2 answers
203 views

What if I don't want to become one with my supposed creator? [closed]

This question entertains the hypothesis that we are the product of one intelligence/consciousness and that our life purpose is to refine our souls to the degree that are once again one with this ...
2 votes
1 answer
135 views

Who is the charmer in Socrates' dialogue in Phaedo?

In Phaedo, Socrates was speaking to Cebes and Simmias saying that they are afraid of death that when the soul leaves the body, the wind will scatter her away (in their opinion). And later he says "Let ...
3 votes
5 answers
602 views

Would rebuilding a human body rebuild the person it was?

I have zero background in philosophy, so forgive me for...asking this in an informal manner. We have a hypothetical scenario. Suppose that our consciousness at some time were reducible to ...
2 votes
1 answer
886 views

Does the Christian concept of eternal God and souls violate the Buddhist concept of Annica and Anatta?

Annica (impermanence) says that all conditioned beings are in a constant state of flux. Anatta (not-self) says that all beings (both conditioned and unconditioned) have no essence. It seems that the ...
-1 votes
2 answers
931 views

In Hinduism, what is an astral body? [closed]

As per Hindu philosophy, there are three things - Body, Mind and Soul. Sometimes we come across this term "Astral Body." I read in a book: "When doing meditation, deeply into it, our astral body ...
-1 votes
2 answers
243 views

Is the android a kind of mankind?

In St.Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica, it said But to know distinctly what is contained in the universal whole is to know the less common, as to "animal" indistinctly is to know it as "animal"; ...
-1 votes
3 answers
2k views

How can we identify the soul or spirit in an object? what is the difference between man and machine? [closed]

If you consider a human and a very smart computer, you have no trouble turning off the computer but most people would consider "turning off" a person to be bad. If a computer becomes as smart as a ...
7 votes
2 answers
639 views

A metaphysical soul without an axiom for such?

Are there any schools of philosophy (or models therein) whose premises non-trivially imply the existence of a metaphysical soul? Or does the concept of a metaphysical soul only exist in practice ...