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Questions tagged [spinoza]

Baruch Spinoza or Benedict de Spinoza (1632 – 1677) was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin.

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Attributes and Modes in the first chapter of Spinoza's Ethics

Spinoza has separate definitions for 'attribute' (1d4) and 'mode' (the substance's affections) (1d5). In (1p4) Spinoza claims that Duae aut plures res distinctae, vel inter se distinguuntur ex ...
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A confliction on Univocity of Being by Deleuze between DR and LS

In Logic of Sense, Deleuze asserted: Neither active or passive, univocal being is neutral. But in Difference and Repetition,(LS,180) he puts advance of spinoza than Scotus as: Instead of ...
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What are some examples of inmanent causes and effects in everyday nature?

Reading Spinoza's Ethics I find myself fascinated by the distinction bewteen inmanent cause and transitive cause. In the Ethics comes like so: E1 PROP. 18. God is the indwelling and not the transient ...
GONZALO ROCHA DE LA CRUZ's user avatar
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Did Spinoza say "to name it is to limit it"?

I have seen this quote attributed second-hand and I wonder if anyone can document its source. Greatly appreciated.
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Axioms for Non Duality

I am interested in teachings about non-duality and I was wondering whether there are any texts that build up assertions of non-duality from a set of axioms. I am aware of Spinoza's ethics and already ...
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Proof of Proposition 7, Spinoza Ethics I

Proposition 7 of Spinoza's Ethics book 1 says that 'it pertains to the nature of substance to exist'. This is proven by using (the corollary to) Proposition 6 to say that nothing can produce substance....
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Is the task of philosophy to reduce fear?

There seems little contemporary work on 'fear'. I certainly couldn't see anything which gave it such important a role. But Fear, in the Ethics, seems to be government’s most valuable means of ...
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Seeking Clarification on the Terminology Used in Spinoza and Locke's Epistemologies

I'm currently studying the works of Spinoza and Locke and I'm struggling to fully comprehend their respective epistemologies. Specifically, I'm trying to understand the relationship between Spinoza's ...
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How does Hegel's Ontology overcome issues in Spinoza's?

I'm trying to write a paper and I've tried to reconstruct an argument about this on my own with no luck so far. It's about Hegel's criticism of Spinoza. As far as I understand, Hegel's main critique ...
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Spinoza and emotions

In some quotes from Tractatus Theologico-Politicus and the Ethics, Spinoza seems to say that emotions should be controlled; that humans who are controlled by emotions are like slaves. Yet, he ...
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Does Spinoza Propose that Thought Cannot Aprehend Extension?

Currently reading Ethics, and I understand most of what I have been reading so far, although the epistemology is subtle and hard to understand so I am wondering if this can be cleared up for me. In ...
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Struggling to understand singluar things in Spinoza's Ethics Part II. How do they come to be?

Started reading Spinoza's Ethics 2 days ago, and it has gone well so far. However, even with its definition at the start of Book II, I struggle to understand Spinoza's use of singular things in ...
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Was Spinoza an atheist?

As I start to read Spinoza scholars, I am getting the impression that most believe that Spinoza was an atheist. I can see their point. If God is not conscious, not aware of individuals, and God's ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
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Spinoza Ethics I Prop 5

I'm having some trouble comprehending Spinoza's Proposition 5, in Part I of the Ethics. Here's the excerpt (Curley translation): P5: In Nature there cannot be two or more substances of the same ...
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In Book V, Proposition XXIII, Spinoza appears to argue that the human mind is partially eternal

In Book V, Proposition XXIII, Spinoza argues: "The human mind cannot be absolutely destroyed with the body, but there remains of it something which is eternal." I read through the argument ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
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Does Spinoza ever prove that substance is a necessary aspect of reality?

Spinoza defines substance as that which can be conceived solely through itself. It seems to me that is possible to assume that no idea can ever be conceived solely through itself. For example, a ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
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Spinoza: what would be a concrete example of a thing that "is in" another thing

Spinoza talks about substance and its modifications. Since God is the only substance, it follows that everything else that exists is modifications of modifications of modifications ... etc. As I ...
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Spinoza: finding examples of a definite cause: where if no definite cause be granted, the effect cannot follow

When we typically think of cause and effect, we start with an event such as a death of a person and we ask what was the cause. For example, we might say that the cause of death was a heart attack. ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
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Where does Spinoza prove the equation ‚God = Nature‘?

In his answer to Is the God of Spinoza a conscious being? @armand refers to Spinoza’s equation Deus sive natura (God, i.e. nature) Indeed, Spinoza equates both terms several times in his work '...
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Is the God of Spinoza a conscious being?

Per Spinoza, everything ultimately derives from God and as humans are conscious beings through the attribute of thought, would it then follow that God is a conscious being through the attribute of ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
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Propositions XXI/XXII of the Ethics, part I - Making sure everything is eternal and infinite

I'm currently reading the George Eliot's translation of the Ethics, edited by Clare Carlisle, and I am french, so I'm not 100% certain I can trust what I think I understood. Since everything follows ...
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Question on Spinoza’s idea of substance

Fundamental to Spinoza’s philosophy is the idea of substance as “that which is conceived through itself.” But it’s hard for me understand the content of this phrase. What does it mean, for something ...
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Just finished reading Spinoza's ethics, which critics of Spinoza are most often recommended?

When I was in college, around 1984, Jonathan Bennett was famous as an important critic. At this point, I find myself a bit confused. I feel that I am very clear on Spinoza's arguments but I am having ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
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What's the meaning of this aphorism by Goethe?

What's the meaning of this aphorism by Goethe? "A Spinoza in poetry becomes Machiavelli in philosophy"
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what is Russell's Neutral Monism and how does it differ from Spinoza's Substance Monism?

I have studied Spinoza, so you don't need to explain that part. For some reason, explanations of Russell on the internet don't get into my head, that's why I've come here.
Tahsin Ahmed Omi's user avatar
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Has Spinoza been disproved by modern physics?

As I understood it Spinoza claims everything has Extension, it occupies space. But in physics there are things called point particles which are zero dimensional, they don't occupy space. So for ...
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Spinoza’s argument for substance monism

Substance monism is a very significant part of Spinoza’s philosophy. But after reading the first part of his Ethics, an understanding of his arguments for it eludes me. Specifically, I have trouble ...
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How does Spinoza deduce substance must cause itself?

Prop. VII. Existence Belongs to the Nature of Substance Spinoza demonstrates this by arguing substance must be the cause of itself, i.e. existence must belong to the nature of substance (by def. 1). ...
lemonsallover's user avatar
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What's the origine of this quote?

This is a popular Spinoza quote "Nothing in Nature is random...A thing appears random only through the incompleteness of our knowledge." Spinoza, Ethics I. Yet, it is not in Ethics. Can ...
Balazs Aczel's user avatar
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Is Spinoza the formal founder of agnosticism?

According to a search on Google for "who founded agnosticism": It says that T.H. Huxley is the first to coin the word agnosticism publicly, but there is no much said about who was the ...
Isaac Brenig's user avatar
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What does Spinoza mean in propositions 11,12 and 13 in part 2 of the ethics?

In the propositions prior to these Spinoza was discussing the way the human soul was 'constituted' by another finite idea of an existing thing, and also about how the human soul was again 'constituted'...
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Attributes of God in Spinoza’s “Ethics”

In Spinoza’s Ethics, he remarks that God/Nature has infinitely many attributes. However, in the Ethics, he only identifies and discusses two of these attributes: thought and extension, which account ...
Franklin Pezzuti Dyer's user avatar
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Part 2, Proposition 13 Spinoza’s Ethics

“XIII. The object of the idea constituting the human mind is the body, in other words a certain mode of extension which actually exists, and nothing else. Proof—If indeed the body were not the object ...
Gunog Selrack's user avatar
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Does Spinoza think essence and eternity are the same thing?

"VIII. By eternity, I mean existence itself, in so far as it is conceived necessarily to follow solely from the definition of that which is eternal." "Explanation—Existence of this kind ...
Gunog Selrack's user avatar
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Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

In a letter Nietzsche made the following comment about Spinoza; "I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor, and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza: that I should have turned ...
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contradictio in adjecto

Arthur schopenhauer comments on Spinoza's God accordingly: For the word God, honestly used, means a cause such as this of the world, with the addition of personality. An impersonal God is, on the ...
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Explanation of a quote from Spinoza

Notandum, dari necessario unius cujusque rei existentis certam aliquam CAUSAM, propter quam existit. Et notandum, hanc causam, propter quart aliqua res existit, vel debere contineri in ipsa natura et ...
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Weakness of Spinoza's ontological argument

The ontological arguments of God are many, the weaknesses they suffer can be found in this reference. My goal here is to focus on Spinoza’s ontological argument. Spinoza's argument is different from ...
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Why for Spinoza is the essence of the mind eternal?

Quoted in The Oxford Handbook of Spinoza, 302. I'm confused as to why, if we express the essence of the body under the aspect of eternity -- which for the purposes of the question I take to mean its ...
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Prop. 2, Part I of Spinozas "Ethics"

Spinoza's proof for Proposition 2 of part I of the Ethics, "Two substances whose attributes are different have nothing in common", is confusing. This is the proof: 1, prop 2, demo - Also evident ...
Moritz Loritz's user avatar
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Are there Identity Conditions for Spinoza's modes?

A common interpretation of the relation of Substance to it's modes in Spinozas states that modes are properties of the Substance [1]. Let's assume this for now: Modes are properties of Substance. I ...
Moritz Loritz's user avatar
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Spinoza's adequate knowledge: Can he avoid being called a dogmatist?

Within Spinoza's System (laid down in the Ethics), the difference of inadequate from adequate knowledge is crucial. Perhaps it is even the central cornerstone of his system, because adequate knowledge ...
Moritz Loritz's user avatar
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What does 'mode' mean in Spinoza's Ethics?

He defines 'mode' in this way: By mode I understand the affections of a substance, or that which is in another through which it is also conceived. But it's not clear to me what this means. Could ...
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How does Spinoza derive his ethics while keeping with his definition of an "unfree" Will

In the Ethics, Spinoza does refute any definition of Will as being free, as Will for men is an illusion which proceeds from inadequate ideas and Will for God is that of the necessity of his Being. ...
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What are some critiques of Spinoza that are generally regarded as holding weight?

I'm nearing the end of my reading Spinoza's ethics, and the philosophy that he lays out seems perfectly consistent and logical. What are some critiques of Spinoza that are regarded as potentially ...
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In Spinoza's Epistemology what role is played by his concept of 'idea'? How do the idea in 'thought' and the object in extension interrelate?

Depending on which among the diverse variety of depictions of the status and possibility of humans being in possession of 'knowledge', Spinoza's Epistemology has been described in various ways. The ...
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Spinoza à la Mode : Is Spinoza a Pantheist?

I define "Pantheism" as the position that affirms the equality between God and the whole reality (not of course equal to every single existing thing, but equal to ALL reality, the reality as a ...
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What was Spinoza's take on miracles: what are they are why think they do occur?

What was Spinoza's take on miracles: what are they are why think they do occur? I'm asking because I want to find out and this could, conceivably, be the easiest way. I've read a chapter or two of ...
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What grounds did Spinoza give for the legitimacy of government?

How exactly does Spinoza ground the legitimacy of the government in the theologo-political treatise? More specifically in Chapter 16, what is the legitimacy of the government grounded in?
Arth Gupta's user avatar
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Spinoza--Why is Unity a Necessary Property of Substance?

Why does Spinoza think Unity is a necessary property of substance? Is this something he posits or is there an argument behind this?
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