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Questions tagged [stoicism]

an ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium. The school taught that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge, and that the wise live in harmony with the divine Reason (also identified with Fate and Providence) that governs nature, and are indifferent to the vicissitudes of fortune and to pleasure and pain.

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Is feeling motivated in our control, from perspective of stoicism? [closed]

People often don't feel motivated and there is ample psychological literature that acknowledges this. But from a Stoic philosophical perspective it is indeed worth pondering whether "feeling not ...
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Can we adopt a certain perspective without subjective experience?

Introduction I am not speaking about our conscious perspective that includes our conscious knowledge of what is rational and what is irrational. I am speaking about the deep perspective that controls ...
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On the universal and preconception in stoic logic: the word “natural” (naturale) from Diog. L., VII, 54

Foreword: as an Italian student, I hope that I will not make many mistakes in translating the lexicon from my native language to English; sometimes this will happen, and so putting the Italian word in ...
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As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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How does Stoicism relate to Existentialism?

I was wondering about the relation or influence that Stoicism had on Existentialism and Existentialist thinkers, such as Camus, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and Sartre. In any of their works do they ...
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How does Stoicism deal with human interdependence?

Well as humans are inherently social animals we tend to rely on each other for the specific duties which are sometimes voluntarily accepted or sometimes prescribed strictly. For e.g. the duty of a ...
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Similarities between Jordan Peterson's 12 Rules for Life and Stoicism

I was wondering if these two paths have similarities in their implementation or if they are two different paths that lead to the same place? Peterson is very interesting in doing something meaningful ...
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Stoicism: How can you be calm and uncaring and rush to do your best at the same time?

I've been studying stoic philosophy lately and I have incorporated more of the calmness and de-stressing elements of it into my daily life. However, I have noticed that I also do not seem to try ...
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What is your view of Stoicism as a philosophy for present day living? [closed]

Do you approve of the Stoic philosophy presented in the discourses of Epictetus, the meditations of Marcus Aurelius and the writings of Lucius Annaeus Seneca? How do you reconcile the Stoic idea of ...
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Can you apply Stoic Philosophy to a Business Goal?

I have recently read Irvine's book about stoic philosophy and I am interested about his take on the trichotomy of control. He states that you have 3 options for control: Some things that you have ...
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What is the stoic response to something like the events in Las Vegas?

I have recently been trying to learn about stoicism. It is the one philosophy that I think closely represents me and how I live in general. Reading a few sites and have ordered Meditations. http://...
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Regarding Contemporary Stoicism

Is the popular, modern conception of stoicism equivalent to the actual philosophy espoused in books like Epictetus' The Discourses? How are they different, and what might we misunderstand without ...
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Stoic thoughts on sharing achievements

I've started practising and I wonder what are the stoic thoughts on sharing your achievements with friends/anyone. I used to share all my achievements with everyone and it was causing some troubles, ...
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Why does Philo skip Genesis 1?

In Νόμων Ἱερῶν Ἀλληγορίαι, (Legum Allegoriæ), Stoic Philosopher Philo of Alexandria sets out to make an allegorical commentary on Genesis 2-3. Why does Philo choose to pick up with chapter 2 instead ...
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Is there any other philosophy or belief system like stoicism?

I am looking for something similar to stoicism. I know buddhism and secular humanism have lots of similarity, but that's it.
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What stoicism offers for platonic love? [closed]

There is a girl that I am in love with, and she is going to marry soon, not with me. We are friends, and I don't want to lose her; however, it hurts. Can stoicism help me with that? If it can, how?
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Death and Epictetus

In the Enchiridion, Epictetus seems suggest that goodness and badness are not “in” the world. They are “in” our reactions. For example he says that, “Death, for instance, is not terrible, else it ...
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What does Marcus Aurelius mean by quoting Plato here?

Keep always before you that “this is no different from an empty field,” and the things in it are the same as on a mountaintop, on the seashore, wherever. Plato gets to the heart of it: “fencing a ...
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What would be the implications if the equality of opposites was true?

Heraclitus famously believed in the equality of opposites, as do I. Would the truth of the equality of opposites have any significant implications for reason and logic?
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Is Kant's idea of imperatives derived from stoicism?

Upon reading "The Meditations" by Marcus Aurelius, I felt that in the author's view a man should only be concerned about the things which he has control over what he can do, i.e. duty. "A man's ...
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Understanding progress and improvement (Epictetus)

So, I've started reading "Discourses" of Epictetus. I'm stuck at Chapter IV. I can't understand the part that I'm going to post below. I've highlighted the most difficult piece, if you don't want to ...
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Nature, mind, soul in Meditations by Marcus Aurelius

It's my first time reading Meditations and I am finding the book quite interesting. Marcus often mentions Nature, mind and soul. To me there seems to be no difference. But I guess they have ...
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What does Marcus Aurelius mean by 'sympathetic link'?

I am reading Meditation by Marcus Aurelius and finding difficulty in understanding this sentence: When they (agitations of the flesh) make their way into your thoughts, through the sympathetic link ...
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How did the idea of fate arise?

Once I read that Stoics thought that both humans and animals have no free will, because they are just dragged by fate against their will. How did they come to this idea without any knowledge of brain ...
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How did the ideas of a poor slave like Epitectus spread before the printing press? [closed]

Was he literate? Even if he was, how did his ideas spread during his own lifetime? Was word of mouth that contagious back then? Were people writing down his ideas on stone tablets and passing them ...
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What is the causal connection between virtues and eudaimonea in virtue ethics?

Eudaimonea is typically mistranslated as "happiness" (subjective mental states) when it is an objective state of fulfillment of purpose. (I consider that to be the central definition of the concept ...
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Stoic Aphorisms?

What are some poignant aphorisms that a practitioner of stoicism could internalize to help remain stoic throughout their day. Think motivational calendar and you'll know what I'm after. I'm aware ...
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Can a beginner in Philosophy understand the following books?

I know that Pythagoras is the basis for all the Philosophy (and probably mathematics). I ordered The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library but I already have the following Philosophical books: ...
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Where do I turn after Stoics, Montaigne and Taleb?

If one liked primary and secondary works by and about Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592; e.g. his essays and biography) where could one turn to next? The Stoics and Nassim Nicholas Taleb come to mind. ...
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Marcus Aurelius on Books

Marcus Aurelius says "But cast away the thirst after books, that thou mayest not die murmuring, but cheerfully, truly, and from thy heart thankful to the gods" in the end of the third paragraph of his ...
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What are the key differences between Plato's Republic and Zeno's?

Zeno's Republic was almost certainly written as a response of some kind to Plato's famous work. What differences between Plato's ideal society and his Stoic utopia did Zeno wish to highlight and in ...
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Context of “one tongue but two ears”

I teach once every few weeks for an hour or two to a group of youngsters (ca. age ten). The lesson is provided to me, so it is pretty much cookbook, and is mostly about little activities and anecdotes,...
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Source for (Stoic?) quote on death/(im)mortality

In Eckhart Tolle's book The Power of Now, there is the following fragment of a question that the author was asked: I read about a stoic philosopher in ancient Greece who, when he was told that ...
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Truth is an opinion and not fact - Stoicism

According to Marcus Aurelius Everything we hear is an opinion, not a fact. Everything we see is a perspective, not the truth. I found the quote here. What does this mean? How this relate to what we ...
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Why do the Stoics Matter?

Aside from overcoming the Fallacy of Four Terms, what were the major contributions of Stoic syllogisms? What did they provide that Aristotelian syllogisms could not? And, what were their major ...
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What does Epictetus mean when he says “it is better for your slave to be bad than for you to be unhappy”?

This sentence is taken from Epictetus' Enchiridion (The Manual). I have read and reread this sentence over again but can't understand what he means by it. Full context where this sentence takes place:...
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Was Marcus Aurelius the first philosopher-king?

Marcus Aurelius, well-known for his Meditations, in the second century AD, was a Stoic philosopher and also emperor of the Roman empire. Plato, in his Republic, advised that the ideal rulers of his ...
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How can we have responsibility in the Stoic's deterministic universe?

I read the following in Anthony Kenny's 'A New History of Philosophy' book. It is a paraphrase from Chrysippus the Stoic philosopher Nothing can escape Nature's laws, but despite the determinism of ...
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How might one counter Bertrand Russell's criticism of Stoicism as “not true” and “insincere”?

Reading about Stoicism, I have encountered a criticism to which I cannot form a strong counter-argument. Did anyone or can anyone provide a rebuttal to the following argument against Stoicism? ...
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Are Hellenistic schools of philosophy also therapeutic regimes?

Martha C. Nussbaum argues in The Therapy of Desire: Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics that all three major Hellenistic schools (Epicureanism, Stoicism, Skeptics) shared a practical, ...
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Why did the Stoics believe that both children & animals have no emotions?

In the preface to the 2nd edition of The fragility of goodness, Martha Nussbaum writes: In order to be adequate, the Stoic theory needs three major sorts of modifications. First it needs a ...
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Translation of a greek word in Stoic thought

I'm reading this article on Ariston of Chios. On the 9th page of the article Schofield uses " ἡγεμονιχόν", stating that the "What Ariston had noticed was that, although committed to a plurality of ...
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Why did Epicureanism become “the main opponent” of Stoicism?

I was reading about Epicureanism on Wikipedia, and there I saw that, apparently, Epicureanism was in conflict with Stoicism and Platonism. I then read up on those two philosophies, and well, they do ...
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Clarification of this stoic quote by Marcus Aurelius in Meditations, “Art thou angry with him whose armpits stink?”

Consider this quote by Marcus Aurelius: Art thou angry with him whose armpits stink ? art thou angry with him whose mouth smells foul ? What good will this anger do thee ? He has such a mouth,...
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Can anyone recommend publications of Seneca's work?

Having read Penguin Great Ideas : On the Shortness of Life, I am keen to read further works of Seneca. Can anyone recommend any publications? I have stumbled upon Anger, Mercy, Revenge (Complete ...
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Is virtue necessary to achieve eudaimonia?

Stoics believe that virtue (ἀρετή) is necessary and sufficient to achieve happiness (εὐδαιμονία). It was the "sufficient" portion that marked Stoics out from other ancient philosophy, but I suspect ...
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What are the main points of criticism of the ancient Stoic school vis-a-vis the system of philosophy of the Epicureans?

What was the main criticism of the ancient Stoic school of philosophy with respect to the system of philosophy of the Epicureans?