Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [teleology]

The tag has no usage guidance.

2
votes
1answer
62 views

Moral nihilism & teleology

Can one be a moral nihilist and hold teleological beliefs at the same time? More specifically, can I be a moral nihilist, whilst also being a utilitarian? And further, is teleology a branch of moral ...
2
votes
3answers
117 views

Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

In Marxism the idea of history being a process with determinable characteristics is raised. History here being the relations of economic life and social reproduction, and the cultures they give rise ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

If purpose is just another side of cause, is everyone a consequentialist?

Purpose is just another side of cause. This is what I take as a premise. One might change "cause" by "reason" sometimes, both are related. Every non-randomistic process has some end after which this ...
5
votes
1answer
50 views

Aristotle's middle point between teleological eliminativists and teleological intentionalists

I'm reading an introduction to Aristotle's theory of causation, Aristotle by Christopher Shields, and I understand that he says that Aristotle's view of final causes is between teleological ...
2
votes
4answers
70 views

Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency

As observers we observe events around us. All events have causes, either deterministic causes or non-deterministic ones. As observers however we can additionally attribute purpose (or meaning as in ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Critiques of regulative ideals

Consider the following claims: The concept of perfection is the source of regulative ideals. All things that are not perfect are judged for their shortcomings in relation to the conception of ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Is there teleology in (modern) science?

Teleology (the research of a phenomenon according to its "finality", its end-goal) is a subject that's often controversial (at least to my knowledge), and I'm not sure I've seen it in science (more ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Any contemporary supporter Hartmann's vitalizm?

Eduard von Hartmann's view of vitalizm follows a little twist of Schelling’s combination of vitalizm and mechanism. I like his approach for vitalizm view of evolution theory, and it's interesting to ...
7
votes
3answers
610 views

The perverted faculty argument

There are a few philosophers who still push the “perverted faculty argument” to prove that contraception, homosexual acts and masturbation are immoral. This argument is based on classic natural law, ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Epicurean Argument Against Teleology Question [closed]

An Epicurean Argument Against Teleology [In the earth’s infancy] the earth tried to create many monsters with weird appearance and anatomy – androgynous, some footless, or handless; many even ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

A simple mathematical example for pseudo-teleology

The Lagrangian formulation of mechanics seems to be an interesting example for 'pseudo-teleology': a particle at starting position (a, b) with final position (x, y) will take the path of smallest ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Good Introductions to Kants Critique of Judgment

Can somebody recommend any? I have come across Wicks & Hughes so far, but I am finding it very difficult. I am also finding it incredibly difficult reading through the Critique itself. Any advice ...
2
votes
3answers
190 views

Where does the philosophical community stand on the eternal universe hypothesis?

Universal eternality has been entertained for millenia. However, from my reading and to my understanding, the idea of an infinite universe has met considerable criticism over the past century. The ...
1
vote
8answers
1k views

Would I be correct in assuming that all* things have a 'best'? [closed]

My friend and I broke into an argument because I said that there was a best opening chess move. He clearly didn't agree with me and after much debate I came to the conclusion/theory that: For any ...
0
votes
4answers
398 views

How can teleological explanations not fit with modern science?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 09: "ARGUING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION 52:21: We grew up and and we’re talked out of this way thinking about the world. 52:30: But here's a question: ...
3
votes
1answer
413 views

What's the force of Leibniz' worry in “The Ultimate Origin of Things”?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual thing, ...
2
votes
1answer
761 views

Is the teleological argument for God completely refuted?

Teleological arguments for the existence of God have a long history and straddle Greek Antiquity (Platos Divine Artificer), Islam (Averroes) and Christianity (Aquinas) and currently and most famously ...
11
votes
1answer
221 views

Does having a positive teleology require an entity that has intention exist?

One of the criticisms of Aristotle's final cause category is that if a thing has a purpose, there must exist some entity that has intention to set up that cause. Generally speaking, skeptical ...
12
votes
5answers
5k views

Does science reject Aristotle's final cause?

To quote from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: The material cause: “that out of which”, ...