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8
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2answers
2k views

What do they call philosophers in China?

The English word "philosopher" comes from the Greek, and literally means "lover of wisdom." But what is the literal translation of the analogous term in Chinese? (There's more to this question than ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

What is the name for half-baked understanding of philosophies?

I think many people who subscribe to Taoism pushing the idea to extremes, like thinking that only feeling is correct (in the name of the Tao cannot be spoken), or researching is useless (in the name ...
2
votes
2answers
321 views

Term for Fear of the Unknown

Is there a philosophical term for fear of the unknown, other than xenophobia? If such a term doesn't exist, can you think of a philosopher who discussed the phenomenon? EDIT I should probably ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Square of Opposition with percentages?

What happens if you replace the statements of the Traditional Square of Opposition with "percentages of the subject term"? Do all the relationships from the Traditional Square of Opposition still ...
3
votes
5answers
173 views

Term for Deceptive Logic

Whenever media headlines announce a major unexpected snowfall, many people exclaim, "Aha, global warming is a hoax!" Their logic is simple: Snow requires cold weather, therefore, record snowfall must ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Can morals be metaphysical?

I just learned about Immanuel Kant's book The Metaphysics of Morals. I thought metaphysics and morals (ethics) were two separate branches of philosophy. Is this just a catchy title that shouldn't be ...
0
votes
5answers
276 views

Logical Fallacy? “You drive, therefore you use fossil fuels” [duplicate]

What kind of logical fallacy is this, if any? A person (Mr. A) complains about climate change. A critic (Mr. B) replies, "You own a car, so you can't complain." Mr. B's argument is that anyone who ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Philosophy vs Corporate Personhood

Corporate personhood is the notion that corporations have at least some of the legal rights and responsibilities as people. I'm curious to know what philosophers have said about corporate personhood, ...
-3
votes
4answers
300 views

Conspiracy Theory Fallacy?

This is Wikipedia's definition of conspiracy theory: A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy generally one involving an illegal or ...
1
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0answers
322 views

How does Karl Jaspers's term 'metaphysical guilt' relate to 'metaphysics'?

The following interpretations of 'metaphysical guilt', don't explain how 'metaphysical' in 'metaphysical guilt' connects with the meaning of 'metaphysics' as the fundamental nature of reality. Source:...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Jean-Paul Sartre on Che Guevara

Jean-Paul Sartre described the Latin revolutionary Che Guevara as "the most complete human being of our age." What did "complete" mean in Sartre's philosophical belief system? Or was he simply ...
2
votes
4answers
494 views

The Ethics of Non-forgiving [closed]

EDIT Read the last paragraph of my original question. I clearly stated that I have a "personal philosophy" regarding this question and clearly asked how it fits in with established philosophy. In ...
-1
votes
2answers
70 views

Term for Evil Magnified (e.g. Organized Crime)

Most people would characterize a person who steals $100 from another person as bad or evil. That person might be expected to pay a $200 fine and maybe spend a day in jail. But imagine an organized ...