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Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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48 views

Why physical force and power in the definition of violence

I've been working my way through the concept of violence. I started with the definition provided by the WHO as a reasonable starting place: Violence is “the intentional use of physical force or ...
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47 views

what body of work is there on spectrums

I'm currently studying and writing about the concept, Spectrums, and I can't seem to find much on it. I recognize spectrums to include (The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th ...
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1answer
110 views

What is the philosophical term for when a property is emergent from an underlying structure?

There is a term that refers to this, which I can't find anywhere, but I remember it from studies of consciousness and the brain. For example, "consciousness is ____ on the physical brain". ...
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58 views

Question about Russell's distinction between knowledge of things and knowledge of truths in 'The Problems of Philosophy'

In his book, Russell distinguishes several types of knowledge. He first distinguishes knowledge of truths, and of things. "the sense in which what we know is true (...) i.e. to what are called ...
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57 views

Is Russell's "(im)predicativity" terminology related to (or even derived from) Kant's "existence is not a predicate" argument?

I'm a mathematician who's generally ignorant of philosophy, so forgive me if my question is a bit sloppy. I'm really trying to ask about a historical connection/context. I recently encountered the ...
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1answer
41 views

Arguing / Pretending as an Opponent Speaker

What do you call a person or the strategy where the speaker acts as the opponent to know the issue at hand better (as an opponent). For instance, a Vegan (person X) can argue with another Vegan, ...
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47 views

Can 'Trust' be quantified?

I believe the concept of trust or the word trust itself can be given many definitions depending on someone's understanding of it. Agreeing with the definition given on dictionnary.com website as ...
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2answers
158 views

Atheist, Agnostic...Wait for more data?

I'm a scientist by heart: I believe that while the existence of God, however defined (or any metaphysic question, for that matter), is a tough one, it might not be completely inaccessible to science. ...
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41 views

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world?

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world? People use words like simulations to express ideas similar to this, but there doesn't seem to be a specific word for this. Do you ...
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111 views

Why isn't astronomy called astrology? [closed]

Many scientific topics are called ---logy. Like psychology, biology, archeology, meteorology, cosmology, physiology, geology, etc. The adjective "logy" means "knowledge of". One ...
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46 views

Is there a single word for an arbitrary closed curved line?

A circle is a circle. A triangle is a triangle. An ellipse is an ellipse. A square is a square. Is there a name for the general case of an arbitrarily formed line (so it can be curved) with the ...
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2answers
65 views

Why are curved triangles not considered as triangles?

I asked a question on the math side where it was said that this is a philosophical question. So here it is. Why are curved triangles, in Euclidean space, not considered triangles? The only case of a ...
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4answers
125 views

What word describes the mental structure that determines behavior and thinking of an individual?

I am coming at this question from the view that the brain is a sort of machine that maintains a structure that is built and modified through experiences. From that structure manifests an individual's ...
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74 views

What is "natural"?

The term "natural" is often used by people who have faith in "natural" things, by marketers promoting a product, etc. However, what is the definition of "natural"? ...
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1answer
57 views

Ethics, axiology, and decision theory

I'm confused about the precise terminology to use when referring to various subjects which are all related to making good choices. I know that axiology is general study of value, including moral, ...
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1answer
38 views

When to use 'element of' vs 'proper subset of' for thinking?

For example, if I'm thinking of particular colors, are there advantages of construing them as elements of vs proper subsets of the set "color?"
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3answers
51 views

What is the definition of a statement?

What is the definition of a statement, formally? We talk a lot about statements in math and philosophy, but I have never heard a precise definition of what a statement is. I would like some ...
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1answer
56 views

What is the definition of a property?

What is the definition of a property? Like, for example, "that apple has the property of being red". I know that properties aren't the same thing as sets. But what are they, exactly?
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2answers
214 views

A distinction between two types of atheism

What does the word "atheism" actually mean? Does it mean, simply, "lack of a belief in God or gods"? By that definition, babies would be atheists, not to mention cats, trees, and ...
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1answer
29 views

Antonym(ic) definitions of a phenomenon by its lack of property

I thought I saw the term antonym or antonymic (?) definition occur somewhere on the Stackexchange with a reference, but now I can't find it. I refer to things like UFO which is characterized by its ...
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6answers
2k views

What does "true" mean in "justified true belief"?

What does TRUE mean in JUSTIFIED TRUE BELIEF? We define knowledge as "justified true belief". Now, my question is what does the term TRUE mean in the formal definition? Why not only "...
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44 views

Rawls' phrase "well-ordered society"

Given Rawls' near-constant recourse to mathematical examples and analogies in AToJ, what are the chances that his talk of well-ordered societies is to be understood in part in terms of well-ordered ...
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34 views

Are ontic predicates similarly (or even well) defined across philosophers? Do they differ from logic predicates?

I've seen the term "ontic predicate" bandied around in some works. Whenever it has a clear definition it seem no different than how one would define it in (first-order) logic, i.e. it being ...
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2answers
97 views

Is there a clear cut distinction between Philosophy and Philology?

I’ve been recently mulling over semantic and linguistic issues and I realized that my understanding of these fields may not correspond to the commonly accepted wisdom, so to speak. Although the ...
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2answers
84 views

Word for an unending task that one is compelled to do

Absurdism uses The Myth of Sisyphus to give a metaphor for the unending human need to attribute meaning to life. What would be the most well-understood (or established) word that means: "a ...
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74 views

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie?

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie? I don't think it is quite solipsism, because solipsism denies that an outer world exists in the first place. I am talking ...
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1answer
143 views

Is Searle mislabeling his position on perception as "direct realism" when it's really intentionalism? Or are there non-realist intentionalists?

Having given Searle's 2015 book (Seeing things as the are) a quick read, to me he seems like he's really (mostly) espousing intentionalism but he calls his position "direct realism". He ...
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1answer
74 views

What is the difference between "satisfaction" and "verification"?

In Chalmers paper, "consciousness and its place in nature", he makes the following statement: We can say that if W (world) considered as actual makes S (a statement) true, then W verifies S....
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7answers
337 views

Is the distinction between software and hardware real?

In computer science education, there exists a dichotomy between what we call "hardware" and what we call "software". Software can exist as patterns on hardware and also as a purely ...
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34 views

The specific term for a logical argument

Is there a specific term to use when someone is mocking you for something you have done in the past that they know was wrong only because they know now what happened, after the fact. You couldn't tell ...
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5answers
8k views

Term for people who believe God once existed but then disappeared?

Reading Wikipedia, I learnt Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable. Comment: Am I correct if I say an agnostics would say: &...
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4answers
135 views

Is there a word or term for the inability to separate what is phenomenal from noumenal?

Phenomenal includes everything originating from personal experience, while Noumenal includes everything except personal experience; something is Ontological when it includes both. The ability to ...
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57 views

What is the difference between material and physical?

Is there a difference between material and physical, and if so, what is it? Are there material things that are not physical? Also, are there physical things that are not material?
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41 views

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite? We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not ...
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187 views

Has there been an attempt to create a classification system or taxonomy of "everything"

I have only begun digging into the philosophical definitions and study of taxonomy/classification, however I am just wondering if thus far the idea of trying to categorize and classify all objects, ...
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2answers
74 views

Is this outline typical of the organization of academic analytic philosophy?

After doing some research I came up with the following classification of analytic philosophy. Do certain branches overlap or worse, are there any inclusions that I have missed? Axiology Æsthetics ...
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1answer
144 views

Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists?

Monism is the belief that only one thing exists. Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists, and have any serious philosophers given any arguments for that belief?
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Are all "actions" considered to be a type of "conditions"?

Are all "actions" considered to be a type of "conditions"? Let's take the following sentence: "Each display and local field can contain one or more rules that contain a set ...
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3answers
368 views

What is the Difference Between Mercy and Pity?

I am currently reading about euthanasia and encountered the argument that mercy is a morally different category from pity. It is written there, that mercy implies a "re-establishment of equality&...
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56 views

What are the "Simples" Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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1answer
84 views

Why is it that philosophers use terms that aren't literally true in their literature?

In lectures and talks that I have attended/watched, I've noticed a propensity to use the term "move" when describing the primary driving force behind an argument. In context, it might sound ...
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4answers
96 views

What do you call the truest subjective truths?

What do you call the truest subjective truths? There are objective truth such as "Markus scored an IQ of 90 on the Raven Matrices test" and subjective truth such as "Markus is dumb"...
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2answers
91 views

Is the concept of 'evidence' inherently subjective, and how does that impact the definition of 'faith'?

Claiming that something is 'evidence' of something else requires a mind observing, interpreting and coming to that conclusion. Isn't this a subjective process? If so, does this mean that the concept ...
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2answers
91 views

What is the difference between 'sense-data' and 'facts'?

There appear to be times when philosophers use these terms 'sense-data' and 'facts' synonymously, and at other times as distinct entities. Is there philosophy that speaks to characterize the ...
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5answers
3k views

What's the right term in logic for this phenomenon?

The statement "My mother is my parent" is always true, however, the opposite statement "My parent is my mother" is not always true because my father is also my parent. What's the ...
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1answer
36 views

Is there a term for this strong form of actualism?

Actualism is the view that the actual world is the only possible world. But I was told that even most actualists believe in true counterfactuals, like, "It might have been the case that Adolf ...
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123 views

What is the difference between world and universe?

I encounter the terms "world" and "universe" in various types of philosophy. I haven't paid close attention, but it seems "world" is used more phenomenologically and ...
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1answer
52 views

A clarification of nonexistence

This is similar to a question I asked long ago, but there was a misinterpretation. People often say that, for instance, unicorns don't exist, but isn't it more correct to say that there are no ...
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2answers
177 views

On Kant's use of "überhaupt" [in general] and "allgemein" [general]

What's the difference between 'überhaupt' and 'allgemein'? I'm still not fully in the grasp of what Kant exactly mean when he uses 'überhaupt' and 'allgemein'. In German, these are completely ...
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1answer
129 views

Do the set of "Concepts" contain itself?

So I gather that a set containing itself is not allowed. Yet it seems like a set of all concepts (Concepts) should contain an element denoting the idea of "concept". Is it that there is a ...

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