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Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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Where does 'numerical' in 'numerical identity' come from?

L.S., the word numerical has several meanings. E.g. numerical in the meaning ''given by numbers', and when saying Numerical Identity, meaning 'only one'. When was the first time the word was ...
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Who invented definitions?

Is an intensional genus–differentia definition an invention of ancient greek philosopy? "Chair is a seat typically having four legs and a back for one person" Have you seen definitions like this ...
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Is there an established name for position that argues against law?

This is my position. But for some reason I'm sure I'm not the first to accept it (I guess some anarchists would have it). So, there likely should be other people with this position. Is there a name ...
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What is the difference between Theory of Knowledge and Epistemology?

What are the differences, similarities, and contrasts between the two fields of study, namely, Theory of Knowledge and Epistemology? Are these terms interchangeable? Are they near-identical? What ...
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If I want everyone to be a friend to everyone, am I an anarchist? [closed]

I am not defining friendship. It's easier to say what is not friendship. In most aspects there are some signifiers of friendship. What language do you use, how do you treat people, what do you feel. ...
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Identification and identity

One's identity is routinely associated with one's body, and most will readily make the claim that they are their body. Their body is the referent for their identity. I'm having a bit of a problem ...
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Interpretation and symbolic notations of operations in mathematics

As we know a mathematical operation is a function. And a function is a special type of relation. Ultimately a relation is a set of ordered pairs. For example, what is addition of natural numbers? At ...
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What is the difference between the words “false” and “untrue”? [closed]

Since I don't have any philosophy background, please answer as simply as you can! Thank you!
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Can a theory become a law?

I'm just trying to speak properly and the definitions of fact, hypothesis, theory and law are quite mixed in my head. Some background The following are not perfect definitions but some ideas. ...
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Mind Dependence vs. Case by Case

Reddit user 'Firetaffer' asked: Subjectivism is the only one now that confuses me a bit, as being mind-dependent feels the same as relativism to me. Urk this feels like a hurdle that I have to ...
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Absolutism vs. Objectivism vs. Subjectivism vs. Relativism, in an ethical or epistemological context

I don't understand the bolded sentences from this Reddit post by user 'GFYsexyfatman' in 2015. So as the article suggests, let's think of them as two independent dichotomies: one between ...
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What is the difference between object, concept and Gestalt?

Within the context of philosophical writings (i.e. not psychology), what is the difference and relations of the following terms: Begriff Gegenstand Gestalt For example as used by Frege ("Ueber ...
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Is there a term for the belief that what is popular in society defines what is moral?

I have observed a number of people who believe, either explicitly or implicitly, that what is popular in a person’s society is what is moral. For instance, someone might say: Polls say that 90% of ...
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Term for a phrase meant to end an argument.

Is there a word for "a phrase which is intended to end discourse?" such as "That's just the way it is" or "If you don't like it, you can get out" or "Deal with it" These statements are used in ...
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How valid is it to refer to “fundamentals”, “origins” etc. how are they to be judged? [closed]

How valid is it to refer to "fundamentals", "origins" etc. how are they to be judged? Particularly, consider e.g. Darwin's On the Origin of Species. Now, to claim "the origin" suggests that it's a ...
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Does theism imply worship?

There are and were many theistic religions. In most if not all of them there is some kind of worship. However, as far as I am aware theism only means a belief in some kind of unworldly beings who ...
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What philosophy or philosophy branch can the following quote be attributed to? [closed]

Not everything that is worth it pays off , not everything that pays off is worth it. I couldn't find anything specific per se. I only have a vague idea, something along the lines of it adhering to "...
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How do you talk about unclear or indefinite statements

In logic a statement can be the assertion that is made by a true or false declarative sentence... a statement is viewed as a truth bearer However, in everyday speech a statement is a definite ...
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How would you define ‘existence’?

I was talking to a friend, and she said: even before the Big Bang and the origin of space and time, still something existed. That sparked the question: how would you define ‘existence’? What ...
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What is “limited free will”? [closed]

I have heard that humans have a limited or constrained free will, especially when biological limitations are brought up. However, Merriam-Webster dictionary says: Limited 1a: confined within ...
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How to categorize a certain pattern of argumentation?

There happens to be a pattern where a discussant makes a statement about the world and his/her partner retorts with another statement or usually a question that translates the subject onto a ...
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Knowledge without a belief: do infants have beliefs?

We say that knowledge is connected with beliefs. Infants do some basic things required to sustain their life, like breathing. We can say they know how to breath. Maybe they do it aimlessly, but they ...
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How do I know the philosophy I'm going to read is something new for me and not just a waste of time?

I know it may sound like I'm thinking of myself as I already know everything within philosophy, every problem and every response. When I was 15 reading it could be interesting. However now, most ...
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Term or phrase for “widening definition(s) to find a signal” [closed]

I'm not sure this is simply philosophy and not also some term of art used in other domains, but it's definitely conceptual and it is used in observation of people. I saw an article a while back ...
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Is atheism about the existence of Deities or a personal perception of Sacredness?

Wikipedia on atheism: Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities. Now what about deities? A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred. ...
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Extreme examples for exploring the scope of statements - does this technique have a name? - Is it a fallacy?

When discussing opinions with friends, I often resort to making extreme scenarios out of their opinions in an attempt to investigate the limits within which their statements hold true (to them). ...
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Resources on materialism and physicalism?

I was wondering if there is anyone here who could recommend specific books or information specific resources from assorted philosophers on the topic of materiality and physicality? I've finished ...
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What argumentative tactic is in play when someone says “The media isn't covering this”?

I see memes about once a week which state, "The media isn't covering this really important thing. Shouldn't they be ashamed! Like and Share and FWD to grandma if you agree!". Similar posts include "...
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Is there a name for people who believe in a self-professed God but reject to venerate him/her/it?

Suppose I believe there is an entity that considers itself to be "a god". This means that out of the whole of my lexicon, the word "god" is what best describes this entity. But I refuse to obey this ...
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Is there an idea of non-spatial reality in philosophy?

Our world is spatial. In particular there are 3 dimensions and we can measure lengths of objects in either of them. However, when thinking about metaphysics I came to the conclusion that there might ...
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Defining 2 words with respect to each other

I apologize if this is in the wrong forum. I listen to a radio show where the host talks a lot about love & hate. He defines love as 'the absence of hate' and he says that hate is 'the absence of ...
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Is antinatalism against any kind of producing new minds (people)?

My argument is "it's better never to be a child". Being transhumanist, I assert it's better for new people to be produced adults right away, skipping the childhood part and believe it will be possible....
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What is the name of the phenomenon that a thing must be named in order to understand it?

The concept is popular in the media and philosophy that to understand a thing, one should have a name for it. In Star War it is widely known with "Named must your fear be before banish it you can", ...
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How did Aristotle arrive at the definition of substance/ousia?

In Aristotle's terminology, ousia, or substance, is that which is the subject of predication, but never itself predicated of anything. This is a highly technical definition; I don't expect it reflects ...
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Why is ousia translated as substance? Should it be?

From Aristotle's Metaphysics, translation Reeve 2016, Z1: What is being?---is just the question, What is substance? This statement is a lot more obvious in Greek: Ousia is a noun formed from ...
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What's the difference between “unfalsifiable” and “true”?

Unfalsifiable statements are said to be important in science. An example of such a statement: All swans are white. In plain English, that's simply a truthful statement. So what's the difference ...
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In German, to which of Nietzsche's books does the abbreviation “GA” refer to?

I'm reading an academic article in German about Nietzsche and I really need to check the texts the author refers to, however I have no clue what "GA" refers to, even after checking the list of German ...
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Meaning of 'statement of fact' in a book by Russell

I'm reading Political Ideals (1917) by Bertrand Russell. Today, I reached this sentence in chapter 4: One fact which emerges from these considerations is that no obstacle should be placed in the ...
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Is there a term for the philosophical view that claims nothing exists independently of interaction?

My view is following: Nothing exists on its own, existence is the property of interaction. But since every interaction is different, I conclude that existence itself is subjective. But then, what ...
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Is there a term that combines present will and future will? [closed]

So, when we say to a child not to touch hot object, even if their will is to touch it, we refer to future will: the child will be hurt by it and the result of that will be undesirable, which means ...
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How does Kant's absolute obligation to obey the law square with existence of unfair laws?

According to Corlett's "Is There a Moral Duty to Obey the Law?" It is a self-contradiction, Kant argues, for the law to contain within itself a law permitting citizens to disobey it. ...
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What is this argument called?

What do you call an argument where you try to invalidate criticism of a narrative work (I'm not sure what the correct term is to describe it) by using fact or explanation from the narrative work ...
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How to debate with someone who asks for proof of a fact they are not denying

I was debating with a flat earth believer and proposed a disproof of his theory. His theory being the earth is a circle and the sun is a spotlight that casts a circle of light beneath it. My ...
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As adjectives: 'analytic' vs 'descriptive'

From: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (2017). p. 6 Bottom. Publisher uploaded chapter 1.   We can define morality as a system ofvalues or principles concerning what is right or wrong with ...
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What are the limits of natural selection?

Have any philosophers wrestled with this question or created terminology to help us differentiate between biological natural selection and cultural or technological natural selection? A couple ...
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Relation between essentialism and realism

One definition of “essentialism” would be that it is a kind of realism of universals with the additional claim that every particular p instantiates a certain universal E which determines its existence....
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Is a vehicle that's confined to one place still a vehicle? [closed]

Google's dictionary defines a vehicle as such: a thing used for transporting people or goods, especially on land, such as a car, lorry, or cart. Now suppose that, for whatever reason, a vehicle ...
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That is the truth because I say so

Does the following attitude have a name in philosophical jargon? “Faith” means the will to avoid knowing what is true. —Friedrich Nietzsche, The Antichrist Faith is the great cop-out, ...
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Does physicalism imply everything can be defined?

Does physicalism imply everything can be defined at least to a certain extent?
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Is “micro” more specific than “small”? [closed]

So something that has caused slight annoyance is the term "micro" applied to other than physical/chemical contexts. E.g. microbreweries. Upon thinking about the word, my own impression is that "micro"...