Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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44 views

How is “account” be different with “theory”, “model” or “approach”?

For example, this article about Personal Autonomy is talking about "Four More or Less Overlapping Accounts of Personal Autonomy". I understand that "account" here can be ...
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33 views

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite? We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not ...
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Do we define objects or words? [closed]

Definition 1.(semantics, lexicography) A statement of the meaning of a word or word group or a sign or symbol (dictionary definitions). ... 3.A statement expressing the essential nature of something; ...
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Has there been an attempt to create a classification system or taxonomy of “everything”

I have only begun digging into the philosophical definitions and study of taxonomy/classification, however I am just wondering if thus far the idea of trying to categorize and classify all objects, ...
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Is this outline typical of the organization of academic analytic philosophy?

After doing some research I came up with the following classification of analytic philosophy. Do certain branches overlap or worse, are there any inclusions that I have missed? Axiology Æsthetics ...
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Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists?

Monism is the belief that only one thing exists. Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists, and have any serious philosophers given any arguments for that belief?
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Are all “actions” considered to be a type of “conditions”?

Are all "actions" considered to be a type of "conditions"? Let's take the following sentence: "Each display and local field can contain one or more rules that contain a set ...
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What is the Difference Between Mercy and Pity?

I am currently reading about euthanasia and encountered the argument that mercy is a morally different category from pity. It is written there, that mercy implies a "re-establishment of equality&...
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What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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Why is it that philosophers use terms that aren't literally true in their literature?

In lectures and talks that I have attended/watched, I've noticed a propensity to use the term "move" when describing the primary driving force behind an argument. In context, it might sound ...
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What do you call the truest subjective truths?

What do you call the truest subjective truths? There are objective truth such as "Markus scored an IQ of 90 on the Raven Matrices test" and subjective truth such as "Markus is dumb"...
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Is the concept of 'evidence' inherently subjective, and how does that impact the definition of 'faith'?

Claiming that something is 'evidence' of something else requires a mind observing, interpreting and coming to that conclusion. Isn't this a subjective process? If so, does this mean that the concept ...
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What is the difference between 'sense-data' and 'facts'?

There appear to be times when philosophers use these terms 'sense-data' and 'facts' synonymously, and at other times as distinct entities. Is there philosophy that speaks to characterize the ...
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What's the right term in logic for this phenomenon?

The statement "My mother is my parent" is always true, however, the opposite statement "My parent is my mother" is not always true because my father is also my parent. What's the ...
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Is there a term for this strong form of actualism?

Actualism is the view that the actual world is the only possible world. But I was told that even most actualists believe in true counterfactuals, like, "It might have been the case that Adolf ...
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What is the difference between world and universe?

I encounter the terms "world" and "universe" in various types of philosophy. I haven't paid close attention, but it seems "world" is used more phenomenologically and ...
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A clarification of nonexistence

This is similar to a question I asked long ago, but there was a misinterpretation. People often say that, for instance, unicorns don't exist, but isn't it more correct to say that there are no ...
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On Kant's use of “überhaupt” [in general] and “allgemein” [general]

What's the difference between 'überhaupt' and 'allgemein'? I'm still not fully in the grasp of what Kant exactly mean when he uses 'überhaupt' and 'allgemein'. In German, these are completely ...
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118 views

Do the set of “Concepts” contain itself?

So I gather that a set containing itself is not allowed. Yet it seems like a set of all concepts (Concepts) should contain an element denoting the idea of "concept". Is it that there is a ...
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126 views

What is the meaning of “Y is a function of X”?

Based on my life experience I assume that with "daily life language", when people say "Y is a function of X", the meaning could be: Y is a potential mode, given X Y is a practical ...
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33 views

What motivated Whitehead to choose “Cogredience”?

I'm not a native english speaker, so I was not familiar with the term "cogredience" when I first saw it in Concept of Nature. frankly, it seems like its a word Whitehead used in a different ...
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66 views

What is “Can't make X? Don't criticize it.” fallacy called?

What is the name of the fallacy that attempts to invalidate a criticism of an instance of doing an activity because one providing the criticism is not very proficient in said activity (or not doing it ...
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What is the difference between a condition and a criterion?

One can argue that a criterion is any condition phrased in a question manner: Does the applicant have a BSc in computer science? Although, most criterions I ever came across were not phrased as a ...
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Is there a word used for abstract space constructs?

Abstract space constructs like not actual space, but an abstract set of data organized in a space-like structure, like a 2 dimensional array or 3 dimensional array, where let's say x represents "...
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What do you call philosophical statements that you can prove mathematically or by other means?

What do you call philosophical statements that you can prove mathematically or by other means? I thought theorem was a word for it, but it doesn't seem the case, so do we just use assertions as a ...
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What is the difference between a fraction and a float? [closed]

I understand a a fraction to be any quotient besides 0, but after coming across the term "float" in various programming languages (such as JavaScript) I misunderstand why it is even needed ...
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What's the meaning of “Intermediate Generalizations”?

The phrase is from John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism. The context is: "The corollaries from the principle of utility, like the precepts of every practical art, admit of indefinite improvement, ...
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Integritas definitio: Can you define anything completely and independently? [closed]

I think: None is void of relations. Not even those that don’t seem to be at all. The existing and the non-existing--all have superfluous relations, if not many at least one. This absolute one relation ...
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144 views

What's the difference between “cause” and “allow”?

Let's say person A picks up a pencil and drops it and person B catches it. I think most people would agree that person A dropping the pencil allowed person B to catch it, but did not cause person B to ...
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Is there a word specific for “philosophy of philosophy” aside “metaphilosophy”?

I am pretty sure the word "metaphilosophy" is the only word for "philosophy of philosophy", but I wasn't quite sure it was the only word. Is there any other word that could be used ...
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51 views

An sich and Für sich (in itself and for itself)

For use in annotating the work of an Italian poet, I wish to explain a reference to An sich and für sich: What would be a brief, straightforward, and yet accurate definition of these concepts in Hegel'...
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195 views

Is there a word that describes what's outside the physical world?

If some people thinks that something outside the physical world can have an impact upon it, then what do people call the thing outside the physical world? Is there a common word or what are some of ...
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What is a “demon”?

The term demon appears in several thought experiments: Maxwell's demon, Laplace's demon, Descartes' demon, maybe others. What is this term supposed to mean? For example, I understand the term oracle: ...
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Are there multiple definitions of validity?

I have recently started learning the basics of propositional logic. According to http://intrologic.stanford.edu/chapters/chapter_03.html, a sentence is valid if and only if it is satisfied by every ...
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Is there a concept that refers to phenomena that are caused or seemingly caused by something outside the physical realm?

Is there a concept that refers to phenomena that are caused or seemingly caused by something outside the physical realm? I am referring to phenomena that seems to have been shown to be caused by ...
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43 views

Clarifying relation between rhetoric, dialectic and logos

Rhetoric is primarily comprised of: ethos (appeal to character), pathos (appeal to emotion), logos (appeal to logic/reason) Dialectic is distinguished from rhetoric in that it only uses logical ...
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Can you create two things that are exactly the same?

Is it possible to create two objects that are the same on the molecular level? By two objects, I mean two different objects that have the same label. For example, can you create two different breads ...
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Difference between *testability* and *falsifiability*?

Are these two terms exact synonyms? Or is there some subtle difference between the two? For example, David Deutsch (2011) writes: Testability is now generally accepted as the defining characteristic ...
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52 views

Difference between *skepticism* and *fallibilism*?

Is the difference simply something like this: Skepticism: Certainty is never possible. Fallibilism: Certainty is not usually possible.
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2answers
202 views

Difference between *concept* and *knowledge*?

The SEP entry "Rationalism vs Empiricism" distinguishes between the terms concept and knowledge. Is there some standard distinction between these two terms that's commonly used by most philosophers? (...
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What is a “dispositional account”?

Uzgalis (2018, SEP "Locke" entry): Locke rejects arguments from universal assent and attacks dispositional accounts of innate principles. What is a "dispositional account of innate principles"? ...
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Modal Logics Isomorphisms

What does it mean to say that the different branches of modal logic (temporal, epistemic, etc.) are isomorphic? I looked for the answer on The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but couldn't find ...
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102 views

Does aleatoric uncertainty exist?

I am wondering whether the distinction into epistemic and aleatoric uncertainty really makes sense. The way I have understood it (and Wikipedia seems to define it) the distinction is: epistemic ...
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First person, present indicative of “To believe falsely”

There is a Wittgenstein quote I've been thinking about ever since going through AI to Zombies: If there were a verb meaning 'to believe falsely', it would not have any significant first person, ...
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Is “always” omitted in mathematics?

Consider the statement: "For two numbers a,b their product is positive". For this statement to be true it must be true for every a,b right? So is the above statement equivalent to: "For two numbers a,...
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How Does One Define a Keyboard?

Suppose we have 3 keyboards and we take out all the switches. Would we call these objects still "keyboards"? Someone could argue that these objects don't have switches so they can't be called "...
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Absolutism vs. Objectivism vs. Subjectivism vs. Relativism, in an ethical or epistemological context

I don't understand the bolded sentences from this Reddit post by user 'GFYsexyfatman' in 2015. So as the article suggests, let's think of them as two independent dichotomies: one between ...
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Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable?

Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable? If such reasons have been identified, what are they called? If there's no exhaustive lists, what are the different causes or ...
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What do you call the idea that each universes have wholly different natural laws?

What do you call the idea that each universes have wholly different natural laws? Instead of, let's say, all universes sharing some common laws, I am talking about the idea that all universes have ...
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Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...

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