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Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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Do meanings of statements exist?

It was suggested to me in another thread that materialism is self defeating. But when I looked at the reason for that statement I found confusion in the argument. (4) MATERIALISM [Definition] The ...
lee pappas's user avatar
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How to handle definitions in professional philosophic/scientific contexts?

So I had multiple instances, where a word in a paper or similar had to be defined. In the past, I employed or was thinking of employing various techniques to go about defining a certain word e.g.: I ...
telion's user avatar
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Is the uptake in grounding-talk, in modern analytic metaphysics, a carryover from the notion of a ground-state in physics?

The SEP article on metaphysical grounding says of the history of the topic: There are interesting and difficult questions about grounding, its history, and what its relationship to the history of ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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3 answers
283 views

Is the conventionalism re: the terms "electron" and "positron" an article of evidence for the inversion account of negation?

From the SEP article on negation: In Hintikka’s (1973) game-theoretical semantics, negation is modeled by a role-switch between two players in a semantic game (cf. the entry on logic and games). A ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
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Term of art for ontological evasion

I am looking for a term that I would call ontological evasion (or ontlogical elision if we wish to sound more neutral) but I dont find anything like it in the standard places — IEP/SEP/wikipedia. The ...
Rushi's user avatar
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Is the concept of "supernatural laws" an oxymoron?

In the discussion on defining and distinguishing between naturalism and supernaturalism, is it coherent to entertain the notion of a supernatural realm governed by rules or laws, and if so, would it ...
Mark's user avatar
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What do we mean by 'obligation'?

I've been thinking about what we mean by obligation, and I've come up with the following: What is an obligation? It is clear that obligation cannot be anything to do with being coerced by someone ...
A-Level Student's user avatar
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What are the main terms and their (relatively) proper definitions that a beginner in metaphysics/philosophy should know of?

I've recently come across many intelligent individuals in the field of metaphysics. Their intellectual prowess impressed me; since their field of expertise informs all other fields, they demonstrated ...
ashadow4u's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
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What is the definition of supernatural? [duplicate]

What is the definition of supernatural? If one defines "natural" as "everything that exists", then, simply by definition, nothing is supernatural, not even ghosts or gods or ...
user107952's user avatar
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Can we know that something exists even if we can't explain or define it?

Can a person know that something like "free will" must exist even though an exact definition in words, using language, cannot be provided, and in the absence of a complete theory that ...
Mark's user avatar
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Term for a Question based an a Fundamental Misunderstanding

Look at the question, 'According to Kantian ethics, how do you weight the value of pleasurable art against medical necessities?' The hypothetical speaker has a fundamental misunderstanding of Kantian ...
E Tam's user avatar
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Why is the question "Is there free will?", and not, “What is free will?"

I'm a layperson interested in the problem of free will. I recently started reading one of the popular introductory textbooks to the subject. I'm halfway through, and while the book did describe a few ...
Ram Rachum's user avatar
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1 answer
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How should the footnote to BXVIII & BXIX in Kant's first Critique be understood? Does it even make sense?

Note: I am avoiding the typical use of object and subject as observed and observer since it can become exceedingly confusing in this context. I use topic in place of object. The footnote to BXVIII &...
Steven Thomas Hatton's user avatar
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What's the difference between "good sense" (𝘣𝘰𝘯 𝘴𝘦𝘯𝘴) and "common sense"?

What's the difference between "good sense" (Pascal's "bon sens") and "common sense"?
Geremia's user avatar
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Is there a term for when one claims that something can't be true of the collective because it is not true of every individual within the collective?

Basically as the title says, I'm wondering if there is a term for when someone says that because there are some exceptions to the norm, that the norm cannot be considered as part or all of what ...
LavenderTea045147's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Does introspection provide strong evidence for weak forms of solipsism and idealism? Are not all philosophical distinctions mind-dependent objects?

Philosophy in One Lecture Daniel Bonevac: https://youtu.be/AycTgPJtBP0 In this video lecture Daniel draws two stick figures on the blackboard, representing two human bodies, and attached to each ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
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What does "deep" mean? [closed]

I don't know if this is best suited for the philosophy stack exchange, but it is the only one I can think of. What does "deep" mean, as in, "He is a very deep thinker" or "...
user107952's user avatar
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Is Taoism a philosophy?

I find some of the individual ideas in Taoism comforting when applied to my own life (e.g. effortless action, non-attachment, acceptance, duality), but I don't really know what Taoism is as an all ...
jacob's user avatar
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how these two statements can be true at same time?

If you consider any two numbers that are not equal in value (2 is not 3), and it is a true statement that they are not. However, it is also true to state that they are the same: both are numbers. You ...
Nopal vol's user avatar
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Is there agreement on “axiology” vice “value theory”?

Of course, Wikipedia is neither authoritative nor internally consistent—no surprise there. But, having encountered the word axiology, I checked out the article of that name, which asserts that “it is ...
Paul Tanenbaum's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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What terminology distinguishes questions that define goals from those that accomplish them?

I will soon give a technical talk in which I want to stress the importance of asking the right questions. I propose to use a philosophical analogy; comparing the questions "How do I live a good ...
Philip Roe's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
127 views

What do the meanings of ponens and tollens have to do with Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens? [closed]

There are two inference rules in propositional logic called Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens. I was wondering how the meanings of ponens and tollens have to do with the rules? That is, how does the ...
Tim's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is 'an Ontological Evil'?

In various discussions touching upon topics between geopolitics, ethics, and general philosophy, I have seen the term used, in phrases such as 'please do not believe that members of [faction that both ...
vicky_molokh's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there a term for the fact that it may need more information to describe a probability distribution than conveyed by the event itself?

For example, X is a random integer from 1 to 16. Now I get a piece of information: X is 3, 5, 9, or 14. This has 2 bits of information for the knowledge about X. But if the list of options is random ...
user23013's user avatar
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Is there a name for the following transhumanist doctrine: "the most important thing to do with one's life is to try to avoid death"?

[Disclaimer: I don't have any formal training in philosophy and I'm just curious, so I hope this question is in scope.] I'm interested in whether there is an established name for a simple (admittedly ...
a3nm's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is the ontological relationship between a "process" and a "law of physics", from this philosophical perspective?

I was reflecting on the difference between the subject of physics and the subject of biology, and this was the conclusion I reached: Physics is the study of the laws of objective reality, while ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
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0 answers
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Is the mass/count-noun distinction the same as the continuous/discrete one?

Justification for this as a PhilosophySE questions: there are two SEP articles concerning this topic: The Logic of Mass Expressions (Nicolas[18]). The Metaphysics of Mass Expressions (Steen[22]). ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
379 views

Does logic have a more proper word to mean something similar to dilemma but neutral?

Section 7.8 The Dilemma of Copi's Introduction to Logic says: The dilemma is a common form of argument in ordinary language. It is, in essence, an argumentative device in which syllogisms on the ...
Tim's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is a complete understanding?

In a comment to this recent question of mine, somebody used the phrase, "complete understanding." Without necessarily answering the linked question (i.e. without defining "understanding&...
Corbin's user avatar
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5 votes
5 answers
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Is understanding possible?

Often, humans will claim to "understand" something. When pressed, they will define understanding as something like: Knowledge Conception within the mind Comprehension Awareness of meaning ...
Corbin's user avatar
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9 votes
12 answers
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Is attacking an argument because it's machine generated an ad hominem fallacy?

I really want to say rejecting a line of reasoning because ChatGPT created it would be an ad machina argument. (Note, I'm interested in the case where the rejection is made without any consideration ...
BCS's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the difference between morality and ethics?

Is there a difference between morality and ethics, and if so, what is it? I have seen those terms used interchangeably, but have any philosophers made a distinction between the two?
user107952's user avatar
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Exact significance, of menthological settings (imagery, symbolism, plans, but where is the role of constructs for obtaining divergence)?

What is a menthological setting? Is it something, that lets your mind, interleave, expand, (and diverge!), along the lines, of a mental setting? Thanks. (For example: example menthological construct )....
Joselin Jocklingson's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
100 views

What is the standard name for this mild form of dualism?

Dualism is traditionally thought to be the belief that matter and mind are separate things. However, I have this belief that while matter causes mind to emerge, nonetheless they are separate entities. ...
user107952's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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How to understand "type-which-corresponds-to"?

In the comment on How do we define this?, user g s wrote a deleted comment indicating that things could be defined using "type-which-corresponds-to" (exact quote from memory). They followed ...
Quitting Due To Antisemitism's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
1k views

How do we know we've defined a thing properly when all definitions have exceptions? [closed]

I don’t understand definitions. Let’s take this question: “What is a woman?” Now if I am a Platonic Idealist (or some other essentialist) then I think that all women share the same essence and will ...
ProfessorFinesse's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
257 views

Is "Why do we live?" a philosophical question?

After posting a question akin to "Why do we live?" in the r/AskPhilosophy subreddit its moderators got it removed, providing as motivation "All questions must be about philosophy". ...
Andrea Nerla's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
152 views

Two kinds of abstract objects - circles and sets

Both circles and sets are considered abstract objects. I can visualise a circle in my mind (can 'see it through my mind's eye') but can't visualise a set or a number. I have no picture of a set in my ...
Harshit Rajput's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
82 views

Is there an opposite concept to trilemma?

In economics or other fields, there's a concept trilemma. It means A trilemma is a difficult choice from three options, each of which is (or appears) unacceptable or unfavourable. There are two ...
zzzgoo's user avatar
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6 votes
5 answers
714 views

What is the rigorous definition of free will?

What is the rigorous definition of free will? There has been, and will continue to be, a lot of debate around free will. These debates seem to go nowhere, and that is because (so I think, anyway) ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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What's the correct term or phrase for "Breaking a complex problem down into its fundamental tenets"?

Any problem I encounter, I distill down into fundamental tenets to create a model where the relationships between the distinct components of the problem are clear and more easily defined / discussed. ...
J.Todd's user avatar
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2 answers
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What noun describes the ideology that most things are scams?

What’s the -ism that portrays this outlook. This forgotten -ism is related to — BUT NOT — capitalism, corpocracy, cynicism, Marxism, misanthropy, nihilism, pessimism, socialism or skepticism. Such ...
user avatar
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0 answers
35 views

What is the term for a property instantiated either verbally or by judgement?

A promise is an example of a speech act. Is there a broader term encompassing nonverbal judgements? For example, consider a domain where objective measures of a property are vague or nonexistent; a ...
davidg's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
569 views

How, in layman's terms, should this Conifold argument against illusionism be interpreted?

There's a discussion about philosophical zombies and illusionism going on in The Symposium, which is the main chat room for Philosophy on Stack Exchange and Conifold posted this a day or two ago (the ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
80 views

Is Kant's talk of "homogeneity" the deeper point-of-contact between his theory of categories, and modern category theory?

The SEP article on category theory says: Categories, functors, natural transformations, limits and colimits appeared almost out of nowhere in a paper by Eilenberg & Mac Lane (1945) entitled “...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
39 views

How do terms and concepts map to and relate to each other when thinking across languages?

I am working on creating a cross-linguistic dictionary every now and then, and currently thinking about the relationship between terms (single or multi word), morphemes (word parts), and concepts. At ...
Lance's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a name for the relation between a proposition and the proposition formed after applying the diamond modal operator?

I don't know if there is a name for it but, since a negative proposition is the negation of another proposition for e.g. the proposition that "it is not the case that it is sunny" is the ...
r0k1m's user avatar
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4 votes
8 answers
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Is this a fallacy: "A woman is an adult who identifies as female in gender"? [closed]

The phrase tries to avoid the overt circular definition found in the variant, "a woman is anyone who identifies as a woman", by swapping woman with female in gender. But is that still a ...
Eyeofpie's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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what do you call a logical argument between 2 people who hav personal grudges? Its opposite of Ad Hominem bt not Inverse Ad Hominem. what's it called?

If A and B already have personal grudges but keep that aside, they are discussing a subject and a conflict erupts argument. Their points are based on the subject only and nothing personal but the heat ...
Ganga Mashal's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Ethical naturalism and moral naturalism

This article (Shook, 2015) makes a distinction between "ethical naturalism" and "moral naturalism": Moral naturalism as defined at the conclusion of the previous section is ...
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