Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Hegel's Actual and Real

Hegel uses the terms Actuality (Wirklichkeit) and Reality (Realität) often in his works. Can anyone help make determinations about the relation of these two terms? How are they distinguished from each ...
-1
votes
1answer
98 views

Is there an alternative to infinity?

We can say that a discrete set with 1 and 2 allows us to count just from 1 to 2 but a sequential set with 1 and 2 allows us to count from 1 to 2 in an infinite way (1.1, 1.2, 1.3 ...) but no man can ...
-2
votes
0answers
67 views

"Undo" and "redo" in logic for programming [closed]

I have created a JavaScript code according to which if Ctrl and Alt and l are all pressed together in a web browser window, a certain HTML element becomes hidden. window.addEventListener('keydown', ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the difference between thing, entity, and object? [closed]

What exactly is the difference between the words "thing", "entity", and "object"? Do they all have the same meaning? I think they are the same, but I want to know what ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Reference for precise definitions of notations in philosophical theories & books

As a math learner, when I want to read important philosophical theories like Descartes, Kant, etc. I face a big problem that bothers me. Why does no one define things and concepts precisely then ...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

Technical terms for 'House Elf Problem'

There is an informal ethical dilemma known as the House Elf problem, after the Harry Potter slave race who are, universally*, enthusiastic servants who strongly prefer to be servile and be treated as ...
1
vote
2answers
217 views

Is mathematical induction deduction, and if so, why is it so named?

By induction, I mean this screenshot from this Youtube video Abduction as an Aspect of Retroduction | Chiasson, Phyllis | Commens Induction: The prefix “in,” also from the Latin has to do with ...
1
vote
3answers
102 views

Definition of 'Identity' [duplicate]

This may seem like a very specific or stupid question, but I'm new to this, I'm interested in the idea of 'identity' and 'identical. I've heard some description of the idea different 'copies' or ...
1
vote
3answers
147 views

Mathematical objects existing as different instances

I have a slightly complex conceptual question about the idea of 'multiple' instances of mathematical objects. In particular Real Numbers, and generally the idea of having multiple instances of ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

The application of logic to the metaphor of glass half full or half empty [closed]

If there is optimistic, pessimistic, and realistic, what would be the most logical way of defining unrealistic? For example, the optimistic says the glass is half full. The pessimistic says the glass ...
3
votes
3answers
68 views

Is there a name for the phenomenon where a system that selects for one quality eventually leads to optimizing that quality at the cost of others?

There's a pattern that pops up in a wide variety of systems - biological, economic, social, etc - and can occur whenever survival and propagation within the system is determined by how well members ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Can you explain the problem with Aristotle's doctrine of terms presented in this excerpt?

I'm really confused about the second paragraph. This is form Kenny's "A New History of Philosophy". "One of the dysfunctional features of the doctrine of terms is that it fosters ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

? as a logical connective

I am reading Doubt Truth to be a Liar by Graham Priest. In it he uses the symbol ? as a logical connective, and I am unsure of it's meaning. Given his use of ? (a ? a) to denote the Law of Identity, ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Is the dichotomy between natural and unnatural defensible?

Are not the dictionary definitions of natural and unnatural inconsistent? Why wouldn't whatever humans create (e.g. money, plastic bags, books, internet, laptop, lamp, buildings, airplanes, etc) be ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Term for the dichotomy of blaming a philosophical counter-example on oneself vs. our commonsense

Imagine some philosopher answers a question of the form "What is X?". Then a critic points out that, according to this answer, O is not X, but we clearly consider it to be X. It seems that ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Looking for term from distributive justice theory "distribuenda"

In distributive just theory the term "distribuenda" refers to the thing that is to be distributed and has an analogue to the term "equalisandum", which refers to the thing that is ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Would philosophy exist without semantics?

With so many threads on this forum seeming to me - from my point of view - as wars of words -can it be argued whether semantics are philosophy's oxygen? Would any philosophical debate actually take ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Are the terms formula and algorithm synonymous in formal logic?

How to do something in two or more steps would feel/grasped to me as pretty much matching the common usages of both terms, but to find possible nuances common in the philosophical literature in ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What is the difference between a model and algorithm?

I would say that an algorithm is a private case of model because it describes how something generally works --- just mathematically.
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Is there any philosophical difference between "I have no horns" and "I have horns, but they have zero volume"?

The common idea is that, on one hand we have "I don't have X", on the other hand we have "I have X, but X has some its quality equal to zero, making it to behave the same way as if it ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Is there a term for properties that an entity has at a particular time, but which depend on the properties it has at other times?

Is there a term for properties that an entity has at a particular time, but which depend on the properties it has at other times? For example, when he was a child, Lebron James had the property of ...
4
votes
3answers
101 views

What is the word if someone starts his argument with a conclusion?

Say, I'm arguing with a believer about Noahs flood. According to their scripture and other sources it is described as global. But there is no evidence for a global flood, hence why the believer says ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Why physical force and power in the definition of violence

I've been working my way through the concept of violence. I started with the definition provided by the WHO as a reasonable starting place: Violence is “the intentional use of physical force or ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

What is the philosophical term for when a property is emergent from an underlying structure?

There is a term that refers to this, which I can't find anywhere, but I remember it from studies of consciousness and the brain. For example, "consciousness is ____ on the physical brain". ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Question about Russell's distinction between knowledge of things and knowledge of truths in 'The Problems of Philosophy'

In his book, Russell distinguishes several types of knowledge. He first distinguishes knowledge of truths, and of things. "the sense in which what we know is true (...) i.e. to what are called ...
5
votes
1answer
62 views

Is Russell's "(im)predicativity" terminology related to (or even derived from) Kant's "existence is not a predicate" argument?

I'm a mathematician who's generally ignorant of philosophy, so forgive me if my question is a bit sloppy. I'm really trying to ask about a historical connection/context. I recently encountered the ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Arguing / Pretending as an Opponent Speaker

What do you call a person or the strategy where the speaker acts as the opponent to know the issue at hand better (as an opponent). For instance, a Vegan (person X) can argue with another Vegan, ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Can 'Trust' be quantified?

I believe the concept of trust or the word trust itself can be given many definitions depending on someone's understanding of it. Agreeing with the definition given on dictionnary.com website as ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

Atheist, Agnostic...Wait for more data?

I'm a scientist by heart: I believe that while the existence of God, however defined (or any metaphysic question, for that matter), is a tough one, it might not be completely inaccessible to science. ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world?

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world? People use words like simulations to express ideas similar to this, but there doesn't seem to be a specific word for this. Do you ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Why isn't astronomy called astrology? [closed]

Many scientific topics are called ---logy. Like psychology, biology, archeology, meteorology, cosmology, physiology, geology, etc. The adjective "logy" means "knowledge of". One ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Is there a single word for an arbitrary closed curved line?

A circle is a circle. A triangle is a triangle. An ellipse is an ellipse. A square is a square. Is there a name for the general case of an arbitrarily formed line (so it can be curved) with the ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Why are curved triangles not considered as triangles?

I asked a question on the math side where it was said that this is a philosophical question. So here it is. Why are curved triangles, in Euclidean space, not considered triangles? The only case of a ...
-1
votes
4answers
129 views

What word describes the mental structure that determines behavior and thinking of an individual?

I am coming at this question from the view that the brain is a sort of machine that maintains a structure that is built and modified through experiences. From that structure manifests an individual's ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

What is "natural"?

The term "natural" is often used by people who have faith in "natural" things, by marketers promoting a product, etc. However, what is the definition of "natural"? ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Ethics, axiology, and decision theory

I'm confused about the precise terminology to use when referring to various subjects which are all related to making good choices. I know that axiology is general study of value, including moral, ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

When to use 'element of' vs 'proper subset of' for thinking?

For example, if I'm thinking of particular colors, are there advantages of construing them as elements of vs proper subsets of the set "color?"
1
vote
3answers
63 views

What is the definition of a statement?

What is the definition of a statement, formally? We talk a lot about statements in math and philosophy, but I have never heard a precise definition of what a statement is. I would like some ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

What is the definition of a property?

What is the definition of a property? Like, for example, "that apple has the property of being red". I know that properties aren't the same thing as sets. But what are they, exactly?
1
vote
3answers
303 views

A distinction between two types of atheism

What does the word "atheism" actually mean? Does it mean, simply, "lack of a belief in God or gods"? By that definition, babies would be atheists, not to mention cats, trees, and ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Antonym(ic) definitions of a phenomenon by its lack of property

I thought I saw the term antonym or antonymic (?) definition occur somewhere on the Stackexchange with a reference, but now I can't find it. I refer to things like UFO which is characterized by its ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

What does "true" mean in "justified true belief"?

What does TRUE mean in JUSTIFIED TRUE BELIEF? We define knowledge as "justified true belief". Now, my question is what does the term TRUE mean in the formal definition? Why not only "...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Rawls' phrase "well-ordered society"

Given Rawls' near-constant recourse to mathematical examples and analogies in AToJ, what are the chances that his talk of well-ordered societies is to be understood in part in terms of well-ordered ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Are ontic predicates similarly (or even well) defined across philosophers? Do they differ from logic predicates?

I've seen the term "ontic predicate" bandied around in some works. Whenever it has a clear definition it seem no different than how one would define it in (first-order) logic, i.e. it being ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Is there a clear cut distinction between Philosophy and Philology?

I’ve been recently mulling over semantic and linguistic issues and I realized that my understanding of these fields may not correspond to the commonly accepted wisdom, so to speak. Although the ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Word for an unending task that one is compelled to do

Absurdism uses The Myth of Sisyphus to give a metaphor for the unending human need to attribute meaning to life. What would be the most well-understood (or established) word that means: "a ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie?

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie? I don't think it is quite solipsism, because solipsism denies that an outer world exists in the first place. I am talking ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Is Searle mislabeling his position on perception as "direct realism" when it's really intentionalism? Or are there non-realist intentionalists?

Having given Searle's 2015 book (Seeing things as the are) a quick read, to me he seems like he's really (mostly) espousing intentionalism but he calls his position "direct realism". He ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the difference between "satisfaction" and "verification"?

In Chalmers paper, "consciousness and its place in nature", he makes the following statement: We can say that if W (world) considered as actual makes S (a statement) true, then W verifies S....
2
votes
7answers
361 views

Is the distinction between software and hardware real?

In computer science education, there exists a dichotomy between what we call "hardware" and what we call "software". Software can exist as patterns on hardware and also as a purely ...

1
2 3 4 5
10