Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Word for an unending task that one is compelled to do

Absurdism uses The Myth of Sisyphus to give a metaphor for the unending human need to attribute meaning to life. What would be the most well-understood (or established) word that means: "a ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie?

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie? I don't think it is quite solipsism, because solipsism denies that an outer world exists in the first place. I am talking ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Is Searle mislabeling his position on perception as “direct realism” when it's really intentionalism? Or are there non-realist intentionalists?

Having given Searle's 2015 book (Seeing things as the are) a quick read, to me he seems like he's really (mostly) espousing intentionalism but he calls his position "direct realism". He ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What is the difference between “satisfaction” and “verification”?

In Chalmers paper, "consciousness and its place in nature", he makes the following statement: We can say that if W (world) considered as actual makes S (a statement) true, then W verifies S....
2
votes
7answers
320 views

Is the distinction between software and hardware real?

In computer science education, there exists a dichotomy between what we call "hardware" and what we call "software". Software can exist as patterns on hardware and also as a purely ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

The specific term for a logical argument

Is there a specific term to use when someone is mocking you for something you have done in the past that they know was wrong only because they know now what happened, after the fact. You couldn't tell ...
13
votes
5answers
8k views

Term for people who believe God once existed but then disappeared?

Reading Wikipedia, I learnt Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable. Comment: Am I correct if I say an agnostics would say: &...
0
votes
4answers
115 views

Is there a word or term for the inability to separate what is phenomenal from noumenal?

Phenomenal includes everything originating from personal experience, while Noumenal includes everything except personal experience; something is Ontological when it includes both. The ability to ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What is the difference between material and physical?

Is there a difference between material and physical, and if so, what is it? Are there material things that are not physical? Also, are there physical things that are not material?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite? We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not ...
0
votes
0answers
156 views

Has there been an attempt to create a classification system or taxonomy of “everything”

I have only begun digging into the philosophical definitions and study of taxonomy/classification, however I am just wondering if thus far the idea of trying to categorize and classify all objects, ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Is this outline typical of the organization of academic analytic philosophy?

After doing some research I came up with the following classification of analytic philosophy. Do certain branches overlap or worse, are there any inclusions that I have missed? Axiology Æsthetics ...
-1
votes
1answer
114 views

Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists?

Monism is the belief that only one thing exists. Is there a term for the belief that nothing exists, and have any serious philosophers given any arguments for that belief?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Are all “actions” considered to be a type of “conditions”?

Are all "actions" considered to be a type of "conditions"? Let's take the following sentence: "Each display and local field can contain one or more rules that contain a set ...
3
votes
3answers
154 views

What is the Difference Between Mercy and Pity?

I am currently reading about euthanasia and encountered the argument that mercy is a morally different category from pity. It is written there, that mercy implies a "re-establishment of equality&...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Why is it that philosophers use terms that aren't literally true in their literature?

In lectures and talks that I have attended/watched, I've noticed a propensity to use the term "move" when describing the primary driving force behind an argument. In context, it might sound ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

What do you call the truest subjective truths?

What do you call the truest subjective truths? There are objective truth such as "Markus scored an IQ of 90 on the Raven Matrices test" and subjective truth such as "Markus is dumb"...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Is the concept of 'evidence' inherently subjective, and how does that impact the definition of 'faith'?

Claiming that something is 'evidence' of something else requires a mind observing, interpreting and coming to that conclusion. Isn't this a subjective process? If so, does this mean that the concept ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

What is the difference between 'sense-data' and 'facts'?

There appear to be times when philosophers use these terms 'sense-data' and 'facts' synonymously, and at other times as distinct entities. Is there philosophy that speaks to characterize the ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

What's the right term in logic for this phenomenon?

The statement "My mother is my parent" is always true, however, the opposite statement "My parent is my mother" is not always true because my father is also my parent. What's the ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Is there a term for this strong form of actualism?

Actualism is the view that the actual world is the only possible world. But I was told that even most actualists believe in true counterfactuals, like, "It might have been the case that Adolf ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

What is the difference between world and universe?

I encounter the terms "world" and "universe" in various types of philosophy. I haven't paid close attention, but it seems "world" is used more phenomenologically and ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

A clarification of nonexistence

This is similar to a question I asked long ago, but there was a misinterpretation. People often say that, for instance, unicorns don't exist, but isn't it more correct to say that there are no ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

On Kant's use of “überhaupt” [in general] and “allgemein” [general]

What's the difference between 'überhaupt' and 'allgemein'? I'm still not fully in the grasp of what Kant exactly mean when he uses 'überhaupt' and 'allgemein'. In German, these are completely ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Do the set of “Concepts” contain itself?

So I gather that a set containing itself is not allowed. Yet it seems like a set of all concepts (Concepts) should contain an element denoting the idea of "concept". Is it that there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

What is the meaning of “Y is a function of X”?

Based on my life experience I assume that with "daily life language", when people say "Y is a function of X", the meaning could be: Y is a potential mode, given X Y is a practical ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What motivated Whitehead to choose “Cogredience”?

I'm not a native english speaker, so I was not familiar with the term "cogredience" when I first saw it in Concept of Nature. frankly, it seems like its a word Whitehead used in a different ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What is “Can't make X? Don't criticize it.” fallacy called?

What is the name of the fallacy that attempts to invalidate a criticism of an instance of doing an activity because one providing the criticism is not very proficient in said activity (or not doing it ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

What is the difference between a condition and a criterion?

One can argue that a criterion is any condition phrased in a question manner: Does the applicant have a BSc in computer science? Although, most criterions I ever came across were not phrased as a ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Is there a word used for abstract space constructs?

Abstract space constructs like not actual space, but an abstract set of data organized in a space-like structure, like a 2 dimensional array or 3 dimensional array, where let's say x represents "...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

What do you call philosophical statements that you can prove mathematically or by other means?

What do you call philosophical statements that you can prove mathematically or by other means? I thought theorem was a word for it, but it doesn't seem the case, so do we just use assertions as a ...
-1
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the difference between a fraction and a float? [closed]

I understand a a fraction to be any quotient besides 0, but after coming across the term "float" in various programming languages (such as JavaScript) I misunderstand why it is even needed ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What's the meaning of “Intermediate Generalizations”?

The phrase is from John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism. The context is: "The corollaries from the principle of utility, like the precepts of every practical art, admit of indefinite improvement, ...
-1
votes
2answers
78 views

Integritas definitio: Can you define anything completely and independently? [closed]

I think: None is void of relations. Not even those that don’t seem to be at all. The existing and the non-existing--all have superfluous relations, if not many at least one. This absolute one relation ...
1
vote
2answers
187 views

What's the difference between “cause” and “allow”?

Let's say person A picks up a pencil and drops it and person B catches it. I think most people would agree that person A dropping the pencil allowed person B to catch it, but did not cause person B to ...
2
votes
3answers
150 views

Is there a word specific for “philosophy of philosophy” aside “metaphilosophy”?

I am pretty sure the word "metaphilosophy" is the only word for "philosophy of philosophy", but I wasn't quite sure it was the only word. Is there any other word that could be used ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

An sich and Für sich (in itself and for itself)

For use in annotating the work of an Italian poet, I wish to explain a reference to An sich and für sich: What would be a brief, straightforward, and yet accurate definition of these concepts in Hegel'...
2
votes
6answers
299 views

Is there a word that describes what's outside the physical world?

If some people thinks that something outside the physical world can have an impact upon it, then what do people call the thing outside the physical world? Is there a common word or what are some of ...
10
votes
5answers
5k views

What is a “demon”?

The term demon appears in several thought experiments: Maxwell's demon, Laplace's demon, Descartes' demon, maybe others. What is this term supposed to mean? For example, I understand the term oracle: ...
2
votes
3answers
148 views

Are there multiple definitions of validity?

I have recently started learning the basics of propositional logic. According to http://intrologic.stanford.edu/chapters/chapter_03.html, a sentence is valid if and only if it is satisfied by every ...
0
votes
4answers
144 views

Is there a concept that refers to phenomena that are caused or seemingly caused by something outside the physical realm?

Is there a concept that refers to phenomena that are caused or seemingly caused by something outside the physical realm? I am referring to phenomena that seems to have been shown to be caused by ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Clarifying relation between rhetoric, dialectic and logos

Rhetoric is primarily comprised of: ethos (appeal to character), pathos (appeal to emotion), logos (appeal to logic/reason) Dialectic is distinguished from rhetoric in that it only uses logical ...
-2
votes
2answers
150 views

Can you create two things that are exactly the same?

Is it possible to create two objects that are the same on the molecular level? By two objects, I mean two different objects that have the same label. For example, can you create two different breads ...
3
votes
5answers
426 views

Difference between *testability* and *falsifiability*?

Are these two terms exact synonyms? Or is there some subtle difference between the two? For example, David Deutsch (2011) writes: Testability is now generally accepted as the defining characteristic ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Difference between *skepticism* and *fallibilism*?

Is the difference simply something like this: Skepticism: Certainty is never possible. Fallibilism: Certainty is not usually possible.
0
votes
2answers
287 views

Difference between *concept* and *knowledge*?

The SEP entry "Rationalism vs Empiricism" distinguishes between the terms concept and knowledge. Is there some standard distinction between these two terms that's commonly used by most philosophers? (...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What is a “dispositional account”?

Uzgalis (2018, SEP "Locke" entry): Locke rejects arguments from universal assent and attacks dispositional accounts of innate principles. What is a "dispositional account of innate principles"? ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Modal Logics Isomorphisms

What does it mean to say that the different branches of modal logic (temporal, epistemic, etc.) are isomorphic? I looked for the answer on The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but couldn't find ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Does aleatoric uncertainty exist?

I am wondering whether the distinction into epistemic and aleatoric uncertainty really makes sense. The way I have understood it (and Wikipedia seems to define it) the distinction is: epistemic ...

1
2 3 4 5
9