Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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Absolutism vs. Objectivism vs. Subjectivism vs. Relativism, in an ethical or epistemological context

I don't understand the bolded sentences from this Reddit post by user 'GFYsexyfatman' in 2015. So as the article suggests, let's think of them as two independent dichotomies: one between ...
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Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable?

Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable? If such reasons have been identified, what are they called? If there's no exhaustive lists, what are the different causes or ...
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39 views

What do you call the idea that each universes have wholly different natural laws?

What do you call the idea that each universes have wholly different natural laws? Instead of, let's say, all universes sharing some common laws, I am talking about the idea that all universes have ...
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28 views

Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...
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185 views

Reference request for an argument that atheism is a natural consequence if we do not treat the world as special

Let us assume "miracles" do not happen. Proponents of the existence of God would argue that it's somehow a necessity for God to exist, because they think the world had to have been created. But it's ...
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67 views

What is the name of the philosophical position that states that lack of free will is compatible with moral responsibility?

Is there a name for the philosophical position that states that moral responsibility is compatible with the lack of free will?
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45 views

What terminology is neutral in meta-ethics?

Meta-ethics concerns whether at least some ethical judgments are what one might call facts. In particular, a cognitivist who subscribes to realism, rather than the error theory or something similar, ...
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102 views

Metaphysicist or Metaphysician?

As a physicist who takes an interest in metaphysics, I was shocked to learn that practitioners of metaphysics call themselves metaphysicians. Why not metaphysicists? My first thought was that unlike ...
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116 views

Analogy of Set and Subset and Contracts in abstracto and Marriage in concreto/in particular

I had a talk with a professor of family law and we are frequently told that there are general ordinances for contracts in general and particular ordinances for marriage. I am problematised by the ...
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Why is Moore's law called a law, is there a more accurate description of what it is? [closed]

Read through the whole article on Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moore%27s_law), but I can't find anything about why it was called a law when it is described as a prediction or an ...
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Word for something that if you take it away it ceases to mean that thing [closed]

For the life of me I cannot think of the term that refers to an aspect of something, that if taken away, ceases to be that thing. A debatable and flawed example would be the idea that without my brain/...
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66 views

What does “theory of mind” mean in the context of this paper?

In my mind - pun intended - a/the theory of mind refers to some proposed solution to the mind body problem, e.g. Cartesian Dualism is a theory of mind, Functionalism is a theory of mind, etc... This ...
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What to read on how the philosophical understanding of the nature of philosophical topics, and being on- and off-topic, has evolved?

My focus is to study the topic of topic itself and topicality, that is how a message, a question either a discussion can be on- or off-topic. Which philosophers have been discussing this and what are ...
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58 views

What is an enumerative definition?

W. Kent Wilson in his book argues for developing an enumerative definition of concepts. An enumerative definition formulates its meaning by enumerating the objects or phenomena that fall under the ...
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What did Gödel mean by “positive property” in his ontological argument?

In his ontological proof, Gödel states (Axiom 1) If a property is positive, then its negation is not positive. What does he meant by this term? I have come across authors who replace this notion ...
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What is different between causation and causality [closed]

What is different between causation and causality? And, if there is any difference, do most philosophers recognize it or is it just common among UCL or Cambridge scholars? Thank you for your answer ...
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what's the exact meaning of “reference” in Luhmann's Texts?

in Niklas Luhmann's Texts, the form of Communication is the understanding(Verstehen) the difference between the information and the utterance(Mitteilung). He said, then we can know that the ...
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What is the fallacy in which a person adheres to an original idea, even after it has been proven wrong?

What is the fallacy in which a person adheres to an original idea, even after it has been proven wrong? In other words, it is the inverse of hindsight bias. In hindsight bias, the person imagines ...
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287 views

What distinguishes a Hypocrite from Demagogue? [closed]

What distinguishes a Hypocrite (Hypocrisy) from Demagogue? Both are speaking out lies and are socially considered "evil" persons, correct. Thus, for me they sound similiar. Or are there precise ...
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67 views

What is a philosophical term for all the information stored in one's mind?

Knowledge is commonly defined as the the intersection of truth and justified belief. But people also have lots of false ideas in their heads. Is there a philosophical term for the sum total of ...
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4answers
214 views

Can we define the act of defining?

Defining concepts used in an argument is the most important step of that argument as it determines our question and makes it objective. However, what is the definition of this act of definition? Can ...
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102 views

Is it true that an argument cannot be both inductive and cogent?

I have been asked a question in class where we would need to pick out the false statement from a given set of options. The problem is that I am not really sure why my answer was wrong? Here is the ...
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256 views

What is the word for 'regarding the structure of a theory'?

I want to analyse some thermodynamical theories, i.e. theories that are concerned with temperature, heat, pressure, volume, states, systems etc. etc. These theories obviously differ in many ways. ...
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Is Kant's transcendental logic a kind of erotetic logic?

In the first Critique, Kant presents a "problematical" concept of the ideation of reason, e.g. he talks about a focus imaginarium or something at one point. And his discourse on noumena as not "...
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How can I understand references in Seneca's Moral letters to Lucilius?

I have been reading Seneca's Moral letters to Lucilius, and some times I find references that I don't understand. I'm not sure if this is a notation specific to these works or if it's a notation ...
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207 views

How to reconcile that physicists and science educators use the word “theory” incompatibly?

When science denialists say "just a theory", they are roundly chastised. Science educators (teachers, reporters, essayists, etc) are united that the word theory has a strong requirement: Berkeley: "a ...
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The name for an anticipatory counter-argument?

There's the argument ad absurdum along with several other kind of reasoning. What is the name for a forestalling counter-argument - an argument put forward pre-emptively in anticipation of an ...
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2answers
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Do definitions of the mental substances come across the same problems as physicalism?

I've been reading up on physicalism both from the stanford encyclopedia article and a book on physicalism by Daniel Stoljar. I'm now well aware of the difficulties in defining physicalism let alone ...
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138 views

Is the true definition of a word “everything an object is not” until we learn otherwise?

..I am hoping that someone can help correct me if I am wrong or mislead. Using a tree as an example to explain my question: it is difficult to narrow down an exact definition of a tree because every ...
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187 views

What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
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3answers
132 views

What kind of questions can science answer?

Please bear with me, as I am self-studying philosophy as a beginner. My questions are about the limitations of empirical science. During my reading of some books, I've come across statements of the ...
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116 views

What is the definition of 'object' in philosophy?

I have two examples in my mind that I'm unsure if they can be considered Objects: The second usage of things, as in, each thing has usually a defined usage, but sometimes people use things in a ...
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4answers
95 views

Who first said that words express emotions, and do not describe objects?

I was reading a critique of Daniel Dennett's 'From Bacteria to Bach and Back', and in this criticism it is alleged that Dennett's conception of words as object descriptions is false. The suggestion ...
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168 views

If God does not exist then would God's heaven be classified as an “empty world”?

If God does not exist then would God's heaven, in the phrase "God is in his heaven" be classified as an "empty world"? I have only encountered the phrase "empty world" in the SEP article on ...
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71 views

Meaning of nomic relation

I came across the concept of "nomic relation". I can't decipher what this term means. I can't find a meaningful definition in the sources either. So could any of you explain to me what does it mean? ...
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Related to “vagueness” definition

We got quiz today in the classroom. One of the questions are given below. I would be happy to hear your feedback on my answers. Which ones are true for "vague" definition? It means that it ...
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Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world?

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world rather than the entire biosphere? It might be the "Human Race" or the "Human Species", but I am thinking in conceptual terms or ...
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67 views

Is there a term for the belief that if it's illegal, it's immoral?

Closely related to Is there a term for the belief that "if it's legal, it's moral"? Is there a term for the belief that if something is illegal, it's immoral? Is it simply a variant ...
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Is there a term for the belief that “if it's legal, it's moral”?

Sometimes I hear arguments that seem to appeal to the fact that something is morally permissible because it is legally permitted. For example: Abortion is moral because it's legally permitted. ...
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Word for naming (complex, abstract) phenomena

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for naming more or less complex, mostly abstract phenomena? An example for this is the naming of the phenomenon known as serendipity as "serendipity". Naming the ...
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86 views

What does it mean to have an “account” of something?

It seems like many of the papers I've read and the goal of many fields in Philosophy is to come up with an "account" for something. For example, one of the goals of Epistemology is to come up with an ...
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234 views

What is the the difference between common sense and phronesis?

For refference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_sense https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phronesis For me this started with Giambattista Vico who pretty much had the same idea of "common sense" ...
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How to create a “definition”, such as “what is the definition of a bear”

Dictionary.com defines bear as: Any of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost ...
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101 views

What is moral particularism if there are no morally perfect persons?

Moral Particularism, at its most trenchant, is the claim that there are no defensible moral principles, that moral thought does not consist in the application of moral principles to cases, and ...
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Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...
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70 views

To View Things by their Function

Jordan Peterson regularly talks about how we view things in the world as tools, instead of mere objects. Some examples: 1) We see something as a chair because we can sit on it. If you cannot sit on ...
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What is the meaning of “comprehension” in logic?

I was reading about the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory and the axiom of restricted comprehension. This led me to find out what the meaning of this word is and why it's called this. Then I saw ...
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128 views

Difference between 'marxist' and 'Marxist'?

What is the difference between 'marxist' (with a small 'm') and 'Marxist'? This question arose to me when I came across this: It follows from this belief that if you can totally change the '...
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112 views

Social Response to Legal/Moral Duty Violation

When a person, especially a public figure, has committed a serious legal or moral violation, there is a tendency for friends/clients/companies/etc. to dissociate from that individual, even if the ...
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What does “it” refer to in this short Aristotle passage?

In this sentence: "In short, virtue is concerned with pleasures and pains; the actions that are its sources also increase it or, if they are done differently, ruin it" (Nicomachean Ethics ii3 1105a15) ...

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