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The study of terms and their use.

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Knowledge without a belief: do infants have beliefs?

We say that knowledge is connected with beliefs. Infants do some basic things required to sustain their life, like breathing. We can say they know how to breath. Maybe they do it aimlessly, but they ...
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0answers
21 views

Is a philosopher anyone who thinks about life?

Alternatively, can a thinker not be a philosopher? One can point me towards science. But the vast majority says that most questions about life are not a part of science. What I mean is all those ...
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3answers
118 views

How do I know the philosophy I'm going to read is something new for me and not just a waste of time?

I know it may sound like I'm thinking of myself as I already know everything within philosophy, every problem and every response. When I was 15 reading it could be interesting. However now, most ...
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27 views

Term or phrase for “widening definition(s) to find a signal”

I'm not sure this is simply philosophy and not also some term of art used in other domains, but it's definitely conceptual and it is used in observation of people. I saw an article a while back ...
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350 views

Is atheism about the existence of Deities or a personal perception of Sacredness?

Wikipedia on atheism: Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities. Now what about deities? A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred. ...
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39 views

Extreme examples for exploring the scope of statements - does this technique have a name? - Is it a fallacy?

When discussing opinions with friends, I often resort to making extreme scenarios out of their opinions in an attempt to investigate the limits within which their statements hold true (to them). ...
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1answer
31 views

Resources on materialism and physicalism?

I was wondering if there is anyone here who could recommend specific books or information specific resources from assorted philosophers on the topic of materiality and physicality? I've finished ...
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3answers
126 views

What argumentative tactic is in play when someone says “The media isn't covering this”?

I see memes about once a week which state, "The media isn't covering this really important thing. Shouldn't they be ashamed! Like and Share and FWD to grandma if you agree!". Similar posts include "...
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4answers
263 views

Is there a name for people who believe in a self-professed God but reject to venerate him/her/it?

Suppose I believe there is an entity that considers itself to be "a god". This means that out of the whole of my lexicon, the word "god" is what best describes this entity. But I refuse to obey this ...
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5answers
111 views

Is there an idea of non-spatial reality in philosophy?

Our world is spatial: in particular there are 3 dimensions and we can measure lengths of objects in either of them. However, when thinking about metaphysics I came to the conclusion that there might ...
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3answers
41 views

Defining 2 words with respect to each other

I apologize if this is in the wrong forum. I listen to a radio show where the host talks a lot about love & hate. He defines love as 'the absence of hate' and he says that hate is 'the absence of ...
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52 views

Is antinatalism against any kind of producing new minds (people)?

My argument is "it's better never to be a child". Being transhumanist, I assert it's better for new people to be produced adults right away, skipping the childhood part and believe it will be possible....
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88 views

What is the name of the phenomenon that a thing must be named in order to understand it?

The concept is popular in the media and philosophy that to understand a thing, one should have a name for it. In Star War it is widely known with "Named must your fear be before banish it you can", ...
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1answer
36 views

How did Aristotle arrive at the definition of substance/ousia?

In Aristotle's terminology, ousia, or substance, is that which is the subject of predication, but never itself predicated of anything. This is a highly technical definition; I don't expect it reflects ...
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1answer
55 views

Why is ousia translated as substance? Should it be?

From Aristotle's Metaphysics, translation Reeve 2016, Z1: What is being?---is just the question, What is substance? This statement is a lot more obvious in Greek: Ousia is a noun formed from ...
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2answers
139 views

What's the difference between “unfalsifiable” and “true”?

Unfalsifiable statements are said to be important in science. An example of such a statement: All swans are white. In plain English, that's simply a truthful statement. So what's the difference ...
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1answer
55 views

In German, to which of Nietzsche's books does the abbreviation “GA” refer to?

I'm reading an academic article in German about Nietzsche and I really need to check the texts the author refers to, however I have no clue what "GA" refers to, even after checking the list of German ...
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1answer
58 views

Meaning of 'statement of fact' in a book by Russell

I'm reading Political Ideals (1917) by Bertrand Russell. Today, I reached this sentence in chapter 4: One fact which emerges from these considerations is that no obstacle should be placed in the ...
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5answers
962 views

Is there a term for the philosophical view that claims nothing exists independently of interaction?

My view is following: Nothing exists on its own, existence is the property of interaction. But since every interaction is different, I conclude that existence itself is subjective. But then, what ...
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1answer
45 views

Is there a term that combines present will and future will?

So, when we say to a child not to touch hot object, even if their will is to touch it, we refer to future will: the child will be hurt by it and the result of that will be undesirable, which means ...
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2answers
161 views

How does Kant's absolute obligation to obey the law square with existence of unfair laws?

According to Corlett's "Is There a Moral Duty to Obey the Law?" It is a self-contradiction, Kant argues, for the law to contain within itself a law permitting citizens to disobey it. ...
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2answers
109 views

What is this argument called?

What do you call an argument where you try to invalidate criticism of a narrative work (I'm not sure what the correct term is to describe it) by using fact or explanation from the narrative work ...
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2answers
105 views

How to debate with someone who asks for proof of a fact they are not denying

I was debating with a flat earth believer and proposed a disproof of his theory. His theory being the earth is a circle and the sun is a spotlight that casts a circle of light beneath it. My ...
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1answer
30 views

As adjectives: 'analytic' vs 'descriptive'

From: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (2017). p. 6 Bottom. Publisher uploaded chapter 1.   We can define morality as a system ofvalues or principles concerning what is right or wrong with ...
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66 views

What are the limits of natural selection?

Have any philosophers wrestled with this question or created terminology to help us differentiate between biological natural selection and cultural or technological natural selection? A couple ...
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2answers
122 views

Relation between essentialism and realism

One definition of “essentialism” would be that it is a kind of realism of universals with the additional claim that every particular p instantiates a certain universal E which determines its existence....
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2answers
55 views

Is a vehicle that's confined to one place still a vehicle? [closed]

Google's dictionary defines a vehicle as such: a thing used for transporting people or goods, especially on land, such as a car, lorry, or cart. Now suppose that, for whatever reason, a vehicle ...
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2answers
82 views

That is the truth because I say so

Does the following attitude have a name in philosophical jargon? “Faith” means the will to avoid knowing what is true. —Friedrich Nietzsche, The Antichrist Faith is the great cop-out, ...
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97 views

Does physicalism imply everything can be defined?

Does physicalism imply everything can be defined at least to a certain extent?
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43 views

Is “micro” more specific than “small”? [closed]

So something that has caused slight annoyance is the term "micro" applied to other than physical/chemical contexts. E.g. microbreweries. Upon thinking about the word, my own impression is that "micro"...
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0answers
19 views

Can the idea of “imperfect” categorical imperatives be used without 'duty'?

Can the idea of "imperfect" categorical imperatives be used without 'duty'? So that e.g. I can say that something has an intrinsic value, and not hypothetically, but it is always valuable, even-though ...
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3answers
103 views

Any people except Wittgenstein, who have written about the misuse of language?

Any people except Wittgenstein, who have written about the misuse of language? For example, today I noticed that Facebook uses the term "organic reach" to denote advertising, which is not paid. ...
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30 views

How can we define a memory (a “souvenir”) [closed]

I was wondering how we could properly define a memory/souvenir. It sounds pretty hard to define to me. So I am asking here if anyone had a clear idea about how to clearly define a souvenir/memory. ...
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4answers
291 views

What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
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43 views

Which philosophy claims our moral decisions should be based upon a universal algorhitm?

Recently, I advocated here the idea that moral rules should be universal, based upon clear axioms? It should make the opposite for moral imperative. The idea could encompass both hedonism formulated ...
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3answers
215 views

Where and why does Heidegger use the phrase “always already”?

"Always already" is a strange phrase/concept I see cropping up everywhere in post-structuralist discourse, used by a wide variety of authors. I was curious as to its origin; Wikipedia says Heidegger ...
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1answer
98 views

Is there a name for gradual dissolution of the boundaries between two objects or identities?

The basis for it is a mathematical principal of a limit, wherein a mathematical object is defined as a value or geometric construct that arises from indefinitely approaching but never actually ...
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6answers
496 views

Absolute Truth in Mathematics

Often in philosophical discussions, the concept of absolute truth will be proposed in a metaphysical manner that supposes supreme authority and the absence of exceptions to rules regardless of context....
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22 views

Is there a correct term for Not-Reality?

I have been having a very hard time with the English language (my first language), and no this isn't an English question as it is founded upon a philosophical concept that I doubt there are ...
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1answer
50 views

Is Russel's Teapot an allegory?

For some reason I just had this question pop into my mind. It seems reasonable to treat Russel's teapot as an allegory. One definition that might indicate this is "the expression by means of symbolic ...
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143 views

Is gaslighting always wrong? [closed]

Gaslighting defined as Gaslighting is a form of manipulation that seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or in members of a targeted group, hoping to make them question their own ...
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27 views

Dictionary English - logic/formal symbols/expresssions

I'd like to know whether there's some kind of database offering the logic or formal" equivalent of English expressions, for example the conjunction "whereas", which has at least two meanings, each ...
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0answers
51 views

What is it called when the parts can only be understood in relation to the whole, and the whole only in relation to the parts?

I'm thinking about a circular situation where the parts can only be understood in relation to the whole, and the whole in relation to the parts. A hermeneutic circle might be one good example of this, ...
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2answers
68 views

Fallacy of irrelevant criteria?

Is there a fallacy name for the below argument? Person A: Latin language is inherently better than the English language. Person B: Why do you think so? Person A: Because Latin is older than English ...
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2answers
103 views

Luck of certainty

Title may be bit confusing but let me explain. Our existence depends on very small possibilities as a person and as humanity. There are billions of planets without any living thing but there is life ...
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6answers
297 views

How do you classify a statement that is not entirely true and not entirely false?

Suppose a person makes a statement such as, "I have 9 toes." Yet this person has never lost a toe. The statement is true in that the person does have 9 toes. But it's also more accurately true that ...
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2answers
117 views

What is a rough synonym for agnostic?

I'm not a theist. In fact, I've come to despise the monotheistic religions. However, I have some admiration for Eastern religions, such as Buddhism, which strikes me as crossing the boundary between ...
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69 views

What properties constitute the definition of a thing?

If a triangle is defined as a plane figure with 3 straight sides and 3 angles, would it be part of its definition that it has one less side than a square? Or is that just a property of it? How do I ...
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If I say that a stereotype conditions people to act in a certain way, isn't that an stereotype in itself?

I am arguing with a friend. She hates the use of stereotypes because she thinks that they condition the society in a bad way, but isn't that also a stereotype? I might know about a stereotype but not ...
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43 views

What philosophy views “value” as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert LawrenceKuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.