Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2
votes
2answers
115 views

Can you create two things that are exactly the same?

Is it possible to create two objects that are the same on the molecular level? By two objects, I mean two different objects that have the same label. For example, can you create two different breads ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Difference between *testability* and *falsifiability*?

Are these two terms exact synonyms? Or is there some subtle difference between the two? For example, David Deutsch (2011) writes: Testability is now generally accepted as the defining characteristic ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Difference between *skepticism* and *fallibilism*?

Is the difference simply something like this: Skepticism: Certainty is never possible. Fallibilism: Certainty is not usually possible.
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Difference between *concept* and *knowledge*?

The SEP entry "Rationalism vs Empiricism" distinguishes between the terms concept and knowledge. Is there some standard distinction between these two terms that's commonly used by most philosophers? (...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

What is a “dispositional account”?

Uzgalis (2018, SEP "Locke" entry): Locke rejects arguments from universal assent and attacks dispositional accounts of innate principles. What is a "dispositional account of innate principles"? ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Modal Logics Isomorphisms

What does it mean to say that the different branches of modal logic (temporal, epistemic, etc.) are isomorphic? I looked for the answer on The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but couldn't find ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Does aleatoric uncertainty exist?

I am wondering whether the distinction into epistemic and aleatoric uncertainty really makes sense. The way I have understood it (and Wikipedia seems to define it) the distinction is: epistemic ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

First person, present indicative of “To believe falsely”

There is a Wittgenstein quote I've been thinking about ever since going through AI to Zombies: If there were a verb meaning 'to believe falsely', it would not have any significant first person, ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Is “always” omitted in mathematics?

Consider the statement: "For two numbers a,b their product is positive". For this statement to be true it must be true for every a,b right? So is the above statement equivalent to: "For two numbers a,...
0
votes
3answers
116 views

How Does One Define a Keyboard?

Suppose we have 3 keyboards and we take out all the switches. Would we call these objects still "keyboards"? Someone could argue that these objects don't have switches so they can't be called "...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Absolutism vs. Objectivism vs. Subjectivism vs. Relativism, in an ethical or epistemological context

I don't understand the bolded sentences from this Reddit post by user 'GFYsexyfatman' in 2015. So as the article suggests, let's think of them as two independent dichotomies: one between ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable?

Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable? If such reasons have been identified, what are they called? If there's no exhaustive lists, what are the different causes or ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

What do you call the idea that each universes have wholly different natural laws?

What do you call the idea that each universes have wholly different natural laws? Instead of, let's say, all universes sharing some common laws, I am talking about the idea that all universes have ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...
0
votes
0answers
186 views

Reference request for an argument that atheism is a natural consequence if we do not treat the world as special

Let us assume "miracles" do not happen. Proponents of the existence of God would argue that it's somehow a necessity for God to exist, because they think the world had to have been created. But it's ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the name of the philosophical position that states that lack of free will is compatible with moral responsibility?

Is there a name for the philosophical position that states that moral responsibility is compatible with the lack of free will?
0
votes
1answer
47 views

What terminology is neutral in meta-ethics?

Meta-ethics concerns whether at least some ethical judgments are what one might call facts. In particular, a cognitivist who subscribes to realism, rather than the error theory or something similar, ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Metaphysicist or Metaphysician?

As a physicist who takes an interest in metaphysics, I was shocked to learn that practitioners of metaphysics call themselves metaphysicians. Why not metaphysicists? My first thought was that unlike ...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

Analogy of Set and Subset and Contracts in abstracto and Marriage in concreto/in particular

I had a talk with a professor of family law and we are frequently told that there are general ordinances for contracts in general and particular ordinances for marriage. I am problematised by the ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why is Moore's law called a law, is there a more accurate description of what it is? [closed]

Read through the whole article on Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moore%27s_law), but I can't find anything about why it was called a law when it is described as a prediction or an ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Word for something that if you take it away it ceases to mean that thing [closed]

For the life of me I cannot think of the term that refers to an aspect of something, that if taken away, ceases to be that thing. A debatable and flawed example would be the idea that without my brain/...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

What does “theory of mind” mean in the context of this paper?

In my mind - pun intended - a/the theory of mind refers to some proposed solution to the mind body problem, e.g. Cartesian Dualism is a theory of mind, Functionalism is a theory of mind, etc... This ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

What to read on how the philosophical understanding of the nature of philosophical topics, and being on- and off-topic, has evolved?

My focus is to study the topic of topic itself and topicality, that is how a message, a question either a discussion can be on- or off-topic. Which philosophers have been discussing this and what are ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

What is an enumerative definition?

W. Kent Wilson in his book argues for developing an enumerative definition of concepts. An enumerative definition formulates its meaning by enumerating the objects or phenomena that fall under the ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What did Gödel mean by “positive property” in his ontological argument?

In his ontological proof, Gödel states (Axiom 1) If a property is positive, then its negation is not positive. What does he meant by this term? I have come across authors who replace this notion ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What is different between causation and causality [closed]

What is different between causation and causality? And, if there is any difference, do most philosophers recognize it or is it just common among UCL or Cambridge scholars? Thank you for your answer ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

what's the exact meaning of “reference” in Luhmann's Texts?

in Niklas Luhmann's Texts, the form of Communication is the understanding(Verstehen) the difference between the information and the utterance(Mitteilung). He said, then we can know that the ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

What is the fallacy in which a person adheres to an original idea, even after it has been proven wrong?

What is the fallacy in which a person adheres to an original idea, even after it has been proven wrong? In other words, it is the inverse of hindsight bias. In hindsight bias, the person imagines ...
-1
votes
1answer
320 views

What distinguishes a Hypocrite from Demagogue? [closed]

What distinguishes a Hypocrite (Hypocrisy) from Demagogue? Both are speaking out lies and are socially considered "evil" persons, correct. Thus, for me they sound similiar. Or are there precise ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What is a philosophical term for all the information stored in one's mind?

Knowledge is commonly defined as the the intersection of truth and justified belief. But people also have lots of false ideas in their heads. Is there a philosophical term for the sum total of ...
2
votes
4answers
301 views

Can we define the act of defining?

Defining concepts used in an argument is the most important step of that argument as it determines our question and makes it objective. However, what is the definition of this act of definition? Can ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Is it true that an argument cannot be both inductive and cogent?

I have been asked a question in class where we would need to pick out the false statement from a given set of options. The problem is that I am not really sure why my answer was wrong? Here is the ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

What is the word for 'regarding the structure of a theory'?

I want to analyse some thermodynamical theories, i.e. theories that are concerned with temperature, heat, pressure, volume, states, systems etc. etc. These theories obviously differ in many ways. ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Is Kant's transcendental logic a kind of erotetic logic?

In the first Critique, Kant presents a "problematical" concept of the ideation of reason, e.g. he talks about a focus imaginarium or something at one point. And his discourse on noumena as not "...
7
votes
1answer
203 views

How can I understand references in Seneca's Moral letters to Lucilius?

I have been reading Seneca's Moral letters to Lucilius, and some times I find references that I don't understand. I'm not sure if this is a notation specific to these works or if it's a notation ...
1
vote
3answers
213 views

How to reconcile that physicists and science educators use the word “theory” incompatibly?

When science denialists say "just a theory", they are roundly chastised. Science educators (teachers, reporters, essayists, etc) are united that the word theory has a strong requirement: Berkeley: "a ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

The name for an anticipatory counter-argument?

There's the argument ad absurdum along with several other kind of reasoning. What is the name for a forestalling counter-argument - an argument put forward pre-emptively in anticipation of an ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Do definitions of the mental substances come across the same problems as physicalism?

I've been reading up on physicalism both from the stanford encyclopedia article and a book on physicalism by Daniel Stoljar. I'm now well aware of the difficulties in defining physicalism let alone ...
2
votes
3answers
143 views

Is the true definition of a word “everything an object is not” until we learn otherwise?

..I am hoping that someone can help correct me if I am wrong or mislead. Using a tree as an example to explain my question: it is difficult to narrow down an exact definition of a tree because every ...
4
votes
1answer
479 views

What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
2
votes
3answers
137 views

What kind of questions can science answer?

Please bear with me, as I am self-studying philosophy as a beginner. My questions are about the limitations of empirical science. During my reading of some books, I've come across statements of the ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

What is the definition of 'object' in philosophy?

I have two examples in my mind that I'm unsure if they can be considered Objects: The second usage of things, as in, each thing has usually a defined usage, but sometimes people use things in a ...
1
vote
4answers
95 views

Who first said that words express emotions, and do not describe objects?

I was reading a critique of Daniel Dennett's 'From Bacteria to Bach and Back', and in this criticism it is alleged that Dennett's conception of words as object descriptions is false. The suggestion ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

If God does not exist then would God's heaven be classified as an “empty world”?

If God does not exist then would God's heaven, in the phrase "God is in his heaven" be classified as an "empty world"? I have only encountered the phrase "empty world" in the SEP article on ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Meaning of nomic relation

I came across the concept of "nomic relation". I can't decipher what this term means. I can't find a meaningful definition in the sources either. So could any of you explain to me what does it mean? ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Related to “vagueness” definition

We got quiz today in the classroom. One of the questions are given below. I would be happy to hear your feedback on my answers. Which ones are true for "vague" definition? It means that it ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world?

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world rather than the entire biosphere? It might be the "Human Race" or the "Human Species", but I am thinking in conceptual terms or ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Is there a term for the belief that if it's illegal, it's immoral?

Closely related to Is there a term for the belief that "if it's legal, it's moral"? Is there a term for the belief that if something is illegal, it's immoral? Is it simply a variant ...
43
votes
6answers
14k views

Is there a term for the belief that “if it's legal, it's moral”?

Sometimes I hear arguments that seem to appeal to the fact that something is morally permissible because it is legally permitted. For example: Abortion is moral because it's legally permitted. ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Word for naming (complex, abstract) phenomena

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for naming more or less complex, mostly abstract phenomena? An example for this is the naming of the phenomenon known as serendipity as "serendipity". Naming the ...

1
2 3 4 5
8