Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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Difference between *testability* and *falsifiability*?

Are these two terms exact synonyms? Or is there some subtle difference between the two? For example, David Deutsch (2011) writes: Testability is now generally accepted as the defining characteristic ...
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123 views

What is the difference between world and universe?

I encounter the terms "world" and "universe" in various types of philosophy. I haven't paid close attention, but it seems "world" is used more phenomenologically and ...
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The name for an anticipatory counter-argument?

There's the argument ad absurdum along with several other kind of reasoning. What is the name for a forestalling counter-argument - an argument put forward pre-emptively in anticipation of an ...
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84 views

Which philosophy views “value” as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
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78 views

Names for most popular taxonomies of informal fallacies?

Informal fallacies are not formal, so as might be expected, there exists no prevailing standard taxonomy. Various books on logic and logical fallacies organize fallacies differently, (see chapter ...
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148 views

Are many razors subsets of Occam's

Looking at the list of razors, it seems quite a few are defining which truth is simple and should be assumed rather than a different option. Be it conversational implication over semantic context, or ...
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336 views

Hypothesis and thesis

Hypothesis means several things, but I think (and Wikipedia roughly agrees) that there are two main senses: A. Epistemological - a tentative affirmation, posed as explanation for a phenomenon. In the ...
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43 views

Rawls' phrase “well-ordered society”

Given Rawls' near-constant recourse to mathematical examples and analogies in AToJ, what are the chances that his talk of well-ordered societies is to be understood in part in terms of well-ordered ...
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2answers
58 views

Is this outline typical of the organization of academic analytic philosophy?

After doing some research I came up with the following classification of analytic philosophy. Do certain branches overlap or worse, are there any inclusions that I have missed? Axiology Æsthetics ...
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61 views

What motivated Whitehead to choose “Cogredience”?

I'm not a native english speaker, so I was not familiar with the term "cogredience" when I first saw it in Concept of Nature. frankly, it seems like its a word Whitehead used in a different ...
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88 views

Is there a word used for abstract space constructs?

Abstract space constructs like not actual space, but an abstract set of data organized in a space-like structure, like a 2 dimensional array or 3 dimensional array, where let's say x represents "...
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39 views

Modal Logics Isomorphisms

What does it mean to say that the different branches of modal logic (temporal, epistemic, etc.) are isomorphic? I looked for the answer on The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but couldn't find ...
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40 views

Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable?

Have philosophers identified what may cause something to be unknowable? If such reasons have been identified, what are they called? If there's no exhaustive lists, what are the different causes or ...
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190 views

Reference request for an argument that atheism is a natural consequence if we do not treat the world as special

Let us assume "miracles" do not happen. Proponents of the existence of God would argue that it's somehow a necessity for God to exist, because they think the world had to have been created. But it's ...
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29 views

Mind Dependence vs. Case by Case

Reddit user 'Firetaffer' asked: Subjectivism is the only one now that confuses me a bit, as being mind-dependent feels the same as relativism to me. Urk this feels like a hurdle that I have to cross. ...
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44 views

Can the idea of “imperfect” categorical imperatives be used without 'duty'?

Can the idea of "imperfect" categorical imperatives be used without 'duty'? So that e.g. I can say that something has an intrinsic value, and not hypothetically, but it is always valuable, even-though ...
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132 views

Is there a correct term for Not-Reality?

I have been having a very hard time with the English language (my first language), and no this isn't an English question as it is founded upon a philosophical concept that I doubt there are ...
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32 views

Dictionary English - logic/formal symbols/expresssions

I'd like to know whether there's some kind of database offering the logic or formal" equivalent of English expressions, for example the conjunction "whereas", which has at least two meanings, each ...
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39 views

Where can I learn the etymology behind the terminology of philosophy?

Though language can be illogical and irrational, this question presupposes against randomness (ie: the following also applies to terminology in philosophy): Source: p 381, An Introduction to ...
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41 views

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world?

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world? People use words like simulations to express ideas similar to this, but there doesn't seem to be a specific word for this. Do you ...
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45 views

Is there a single word for an arbitrary closed curved line?

A circle is a circle. A triangle is a triangle. An ellipse is an ellipse. A square is a square. Is there a name for the general case of an arbitrarily formed line (so it can be curved) with the ...
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74 views

What is “natural”?

The term "natural" is often used by people who have faith in "natural" things, by marketers promoting a product, etc. However, what is the definition of "natural"? ...
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1answer
41 views

Ethics, axiology, and decision theory

I'm confused about the precise terminology to use when referring to various subjects which are all related to making good choices. I know that axiology is general study of value, including moral, ...
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1answer
21 views

Antonym(ic) definitions of a phenomenon by its lack of property

I thought I saw the term antonym or antonymic (?) definition occur somewhere on the Stackexchange with a reference, but now I can't find it. I refer to things like UFO which is characterized by its ...
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31 views

Are ontic predicates similarly (or even well) defined across philosophers? Do they differ from logic predicates?

I've seen the term "ontic predicate" bandied around in some works. Whenever it has a clear definition it seem no different than how one would define it in (first-order) logic, i.e. it being ...
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73 views

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie?

What is the name of the belief that everyone else is a philosophical zombie? I don't think it is quite solipsism, because solipsism denies that an outer world exists in the first place. I am talking ...
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34 views

The specific term for a logical argument

Is there a specific term to use when someone is mocking you for something you have done in the past that they know was wrong only because they know now what happened, after the fact. You couldn't tell ...
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44 views

What is the difference between material and physical?

Is there a difference between material and physical, and if so, what is it? Are there material things that are not physical? Also, are there physical things that are not material?
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Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite? We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not ...
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180 views

Has there been an attempt to create a classification system or taxonomy of “everything”

I have only begun digging into the philosophical definitions and study of taxonomy/classification, however I am just wondering if thus far the idea of trying to categorize and classify all objects, ...
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Are all “actions” considered to be a type of “conditions”?

Are all "actions" considered to be a type of "conditions"? Let's take the following sentence: "Each display and local field can contain one or more rules that contain a set ...
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55 views

What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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2answers
67 views

What do you call the truest subjective truths?

What do you call the truest subjective truths? There are objective truth such as "Markus scored an IQ of 90 on the Raven Matrices test" and subjective truth such as "Markus is dumb"...
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82 views

What is the difference between a condition and a criterion?

One can argue that a criterion is any condition phrased in a question manner: Does the applicant have a BSc in computer science? Although, most criterions I ever came across were not phrased as a ...
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39 views

What do you call philosophical statements that you can prove mathematically or by other means?

What do you call philosophical statements that you can prove mathematically or by other means? I thought theorem was a word for it, but it doesn't seem the case, so do we just use assertions as a ...
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50 views

Is “always” omitted in mathematics?

Consider the statement: "For two numbers a,b their product is positive". For this statement to be true it must be true for every a,b right? So is the above statement equivalent to: "For two numbers a,...
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29 views

Getting what you are trying to avoid, by trying to avoid it

Sometimes you want to avoid something, but by attempting to avoid that, precisely that which you tried to avoid happens. A typical example could be: a girl is pregnant, but don't want to draw ...
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121 views

Analogy of Set and Subset and Contracts in abstracto and Marriage in concreto/in particular

I had a talk with a professor of family law and we are frequently told that there are general ordinances for contracts in general and particular ordinances for marriage. I am problematised by the ...
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60 views

What to read on how the philosophical understanding of the nature of philosophical topics, and being on- and off-topic, has evolved?

My focus is to study the topic of topic itself and topicality, that is how a message, a question either a discussion can be on- or off-topic. Which philosophers have been discussing this and what are ...
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166 views

What is an enumerative definition?

W. Kent Wilson in his book argues for developing an enumerative definition of concepts. An enumerative definition formulates its meaning by enumerating the objects or phenomena that fall under the ...
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223 views

Meaning of nomic relation

I came across the concept of "nomic relation". I can't decipher what this term means. I can't find a meaningful definition in the sources either. So could any of you explain to me what does it mean? ...
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Related to “vagueness” definition

We got quiz today in the classroom. One of the questions are given below. I would be happy to hear your feedback on my answers. Which ones are true for "vague" definition? It means that it ...
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50 views

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world?

Is there a word like Gaia, but to refer to the people of the world rather than the entire biosphere? It might be the "Human Race" or the "Human Species", but I am thinking in conceptual terms or ...
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85 views

Is there a term for the belief that if it's illegal, it's immoral?

Closely related to Is there a term for the belief that "if it's legal, it's moral"? Is there a term for the belief that if something is illegal, it's immoral? Is it simply a variant ...
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Word for naming (complex, abstract) phenomena

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for naming more or less complex, mostly abstract phenomena? An example for this is the naming of the phenomenon known as serendipity as "serendipity". Naming the ...
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118 views

What is moral particularism if there are no morally perfect persons?

Moral Particularism, at its most trenchant, is the claim that there are no defensible moral principles, that moral thought does not consist in the application of moral principles to cases, and ...
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Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...
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276 views

'Analytic' vs 'descriptive' in philosophy and jurisprudence

From: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (2017). p. 6 Bottom. Publisher uploaded chapter 1.   We can define morality as a system ofvalues or principles concerning what is right or wrong with ...
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Can I use “nomothetic” to refer to the calculus correctness perspective in the Tractatus?

I'm doing a comparison between the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus and the Philosophical Investications. I want to remark the difference between the solid formal edifice built in the former, in ...
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What terminology is neutral in meta-ethics?

Meta-ethics concerns whether at least some ethical judgments are what one might call facts. In particular, a cognitivist who subscribes to realism, rather than the error theory or something similar, ...