Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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Is Taoism a philosophy?

I find some of the individual ideas in Taoism comforting when applied to my own life (e.g. effortless action, non-attachment, acceptance, duality), but I don't really know what Taoism is as an all ...
jacob's user avatar
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4 answers
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how these two statements can be true at same time?

If you consider any two numbers that are not equal in value (2 is not 3), and it is a true statement that they are not. However, it is also true to state that they are the same: both are numbers. You ...
Nopal vol's user avatar
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Is there agreement on “axiology” vice “value theory”?

Of course, Wikipedia is neither authoritative nor internally consistent—no surprise there. But, having encountered the word axiology, I checked out the article of that name, which asserts that “it is ...
Paul Tanenbaum's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
76 views

What terminology distinguishes questions that define goals from those that accomplish them?

I will soon give a technical talk in which I want to stress the importance of asking the right questions. I propose to use a philosophical analogy; comparing the questions "How do I live a good ...
Philip Roe's user avatar
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1 answer
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What do the meanings of ponens and tollens have to do with Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens? [closed]

There are two inference rules in propositional logic called Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens. I was wondering how the meanings of ponens and tollens have to do with the rules? That is, how does the ...
Tim's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is 'an Ontological Evil'?

In various discussions touching upon topics between geopolitics, ethics, and general philosophy, I have seen the term used, in phrases such as 'please do not believe that members of [faction that both ...
vicky_molokh's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Is there a term for the fact that it may need more information to describe a probability distribution than conveyed by the event itself?

For example, X is a random integer from 1 to 16. Now I get a piece of information: X is 3, 5, 9, or 14. This has 2 bits of information for the knowledge about X. But if the list of options is random ...
user23013's user avatar
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Is there a name for the following transhumanist doctrine: "the most important thing to do with one's life is to try to avoid death"?

[Disclaimer: I don't have any formal training in philosophy and I'm just curious, so I hope this question is in scope.] I'm interested in whether there is an established name for a simple (admittedly ...
a3nm's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is the ontological relationship between a "process" and a "law of physics", from this philosophical perspective?

I was reflecting on the difference between the subject of physics and the subject of biology, and this was the conclusion I reached: Physics is the study of the laws of objective reality, while ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
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Is the mass/count-noun distinction the same as the continuous/discrete one?

Justification for this as a PhilosophySE questions: there are two SEP articles concerning this topic: The Logic of Mass Expressions (Nicolas[18]). The Metaphysics of Mass Expressions (Steen[22]). ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does logic have a more proper word to mean something similar to dilemma but neutral?

Section 7.8 The Dilemma of Copi's Introduction to Logic says: The dilemma is a common form of argument in ordinary language. It is, in essence, an argumentative device in which syllogisms on the ...
Tim's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is a complete understanding?

In a comment to this recent question of mine, somebody used the phrase, "complete understanding." Without necessarily answering the linked question (i.e. without defining "understanding&...
Corbin's user avatar
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3 answers
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Is understanding possible?

Often, humans will claim to "understand" something. When pressed, they will define understanding as something like: Knowledge Conception within the mind Comprehension Awareness of meaning ...
Corbin's user avatar
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12 answers
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Is attacking an argument because it's machine generated an ad hominem fallacy?

I really want to say rejecting a line of reasoning because ChatGPT created it would be an ad machina argument. (Note, I'm interested in the case where the rejection is made without any consideration ...
BCS's user avatar
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What is the difference between morality and ethics?

Is there a difference between morality and ethics, and if so, what is it? I have seen those terms used interchangeably, but have any philosophers made a distinction between the two?
user107952's user avatar
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Exact significance, of menthological settings (imagery, symbolism, plans, but where is the role of constructs for obtaining divergence)?

What is a menthological setting? Is it something, that lets your mind, interleave, expand, (and diverge!), along the lines, of a mental setting? Thanks. (For example: example menthological construct )....
Joselin Jocklingson's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the standard name for this mild form of dualism?

Dualism is traditionally thought to be the belief that matter and mind are separate things. However, I have this belief that while matter causes mind to emerge, nonetheless they are separate entities. ...
user107952's user avatar
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How to understand "type-which-corresponds-to"?

In the comment on How do we define this?, user g s wrote a deleted comment indicating that things could be defined using "type-which-corresponds-to" (exact quote from memory). They followed ...
user253751's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
1k views

How do we know we've defined a thing properly when all definitions have exceptions? [closed]

I don’t understand definitions. Let’s take this question: “What is a woman?” Now if I am a Platonic Idealist (or some other essentialist) then I think that all women share the same essence and will ...
ProfessorFinesse's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
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Is "Why do we live?" a philosophical question?

After posting a question akin to "Why do we live?" in the r/AskPhilosophy subreddit its moderators got it removed, providing as motivation "All questions must be about philosophy". ...
Andrea Nerla's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
138 views

Two kinds of abstract objects - circles and sets

Both circles and sets are considered abstract objects. I can visualise a circle in my mind (can 'see it through my mind's eye') but can't visualise a set or a number. I have no picture of a set in my ...
Harshit Rajput's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
68 views

Is there an opposite concept to trilemma?

In economics or other fields, there's a concept trilemma. It means A trilemma is a difficult choice from three options, each of which is (or appears) unacceptable or unfavourable. There are two ...
zzzgoo's user avatar
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What is the rigorous definition of free will?

What is the rigorous definition of free will? There has been, and will continue to be, a lot of debate around free will. These debates seem to go nowhere, and that is because (so I think, anyway) ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
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What's the correct term or phrase for "Breaking a complex problem down into its fundamental tenets"?

Any problem I encounter, I distill down into fundamental tenets to create a model where the relationships between the distinct components of the problem are clear and more easily defined / discussed. ...
J.Todd's user avatar
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2 answers
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What noun describes the ideology that most things are scams?

What’s the -ism that portrays this outlook. This forgotten -ism is related to — BUT NOT — capitalism, corpocracy, cynicism, Marxism, misanthropy, nihilism, pessimism, socialism or skepticism. Such ...
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What is the term for a property instantiated either verbally or by judgement?

A promise is an example of a speech act. Is there a broader term encompassing nonverbal judgements? For example, consider a domain where objective measures of a property are vague or nonexistent; a ...
davidg's user avatar
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5 answers
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How, in layman's terms, should this Conifold argument against illusionism be interpreted?

There's a discussion about philosophical zombies and illusionism going on in The Symposium, which is the main chat room for Philosophy on Stack Exchange and Conifold posted this a day or two ago (the ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
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25 views

Is Kant's talk of "homogeneity" the deeper point-of-contact between his theory of categories, and modern category theory?

The SEP article on category theory says: Categories, functors, natural transformations, limits and colimits appeared almost out of nowhere in a paper by Eilenberg & Mac Lane (1945) entitled “...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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1 answer
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How do terms and concepts map to and relate to each other when thinking across languages?

I am working on creating a cross-linguistic dictionary every now and then, and currently thinking about the relationship between terms (single or multi word), morphemes (word parts), and concepts. At ...
Lance's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there a name for the relation between a proposition and the proposition formed after applying the diamond modal operator?

I don't know if there is a name for it but, since a negative proposition is the negation of another proposition for e.g. the proposition that "it is not the case that it is sunny" is the ...
Richard Bamford's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
8k views

Is this a fallacy: "A woman is an adult who identifies as female in gender"? [closed]

The phrase tries to avoid the overt circular definition found in the variant, "a woman is anyone who identifies as a woman", by swapping woman with female in gender. But is that still a ...
Eyeofpie's user avatar
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what do you call a logical argument between 2 people who hav personal grudges? Its opposite of Ad Hominem bt not Inverse Ad Hominem. what's it called?

If A and B already have personal grudges but keep that aside, they are discussing a subject and a conflict erupts argument. Their points are based on the subject only and nothing personal but the heat ...
Ganga Mashal's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
48 views

Ethical naturalism and moral naturalism

This article (Shook, 2015) makes a distinction between "ethical naturalism" and "moral naturalism": Moral naturalism as defined at the conclusion of the previous section is ...
Starckman's user avatar
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2 votes
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58 views

"Truth" as a description of our cognition versus "truth" as a description of reality

In reading about the feud of foundationalism, infinitism and coherentism, there seems to be some arguments based on how cognition/reasoning works. However, an argument of the form (vaguely put by me) ...
user1113719's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

Would objectivist utilitarianism be considered to be a form of moral absolutism?

Wikipedia defines moral absolutism as the view that "there is at least one principle that ought never to be violated". Does this mean that even someone who holds morally objectivist ...
Probably's user avatar
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1 answer
101 views

What is the difference between token mental state vs type?

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/ Part 6 paragraph 4: The classical identity theory holds that each token mental state (in a particular person’s mind at a particular time) is identical ...
Prince Deepthinker's user avatar
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0 answers
91 views

Why is Xenophanes B34 epistemological fragment also gnoseological?

I was reading a History of Ancient Philosophy (from the National Research council in Spain, CSIC) book where the following Xenophanes' fragment B34 is classified as gnoseological, without further ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
130 views

What is the difference between natural theology and transcendental theology?

According to wikipedia, Natural theology, once also termed physico-theology, is a type of theology and deism that seeks to provide arguments for theological topics (such as the existence of a deity) ...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
197 views

"Impredicative" definitions in mathematics

In this blog post, the following definition of an "impredicative definition" is offered: A definition is said to be impredicative if it defines an object E by means of a quantification over a ...
Frank's user avatar
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7 votes
11 answers
2k views

Can you explain clearly the difference between race and ethnicity?

I have tried to look it up but most definitions usually don't make the difference crystal-clear. Many results on Google give overlapping definitions. What my understanding is is that race is rooted in ...
chanzerre's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
137 views

Philosophical school of thought that includes "unsatisfaction" or "the yearning for more" as a key component of "happiness"

What is the philosophical term for Callicle's position here? The quotes are from Plato's Gorgias. SOCRATES: [...] Tell me, then:—you say, do you not, that in the rightly-developed man the passions ...
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1 vote
2 answers
146 views

Academic consensus on Thales being hylozoist or panpsychist (or alternatives)

For researchers on history of philosophy, taking into account, for example, the typical beliefs in societies predating Thales', which interpretation, if any, is more generally accepted in academia of ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

Is there any philosophical English term close to greek aletheia/alethes ( ἀλήθεια/ α-ληθές)?

Aletheia means unveiled mystery, not secret, disclosed facts and intentions, how something works and how it does not work, how it does exist and how it does not exist. "To say of what is that it ...
άνθρωπος's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
143 views

How does assignment work? [closed]

The only place that 'assignment' is dealt with in any kind of formal context is in formal logic, the idea of a variable assignment function is one I wish to understand in simple terms to allow me to ...
Confused's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Nomenclature for AND-operation on boolean reasoning

I develop a computer program to summarize a boolean decision. This program takes into account operators AND and OR. For the OR-operator, I can call it alternative, since this is how grammar rules call ...
Bruno Peixoto's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

Where does the type of practical reason fit into Kant's layered terminology?

At one point in the first Critique, Kant shoots off this list of stipulative definitions: We are in no want of words to denominate adequately every mode of representation, without the necessity of ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
4k views

How does "if p, then q" compare to "p only if q"?

How do the statements if p then q and p only if q compare
Marsha's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
330 views

Help understanding this bit of philosophy in this paper

I was reading about data structuring in computer science in this paper "Record Handling C.A.R. Hoare" when he outlined some philosophy about the properties of objects that I'm struggling to ...
Richard Bamford's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Cause-effect fallacy

Person A: "Why is 1 + 1 = 2?" Person B: "Because if you collect one apple, and then collect another apple, 1 apple + 1 apple = 2 apples, so you now have 2 apples in total" The ...
user avatar
11 votes
12 answers
3k views

How To Distinguish Between Philosophy And Non-Philosophy?

Surely not all thinking or intellectual effort is philosophy, right? Where to draw line between philosophy and all other thinking? What, if any, feature is present only in philosophy?
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