Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use.

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6 votes
2 answers

Why did Jacques Derrida call his theory "deconstruction"?

Deconstruction literally should mean "destroying something" or "tearing something apart" or something like that—something that is opposite to "construction". Why he has chosen this term for his ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers

If ontology is theory of existence, then what is theory of essence?

Some words in philosophy are usually represented as theory of x. For example, logic is the theory of reasoning, epistemology is the theory of knowledge, ontology is the theory of existence, etc. On ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers

What is the term for an argument where denial of the proposition can be used as evidence of the proposition's truthfulness?

I've seen this used enough times that there's probably a formal name for it, but I don't know what it is. For example, from Catch-22: "I think I'm going crazy." "Only a sane person is capable ...
Mason Wheeler's user avatar
25 votes
2 answers

What is the difference between "reductio ad absurdum" and "proof by contradiction"?

What is the exact difference between reductio ad absurdum and proof by contradiction? Wikipedia used to state that: Reductio ad absurdum (Latin: "reduction to the absurd") is a form of argument in ...
loudandclear's user avatar
10 votes
11 answers

Does philosophy belong to empirical science or formal science?

According to Wikipedia, science can be divided into empirical science (such as natural science and social science) and formal science (such as mathematics, logic, statistics). I was wondering if ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 479
0 votes
1 answer

What is the name of the view that everything is composed of four elements?

What is the view that everything is ultimately composed of four fundamental elements called?
RolandiXor's user avatar
14 votes
8 answers

When and why do we say that two things are the same?

In a preceeding question I have asked about the foundations of rational reasonning. It seems the concept of identity plays a key role. However "identity" is not observed in the real world: our mind ...
robin girard's user avatar
22 votes
4 answers

What, if anything, is the difference between ethics and moral philosophy?

Are the terms 'Ethics' and 'Moral Philosophy' different in extension as terms in philosophy? Some Departments of Philosophy have courses with titles like "Introduction to Ethics" and others with ...
vanden's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer

What is a straight-forward method for distinguishing pragmatic from utilitarian action or thought?

In common parlance, pragmatic and utilitarian are very similar ways of doing things. In philosophical traditions, Utilitarians and Pragmatists are very different. In terms of understanding an action ...
mfg's user avatar
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25 votes
7 answers

What is Philosophy? [closed]

What is a comprehensive definition of Philosophy? Alternatively, is it impossible to define Philosophy? This is a pseudo-meta question, but it seems like it belongs here.

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