Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Plato's influence on Christianity

Is Christianity influenced by some of Plato's ideas? In particular, I thought that the notion in Christianity of God creating man in his own image was heavily reminiscent of Plato's forms, where God ...
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Assuming that omnipotence allows only for logically possible things, is this possible for an omnipotent being to have NO free will?

Or would such interpretation of omnipotence logically entail that the being has free will? So if the being will choose to lose its free will it will with necessity lose its omnipotence too.
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Enough for God's existence [closed]

Based on previous posts and responses: Post 1: Thus we are driven to see that the beings of our experience, the contingent beings, could not exist at all unless there is also a being which differs ...
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Is something good because God says it is, or does God say something is good because it is? [closed]

Is something good because God says it is, or does God say something is good because it is? I have a feeling theists, especially fundamentalists, tend to believe the former – that something is good ...
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I read lots of introduction books about philosophy, now I want to learn more. Reccomend some books thar are not too basic or too advanced

What should I read? Should I read the books philosophers themselves wrote or the ones that is written by someone else??? I don't want books that only give introduction. I read lots of easy ...
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The Byzantine intellectual tradition…an underreported History?

There are of course volumes and volumes of questions on Ancient Greek Philosophy and Philosophers; this is to be expected since Ancient Greece was and is still largely viewed as the Fountainhead of ...
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Does Plato ever call God “Father”?

This article suggests in several places that Plato at times called God (or, perhaps the Demiurge) by the name of "Father". However, I cannot find any such primary sources to validate the ...
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Did any Christian philosopher explained why monotheism is better than polytheism?

Did any Christian philosopher explain why monotheism is better than polytheism as they rejected polytheism and accepted monotheism?
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What are possible naturalistic explanations to the question of existence?

Non-philosopher here, though I enjoy reading about it. Without getting into complex deductive arguments, suppose I say the following: Define the entities of the material world however one likes (maybe ...
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Thomas Aquinas objection against the Ontological-Argument

St. Thomas Aquinas argue that because God is an all-powerful being, we couldn’t not possible evaluate or conceive his nature; this is one objection against Anselm’s ontological argument for the ...
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Why thank God for good things, but not blame God for bad things?

Why should one thank God for good things but not blame God for bad things? Why is it common for theists to do so? Rationally speaking, it seems one should both thank and blame, or do neither; this is ...
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Evidence for Nature works under direction of God?

I have read from somewhere¹ and it sounds very right, that Nature works under supervision of God. However problem with this, may be that it seems unfalsifiable. What would be nature like with ...
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Why is harmonic strength and richness in math (ie 2:1, 3:2, 4:3) not emphasized in the nature of the worlds design and evolution

Based on my understanding of music, math, physics, and even philosophy, I do not understand why the beauty of harmonic simplicity and strength between whole numbers is not discussed much at all when ...
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Principle of proportionate causality → the most eminent cause is intelligent?

In Five Proofs of the Existence of God, Edward Feser mentions the principle of proportionate causality: whatever is in some effect must in some way or other be in the cause, even if not always in the ...
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Implication of Omnipresent

Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent etc. are commonly used attributes of God. Doesn't the term 'Omnipresent' imply Non-duality also? Or at least the idea -- 'Individual soul is not different from ...
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What is Charles Renouvier's Conception of God?

Charles Renouvier (1815-1903) was a French philosopher. He adopted a view of the finiteness of space and time. He also adopted a view of finiteness of God. Could you, please, give me the whole picture ...
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What would be the first indication that an Artificial Intelligence Entity (AIE) has become sentient?

... that you would believe! As far as I know, we really don't have something akin to a Turing Test for sentience. A blinded test where a human can't differentiate between a human and a machine really ...
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Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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Term for people who believe God once existed but then disappeared?

Reading Wikipedia, I learnt Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable. Comment: Am I correct if I say an agnostics would say: &...
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Does this argument disprove immaterialism?

-Every observation we have analysed has a material cause. -By inductive reasoning, all observations have materialistic causes. -Hence, there are no immaterial causes and immaterialism doesn't exist. (...
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Can someone explain omnipotence to me?

My understanding and I assume most Christians believe that omnipotence means the ability to do anything, even the logically impossible things because we believe God transcends logic. Colossians 1:16 ...
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Can a god ever be disproved [closed]

Given the ability to travel to another universe, meet aliens which would otherwise show the creation of our universe and yet many others and in fact have proof of our creation accidental or otherwise ...
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Metaphysical vs ontological necessity

There are many forms of consequence. It seems that there should be some method of distinguishing between them. Of primary concern to philosophers are two types of consequence: physical causality and ...
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Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
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Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
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Are not all atheists' arguments against God pure evasions from the issue itself of God exists or not? [closed]

For example, let any readers here just ask an articulate atheist his argument that God does not exist, and you will notice that he is in his argument not really into arguing but into evading the issue ...
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Why Do They Always Say to Keep The Faith On The Unknown, To Be Liberated? [closed]

Almost all the pious pundits and religious gurus preach us to keep the faith or take a leap of faith to be liberated. I don't understand, what is the faith all about and what to keep the faith on? ...
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Is my analysis of Dawkins fallicies correct?

I have been analyzing arguments made by prominent atheist and looking for logical fallacies. I am new at this. Are my analyses correct? from: “The All Time best arguments against religion/faith #2 (...
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Attributes of God in Spinoza’s “Ethics”

In Spinoza’s Ethics, he remarks that God/Nature has infinitely many attributes. However, in the Ethics, he only identifies and discusses two of these attributes: thought and extension, which account ...
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Can we define the notion of an “omnipotent God” in terms of computational power?

A classic omnipotence paradox asks, "can an omnipotent God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?" The problem here is that we take omnipotence to mean "capable of anything ...
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How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
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What is free will? [duplicate]

I'm sorry if I'm wasting anyone's time with a dumb question but I'll try to explain the way I see things. So, if God created a world where you can't levitate, see through walls etc, and I want to do ...
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Causality, Universal and Particulars, Evolution, and Theology

In a Socratic dialogue I wrote published in issue 122 of "Philosophy Now", I have Socrates conversing with a scientist (Moe), on a park bench. Socrates has come down from the clouds to take ...
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How exactly does ethics relate to what appears to be ethical animal behavior?

After listening to Dr. Jordan Peterson's lectures on Psychology of Personality, I found the notion that animal behaviors follow an ethic fascinating. He stipulates that rats will play fight and if the ...
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The Melisandre's Wager

The Pascal's Wager has been criticized because presupposes that the only possible god is the Christian god. Pascal acknowledges the the existence of his god is doubtful. But even if we suppose that ...
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Do multiverse theories undermine intelligent design arguments mathematically?

It is well known that the probability of life arising in a universe of our sort is vanishingly small. Theists have used this fact to argue that life is designed by God. However, if there are an ...
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Researchers describe emotions as either “positive” or “negative”. But can emotions be “right” or “wrong”?

Could it be regarded as either right or wrong from being tied to either positive or negative connotations? See: On “Positive” and “Negative” Emotions by Robert C. Solomon and Lori D. Stone
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Is life the story without an author?

Many people ponder on the meaning of life, so do I. Since I was young I was bothered by how closely fiction resembles the real world and at the same time how it is fundamentally different. Though I've ...
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Why does a hypothesis not self-defeat under fallacy of the gaps?

I was listening to an atheism-vs-theism debate on YouTube, and the two debaters came to a disagreement when talking about God of the Gaps. Person A: "If we look at all the evidence, we can see ...
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In the ontological argument, can the existence of an MGB be rejected as provably false?

There are a lot of slightly different formulations of the ontological argument for God, but I'm going to use William Lane Craig's phrasing of Plantinga's, because that's the version I first heard. His ...
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Is there anything a supernatural entity (e.g. God) could do to irrefutably prove its existence to humans? [closed]

I just posted a question in which I ask if spontaneously regrowing amputated limbs would constitute a proof of the supernatural, and several of the answers have presented interesting objections. This ...
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Is watching an amputated limb regrow proof of the supernatural?

A typical challenge skeptics present when confronted with claims of alleged miracles is "why won't God Heal amputees?". But, would that do the job? Consider the following thought experiment: ...
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What motivation does an omnipotent god have to do anything? [closed]

For example, every human action is motivated by happiness. So what reason does god have, to do or create things? happiness can't be the only reason, because he can make himself infinitely happy ...
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Can the concept of the Trinity be logically supported as the belief in one God rather than three Gods?

Christianity has its roots in Judaism, as such some of the teachings in the Old Testament have carried into and are reaffirmed in the New Testament, one such being is the monotheistic belief in one ...
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How can I change Aquinas's Fifth Way to prove there is not one ultimate first designer?

My philosophy textbook was asking to make a reconstruction of his argument to avoid his logical error where he basically says that there is 1 being that makes sure that natural things do their ...
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Does Descartes avert the divine illumination trope or play it straight?

(Preamble: according to tvtropes.com, a trope can be instantiated, meaning played straight, or almost subversively instantiated, meaning averted.) In the Book of Ezekiel, an entity known as the ...
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Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
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Can there be more than one omnipotent being?

Assuming that an omnipotent being could exist, can more than one coexist each other?
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Is atheism the null hypothesis on god's existence? Can the null hypothesis be accepted? Is the proposition “god does not exist” falsifiable?

 Is Atheism the Null Hypothesis?  Is Atheism Falsifiable?  Does Atheism Carry the Burden of Proof? Atheism has distinct definitions which can be categorized as follows: • Weak/Soft ...
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Can god violate the laws of thought (i.e., the logical absolutes)? If so, can such a god be ruled out of existence? [duplicate]

**The Laws of Thought** Laws of Identity, Non-Contradiction, Excluded Middle Something is what it is, ...

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