Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Does God pay attention? That is, does it make sense to talk about him paying attention to something?

I'd like to know about different theological theories of what it might mean for God to pay attention to something. Thanks.
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Will Artificial Intelligence doubt Atheism? [closed]

Artificial intelligence will know/see/talk with its maker. What acceptable answer will we give when it asks: “If I came into reality through you, into whose reality did you come?”
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Being wronged and expecting God will punish sometime later

Many times in professional world we are wronged. Or we may say that we assume that we are wronged. It may come in the form of delay in promotions, sidelined from professional activities, being ...
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Is there an ontological distinction between magic and the supernatural?

I'm an ardent physicalist with a belief in the importance of the partial reduction of theories to physicalism. I have on occasion had discussions with philosophers here who challenge the existence of ...
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Is infinity an imperfect and unsubstantial epiphenomenon of the finite?

To my mind the concepts of the finite and the infinite are equally mysterious. But recently I was surprised to encounter the view that infinity may be something different from what I have ...
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Gods from the perspective of animals

"And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, ...
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Should believers in god(s), the creator(s), answer the question what created god(s)?

In explaining the presence of the universe, you can assume the laws of the universe brought it into existence, which leaves the question: how can these laws, and the stuff they describe, have brought ...
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Does Actus Purus (pure act) necessitate that God is his attributes / God has no real attributes

If Actus Purus is true, does this mean that God is his attributes (his essence is identical to his attributes) or that God has no real attributes (simply virtually predications of the one essence). If ...
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Can a backwards infinite regress account for its own existence?

Suppose we have a domain of discourse D with an infinite collection of elements, and suppose that it is the case that the existence of each element x is dependent upon another element y (or collection ...
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Can reincarnation be proved using a mixture of scientific reasoning and philosophical belief?

Let's go through the logic first. The following statements are suppositions that must be chronologically accepted. Matter is neither created nor destroyed. Matter is made up of atoms. I am made up of ...
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Famous Philosophical Riddles/Problems throughout History

I am looking to learn more about famous philosophical riddles/problems throughout history. For example - problems similar to: Epicurean Problem of Evil Buridan's Donkey Pascal's Wager Trolley Problem ...
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According to Classical Theists, is God limited by the laws of logic?

I was pondering this question while writing on whether or not God had the ability to create a best of all possible worlds. I hold that God is not limited by anything (a view among classical theists ...
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How can an omnipotent god ever find out that he is omnipotent? Isn't it logically impossible for him to understand?

Let us assume that an omnipotent god exists. He by definition can do anything that is logically possible. So if it is logically possible to prove that a being is omnipotent then an omnipotent god can ...
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What does Pascal mean in this passage from "Les Pensées"?

I was recently translating this passage from Pascal for my French class: "La théologie est une science, mais en même temps combien est-ce de sciences? Un homme est un suppôt, mais si on l’...
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Is faith just a consolation for the common folk?

In reading Dostoevsky, I stumbled upon the perplexing question of faith being a mere consolation. And in spite of considering myself a believer, I still agree to this statement to a certain extent. ...
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A quantum mechanical response to van Inwagen's rejection of the PSR

Peter van Inwagen famously rejected the PSR due to his argument that it implied necessitarianism: Take the conjunct C of all contingent facts. Being contingent itself, the PSR demands an explanation F....
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Did Muslim Philosophers copy the Greek Philosophy?

First let’s talk about thought, so there are two basic parameters for judging a thought or methodology is original or not? Critical attitude of that thought (If any thought contains the germs of ...
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Does proving a negative aspect prove its positive counterpart?

In Ambrose’s Dē bonō mortis his main proof for why death is not evil, lies in his link between the corporeal body and the soul. In short, he argues that death is not evil, because it causes no harm to ...
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Before claiming prophethood,X was famous for being truthful among his people,so that is one of the proof that he is a prophet?

some people who believe in the prophethood and divine inspiration of specific individuals ,use this argument,as one of the arguments,that proves that their believe in such individuals is legitimate ...
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Is it possible to argue that the world is good from a theists perspective?

In all Abrahamic religions it is taught that everything that God does is for the good. Is it philosophically possible to argue that our universe is good without arguing from the perspective of a ...
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Why would belief in God (assuming God exists) with an untrue worldview count as belief in God to God?

Let's say someone believes says they believe in "you", but when asked about details they say you exist on a planet made of bubblegum, you are friends with these people you actually hate, ...
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What are the best rebuttals for this argument against God's existence?

I would like to preface this question with two pieces of information so as to minimalize confusion. First, I am in no way a Theist myself, as I have put in nowhere near enough time, research, or ...
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Is an accidentally omnipotent being **more powerful** than essentially omnipotent being?

An accidentally omnipotent being (AOB) is an entity that can be omnipotent for a temporary period of time, and then becomes non-omnipotent. That is it can do anything that is logically possible. An ...
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Was the ancient Jewish concept of God utterly unique? [closed]

I hope it's ok to post this on Philosophy S.A. It's really a question of the philosophical view of God. Was the ancient Jewish (Abrahamic/Mosaic) view of 1 "true" god, faceless, formless, ...
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The name of a particular philosophy

I was wondering what is the philosophy name that approves God's existence if this belief brings about peace and calm in our lives. This philosophy neither accepts the existence of a heavenly creature /...
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Could the existence of God be just a matter of perspective?

For most of my life, I was an atheist because the idea of God just seemed illogical and I felt a complete inability to believe what religious people would say considering the lack of evidence and huge ...
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Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science? [closed]

Naturalism is connected very much to Inductive reasoning. In science, if we see something happening again and again we generalize it into a law and we believe it as true. It will be only considered as ...
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Can you think of the bible as organising logos?

Can you think of the bible as organising logos? I know there are different readings of the bible, as myth, as parable, as event, etc.. What sort of reading is that claim, that the Christian bible ...
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According to trinitarians, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?

According to trinitarians, if there can be three divine persons within the Godhead who share one divine substance, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?
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If Non-existence is nonexistent, then does that mean a Supernatural Exists?

Ok, what I am asking is bascially, if non-existence (which I use synonymously with the word 'nothing' - this is my defintion of 'nothing' in this piece - non-existence, so please no dcitionary ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Triune Godhead

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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Eternal uncreated things besides God

There is a big debate in the Philosophy of Rellgion as to whether or not there are things that are uncreated eternal things besides God, like abstract objects. Some say that claiming there are ...
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Having finite knowledge, could we prove that God doesn't exist?

It seems to me that in order to prove that God does not exist, we need to be like the God himself: the supreme being, infinite in the knowledge of the universe. If my logic is correct, that sounds ...
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Problems with ontological arguments

In the ontological argument, Anselm assumes that "A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is, other things being equal, greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the ...
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Unbearable suffering exists. Therefore, is it worth to live? [closed]

The human being does not have full control over their life. In extreme cases, life can turn into pure happiness or unbearable suffering. Moreover, human can end up in a situation, where escape from ...
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If Actus Purus is true, how can God be eternally creator?

If the Actus Purus of God, the complete perfection, is true, if God has no potentiality, and He was always what He is, then God was a creator from eternity. But God could not be eternally creator if ...
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Plato's influence on Christianity

Is Christianity influenced by some of Plato's ideas? In particular, I thought that the notion in Christianity of God creating man in his own image was heavily reminiscent of Plato's forms, where God ...
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Assuming that omnipotence allows only for logically possible things, is this possible for an omnipotent being to have NO free will?

Or would such interpretation of omnipotence logically entail that the being has free will? So if the being will choose to lose its free will it will with necessity lose its omnipotence too.
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I read lots of introduction books about philosophy, now I want to learn more. Reccomend some books thar are not too basic or too advanced

What should I read? Should I read the books philosophers themselves wrote or the ones that is written by someone else??? I don't want books that only give introduction. I read lots of easy ...
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The Byzantine intellectual tradition....an underreported History?

There are of course volumes and volumes of questions on Ancient Greek Philosophy and Philosophers; this is to be expected since Ancient Greece was and is still largely viewed as the Fountainhead of ...
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Does Plato ever call God "Father"?

This article suggests in several places that Plato at times called God (or, perhaps the Demiurge) by the name of "Father". However, I cannot find any such primary sources to validate the ...
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Did any Christian philosopher explained why monotheism is better than polytheism?

Did any Christian philosopher explain why monotheism is better than polytheism as they rejected polytheism and accepted monotheism?
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What are possible naturalistic explanations to the question of existence?

Non-philosopher here, though I enjoy reading about it. Without getting into complex deductive arguments, suppose I say the following: Define the entities of the material world however one likes (maybe ...
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Thomas Aquinas objection against the Ontological-Argument

St. Thomas Aquinas argue that because God is an all-powerful being, we couldn’t not possible evaluate or conceive his nature; this is one objection against Anselm’s ontological argument for the ...
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Why thank God for good things, but not blame God for bad things?

Why should one thank God for good things but not blame God for bad things? Why is it common for theists to do so? Rationally speaking, it seems one should both thank and blame, or do neither; this is ...
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Evidence for Nature works under direction of God?

I have read from somewhere¹ and it sounds very right, that Nature works under supervision of God. However problem with this, may be that it seems unfalsifiable. What would be nature like with ...
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Why is harmonic strength and richness in math (ie 2:1, 3:2, 4:3) not emphasized in the nature of the worlds design and evolution

Based on my understanding of music, math, physics, and even philosophy, I do not understand why the beauty of harmonic simplicity and strength between whole numbers is not discussed much at all when ...
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Principle of proportionate causality → the most eminent cause is intelligent?

In Five Proofs of the Existence of God, Edward Feser mentions the principle of proportionate causality: whatever is in some effect must in some way or other be in the cause, even if not always in the ...
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Implication of Omnipresent

Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent etc. are commonly used attributes of God. Doesn't the term 'Omnipresent' imply Non-duality also? Or at least the idea -- 'Individual soul is not different from ...
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What is Charles Renouvier's Conception of God?

Charles Renouvier (1815-1903) was a French philosopher. He adopted a view of the finiteness of space and time. He also adopted a view of finiteness of God. Could you, please, give me the whole picture ...
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