Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Is theism a specific case of deism?

I believe that theism is a specific case of deism, because theists do believe in a god, like deists do. They just also go further and believe that this god is a personal god and does miracles, answers ...
user107952's user avatar
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What is the difference between necessary and in need of no explanation? [closed]

In a paper titled Is our existence in need of further explanation, Carlson argues that our universe, even if fine tuned, and even if granted to have a meaningfully very low probability, does not need ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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Should you worship god if you don’t like Him but he was proven to be real? [closed]

I’ve seen some atheists casually talk about how they should still not worship the traditional Abrahamic God if He was proven to be real. This is because in their eyes, He is evil. Many have even said ...
thinkingman's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
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Would an extremely unified being be able to issue more than one particular command?

Suppose that there is an actus purus, a being that is entirely active, impassible (nothing happens to this being), and which has no proper parts (its only part is itself entirely), not even abstract ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
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If we can't know whether a divine being exists, would that being be unimportant even if it did exist?

This is what I thought at first (by "objectively important," we mean this in the sense of naive moral realism, at least): If there were an ultimately powerful, knowledgeable, and good being,...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is God simple or complex? How does this affect His plausibility?

Theologians have argued that God is simple, atleast in His form. Part of the reasoning behind this is that He takes no form given that He is taken to be immaterial. At the same time, God is All ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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3 answers
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First order logic and the cosmological argument

The way I see it, the cosmological argument, if one takes into consideration only what has been observed in the universe, goes something like this: For everything in the universe, if it has a ...
Shaun's user avatar
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Why is the notion of life after death taken seriously in philosophy? [closed]

We obviously do know what happens after death. We die and that’s it. Why is there so much literature on this subject in philosophy and why does this concept gain special status? We have determined, ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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6 answers
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Proof of the existence of God?

Here it is, the long-awaited proof for the existence of God (for your consideration). I have taken the liberty of defining discretely what God is, without which there is no question to be answered (...
Jordan Cote's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
365 views

Implicit Models and Probability - are degrees of belief/truth/existence a complete free-for-all?

Or, to put it another way, as long as you model your statements using the grammatical framework of our modern logical idioms, is it appropriate practice to assign a probability to any utterance at all,...
Paul Ross's user avatar
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Is a god who cares about us more likely to exist than one who doesn’t?

Would it be reasonable to state this is true? Or do we just have no knowledge as to what kind of god or gods could exist? What I find curious is that without this assumption, some of the traditional ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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Is consciousness requiring a brain a good inductive argument against god?

The argument is simple. 1.) Every instance of consciousness/intelligence that we’ve observed requires something material 2.) God is assumed to be conscious and intelligent yet immaterial 3.) Given 1.) ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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Kant's "interpret them as divine commands" remark

I was thinking about the idea of teleological/natural-law ethics as founded in the will of a divine power, and I thought that there would be (A) a purpose that this power had set for Itself alongside (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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5 answers
158 views

Should the length of time of absence of evidence count as evidence of absence for god?

Imagine a hypothetical universe where 1 million days have gone by. Imagine another where 1 billion days have gone by. Assume that in each case, one has found no direct evidence of god operating in the ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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4 answers
184 views

How can we exist?

Positing that God exists and is perfect (by the fact that he is the moral authority and is thought of as absolute perfection according to the general consensus); a change that he makes would mean that ...
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2 answers
201 views

Does it make sense to consider God meaning is 0? [closed]

Foreword: Mathematics is science, that can prove or disprove everything. That is the meaning of Mathematics, prove or disprove any statement. When somebody say something, that something are statements ...
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1 answer
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If the universe was inherently indeterministic, does it rule out an omniscient god?

If the universe is fundamentally indeterministic, and by Bell’s theorem, some hidden variable theories cannot exist, does this also mean that an omniscient god cannot exist? If one cannot predict ...
thinkingman's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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Moral arguments against dystheism (in the spirit of James Rachels)

Here's my almost-twenty-years-old memory of Rachels' argument (I read it in an introduction-to-ethics class at a community college): If God existed, there would be a being more important, morally, ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Would a divine being having properties of multiple orders undermine the point of attributing divine simplicity to this being?

It seems as if debates about divine natures, among the "laity," are usually preoccupied with what have been called first-order properties of those natures. So we see the perennial quibbling ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
108 views

How can one measure the reasonableness of god without probability?

What is the probability of god, assuming the concept of god is coherent? Many have argued for a probability. Others, including me, think that the notion of a probability of god is meaningless. This to ...
thinkingman's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
296 views

If conciousness isn't physical does it imply god?

Think about it. The brain is designed for consciousness. Physical objects, other ones aren't conscious. We know because they show no signs of consciousness. They can't move on their own, which is what ...
loopit's user avatar
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How does one show that a theory that explains only one or a few data points is less likely to be true?

Let’s take the example of a coincidence. Suppose I pray to God to help me win two straight lotteries and I do. It would seem remarkable. From a personal standpoint, it might even seem so remarkable ...
thinkingman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
141 views

Panentheism and God as a real epiphenomenon

Just trying to think of God as something that explains nothing at all, as per Russell's Teapot, I think. God must withdraw in order for creation to exist claim's Cooper's panentheism. Does this mean ...
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If God is an immaterial being, is it impossible for Him to exist?

Most people, even atheists, often at least recognize the possibility that God may exist but claim that it is very improbable. But if God is defined as an immaterial being, is the notion of that even ...
thinkingman's user avatar
1 vote
8 answers
514 views

Can we ever have evidence for theism at all?

Unless this god is physical and has effects on the world that are physical through a mechanism that is physical, how can we possibly ever have evidence for a god existing? Many would argue that this ...
thinkingman's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
255 views

Is a miracle the only possible evidence for the supernatural?

Is a literal violation of a current law of nature the only way we can point to a potential divine explanation? This is not to say that a violation of a current law of nature necessarily implies a ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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0 answers
32 views

Should our confidence in god decrease the longer we go without finding clear cut evidence of Him?

Every mystery we ever had to solve that was solved in some way was explained through natural causes. This includes the diversification of life, thunder, etc. On the one hand, the large amount of time ...
thinkingman's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
105 views

Secrets/Esotericism in Mysticism

Some Western mystical traditions have an element of esotericism or secrecy, restrictions on who can learn the mysteries and how. For example, Judaism traditionally restricts the Kabbalah to men above ...
Unaffiliated Research's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can someone explain the terms "virtual cause" and "eminent cause"?

I would highly appreciate it if you could explain the two terms virtual and eminent. Please also refer me to a book or an article where this issue has been discussed, preferably extensively. This ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
77 views

Leibniz is famous for claiming that this is the best of all possible worlds. Did he explain how it is that we keep making it better via technology?

In his "Theodicy" (if I am not mistaken), Gottfried Leibniz famously claimed that this is the best of all possible worlds. Doesn't that imply that making the world a better place by ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why is God, if He exists, assumed to be reasonable in most of philosophy?

Almost no one looks at a stone lying down and thinks that it specifically is in need of a special explanation. More specifically, most don’t get the impulse amounting to “there must have been a ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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5 answers
220 views

Can we rule out God as an explanation for the origin of life without knowing a natural explanation?

Is it reasonable to rule out God as an explanation for the mystery of the origin of life even though we do not have a current natural explanation? Note that this is under the assumption that we haven’...
thinkingman's user avatar
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0 answers
25 views

In Thomas Aquinas'es Argument from Degrees, how does he mean that fire is maximally hot and the cause of all heat?

Thomas Aquinas is famous for having made 5 arguments for the existence of God. The weirdest of them is arguably the Argument from Degrees. To illustrate his point, he claimed, if I correctly ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Is the premise of the Thomas Aquinas'es Argument from Degrees contradictory to the Third Law of Thermodynamics?

Thomas Aquinas is famous for making his 5 arguments for the existence of God. Arguably the weirdest of them is the Argument from Degrees. As far as I understand it, the basic premise of the Argument ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
239 views

How can god exist outside of time if exist is a connotation of time`

Some guy would probably tell me that [] your small human mind can't comprehend it, but it can comprehend some things; it knows 1 + 1 has to be two, so its not like it knows nothing. For example, some ...
loopit's user avatar
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Under what conceptions of God does it follow that we necessarily are in "the best of all possible worlds"?

My personal take on this question is that it would follow that we are living in "the best of all possible worlds" if God were a utilitarian, that is, if we viewed God as an agent making ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
7 answers
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Does probability require a beginning? Can it apply to eternal things like god?

When it comes to the probability of something coming into fruition, a number is calculated based upon the future. The probability of a dice landing on 6 means that if one were to roll a dice in the ...
thinkingman's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
34 views

Please recommend some works on criticism/critique of the Hindu scripture Bhagavad Gita?

Can someone recommend some scholarly works on critique / criticism of the Bhagavad Gita. Specifically from its utilitarian and broad ethical framework perspectives. Can it be said that just because ...
Draupadi's user avatar
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4 answers
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Why is infinite regress commonly discussed in the context of theology or metaphysics, when it implies a rather peculiar model of the universe?

I have witnessed infinite regress being used to "prove God as impossible" with the following objections: If god is the creator, who created god? If the universe needs to be intelligently ...
day care's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
143 views

How can God exist but allow such suffering and inequality? [duplicate]

I know this question may be have been asked innumerable times over the last 4,000 years but I'm curious to see how serious theists reconcile God's existence with the horrible suffering that a very ...
Max's user avatar
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1 answer
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Wouldn’t any set of fundamental constants in the universe be equal evidence for God compared to the current ones? [closed]

The fine tuning argument posits a designer because if certain parameters were changed a bit, life would not exist. The chance of this is considered to be very small so a designer is posited. I’m not ...
thinkingman's user avatar
0 votes
5 answers
410 views

Is an omniscient entity self-refuting?

Consider a thought experiment involving 'something' and three individuals attempting to understand it: one person claims it is a red ball, another asserts it is a simulation, and the third insists it ...
Siddharth Chakravarty's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
142 views

Does the fine tuning argument rest upon a fallacy?

The fine tuning argument suggests that if certain universal constants were any different, life would not have arisen. Since this is better explained by a God who wanted life to arise, it is taken as ...
thinkingman's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
110 views

Why would a God (who can bring back or look after the dead) have a reason to think murder is wrong? [closed]

Apologists for various religions often say murder is obviously wrong. That often tracks if you imagine from the perspective of a human. However, I don't see how that could possibly be what a God would ...
Aseku Vena's user avatar
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2 answers
162 views

"We will never have the answers to everything, and God could be an answer to something, so a God may exist" as an argument against anti-theism?

"We will never have the answers to every question and every unexplained occurrence, and a God may be involved in the explanation to the unexplained answer(s), so we cannot completely assert its ...
creamedcheese83's user avatar
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2 answers
91 views

How do we forgive our debtors?

Lord's prayer says: And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. In this sentence it seems assumed that we are capable to forgive "our debtors". I do not understand how we ...
Ola Sande's user avatar
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I'm a new polytheist. What does it mean for me to believe in a god?

Please pardon me about that I'm concealing my religious background to prevent a flame-war. Though I've never lost my faith, the faith has been changing for recent times. For now, I seem to be ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
379 views

Does Kant think that an evil God is a contradiction?

At one point in Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant says: So it is not surprising that an Apostle represents this invisible enemy, who is known only through his operations upon us and ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
109 views

Does Omnipotence of God imply nonexistence of physical laws

I have already asked a similar question about omniscience of God implying determinism. I was corrected by people that this is actually fatalism and that there are different forms of omniscience. Here ...
eeqesri's user avatar
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Can a coincidence be evidence of a god?

If I experience a coincidence or a coincidence happens in the world that seems to be at extremely low odds, does this imply that God exists? If it doesn’t imply that God exists, can it at least make ...
thinkingman's user avatar

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