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Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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What is the Theistic response for claiming something other than God is necessary?

In the Argument of Contingency and Leibnizian Cosmological Argument, it is said that there is two types of beings which are necessary and contingent. Some argue that some necessary state can be an ...
Hido's user avatar
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2 answers
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Are the concepts of omniscience and omnipotence contradictory? [duplicate]

Theistic religions believe in a God or Gods. Do religions that claim their God is omniscient and omnipotent face a contradiction in this conception? I'll explain my reasoning. If God is omniscient, he ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
-3 votes
3 answers
87 views

Is it fair to say that the battle between Good and Evil is essentially a battle between two different philosophies? [closed]

For those who believe in the theology that is God is real and that the Devil is also real, and the eternal battle between Good and Evil began with the Devil and the fallen angels rebelling against God ...
user57467's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
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Is there any surprising coincidence that God solves? [duplicate]

In the case of fine tuning, does God really explain the improbability of the right constants being chosen for life? I’m failing to see how “God wanted the constants to be so” tells us why a particular ...
Hart Lort's user avatar
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14 votes
12 answers
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Can God transcend human logic and reasoning?

Apophatic theology holds that God is so far beyond human comprehension that He can only be described in negative terms. The "problem of the creator of God" posits that if everything requires ...
Blaxium's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is theism more complex than naturalism even if god is simple? [closed]

A lot of the debate in philosophy is about whether or not god is simple. Why does this matter? Let’s say god is the simplest being that you can imagine. Under naturalism, you still have the physical ...
Hart Lort's user avatar
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3 votes
6 answers
2k views

Could God be a natural being? [closed]

Could God be a Being who perhaps through evolution or some other mechanism was generated through physical laws and thus still interacts with the world. If anything can be created given enough time, ...
Hart Lort's user avatar
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Was Gödel actually convinced that his ontological proof was correct?

The proof is obviously logically valid, but it is as obvious that it isn't logically sound. For instance, the second axiom states that ¬P(φ) ⟺ P(¬φ), take φ(x) ⟺ x is a male human being. Then either ...
Elvis's user avatar
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8 votes
11 answers
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Why can’t God just be replaced by a naturalistic alternative and end the god debate? [closed]

Where-ever God is posited to explain anything, such as the origin of life, the origin of the universe, fine tuned constants, religious experiences, etc. why can’t we simply assume that if there is a ...
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In the Contingency argumemt it is referenced that alternative having things can not be necessary, whats the alternative in here can be considered as?

In the Argument of Contingency there is referenced that if something has alternatives, that thing can't be necessary because of it could be something different than what it is, so is this information ...
Hido's user avatar
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1 vote
7 answers
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Is belief in god considered a matter of faith or reason in philosophy?

Everything happens for some reason or none. If it happens for no reason, there’s nothing to inquire about. If it happens for some reason, surely it seems simpler to believe that it happened for some ...
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1 vote
6 answers
160 views

How can God gives us free will and yet be the creator and originator of everything at the same time? [closed]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has the knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't cause our actions, we have a choice. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was only ...
Saqlain Syed's user avatar
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1 answer
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How can religious conception of choice be consistent with the notion of omnipotent, all powerful God? [duplicate]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't make us do sin. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was just already aware of the ...
Saqlain Syed's user avatar
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1 answer
100 views

What is the reason behind the fourth axiom in Gödel's ontological proof?

In Gödel's ontological proof, axiom 4 goes like this: And I'm not sure about what it means. If that P(φ) is true, then isn't it necessarily true as well? There's some basic concept about modal logic ...
Elvis's user avatar
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2 answers
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If God existed, would He exist for no reason?

Why would He exist rather than something else such as a godless universe or simply nothing? How have theologians tried to answer this question in the past? I have read that because God is eternal or ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
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2 answers
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Are there versions of theism or supernaturalism that offer testable predictions?

Theism and supernaturalism often draw criticism for their perceived lack of a practical framework capable of generating testable predictions. In contrast, physical theories like general relativity and ...
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If we assume God exists, why isn't He doing something about all the wars and suffering on Earth? Is there a plan behind His reasoning? [duplicate]

Just so you know, I'm religious, I'm Christian. However, that doesn't stop me from wondering about this question. I'm sure someone must have asked a similar question before, so I'm sorry if I'm boring ...
QueenSophie's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
277 views

What kind of evidence would make theism/supernaturalism more theoretically virtuous than naturalism?

Graham Oppy is well-known for arguing that naturalism strikes the best balance between minimizing all of one's theoretical commitments and maximizing the explanation that one's theoretical commitments ...
user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
671 views

Are agent explanations better than non agent explanations?

Suppose you were using a telescope and zooming into Jupiter on the surface and saw a rock that had a face that looked very very much like your great grand mother. Suppose that it was very detailed to ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Would God, if He existed, be considered a stroke of luck? [closed]

Many, many theistic arguments often point out the sheer luck that would be involved in this universe existing such as through the fine tuning argument or talk about the sheer luck that would be ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
325 views

If you believe that our reality is some kind of reflection, what should be your label? Atheist? Nonbeliever? Agnostic?

If you believe in the external presence (God), but you are not religious in a conventional way. You believe in destiny, guidance from above, the afterlife, but you don't believe that Jesus Christ or ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
71 views

A multiverse of afterworlds [closed]

My question touches on multiverse theory and possible worlds. Put simply, could there be an infinite number of afterworlds, I’m most fixated on there being an infinite number of possible hells. Each ...
Matthew's user avatar
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What inconsistencies arise from a first, or uncaused cause?

If it's uncaused it didn't begin, but then if it causes something, that itself couldn't begin thus the effect must have been coexisting. If it's uncaused, it means it can't be reached via external ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
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2 answers
118 views

Why can't God be limited? [closed]

As far as I understand, many religions claim that God is perfect and unlimited in (almost) any way (e.g. the Christian God is often described as omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omnipresent, ......
Peter Jordanson's user avatar
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1 answer
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If the world had zero suffering, would this be evidence of God?

Applying the principle of prediction to an Designer-God hypothesis, it is generally recognized that a Designer God would reasonably be expected to design a universe which is optimized for the ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
42 views

Do gnostic valentinians contribute their sect nowadays? [closed]

Why did people abandon Valentinian teachings and why isn't it practiced today? Here are links to who Valentinus was, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentinus_(Gnostic), and a summary of his views: ...
cedfey dsfe's user avatar
14 votes
15 answers
4k views

Is the surprising applicability of mathematics to the physical world a brute fact, or something crying out for a theistic explanation?

William Lane Craig proposed the following argument for God's existence: For those who are unfamiliar with the argument for God from the applicability of mathematics to the physical world, here is a ...
user avatar
17 votes
6 answers
12k views

Why is Dawkins not respected amongst philosophers?

After reading peoples’ opinions of Dawkins over the years where he is known to be arrogant and brash, I decided to actually delve into what he says and watch some of his videos and read some of his ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
545 views

What is the state-of-the-art of formal definitions of God?

Isn't the only formal analytic definition of God, that of Cantor's Absolute Infinity? What is the state-of-the-art of this approach? Are there other definitions?
Bastam Tajik's user avatar
23 votes
15 answers
5k views

Does the argument from order apply to God?

Lots of people consider the universe to be too complex, ordered, structured, and too advanced to have come about, without a designer. However, isn’t God the most complex, ordered, structured, and the ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
104 views

If a lesser being could create a higher being, who is the higher being then? Who is the god? [closed]

As we create artificial intelligence and biological robots, in the not too distant future there is the potential for humanity to create a being far superior to humans that is a living, breathing ...
Anthony Smith's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
96 views

Is the fundamental nature of knowledge intimately linked to the fundamental nature of minds (consciousness)?

This is a follow-up to Is knowledge non-physical?. Can knowledge exist outside of minds? Can something devoid of consciousness truly possess knowledge? Consider objects like books, inscribed rocks, ...
user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
2k views

What are theistic responses to Graham Oppy's argument for atheism from naturalism?

Short version I'm specifically referring to Graham Oppy's paper An Argument for Atheism from Naturalism: Abstract This paper outlines an argument for atheism from naturalism that I have developed in ...
user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
125 views

Does philosophy suffer from an ad populum bias?

It seems to me that positions in philosophy are taken more seriously depending on how many people believe in them. For example, someone who believes in a monotheistic God is taken a bit more seriously ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes
13 answers
4k views

Could Occam's Razor ever favor theism?

In principle, could Occam's Razor ever favor theism over rival hypotheses like naturalism? What conditions would have to be met for this to be the case? BONUS: for those interested in naturalism vs. ...
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0 votes
1 answer
120 views

Why real distinction in God gives act and potency composition

So Thomists believe that there are no real distinction between perfections in God as He is pure act and He isn't composed in any manner. But Im not getting how real distinctions between perfections ...
Vihan 's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
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Divine impassibility + divine simplicity = strong impassibility?

(In theory, this is a denomination- or even religion-neutral question about the concept of a divine being. We take properties (like omniscience or having avatars) or hyperproperties (like aseity or ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
384 views

Mutually contradictory but simultaneously correct

In continuation of Two competing theories that are logically inconsistent my second question is there can be a theory/framework which can be interpreted in many mutually contradictory but ...
quanity's user avatar
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3 votes
6 answers
286 views

If God is infinite and unchangeable how is there room for the universe? [closed]

If God is infinite and God cannot change, how is there room for the universe?, how could the universe come into existence? UPDATE: By "room" or "space" I did not necessarily mean ...
P.B.'s user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
107 views

Does it make sense for an omniscient being to be able to give an answer about the universe without any internal processing?

It makes little sense to speculate about the mind of God. Anyway... If God wants to know if it will snow today in Bergen, I would imagine that there are 2 approaches to 'solving' this question God ...
Doot's user avatar
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3 votes
9 answers
2k views

Do the Abrahamic faiths solve the argument from evil?

There is the proposition that if evil exists in the world then how could an omnipotent, omnipresent God allow that evil to happen. The Abrahamic faiths propose that God created the garden of Eden ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
139 views

Did god create logic? [duplicate]

If God made logic, the process itself requires pre-existing logic. Since logic must be eternal, it's doubtful God created it. Did God create logic, or is it always there?
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
227 views

Can God violate the laws of mathematics and logic? [duplicate]

Can an omnipotent being like God violate the laws of mathematics and logic? Personally, I don't even believe in God, but I am just asking purely hypothetically if such a being could violate the laws ...
user107952's user avatar
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-1 votes
5 answers
254 views

If there was a sudden voice in the clouds saying “I am God”, would that be evidence?

I’ve been reading a lot about metaphysics and modality, especially in line with Graham Oppy’s work. One of his key premises behind preferring naturalism over theism is that when it comes to global ...
user avatar
-4 votes
11 answers
563 views

Are there any positive arguments for atheism not rooted in self interest

I have watched many debates on the question of God's existence, and I have noticed that when the monotheist is asked to prove God's existence and they have arguments for God's existence and arguments ...
Bilal Afzal's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
120 views

What does mean “realitas objectiva” in scholastic ontology?

Descartes uses the term in his third meditation (Med. III) to demonstrate the existence of God, see a previous question. The term “realitas objectiva” is a technical term from scholastic ontology. ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
182 views

Can an immaterial being not be conscious?

Is it possible for an immaterial being or object with causal powers to not be conscious? Or is this a contradiction? The only immaterial being I can conceive of to have causal powers is a conscious, ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
108 views

Proof verification of god existence theorem

NB: My question was closed on math stack exchange. They advised me to post it here, but due to the lack of LaTeX formatting, I had to upload it as images. Apologies for that. I am a first year student ...
dyy's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
63 views

How does a necessary being fully explain contingent beings?

X contingent <=> there is W s.t. W -> S, where "->" is derivation, not material implication X necessary <=> X not contingent Theists claim, without further clarification, ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
85 views

If God is omnipotent, can he make self-contradictory objects?

If God is omnipotent by definition, can he make self-contradictory objects such as colorless green ideas or something that exists and doesn't exist at the same time or long short objects.
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