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Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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morality without god [on hold]

I'm an absurdist and I can't understand atheists at all your whole logic that: if you claim something then you should prove it otherwise it's not reasonable to believe in it collapses when it ...
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How can God be temporal if he never began?

I was reading through this article and it says: What may be the dominant view of philosophers today is that he is temporal but everlasting; that is, God never began to exist and he never will go ...
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Did the universe randomly create God? [closed]

I asked a question at Biblical Hermeneutics that recieved a lot of downvotes, so I’m hoping to ask this from a philosophical point of view. The question was In Genesis 1, Did “The Bereshit” Create “...
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Is there any way to have substance dualism without invoking God?

Can one solve these objections to substance dualism without invoking divine intervention? 1.Causal interaction 2.Brain damage affects mind 3.Why do only living things with brains have consciousness?...
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1answer
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Where does Marsilio Ficino write that all nations refer to God with a four-letter name?

I have seen quoted in the name of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), also spelled Marcellus Ficin, that all nations of the world worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters. Does anybody know ...
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Our referential and epistemological access to God

I am curious if a nominalist, in particular a mathematical nominalist who thinks numbers do not exist because we do not have direct referential or epistemic access to them, must deny the existence of ...
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5answers
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Agnostic theism and agnostic atheism and their validity

Recently, there has been a rise of the terms like "Agnostic Theism" and "Agnostic Atheism" which one rarely comes across in philosophical literature. To me, these terms seem more of a mockery of the ...
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'Thanks, but no thanks' - God and my existence

Problem: God (in an Abrahamic religion) created me without asking me if I would want this life. Now I don't want this life. If I commit suicide, I will burn in hell for eternity. I just want to cease ...
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2answers
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Once it happened, an event was necessary?

What would happen to an event in the past, if time itself ceases to exist? Without time, has what existed (such as the writing of this sentence) never happened? A total disappearance of space-time ...
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4answers
263 views

Is there a name for people who believe in a self-professed God but reject to venerate him/her/it?

Suppose I believe there is an entity that considers itself to be "a god". This means that out of the whole of my lexicon, the word "god" is what best describes this entity. But I refuse to obey this ...
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Can we logically prove that anything exists?

Suppose I want to prove that negative numbers exist. Well, I could easily do that using a mathematical proof. However, all I would be doing is adding another logical object to a list of known logical ...
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4answers
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Do logic and reasoning need to be validated by an ultimate authority?

A lot of presuppositional appologists argue that the Abrahamic God is real because the Bible is self validating and that everyone "knows" God (except you have to presuppose sense perception and that ...
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1answer
94 views

Is logic logic because God defined it as such?

A popular argument that comes, by some theists, for attributes of God is: The argument that some of God's attributes, such as Omnipotence, are illogical cannot restrict God from having them since ...
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Did Plato really use the concept of “God” or only of “gods”? [duplicate]

In medieval philosophy texts, it seems that Plato is presented as having the concept of "eternal light" if not of "God" - I'm taking, very indirectly, from this SEP entry: The problem of universals in ...
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1answer
141 views

How can “who is the creator of god” question make any sense?

Whenever the god as a first cause discussion comes up, somebody posts the rebuttal: "If everything needs a cause, then what is the cause of the creator god?". Let's define the universe as everything ...
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Why is it said that God is benevolent?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE but I'll try to ask this here. If it isn't the right SE please tell me in the comments and I'll delete my question. Usually it's said that God is benevolent ...
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2answers
215 views

A philosophy of suspending disbelief. What is it called?

What do you call the following philosophy? On its own God doesn't exist. Imagination is essential for humans to thrive to their fullest potential. At specific times, imagination is so useful ...
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2answers
156 views

If everything that happens is “part of God's plan”, how can anything be immoral? [closed]

My question is addressed to people familiar with religious theology for any monotheistic religion (e.g., Christian doctrine, Islamic doctrine, etc.). For example, I have heard practicing Christians ...
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2answers
246 views

Is There A Way To Answer The Question? [closed]

There are two identical universes that differ only in that one has a God and the other doesn't. One may say that no universe can exist without a God, so, this hypothetical isn't valid. One may say no ...
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3answers
129 views

What proof will be sufficient for the existence of God? [duplicate]

A simple question. What proof will be sufficient for the existence of God? (where God is someone who is all capable ,all knowing , all present)
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1answer
74 views

What does de Silentio ( Kierkegaard) object to calling it a “trial” in Fear and Trembling

I'm currently going through Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling and, in particular, there is a passage at the end of Preliminary Expectations that discusses why it is wrong to call the binding of isaac ...
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1answer
161 views

What other theistic positions support open theism besides Christianity?

Open theism is a libertarian view of free will claiming that God’s omniscience does not extend to knowing the actual choices of free human agents. It is a theory of “dynamic omniscience”. This ...
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1answer
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What distinguishes black liberation theology from liberation theology?

Dr James Cone was a proponent of black liberation theology and for racial justice. In 1971 he addressed the University of Richmond saying: They can be no reconciliation with masters so long as they ...
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4answers
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Is it true to say that: The existence of any deity, based on current information, has a probability of zero but remains possible? [closed]

Btw, if one assumes the existence of the infinite in mathematics, an event CAN be classified as having both a probability of zero of occurring, and still be possible. Let us, in the spirit of the ...
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2answers
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How consistent is Christian theology compared to Islamic and Buddhist theologies?

I'm not an expert on theology but I've heard that Christianity is filled with inconsistencies and incongruencies. My question, if this is the case, is whether this is normal for the major theologies ...
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What are the limits (if any) of God's Omnipotence [closed]

What can a Omnipotence God Do and what he can't ? can he for example create logically incoherent things ? Can god Create A being more powerful than he/it is ? Or Can god Prove he doesn't Exist ? if ...
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1answer
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Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
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2answers
291 views

How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

Plantinga argued in his Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN) that given naturalistic evolution we cannot expect our cognitive faculties to be reliable. This contradicts our experience that ...
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2answers
210 views

Spinoza's proof of God

Proposition 11. God, or a substance consisting of infinite attributes each of which expresses eternal and infinite essence, necessarily exists. His argument is such: If God didn’t exist then by ...
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4answers
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Difference between “epistemological” belief and “theistic” belief

This question might sound odd, maybe because of lack of better phrasing, maybe because it's simply odd thinking, but I think there's something really interesting here. The epistemological stages ...
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1answer
120 views

What properties does God have? [closed]

I don't think there is any difference between atheism and accepting that God exists. wait, I'll explain: It is not that God just exists, is it? It is about what properties such a creator has. ...
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6answers
161 views

Is God a permanent fixed identity or is he evolving? [closed]

God is often considered to be a fixed idea or identity. God is most loving and kind in the treatment of his subjects. However that can not always be true because we are evolving. As we are evolving we ...
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1answer
199 views

Warranted Atheist Belief

Is there anything like a satire or serious response to Alvin Plantinga's Warranted Christian Belief for Naturalism / atheism / agnosticism..... something along the flavor of the title?
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1answer
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Which of Descartes’ arguments for the existence of God is the most successful and why?

With regards to his 3rd Meditation and 5th Meditation proofs of God, I can't seem to find any reason to see one as being more successful than the other. Mainly because while his ontological proof ...
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1answer
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Misrepresented Knowledge in Translation?

I am not sure if this is the right form to ask this question. However, my question comes down to a more basic question of knowledge and thus I believe it is related in some way to Philosophy. My ...
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Using Special Pleading to invalidate first-cause argument regarding existence of God

I don't have enough rep to comment or participate in the thread that prompted this post but I wanted to discuss the argument posted here: How can you disbelieve in god? The most popular answer at ...
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How can one not believe in god as the root cause of the universe?

How can you lack belief in the existence of god? I define god here as prime cause. As the world is a sum of collections of events, causally linked to the past through time, then there must be a ...
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6answers
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How does this New Atheist argument add up?

This is an argument I've heard from many New Atheists, including Dawkins and Hitchens. The conversation typically goes like this. NA stands for New Atheist, P is some other person. P: What's your ...
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1answer
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How do religious pluralists decide on exclusion?

“Religious pluralism” here means believing that the teachings of the different religions are just variations of some “universal truth”… like John Hick did, for example. Surely religious pluralists ...
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2answers
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Aquinas on the role of consciousness in women

My question is on exactly what comments Aquinas has made on consciousness in women. This is because I believe he said we all have God-given reason as we are made in the image of God. Except he also ...
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1answer
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Do we believe what is true, oppose to, for example, what is good for us?

This question came to me after watching a nice debate between theist and atheist. In one of the atheist arguments, he ultimately based his atheism on the basis that we (should? It's not clear from his ...
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4answers
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Why is Altruism the default standard of moral and ethical philosophy?

Altruism seems to be the assumed default basis of all proper moral and ethical philosophy. Why is this? Are there any alternative bases for a standard of ethics and morality that might be considered? ...
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1answer
126 views

I wanna start - how to be a philosopher?

I’m a new student, recently I’m interested with philosophy and the origin of some word like: what is evil - what is goodness? And I wanna learn about whether philosophy conflicts with psychology or ...
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What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
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0answers
93 views

Is anything objectively great?

Can we say that anything is objectively good or bad? I'm not talking about morality here, I'm talking about properties. This primarily concerns the Ontological Argument for the existence of God, ...
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1answer
154 views

A beyond-nature proof of God

I have just started studying some arguments on the existence of God. They all inherit a common feature: all use some explanations of the universe. For instance, take Kalam proof for God. It states ...
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1answer
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If God exist then why people who didn't do any crime or Sin (particularly children or new born baby) are getting deadly disease? [duplicate]

If God exist then why people who didn't do any crime or Sin (particularly children or new born baby) are getting deadly disease? Because The pain they are getting is their own pain that God is not ...
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Debunking Anselm Ontological Argument

In a nutshell, the Anselm Ontological Argument states that given a God defined as "a being than which none greater can be imagined" it follows that this God must exist. It seems to me that this ...
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3answers
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Is a theist obliged to believe that at least half of the world is the work of God?

Is a theist obliged to believe that at least half of all events in the universe are the work of God? I think that, supposing they don't have any insight into God's personality (or benevolence even), ...
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Where in the evolutionary chain did morality start to evolve?

One could argue that there is a common moral standard in dominant cultures, and most atheists conclude that morality is a social need gradually evolved in organisms. But at which stage of the ...