Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Are agent explanations better than non agent explanations?

Suppose you were using a telescope and zooming into Jupiter on the surface and saw a rock that had a face that looked very very much like your great grand mother. Suppose that it was very detailed to ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Would God, if He existed, be considered a stroke of luck? [closed]

Many, many theistic arguments often point out the sheer luck that would be involved in this universe existing such as through the fine tuning argument or talk about the sheer luck that would be ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
306 views

If you believe that our reality is some kind of reflection, what should be your label? Atheist? Nonbeliever? Agnostic?

If you believe in the external presence (God), but you are not religious in a conventional way. You believe in destiny, guidance from above, the afterlife, but you don't believe that Jesus Christ or ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
56 views

A multiverse of afterworlds [closed]

My question touches on multiverse theory and possible worlds. Put simply, could there be an infinite number of afterworlds, I’m most fixated on there being an infinite number of possible hells. Each ...
Matthew's user avatar
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0 answers
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What inconsistencies arise from a first, or uncaused cause?

If it's uncaused it didn't begin, but then if it causes something, that itself couldn't begin thus the effect must have been coexisting. If it's uncaused, it means it can't be reached via external ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
95 views

Why can't God be limited? [closed]

As far as I understand, many religions claim that God is perfect and unlimited in (almost) any way (e.g. the Christian God is often described as omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omnipresent, ......
Peter Jordanson's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
94 views

If the world had zero suffering, would this be evidence of God?

Applying the principle of prediction to an Designer-God hypothesis, it is generally recognized that a Designer God would reasonably be expected to design a universe which is optimized for the ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
36 views

Do gnostic valentinians contribute their sect nowadays? [closed]

Why did people abandon Valentinian teachings and why isn't it practiced today? Here are links to who Valentinus was, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentinus_(Gnostic), and a summary of his views: ...
cedfey dsfe's user avatar
15 votes
15 answers
3k views

Is the surprising applicability of mathematics to the physical world a brute fact, or something crying out for a theistic explanation?

William Lane Craig proposed the following argument for God's existence: For those who are unfamiliar with the argument for God from the applicability of mathematics to the physical world, here is a ...
Mark's user avatar
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16 votes
5 answers
11k views

Why is Dawkins not respected amongst philosophers?

After reading peoples’ opinions of Dawkins over the years where he is known to be arrogant and brash, I decided to actually delve into what he says and watch some of his videos and read some of his ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
524 views

What is the state-of-the-art of formal definitions of God?

Isn't the only formal analytic definition of God, that of Cantor's Absolute Infinity? What is the state-of-the-art of this approach? Are there other definitions?
Bastam Tajik's user avatar
23 votes
15 answers
5k views

Does the argument from order apply to God?

Lots of people consider the universe to be too complex, ordered, structured, and too advanced to have come about, without a designer. However, isn’t God the most complex, ordered, structured, and the ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
96 views

If a lesser being could create a higher being, who is the higher being then? Who is the god? [closed]

As we create artificial intelligence and biological robots, in the not too distant future there is the potential for humanity to create a being far superior to humans that is a living, breathing ...
Anthony Smith's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
87 views

Is the fundamental nature of knowledge intimately linked to the fundamental nature of minds (consciousness)?

This is a follow-up to Is knowledge non-physical?. Can knowledge exist outside of minds? Can something devoid of consciousness truly possess knowledge? Consider objects like books, inscribed rocks, ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
7 answers
2k views

What are theistic responses to Graham Oppy's argument for atheism from naturalism?

Short version I'm specifically referring to Graham Oppy's paper An Argument for Atheism from Naturalism: Abstract This paper outlines an argument for atheism from naturalism that I have developed in ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
117 views

Does philosophy suffer from an ad populum bias?

It seems to me that positions in philosophy are taken more seriously depending on how many people believe in them. For example, someone who believes in a monotheistic God is taken a bit more seriously ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes
13 answers
4k views

Could Occam's Razor ever favor theism?

In principle, could Occam's Razor ever favor theism over rival hypotheses like naturalism? What conditions would have to be met for this to be the case? BONUS: for those interested in naturalism vs. ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why real distinction in God gives act and potency composition

So Thomists believe that there are no real distinction between perfections in God as He is pure act and He isn't composed in any manner. But Im not getting how real distinctions between perfections ...
Vihan 's user avatar
  • 121
4 votes
0 answers
43 views

Divine impassibility + divine simplicity = strong impassibility?

(In theory, this is a denomination- or even religion-neutral question about the concept of a divine being. We take properties (like omniscience or having avatars) or hyperproperties (like aseity or ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
353 views

Mutually contradictory but simultaneously correct

In continuation of Two competing theories that are logically inconsistent my second question is there can be a theory/framework which can be interpreted in many mutually contradictory but ...
quanity's user avatar
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3 votes
6 answers
255 views

If God is infinite and unchangeable how is there room for the universe? [closed]

If God is infinite and God cannot change, how is there room for the universe?, how could the universe come into existence? UPDATE: By "room" or "space" I did not necessarily mean ...
P.B.'s user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
104 views

Does it make sense for an omniscient being to be able to give an answer about the universe without any internal processing?

It makes little sense to speculate about the mind of God. Anyway... If God wants to know if it will snow today in Bergen, I would imagine that there are 2 approaches to 'solving' this question God ...
Doot's user avatar
  • 237
3 votes
9 answers
2k views

Do the Abrahamic faiths solve the argument from evil?

There is the proposition that if evil exists in the world then how could an omnipotent, omnipresent God allow that evil to happen. The Abrahamic faiths propose that God created the garden of Eden ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
124 views

Did god create logic? [duplicate]

If God made logic, the process itself requires pre-existing logic. Since logic must be eternal, it's doubtful God created it. Did God create logic, or is it always there?
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
154 views

Can God violate the laws of mathematics and logic? [duplicate]

Can an omnipotent being like God violate the laws of mathematics and logic? Personally, I don't even believe in God, but I am just asking purely hypothetically if such a being could violate the laws ...
user107952's user avatar
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-1 votes
5 answers
246 views

If there was a sudden voice in the clouds saying “I am God”, would that be evidence?

I’ve been reading a lot about metaphysics and modality, especially in line with Graham Oppy’s work. One of his key premises behind preferring naturalism over theism is that when it comes to global ...
user avatar
-4 votes
11 answers
471 views

Are there any positive arguments for atheism not rooted in self interest

I have watched many debates on the question of God's existence, and I have noticed that when the monotheist is asked to prove God's existence and they have arguments for God's existence and arguments ...
Bilal Afzal's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
104 views

What does mean “realitas objectiva” in scholastic ontology?

Descartes uses the term in his third meditation (Med. III) to demonstrate the existence of God, see a previous question. The term “realitas objectiva” is a technical term from scholastic ontology. ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
136 views

Can an immaterial being not be conscious?

Is it possible for an immaterial being or object with causal powers to not be conscious? Or is this a contradiction? The only immaterial being I can conceive of to have causal powers is a conscious, ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
99 views

Proof verification of god existence theorem

NB: My question was closed on math stack exchange. They advised me to post it here, but due to the lack of LaTeX formatting, I had to upload it as images. Apologies for that. I am a first year student ...
dyy's user avatar
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0 answers
52 views

How does a necessary being fully explain contingent beings?

X contingent <=> there is W s.t. W -> S, where "->" is derivation, not material implication X necessary <=> X not contingent Theists claim, without further clarification, ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
77 views

If God is omnipotent, can he make self-contradictory objects?

If God is omnipotent by definition, can he make self-contradictory objects such as colorless green ideas or something that exists and doesn't exist at the same time or long short objects.
user avatar
2 votes
8 answers
2k views

What is the reason for a god to create the world? [closed]

For the sake of the argument I make the assumption that the Jewish god Jahwe or gods from other religions like Brahma, Vishnu or Shiva actually exist and that one of them created the world. Why did ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
62 views

Pascal, Pensee #3 and a counterargument to natural theology

Here is the text of Pascal's Pensees No. 3 (in the Krailsheimer translation): 'There is change and succession in all things.' 'You are wrong, there is . . .' 'Why, do you not say yourself that the ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
2 answers
339 views

Is Abrahamic God a creature? [closed]

Is God (as YHWH/IEUE, or Allah, etc.) a being because he represents his name from this reality, or because he has the potential to represent his name from other realities?
fkybrd's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

Must an omniscient being also be omnipotent? [duplicate]

In my opinion,yes. Since you are omnipotent,you are greatest in all qualities and incomperable,which means if there is someone else omniscient (greatest in term of knowledge),you aren't omnipotent. ...
Chill dude on Earth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
182 views

Should proofs of God involve the infinitary language ℒ(∞,∞)?

If God is an infinite being (per Scotus, say), and if no finite number of steps in an argument is adequate to the scope of the divine majesty, then the strictures of monadic theism aside (God as a ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
126 views

Does the private language argument conflict with monotheism?

This blog post opposes the PLA to unitarianism (the belief in only one divine person), which is mostly a parochial, intra-Christian objection that, if generalized over other religions, seems like it ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
7 votes
12 answers
3k views

Can you mathematically prove the existence of God?

So I came across this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0hxb5UVaNE), which claims to prove the existence of God using math. I then searched and found stuff like this: mathematician Kurt Gödel's ...
user68240's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
81 views

Is theism a specific case of deism?

I believe that theism is a specific case of deism, because theists do believe in a god, like deists do. They just also go further and believe that this god is a personal god and does miracles, answers ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 6,796
3 votes
2 answers
166 views

What does it mean for something to “break” infinite regress?

When it comes to the cosmological argument, proponents point out that a first cause is needed to stop an infinite regress of causes. In epistemology, foundationalism is used to break the infinite ...
user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
80 views

Would an extremely unified being be able to issue more than one particular command?

Suppose that there is an actus purus, a being that is entirely active, impassible (nothing happens to this being), and which has no proper parts (its only part is itself entirely), not even abstract ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
302 views

If we can't know whether a divine being exists, would that being be unimportant even if it did exist?

This is what I thought at first (by "objectively important," we mean this in the sense of naive moral realism, at least): If there were an ultimately powerful, knowledgeable, and good being,...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
148 views

Is God simple or complex? How does this affect His plausibility?

Theologians have argued that God is simple, atleast in His form. Part of the reasoning behind this is that He takes no form given that He is taken to be immaterial. At the same time, God is All ...
user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
114 views

First order logic and the cosmological argument

The way I see it, the cosmological argument, if one takes into consideration only what has been observed in the universe, goes something like this: For everything in the universe, if it has a ...
Shaun's user avatar
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0 votes
5 answers
1k views

Why is the notion of life after death taken seriously in philosophy? [closed]

We obviously do know what happens after death. We die and that’s it. Why is there so much literature on this subject in philosophy and why does this concept gain special status? We have determined, ...
user avatar
-1 votes
6 answers
463 views

Proof of the existence of God?

Here it is, the long-awaited proof for the existence of God (for your consideration). I have taken the liberty of defining discretely what God is, without which there is no question to be answered (...
Jordan Cote's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
400 views

Implicit Models and Probability - are degrees of belief/truth/existence a complete free-for-all?

Or, to put it another way, as long as you model your statements using the grammatical framework of our modern logical idioms, is it appropriate practice to assign a probability to any utterance at all,...
Paul Ross's user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
127 views

Is a god who cares about us more likely to exist than one who doesn’t?

Would it be reasonable to state this is true? Or do we just have no knowledge as to what kind of god or gods could exist? What I find curious is that without this assumption, some of the traditional ...
user avatar
-2 votes
4 answers
433 views

Is consciousness requiring a brain a good inductive argument against god?

The argument is simple. 1.) Every instance of consciousness/intelligence that we’ve observed requires something material 2.) God is assumed to be conscious and intelligent yet immaterial 3.) Given 1.) ...
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