Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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2answers
147 views

Is “lacking belief in X” equivalent to “belief in the nonexistence of X”?

Often I see atheists say they do not have an active belief in the nonexistence of God, only a lack of belief in God. I see where they are coming from, but I have a suspicion that they're equivalent. ...
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Has God created the set {God} [on hold]

Surely God is not identical to the set {God}. If, admittedly ( in traditional monotheistic theology) everything that is not God is God's creature, then the set {God} has been created by God. As ...
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Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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5answers
292 views

Does morality requires a grounding (especially a being)?

The Moral argument for God's existence as used by William Lane Craig is: If God doesn't exist, objective moral values do not exist. Objective moral values do exist. Therefore, God exists. Now, I ...
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What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I hope it's the place to ask theology questions. If it's not and that another forum does exist, I'll delete my questions, but I didn't find a ...
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What are all attributes of God and what is the manner of knowing them according to Aquinas?

What are all of the divine attributes, and in which way is each of them predicted of God (univocal, equivocal or analogical way; if in an analogical way, what kind of analogy)? An answer should be ...
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65 views

Should we accept the PSR on the grounds of cognitive faculty?

Feser said in his publication, "Scholastic Metaphysics - A Contemporary Introduction" that if we reject the PSR, we're undermining any possibility of rational inquiry. Also in Pruss' paper, "PSR and ...
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142 views

Truth outside of god

I am looking for resources about this matter, thank you for your help! I start from a theist viewpoint (god exists). God created existence, before that, though, it is true that he was "there", but ...
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Gödel's theorem and God

I have seen it argued that Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems have implications regarding the existence of God. Arguments for the existence of God run mostly along the lines: "Because of Gödel's Theorem, ...
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1answer
257 views

Theology of set theory

Absolute space and time are said to emanate from Aristotle. The Church acted as custodian of these concepts from early on up to recent times. I am thinking about another issue, namely that of ...
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1answer
92 views

The Full Scope of Sloth [closed]

Disclaimer one: I am not a Christian, nor do I have any religious agendas with this post. Disclaimer two: This is a quite lengthy post, with a considerable amount of preliminary stuff, and also a few ...
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1answer
139 views

Divine simplicity vs. divine aseity

Although the concept of divine simplicity is so poetic that I almost wish I could believe it, as it turns out, I can't believe it. Here's my argument: [Assumption for reductio] The creatrix is a se ...
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1answer
106 views

What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
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Is there a class of arguments for God that does not rely on knowledge of His work — the world?

I was just having a discussion in comments (I won't recreate its details) that has convinced me that we can't know God through his work, through the world He is said to have created. Is there a class ...
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79 views

Can analogues of moral non-naturalism make some metaphysical hypotheses more defensible?

One common position in meta-ethics is that facts about morality exist, but are not natural properties of the universe but rather are something else. I can't measure the wrongness of slavery the same ...
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140 views

Is this logical? Topic on death being a black box

People say death is a black box, that you can know nothing about it, but is the following logical? If you believe real time travel is possible maybe in the future and someone eventually may be able ...
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101 views

What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
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13answers
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Can we logically prove that anything exists?

Suppose I want to prove that negative numbers exist. Well, I could easily do that using a mathematical proof. However, all I would be doing is adding another logical object to a list of known logical ...
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1answer
201 views

Does Gandhi's paraphrase of Augustine's phrase distort its meaning?

His [St. Augustine's] Letter 211 (c. 424) contains the phrase Cum dilectione hominum et odio vitiorum, which translates roughly to “With love for mankind and hatred of sins.” The phrase has become ...
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195 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity, a sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god? This idea ...
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1answer
146 views

Did Meister Eckhart teach many times to only females?

In the 13th century this German monk/priest created his own philosophy and theology. But I've heard that he taught this often to mostly females. Now in the 13th century I don't think that women were ...
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21answers
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Asserting that Atheism and Theism are both faith based positions

I am recently testing an assertion that I have concluded namely that atheism is a faith based position just like theism is a faith based position. The reason I arrived at this conclusion is that ...
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1answer
161 views

If God does not exist then would God's heaven be classified as an “empty world”?

If God does not exist then would God's heaven, in the phrase "God is in his heaven" be classified as an "empty world"? I have only encountered the phrase "empty world" in the SEP article on ...
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1answer
123 views

Which Christian philosophers examine their understanding of Pharaoh hardening his heart? [closed]

I have read many Christian commentaries on Pharaoh and they all assume he had moral responsibility for having hardened his own heart. However did Pharaoh choose his nature and nurture or did his God ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the meaning of Logos?

While trying to ascertain a better understanding on the topic of Logos, I interpret from a offering a more modern view that it is "a logic that recycles God into a mind hiding through sign-...
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How can one not believe in god as the root cause of the universe?

How can you lack belief in the existence of god? I define god here as prime cause. As the world is a sum of collections of events, causally linked to the past through time, then there must be a ...
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Would logic be respected if we assume that the God's omniscience includes the ability to DIRECTLY OBSERVE future events?

If we assume that God knows the future, we think that the only possible way He could do that would be if He knew all possible states of the system. He could thus "compute" that future. But this "...
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1answer
220 views

Omnipotence Paradox Defense and Meinongianism/Neo-Meinongianism

I was considering a solution to the omnipotence paradox in which excluding logical impossibilities from the definition of omnipotence is justified as follows. Consider the proposition, "God could ...
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Does God have the power to make identical universes through different means?

The easiest way to explain this question is with a thought experiment: Consider God, the ultimate of everything, who is wholly omnipotent (all-powerful) and omniscient (all-knowing). Let's just say, ...
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Evil thoughts without actions?

Can a thought without a corresponding action be morally wrong? More fully, under which approaches to morality do thoughts, in and of themselves, carry moral significance? In particular I'm looking ...
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What distinguishes between saguna and nirguna Brahman?

Not knowing any Sanskrit, but knowing a little philosophy and some Bengali I'd translate nirguna as nir-guna (no qualities); and this in the phrase: nirguna Brahman A term used in several places ...
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1answer
135 views

What if Euthyphro gave the opposite answer?

As part of a course I am taking, I was asked to continue the dialogue Euthyphro as if Euthyphro had given the opposite response to Plato's famous question: Is the pious loved by the gods because it ...
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213 views

Transcendental and non-transcendental god and objectivism

Objectivism rejects transcendence as it is not part of the objective world that exists and which we can explore. But what if we put time in this equation? As we see through the years, many phenomena ...
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Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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Does the notion of an all-powerful God conflict with the idea of free will?

In Abrahamic religions, God is often believed to be wholly omnipotent. People also seem to believe that humans have "free will", especially insofar that they feel they are in control of their own ...
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12answers
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If the universe has a beginning does that prove God exists?

It is curious to note that a eminent Physicist like Stephen Hawking thinks the universe has a beginning. This has some rather startling Religious implications You can find the link here: http://www....
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How can a belief in God be reconciled with modern science?

My question is this: How can someone living in such a world and age possibly believe in God? To elaborate, I think I understand where religion and the belief in supernatural stems from. It was our ...
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Which philosophy views “value” as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
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If something can create a paradox, that something cannot exist, can that be used to disprove God?

Is it correct to assume that if something can create a paradox, this something itself cannot exist nor be created? That sounds logical, because a paradox leads to a senseless conclusion, it's ...
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Why are there so many religions and gods? [closed]

Why are there so many religions and gods all over the world? Come to think of it, when the idea spread, why did people develop different gods and beliefs rather than follow the same one? If the idea ...
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What falls under Hegel's concept of “absolute knowledge”: does that include deductive logic and scientific explanation?

In the wikipedia page for Hegel's Science of Logic, it states: According to Hegel, logic is the form taken by the science of thinking in general. He thought that, as it had hitherto been ...
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If Time Doesn't Exist, Does God?

If time doesn't exist (this Wikipedia page and this SEP article provide some arguments for the non-existence of time), does that mean God doesn't? Given that it is impossible for God to exist ...
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Why is it said that God is benevolent?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE but I'll try to ask this here. If it isn't the right SE please tell me in the comments and I'll delete my question. Usually it's said that God is benevolent ...
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1answer
320 views

Principle of proportionate causality - what are virtual and eminent causes?

I'm reading Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the Existence of God. On pages 32-33 he introduces the principle of proportionate causality (PPC). I'm having trouble understanding what precisely ...
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How can God be temporal if he never began?

I was reading through this article and it says: What may be the dominant view of philosophers today is that he is temporal but everlasting; that is, God never began to exist and he never will go ...
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8answers
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What is the point of creating for an omniscient being?

I read a book about determinism and free will that argued an all knowing / all powerful God and free will are incompatible, because if God knows our future then our actions are determined, hence no ...
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14k views

Is the “omniscient-omnipotent-omnipresent” definition of God consistent?

God is commonly defined as an omniscient (infinite knowledge), omnipotent (unlimited power), omnipresent (present everywhere) entity. Is there any logical inconsistency in this definition? I have ...
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Is existence essential to God?

Thomas Aquinas said that God was absolute perfect, God being pure actuality and had no potentiality. If there was a time where there wasn't an existence, then God would have a potentiality and not ...
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What philosophers have considered humans as gods?

Have any reputable philosophers considered this concept? If so, which ones? And how did they account for responsibility and accountability in this framework?
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Does theism imply worship?

There are and were many theistic religions. In most if not all of them there is some kind of worship. However, as far as I am aware theism only means a belief in some kind of unworldly beings who ...