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Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Why must objects be moved by other objects in Aquinas' First Way argument for God?

In his famous Summa Theologica, the Scholastic theologian Thomas Aquinas presents Five Ways to demonstrate the existence of God. Here is Aquinas' First Way, the argument from motion: The first and ...
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Does Wittgenstein's Tractatus establish serious bounds for discussions of the supernatural from a modern point of view?

In today's mathematics, we have many variants of logic (propositional, first order, higher order, fuzzy logic, etc.). These are all self-consistent formal systems that are based on some set of axioms. ...
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Has religion adapted to modern cosmology and if so how?

I wonder how existing major religions follow modern cosmology. Is God a god of the planet Earth, or of the whole solar system, or of the entire universe? If he is the god of the whole universe, is he ...
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Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

Having just completed Alvin Plantinga's book Where the Conflict Really Lies, I was a bit surprised to learn that he now takes a different approach to defending premise 1 of the Evolutionary Argument ...
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Is the argument 'you cannot claim that “God doesn't exist” because you cannot demonstrate this inexistence' an argumentum ad ignorantiam?

I'm able to tell this is an example of argumentum ad ignorantiam, "I can't prove the existence of god, therefore, god doesn't exist." But what about the sentence "One should never claim that "God ...
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Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? [closed]

There are a lot of debates and arguments about religions without mentioning the possibility of the 'survival of one's mind and personality'. Wouldn't it be great if there were more debates about ...
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Can an eternal universe be created?

In both Christian and Islamic thought the universe is created and this is taken to mean that the universe had a definite beginning. Philosophically we can justify this position by arguing that were we ...
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Is theism necessarily 'faith-based'?

Reading this question recently posted, an assertion was made that theism and atheism are both "faith-based" positions. Ignoring the argument regarding atheism, I feel the initial premise deserves a ...
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What is the utility of non-falsifiable beliefs about God?

Note: This question is derived from comments by the original poster of an earlier question (on my answer to that question, How can theists respond to the argument that God is "unfalsifiable"...
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“Saving” Nietzsche?

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
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Nietzsche, Christ & Christianity

In the Twilight of the Idols, Nietzsche buries Christianity but praises Christ - calling him the only Christian. Is he calling him a Christian in the tautological sense in being the founding figure ...
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Kant's need of God [closed]

My main issue is not the understanding of the text in question, it really is a question about his conception in general: Kant defends the idea of God by hypothising a "supreme (original) good", ...
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Why have philosophers historically defined God as omni-benevolent?

Whenever I read philosophy throughout history regarding God, I notice something I have issue with: Philosophers in most cases define god to be omnipotent, omniscient, and omni-benevolent. The first ...
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Why did Hartshorne believe in God?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Hartshorne https://www.iep.utm.edu/hart-t-a/ Donald Wayne Viney and George W. Shields wrote that Charles Hartshorne denied justifying his own faith upon Anselm’...
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Is Philosophy about living?

I read some arguments in this forum about Western vs Eastern viewpoints. And about the idea that modern-Western thought applies Science principles and eastern, being older merely applies a more ...
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How have philosophers from Descartes to Kant understood the soul?

Modern philosophy, beginning with Descartes, raises issues of mind-body dualism, rationalism and empiricism, idealism and materialism. Yet most modern philosophers at least through Kant continued to ...
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If X cannot emerge from nothingness, must X's existence be the decision of a Creator? [closed]

Laurence Krauss wrote a book titled "A Universe from Nothing" explaining how the Universe might have began. In this book Krauss does not address why the laws of physics exist, why they have the form ...
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Is a materialist afterlife possible?

Given a materialist view on things (the mind cannot exist separate from the body), it seems on the surface that an afterlife is possible. However, the SEP entry on afterlife seems to provide some ...
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Is Not-Being identical with Nothing?

Anne-Marie Schimmel writes in Mystical dimensions of Islam Sufism comes close to it [Shankara Advaita Philosophy] in some of the forms developed by the Ibn-Arabi school. Here the Numen is concieved ...
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Besides the Cartesian Circle, what flaws are there in Descartes' use of God

Apart from the circular argument in meditations III where he states that he has a clear distinct idea of god therefore he must exist and that since god exists and he is not a deceiver he can make ...
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What is the fallacy in deriving necessity of an event from God's foreknowledge of it?

Here is the form: If God knows I will eat lentils tonight, then necessarily I will eat lentils tonight God knows I will eat lentils tonight Therefore, necessarily I will eat lentils tonight. Now, ...
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What makes Leibniz's definition of perfection unintelligible?

Leibniz defined a perfection as a simple, positive quality in the highest degree. Norman Malcolm says I do not find his definition of a perfection intelligible. For one thing, it assumes that ...
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Are these logical arguments against the existence of a god? [closed]

Consider the two following observations... Observation 1 Randomly assigned individuals to watching a movie about death or a random movie about a very neutral subject. At the end of the movie, ask ...
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How would a theist answer this argument against omniscience?

On this webpage, the author argues: The first problem, ”the paradox of omniscience”, is derived from Cantor’s proof that there is no set of all sets. Omniscience, it is said, entails knowledge of ...
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What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings?

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings (i.e., angels)?
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A Critcism of the Ontological Argument for God

Allow me to present the argument: (1) By definition God is that being which possesses every perfection. (2) Existence is a perfection. (3) Therefore, God exists. Whether you agree is not important,...
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If there is anything that could behave like a god, is it then a real god? [closed]

Let's assume that the our universe's physics allows time travel. This is my main assumption! Let's further assume that there is an quite intelligent, invulnerable being, that found a way to achieve ...