Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Which modern philosophers profess an atheist personalism?

Thomas D. Williams and Jan Olof Bengtsson describe the origin of personalism in the following way: Personalism in the sense of a distinct philosophy or worldview focusing on the full, accumulated ...
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Does Gandhi's paraphrase of Augustine's phrase distort its meaning?

His [St. Augustine's] Letter 211 (c. 424) contains the phrase Cum dilectione hominum et odio vitiorum, which translates roughly to “With love for mankind and hatred of sins.” The phrase has become ...
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Why does an explanation involving a “person” appeal?

If the common source of the natural order and the karmic order is impersonal, we are still in need of some account of how and why it would be such as to produce these two quite different sorts of ...
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Is process philosophy at odds with orthodox Christian theology?

Process philosophy regards change, as opposed to stasis, as the basis of reality. Does this contradict orthodox Christian theology, such as Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and the various Protestant ...
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Should we accept the PSR on the grounds of cognitive faculty?

Feser said in his publication, "Scholastic Metaphysics - A Contemporary Introduction" that if we reject the PSR, we're undermining any possibility of rational inquiry. Also in Pruss' paper, "PSR and ...
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How do compatibilists understand “responsible”?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
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Which philosophy views “value” as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
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What is a simplistic definition of Boethius' Consolation with Philosophy?

The specific extract is where he asks Lady Philosophy about the correlation of omniscience and free will having a coherent existence together. I know the extract well, but I struggle to define it ...
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Did Meister Eckhart teach many times to only females?

In the 13th century this German monk/priest created his own philosophy and theology. But I've heard that he taught this often to mostly females. Now in the 13th century I don't think that women were ...
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267 views

How would Nietzsche argue against classical theism?

Completely out of curiosity, how would someone like Nietzsche, let's use him as an example, argue against Aquinas's metaphysical argument for classical theism. I can't seem to find any references in ...
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359 views

What would the existence of the multiverse mean for theology?

The multiverse seems to be gaining traction of the scientific community, even becoming the prevalent worldview. It seems some types of the multiverse theory, such as the many-worlds interpretation, ...
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Boethius, Logical Necessity, and Accidental Necessity: A Solution to Free Will and Foreknowledge?

In his classic book, the Consolation of Philosophy (Book V), Boethius attempts to make an argument that libertarian free will and [divine] foreknowledge are not incompatible. His argument goes ...
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Are all explanations either personal or scientific?

In A New Cosmological Argument, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer up a cosmological argument for a personal God, from the weak principle of sufficient reason (among other premises, but the WPSR ...
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How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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Can the Mind-Body Question ignore Non-locality?

Paul M. Churchland's Matter and Consciousness which I enjoyed, except for his conclusion. He never mentioned non-locality. Assuming boundaries to the 4-D S-T Continuum, how can a First-Efficient-...
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Are Theists and physicists talking about an empty universe or no universe at all?

When they talk about the beginning of the universe, are Theists and physicists talking about an empty universe or no universe at all? It is fairly straightforward to imagine an empty Universe - an ...
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Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
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232 views

Omnipotence Paradox Defense and Meinongianism/Neo-Meinongianism

I was considering a solution to the omnipotence paradox in which excluding logical impossibilities from the definition of omnipotence is justified as follows. Consider the proposition, "God could ...
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163 views

Is this assertion by Sartre an existentialist reading Pascal's Pensées?

In his book What Is Literature?, Sartre says: Here, I am thinking of Pascal, who relentlessly repeated that man was an irrational composite of metaphysics and history, his greatness unexplainable ...
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How does Buddhist soteriology link to the first cause argument?

Aquinas argued that the observable order of causation is not self-explanatory. It can only be accounted for by the existence of a first cause; this first cause, however, must not be considered ...
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Is there a class of arguments for God that does not rely on knowledge of His work — the world?

I was just having a discussion in comments (I won't recreate its details) that has convinced me that we can't know God through his work, through the world He is said to have created. Is there a class ...
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Is this logical? Topic on death being a black box

People say death is a black box, that you can know nothing about it, but is the following logical? If you believe real time travel is possible maybe in the future and someone eventually may be able ...
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Theology of set theory

Absolute space and time are said to emanate from Aristotle. The Church acted as custodian of these concepts from early on up to recent times. I am thinking about another issue, namely that of ...
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What falls under Hegel's concept of “absolute knowledge”: does that include deductive logic and scientific explanation?

In the wikipedia page for Hegel's Science of Logic, it states: According to Hegel, logic is the form taken by the science of thinking in general. He thought that, as it had hitherto been ...
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How did Hartshorne make the idea of perfection rationally conceivable?

This question is motivated by trying to find an answer for christo183's question: Why did Hartshorne believe in God? Looking at the Wikipedia article referenced in that question, I found two passages ...
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What, for Nietzsche, is a noble death?

This thread Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates? on Socrates and Jesus's death and the article that I linked to there, got me glibly wondering... In Human, All to Human, Nietzsche says that How ...