Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

43 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
1answer
447 views

Does Gandhi's paraphrase of Augustine's phrase distort its meaning?

His [St. Augustine's] Letter 211 (c. 424) contains the phrase Cum dilectione hominum et odio vitiorum, which translates roughly to “With love for mankind and hatred of sins.” The phrase has become ...
3
votes
0answers
92 views

Attributes of God in Spinoza’s “Ethics”

In Spinoza’s Ethics, he remarks that God/Nature has infinitely many attributes. However, in the Ethics, he only identifies and discusses two of these attributes: thought and extension, which account ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Duns Scotus : how can the " concept of being" be univocal without there being a nature common to God and to creatures?

Source : Paul Vincent Spade, Survey Of Medieval Philoosphy (https://pvspade.com/Logic/index.html) Dunst Scotus is said to hold the thesis of univocity of being: i.e. the thesis according to which the ...
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Which modern philosophers profess an atheist personalism?

Thomas D. Williams and Jan Olof Bengtsson describe the origin of personalism in the following way: Personalism in the sense of a distinct philosophy or worldview focusing on the full, accumulated ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

If Actus Purus is true, how can God be eternally creator?

If the Actus Purus of God, the complete perfection, is true, if God has no potentiality, and He was always what He is, then God was a creator from eternity. But God could not be eternally creator if ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Weakness of Spinoza's ontological argument

The ontological arguments of God are many, the weaknesses they suffer can be found in this reference. My goal here is to focus on Spinoza’s ontological argument. Spinoza's argument is different from ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Why does an explanation involving a "person" appeal?

If the common source of the natural order and the karmic order is impersonal, we are still in need of some account of how and why it would be such as to produce these two quite different sorts of ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Is process philosophy at odds with orthodox Christian theology?

Process philosophy regards change, as opposed to stasis, as the basis of reality. Does this contradict orthodox Christian theology, such as Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and the various Protestant ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Should we accept the PSR on the grounds of cognitive faculty?

Feser said in his publication, "Scholastic Metaphysics - A Contemporary Introduction" that if we reject the PSR, we're undermining any possibility of rational inquiry. Also in Pruss' paper, "PSR and ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Are all explanations either personal or scientific?

In A New Cosmological Argument, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer up a cosmological argument for a personal God, from the weak principle of sufficient reason (among other premises, but the WPSR ...
2
votes
0answers
170 views

How do compatibilists understand "responsible"?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Which philosophy views "value" as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
2
votes
0answers
85 views

What is a simplistic definition of Boethius' Consolation with Philosophy?

The specific extract is where he asks Lady Philosophy about the correlation of omniscience and free will having a coherent existence together. I know the extract well, but I struggle to define it ...
2
votes
0answers
284 views

How would Nietzsche argue against classical theism?

Completely out of curiosity, how would someone like Nietzsche, let's use him as an example, argue against Aquinas's metaphysical argument for classical theism. I can't seem to find any references in ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

What is Charles Renouvier's Conception of God?

Charles Renouvier (1815-1903) was a French philosopher. He adopted a view of the finiteness of space and time. He also adopted a view of finiteness of God. Could you, please, give me the whole picture ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Metaphysical vs ontological necessity

There are many forms of consequence. It seems that there should be some method of distinguishing between them. Of primary concern to philosophers are two types of consequence: physical causality and ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

Boethius, Logical Necessity, and Accidental Necessity: A Solution to Free Will and Foreknowledge?

In his classic book, the Consolation of Philosophy (Book V), Boethius attempts to make an argument that libertarian free will and [divine] foreknowledge are not incompatible. His argument goes ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Can the Mind-Body Question ignore Non-locality?

Paul M. Churchland's Matter and Consciousness which I enjoyed, except for his conclusion. He never mentioned non-locality. Assuming boundaries to the 4-D S-T Continuum, how can a First-Efficient-...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Are Theists and physicists talking about an empty universe or no universe at all?

When they talk about the beginning of the universe, are Theists and physicists talking about an empty universe or no universe at all? It is fairly straightforward to imagine an empty Universe - an ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
1
vote
1answer
288 views

Omnipotence Paradox Defense and Meinongianism/Neo-Meinongianism

I was considering a solution to the omnipotence paradox in which excluding logical impossibilities from the definition of omnipotence is justified as follows. Consider the proposition, "God could ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

Is this assertion by Sartre an existentialist reading Pascal's Pensées?

In his book What Is Literature?, Sartre says: Here, I am thinking of Pascal, who relentlessly repeated that man was an irrational composite of metaphysics and history, his greatness unexplainable ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Assuming that omnipotence allows only for logically possible things, is this possible for an omnipotent being to have NO free will?

Or would such interpretation of omnipotence logically entail that the being has free will? So if the being will choose to lose its free will it will with necessity lose its omnipotence too.
0
votes
0answers
199 views

The Byzantine intellectual tradition....an underreported History?

There are of course volumes and volumes of questions on Ancient Greek Philosophy and Philosophers; this is to be expected since Ancient Greece was and is still largely viewed as the Fountainhead of ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Evidence for Nature works under direction of God?

I have read from somewhere¹ and it sounds very right, that Nature works under supervision of God. However problem with this, may be that it seems unfalsifiable. What would be nature like with ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Does Descartes avert the divine illumination trope or play it straight?

(Preamble: according to tvtropes.com, a trope can be instantiated, meaning played straight, or almost subversively instantiated, meaning averted.) In the Book of Ezekiel, an entity known as the ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

How would Leibniz respond to this objection to his argument for God's existence?

Leibniz argues for the existence of a necessary being using the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). Any contingent fact about the world must have an explanation. (Principle of sufficient reason) ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What does St.Thomas Aquinas teach about state of the univerese after renewal in Summa Theologica?

In Summa Theologica suppl.q.91, St.Thomas teaches clearly about the state of the world after its renewal. In article 5 of the same question I said above, he says plants and animals will not remain in ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

How does Buddhist soteriology link to the first cause argument?

Aquinas argued that the observable order of causation is not self-explanatory. It can only be accounted for by the existence of a first cause; this first cause, however, must not be considered ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Is there a class of arguments for God that does not rely on knowledge of His work -- the world?

I was just having a discussion in comments (I won't recreate its details) that has convinced me that we can't know God through his work, through the world He is said to have created. Is there a class ...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

What falls under Hegel's concept of "absolute knowledge": does that include deductive logic and scientific explanation?

In the wikipedia page for Hegel's Science of Logic, it states: According to Hegel, logic is the form taken by the science of thinking in general. He thought that, as it had hitherto been ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How did Hartshorne make the idea of perfection rationally conceivable?

This question is motivated by trying to find an answer for christo183's question: Why did Hartshorne believe in God? Looking at the Wikipedia article referenced in that question, I found two passages ...
0
votes
0answers
314 views

What, for Nietzsche, is a noble death?

This thread Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates? on Socrates and Jesus's death and the article that I linked to there, got me glibly wondering... In Human, All to Human, Nietzsche says that How ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Problems with ontological arguments

In the ontological argument, Anselm assumes that "A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is, other things being equal, greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

God and the meaning of the term 'God'

Can we move from the thought of God to a proof that there is a God ? 1 If God is possible or actual then he is contingent or necessary . 2 God is possible or actual . 3 God is contingent or ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

Thomas Aquinas objection against the Ontological-Argument

St. Thomas Aquinas argue that because God is an all-powerful being, we couldn’t not possible evaluate or conceive his nature; this is one objection against Anselm’s ontological argument for the ...
-1
votes
2answers
128 views

Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
-1
votes
1answer
77 views

Is life the story without an author?

Many people ponder on the meaning of life, so do I. Since I was young I was bothered by how closely fiction resembles the real world and at the same time how it is fundamentally different. Though I've ...
-1
votes
2answers
217 views

Shouldn't reasoned agnosticism dissolve into atheism concerning most world religions?

Agnosticism is typically understood as maintaining the general premise that there are insufficient rational grounds for either accepting or rejecting claims like "God exists" or "God does not exist". ...