Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Attributes of God in Spinoza’s “Ethics”

In Spinoza’s Ethics, he remarks that God/Nature has infinitely many attributes. However, in the Ethics, he only identifies and discusses two of these attributes: thought and extension, which account ...
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Duns Scotus : how can the " concept of being" be univocal without there being a nature common to God and to creatures?

Source : Paul Vincent Spade, Survey Of Medieval Philoosphy (https://pvspade.com/Logic/index.html) Dunst Scotus is said to hold the thesis of univocity of being: i.e. the thesis according to which the ...
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Does Gandhi's paraphrase of Augustine's phrase distort its meaning?

His [St. Augustine's] Letter 211 (c. 424) contains the phrase Cum dilectione hominum et odio vitiorum, which translates roughly to “With love for mankind and hatred of sins.” The phrase has become ...
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According to trinitarians, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?

According to trinitarians, if there can be three divine persons within the Godhead who share one divine substance, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?
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Does God pay attention? That is, does it make sense to talk about him paying attention to something?

I'd like to know about different theological theories of what it might mean for God to pay attention to something. Thanks.
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Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
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Weakness of Spinoza's ontological argument

The ontological arguments of God are many, the weaknesses they suffer can be found in this reference. My goal here is to focus on Spinoza’s ontological argument. Spinoza's argument is different from ...
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Why does an explanation involving a "person" appeal?

If the common source of the natural order and the karmic order is impersonal, we are still in need of some account of how and why it would be such as to produce these two quite different sorts of ...
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Is process philosophy at odds with orthodox Christian theology?

Process philosophy regards change, as opposed to stasis, as the basis of reality. Does this contradict orthodox Christian theology, such as Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and the various Protestant ...
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Should we accept the PSR on the grounds of cognitive faculty?

Feser said in his publication, "Scholastic Metaphysics - A Contemporary Introduction" that if we reject the PSR, we're undermining any possibility of rational inquiry. Also in Pruss' paper, "PSR and ...
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Are all explanations either personal or scientific?

In A New Cosmological Argument, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer up a cosmological argument for a personal God, from the weak principle of sufficient reason (among other premises, but the WPSR ...
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How do compatibilists understand "responsible"?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
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Which philosophy views "value" as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
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What is a simplistic definition of Boethius' Consolation with Philosophy?

The specific extract is where he asks Lady Philosophy about the correlation of omniscience and free will having a coherent existence together. I know the extract well, but I struggle to define it ...
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How would Nietzsche argue against classical theism?

Completely out of curiosity, how would someone like Nietzsche, let's use him as an example, argue against Aquinas's metaphysical argument for classical theism. I can't seem to find any references in ...
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Can God know every fact, or are there some facts that logically/mathematically/etc cannot be known?

Kurt Goedel proved there may be some things that are true but that cannot be mathematically proven. But God, being infinite, can know everything, even things that cannot be proven. Or can he?
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Is infinity an imperfect and unsubstantial epiphenomenon of the finite?

To my mind the concepts of the finite and the infinite are equally mysterious. But recently I was surprised to encounter the view that infinity may be something different from what I have ...
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A quantum mechanical response to van Inwagen's rejection of the PSR

Peter van Inwagen famously rejected the PSR due to his argument that it implied necessitarianism: Take the conjunct C of all contingent facts. Being contingent itself, the PSR demands an explanation F....
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Triune Godhead

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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Eternal uncreated things besides God

There is a big debate in the Philosophy of Rellgion as to whether or not there are things that are uncreated eternal things besides God, like abstract objects. Some say that claiming there are ...
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What is Charles Renouvier's Conception of God?

Charles Renouvier (1815-1903) was a French philosopher. He adopted a view of the finiteness of space and time. He also adopted a view of finiteness of God. Could you, please, give me the whole picture ...
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Metaphysical vs ontological necessity

There are many forms of consequence. It seems that there should be some method of distinguishing between them. Of primary concern to philosophers are two types of consequence: physical causality and ...
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Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
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Boethius, Logical Necessity, and Accidental Necessity: A Solution to Free Will and Foreknowledge?

In his classic book, the Consolation of Philosophy (Book V), Boethius attempts to make an argument that libertarian free will and [divine] foreknowledge are not incompatible. His argument goes ...
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How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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Can the Mind-Body Question ignore Non-locality?

Paul M. Churchland's Matter and Consciousness which I enjoyed, except for his conclusion. He never mentioned non-locality. Assuming boundaries to the 4-D S-T Continuum, how can a First-Efficient-...
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Are Theists and physicists talking about an empty universe or no universe at all?

When they talk about the beginning of the universe, are Theists and physicists talking about an empty universe or no universe at all? It is fairly straightforward to imagine an empty Universe - an ...
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Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
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Omnipotence Paradox Defense and Meinongianism/Neo-Meinongianism

I was considering a solution to the omnipotence paradox in which excluding logical impossibilities from the definition of omnipotence is justified as follows. Consider the proposition, "God could ...
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Is this assertion by Sartre an existentialist reading Pascal's Pensées?

In his book What Is Literature?, Sartre says: Here, I am thinking of Pascal, who relentlessly repeated that man was an irrational composite of metaphysics and history, his greatness unexplainable ...
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Assuming that omnipotence allows only for logically possible things, is this possible for an omnipotent being to have NO free will?

Or would such interpretation of omnipotence logically entail that the being has free will? So if the being will choose to lose its free will it will with necessity lose its omnipotence too.
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We-intentions and the kingdom-of-ends version of the categorical imperative

One of Allen Wood's most finely ground axes was his contention that, notwithstanding certain translations/interpretations of Kant's writings on categorical imperatives, the three primary formulations ...
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Being wronged and expecting God will punish sometime later

Many times in professional world we are wronged. Or we may say that we assume that we are wronged. It may come in the form of delay in promotions, sidelined from professional activities, being ...
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Can a backwards infinite regress account for its own existence?

Suppose we have a domain of discourse D with an infinite collection of elements, and suppose that it is the case that the existence of each element x is dependent upon another element y (or collection ...
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Does proving a negative aspect prove its positive counterpart?

In Ambrose’s Dē bonō mortis his main proof for why death is not evil, lies in his link between the corporeal body and the soul. In short, he argues that death is not evil, because it causes no harm to ...
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The Byzantine intellectual tradition....an underreported History?

There are of course volumes and volumes of questions on Ancient Greek Philosophy and Philosophers; this is to be expected since Ancient Greece was and is still largely viewed as the Fountainhead of ...
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Evidence for Nature works under direction of God?

I have read from somewhere¹ and it sounds very right, that Nature works under supervision of God. However problem with this, may be that it seems unfalsifiable. What would be nature like with ...
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Does Descartes avert the divine illumination trope or play it straight?

(Preamble: according to tvtropes.com, a trope can be instantiated, meaning played straight, or almost subversively instantiated, meaning averted.) In the Book of Ezekiel, an entity known as the ...
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How would Leibniz respond to this objection to his argument for God's existence?

Leibniz argues for the existence of a necessary being using the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). Any contingent fact about the world must have an explanation. (Principle of sufficient reason) ...
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What does St.Thomas Aquinas teach about state of the univerese after renewal in Summa Theologica?

In Summa Theologica suppl.q.91, St.Thomas teaches clearly about the state of the world after its renewal. In article 5 of the same question I said above, he says plants and animals will not remain in ...
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How does Buddhist soteriology link to the first cause argument?

Aquinas argued that the observable order of causation is not self-explanatory. It can only be accounted for by the existence of a first cause; this first cause, however, must not be considered ...
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Is there a class of arguments for God that does not rely on knowledge of His work -- the world?

I was just having a discussion in comments (I won't recreate its details) that has convinced me that we can't know God through his work, through the world He is said to have created. Is there a class ...
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What falls under Hegel's concept of "absolute knowledge": does that include deductive logic and scientific explanation?

In the wikipedia page for Hegel's Science of Logic, it states: According to Hegel, logic is the form taken by the science of thinking in general. He thought that, as it had hitherto been ...
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How did Hartshorne make the idea of perfection rationally conceivable?

This question is motivated by trying to find an answer for christo183's question: Why did Hartshorne believe in God? Looking at the Wikipedia article referenced in that question, I found two passages ...
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What, for Nietzsche, is a noble death?

This thread Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates? on Socrates and Jesus's death and the article that I linked to there, got me glibly wondering... In Human, All to Human, Nietzsche says that How ...
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God and the meaning of the term 'God'

Can we move from the thought of God to a proof that there is a God ? 1 If God is possible or actual then he is contingent or necessary . 2 God is possible or actual . 3 God is contingent or ...
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How to set up a toy theological version of Cantor's theory?

From what I can tell, in his more theological phases, Cantor considered an idea whereby A ∈ ℳ, ∀A (for any set A), with ℳ = the divine intellect. I.e. there is an elementhood relation between every ...
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Could the existence of God be just a matter of perspective?

For most of my life, I was an atheist because the idea of God just seemed illogical and I felt a complete inability to believe what religious people would say considering the lack of evidence and huge ...
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Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
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