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Questions tagged [theology]

Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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128 views

Has God created the set {God} [on hold]

Surely God is not identical to the set {God}. If, admittedly ( in traditional monotheistic theology) everything that is not God is God's creature, then the set {God} has been created by God. As ...
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2answers
151 views

Is “lacking belief in X” equivalent to “belief in the nonexistence of X”?

Often I see atheists say they do not have an active belief in the nonexistence of God, only a lack of belief in God. I see where they are coming from, but I have a suspicion that they're equivalent. ...
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130 views

Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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60 views

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I hope it's the place to ask theology questions. If it's not and that another forum does exist, I'll delete my questions, but I didn't find a ...
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66 views

Should we accept the PSR on the grounds of cognitive faculty?

Feser said in his publication, "Scholastic Metaphysics - A Contemporary Introduction" that if we reject the PSR, we're undermining any possibility of rational inquiry. Also in Pruss' paper, "PSR and ...
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3answers
218 views

What are all attributes of God and what is the manner of knowing them according to Aquinas?

What are all of the divine attributes, and in which way is each of them predicted of God (univocal, equivocal or analogical way; if in an analogical way, what kind of analogy)? An answer should be ...
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2answers
142 views

Truth outside of god

I am looking for resources about this matter, thank you for your help! I start from a theist viewpoint (god exists). God created existence, before that, though, it is true that he was "there", but ...
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1answer
92 views

The Full Scope of Sloth [closed]

Disclaimer one: I am not a Christian, nor do I have any religious agendas with this post. Disclaimer two: This is a quite lengthy post, with a considerable amount of preliminary stuff, and also a few ...
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1answer
106 views

What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
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77 views

Is there a class of arguments for God that does not rely on knowledge of His work — the world?

I was just having a discussion in comments (I won't recreate its details) that has convinced me that we can't know God through his work, through the world He is said to have created. Is there a class ...
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2answers
101 views

What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
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1answer
161 views

If God does not exist then would God's heaven be classified as an “empty world”?

If God does not exist then would God's heaven, in the phrase "God is in his heaven" be classified as an "empty world"? I have only encountered the phrase "empty world" in the SEP article on ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the meaning of Logos?

While trying to ascertain a better understanding on the topic of Logos, I interpret from a offering a more modern view that it is "a logic that recycles God into a mind hiding through sign-...
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1answer
140 views

Is this logical? Topic on death being a black box

People say death is a black box, that you can know nothing about it, but is the following logical? If you believe real time travel is possible maybe in the future and someone eventually may be able ...
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1answer
139 views

Divine simplicity vs. divine aseity

Although the concept of divine simplicity is so poetic that I almost wish I could believe it, as it turns out, I can't believe it. Here's my argument: [Assumption for reductio] The creatrix is a se ...
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1answer
201 views

Does Gandhi's paraphrase of Augustine's phrase distort its meaning?

His [St. Augustine's] Letter 211 (c. 424) contains the phrase Cum dilectione hominum et odio vitiorum, which translates roughly to “With love for mankind and hatred of sins.” The phrase has become ...
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1answer
258 views

Theology of set theory

Absolute space and time are said to emanate from Aristotle. The Church acted as custodian of these concepts from early on up to recent times. I am thinking about another issue, namely that of ...
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1answer
136 views

What if Euthyphro gave the opposite answer?

As part of a course I am taking, I was asked to continue the dialogue Euthyphro as if Euthyphro had given the opposite response to Plato's famous question: Is the pious loved by the gods because it ...
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2answers
214 views

Transcendental and non-transcendental god and objectivism

Objectivism rejects transcendence as it is not part of the objective world that exists and which we can explore. But what if we put time in this equation? As we see through the years, many phenomena ...
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2answers
239 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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4k views

Why are there so many religions and gods? [closed]

Why are there so many religions and gods all over the world? Come to think of it, when the idea spread, why did people develop different gods and beliefs rather than follow the same one? If the idea ...
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97 views

What falls under Hegel's concept of “absolute knowledge”: does that include deductive logic and scientific explanation?

In the wikipedia page for Hegel's Science of Logic, it states: According to Hegel, logic is the form taken by the science of thinking in general. He thought that, as it had hitherto been ...
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2answers
149 views

Academic papers/longer works on the refutation of God?

The subtitle would be: "or the inevitable arguments which follow said refutation." Almost all of the work in the atheist department is by pop-culture philosophers like Christopher Hitchens or Sam ...
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1answer
144 views

Was there a potentiality for God to create a perfect being? [closed]

I have read some people argue that if there was a God that created, his creation was imperfect because we have a potentiality and thus making him act in an imperfect way, and not being pure actuality. ...
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1answer
194 views

Is existence essential to God?

Thomas Aquinas said that God was absolute perfect, God being pure actuality and had no potentiality. If there was a time where there wasn't an existence, then God would have a potentiality and not ...
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121 views

Are all explanations either personal or scientific?

In A New Cosmological Argument, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer up a cosmological argument for a personal God, from the weak principle of sufficient reason (among other premises, but the WPSR ...
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5answers
294 views

Does morality requires a grounding (especially a being)?

The Moral argument for God's existence as used by William Lane Craig is: If God doesn't exist, objective moral values do not exist. Objective moral values do exist. Therefore, God exists. Now, I ...
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1answer
123 views

Which Christian philosophers examine their understanding of Pharaoh hardening his heart? [closed]

I have read many Christian commentaries on Pharaoh and they all assume he had moral responsibility for having hardened his own heart. However did Pharaoh choose his nature and nurture or did his God ...
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1answer
320 views

Principle of proportionate causality - what are virtual and eminent causes?

I'm reading Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the Existence of God. On pages 32-33 he introduces the principle of proportionate causality (PPC). I'm having trouble understanding what precisely ...
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204 views

Which modern philosophers profess an atheist personalism?

Thomas D. Williams and Jan Olof Bengtsson describe the origin of personalism in the following way: Personalism in the sense of a distinct philosophy or worldview focusing on the full, accumulated ...
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1answer
261 views

How can God allow someone that is immoral to become highly successful?

How can God allow someone that lies, cheats, steals, homosexual and/or other acts considered bad by ancient religious moral texts to become successful? Are the negative consequences of karma and sin ...
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1answer
749 views

Gödel's incompleteness theorems - what are the religious implications?

Apparently Kurt Gödel believed that his incompleteness theorems have some kind of religious implications. Despite Gödel's belief in a personal God, this was still somewhat surprising to me. ...
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2answers
196 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity, a sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god? This idea ...
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3answers
158 views

If a creator of the universe was discovered then what effect would that have?

Suppose science finally unearths a creator of the universe. Let us say it is actually a collection of aliens who have always existed, that for them time is a synthetic concept, and we are all a part ...
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5answers
352 views

Is theism necessarily 'faith-based'?

Reading this question recently posted, an assertion was made that theism and atheism are both "faith-based" positions. Ignoring the argument regarding atheism, I feel the initial premise deserves a ...
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21answers
12k views

Asserting that Atheism and Theism are both faith based positions

I am recently testing an assertion that I have concluded namely that atheism is a faith based position just like theism is a faith based position. The reason I arrived at this conclusion is that ...
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2answers
483 views

What is the difference between free will and freedom to choose?

The Wikipedia article on "secondary causation" notes the following without footnote: According to the Jewish Torah which brought down the original idea in Genesis, the phrase "free will" is a ...
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96 views

arguments about existence [closed]

I think therefore I am, so why should I exist? It seems as long as I exist there is a problem of explanation. It seems the only natural way it could be is for nothing to exist at all, as then no ...
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3answers
148 views

Where does a soul (aatma) lie in our body?

Like does it lie in our apparent heart, not the physical heart, like the place were we feel emotions? I am not able to understand it. They say soul never dies. It is inside us and self-realisation is ...
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3answers
183 views

Would a first cause exist necessarily, so that absences are uncaused?

Would a first cause exist necessarily? So, let's suppose God is the first cause. Does that mean he necessarily exists? Does He then mean that his effects also exist, contingently or not, so that ...
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5answers
368 views

How can we argue for the uniqueness of a God-like entity?

(I have in mind here, something similar to "uniqueness" proofs in math. I think if we want to name something, we should show both that it exists and is unique.) (By "divine attributes", I mean ...
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3answers
473 views

Are there any solutions to the Euthyphro dilemma?

Is there a way to believe that God is the source of morality without also having to believe that morality is arbitrary?
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3answers
226 views

What philosophers have considered humans as gods?

Have any reputable philosophers considered this concept? If so, which ones? And how did they account for responsibility and accountability in this framework?
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157 views

How do compatibilists understand “responsible”?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
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139 views

Which idealogy states aatma (soul) doesn't exist; only paramatmaa (God) does? [closed]

The ideology states all this world is His creation and it will die. God is beyond all this. It is difficult to understand for normal people. But I believe it. It states we are mere lies. We will die. ...
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10answers
3k views

Isn't the knowledge of the non-existence of “God”, objective? [closed]

The term Objectivity can be defined as: of, relating to, or being an object, phenomenon, or condition in the realm of sensible experience independent of thought and perceptible by all observers : ...
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1answer
154 views

What were the theological objections to Plotinus' One?

Dominic O'Meara notes (page 68) that there were religious criticisms of Plotinus in which it is claimed that the necessity whereby Plotinus' One generates things compares (unfavourably) with the ...
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5answers
409 views

Why must the first mover be unmovable?

In the first way of Aquinas it is proved that there exists an unmoved mover (or unchanged changer or even better, actualizer which was not actualized). It is often claimed that God is pure act without ...
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1answer
153 views

What do theologians study about? [closed]

I have never seen a word which is as ill defined as the word "God". Consider a group of 10 people, if we ask them what do they mean by God.I am certain all of them will have different definitions. Yet ...
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299 views

How does Ravi Zacharias' defence of the problem of evil jump from the need of a moral law giver to there being a God?

On first finding this defense by Zacharias, I was rather convinced, but upon reading it again, I have some doubts. Firstly, here is the transcript from what he said about the problem of evil. ......