Questions tagged [time]

By Einstein's definition, time is what clocks measure – but how can we define “clock” without referring to time? This tag is for such philosophical questions about the many unresolved issues concerning time. Though this includes questions about the interpretation of physical theories and concepts, if your question is about what current physics can quantitatively predict or explain, it is probably not about philosophy and therefore off-topic.

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Understanding Kant's view on space and time

I am trying to understand Kant's view on space and time. After reading several articles, I think I somewhat understood what he is trying to say, but I'd like to get my view approved. Here is how I ...
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262 views

How do multiple time dimensions appear to allow the breaking or re-ordering of cause-and-efect in the flow of any one dimension of time?

Multiple time dimensions appear to allow the breaking or re-ordering of cause-and-effect in the flow of any one dimension of time. This and conceptual difficulties with multiple physical time ...
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192 views

Does Zeno's paradox prove the continuity of spacetime?

Zeno's paradox seems to umply that motion is not possible. The paradox is easily resolved though by pointing to time intervals that get smaller if smaller space intervals are chosen in the formulation ...
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45 views

Re: When does the beginning…begin?

I admit, it is an interesting philosophical Title, though the nature of the question is more historical or chronological in scope. When we study various Civilizations and Countries, we often begin ...
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1answer
45 views

Will a person without memory be able to experience time?

Imagine a person who can't remember anything. Idon't think this is possible in reality but let's assume he misses the part of remembring that can be temporally related to other experiences. He will ...
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1answer
161 views

Can time slow down when you are traveling to or exploring a historic destination? [closed]

There is an old saying, "Time waits for no one". While the phrase is rather elementary sounding, its meaning is actually quite profound. The phrase is essentially saying that the presence of ...
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6answers
1k views

Can time be understood conceptually without experiencing it?

Can time be understood conceptually without experiencing it? I think Wittgenstein said that most concepts cannot be understood unless we have an image or an experience of it, but how true is this? ...
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29 views

Why is it said that the existence of two separate times defies the laws of causality?

I have read in a comment to one of the answers given to a question that the existence of two separate times defies the law of causality. Effects can happen before the cause that precedes them. In the ...
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7answers
262 views

How can time have a beginning when a beginning needs time?

I think this is not the first time this question has been asked. Nevertheless, I ask it. Often when asked if there was a time before the beginning of time, the North pole analogy is put forward. It's ...
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86 views

Views on the Implications of Temporal Subjectivity upon Shared Experience

With notions of subjective time (i.e. time as empirically inert) like those put forward by Berkeley, Hume, Leibniz and Kant, is there anything out there which speculates on the potential for a varied ...
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Is reincarnation inevitable?

My reasoning: Suppose the universe is infinite in spacetime (both space and time have no bounds). In this spacetime, a cyclic appearance of particles occurs (cyclic big bangs). When I'm alive I ...
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4answers
163 views

What is the definition of time according to Philosophy?

Time has units. nanosecond (one billionth of a second), microsecond (one millionth of a second), millisecond (one thousandth of a second), second, minute, and hour. We have atomic clock, digital clock,...
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111 views

Intuitive reasoning on the nature of time

I claim that the measurement of time is the measurement of change if the following holds: Our universe is (or can be represented as) a simulation, namely a set of data operated on by an algorithm. ...
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2answers
98 views

Space and time in Kant and space and time in physics

From the Kantian perspective, what would be the relationship between our intuitions of space and time (which form the structure of subjective experience and are not things that exist outside of human ...
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2answers
110 views

If something can’t come from nothing, then has an infinite period of time already passed?

Assuming that something really can’t come from nothing (I know it’s controversial but if it’s true)... Then at any given point in time (t), something exists and therefore something also existed at t-1....
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49 views

Can an omniscient God let a free agent change His foreknowledge of future events by disclosing information about the future to the free agent?

I've read arguments defending the compatibility between God's foreknowledge of future events and the existence of agents endowed with libertarian free will. The typical explanation is that God's ...
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4answers
128 views

What's the logical basis for Dunne suggesting that there need to be several dimensions of time in order to measure the speed of one's progress?

As a solution to the problem of the subjective passage of time, J. W. Dunne proposed an infinite hierarchy of time dimensions, inhabited by a similar hierarchy of levels of consciousness. Dunne ...
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1answer
116 views

Is Durkheimian critique of Kantian understanding of space and time valid?

In one chapter in The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life and in paper Primitive classification (Mauss also), Durkheim critiques Kantian a priori pure forms of sensibility: space and time; on basis,...
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3answers
190 views

If all we perceive is the present, what are the proofs to affirm that time exists?

I know this seems like a very trivial question and I don't know if there are methods to prove the existence of time. But even if there were, the fact that you can't perceive time as something ...
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96 views

Does an Eternal Multiverse Undermine Causality, Time and Free Will? [closed]

An eternal multiverse is a static multiverse that just exists and is presented as a series of static moments, and each moment is separated by proper time (in the relativistic sense) and has many ways ...
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31 views

How does Bergson’s conception of time differ from Heideggers’s?

I know that both did conceive of temporal time and brough it closer to our finite expirince, thus turning away from classical metaphysics of time. But what is the difference between them?
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1answer
154 views

McTaggart's Unreality of Time

This is going to sound silly but I was wondering why McTaggart's approach is needed to prove time to be real/unreal. Here's what I was thinking: The existence of time is a necessary condition for ...
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44 views

Experiencing and sensing time dilation when a person dies and the logic of

It is well known that when a person goes to sleep, there are instances when we do not experience time which has phenomenological implications. There is a temporal discontinuity. It is also known that ...
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2answers
162 views

Can Occam's razor be applied in favor or presentism (vs eternalism)? Is presentism simpler?

If I understand correctly, both presentism and eternalism accept that spacetime can be described by the same coordinate system and following the same rules of physics. Moreover, both of them affirm ...
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1answer
255 views

What does Aristotle mean by “the whole” and “sphere of the whole” in Physics Book IV?

In discussing time, Aristotle frequently mentions "the whole" and "the sphere itself." I have the intuition that it is related to his physical cosmology, but fail to see anything ...
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151 views

Do we leave copies of ourselves in the past?

One reason I don't believe in the possibility of backwards time travel (for objects relative to our timeline, anyway; absolute direction in time I don't as such believe in, either) is I don't think ...
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120 views

Why do we call “A or B Theories of Time” instead of “A or B Hypotheses of Time”?

Why do we call "A or B Theories of Time" instead of "A or B Hypotheses of Time" when the concepts are not yet proven by empirical evidence? We know, hypothesis: a supposition or ...
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128 views

If time is subjective but unchanging, how are we not immortal?

This is probably my longest-lasting point of confusion re: Kant. True, he diagnoses the paralogism very well; but if time is unchanging, inherent in our subjectivity, and in that as constitutive of ...
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5answers
1k views

Is the human mind capable of distinguishing between time running forward and time runing backward? [closed]

The title really says it all. Would we be able to feel anything if time started running backward?
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73 views

Is there a name for this form rejection of the free will vs determinism debate?

I'm familiar with the positions of determinism, free will, and compatibilism. But I recently heard a new position in this domain, and I'm curious if it has a name. The position goes something like ...
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117 views

What exactly is Time and Space? [closed]

Question description so that anyone can evaluate and answer accordingly I don't know what is the formal process for a theory to get accepted by the science community, please guide me on how to proceed ...
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2answers
124 views

Does Spinoza think essence and eternity are the same thing?

"VIII. By eternity, I mean existence itself, in so far as it is conceived necessarily to follow solely from the definition of that which is eternal." "Explanation—Existence of this kind ...
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1answer
249 views

One dimensional time travel

I'm having trouble understanding whether one dimensional time travel is conceptually possible or whether it involves contradictions instead.
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247 views

Physics, “the beginning of time” and common sense

If we accept the result of big-bang theory that time does not indefinitely extend back in the past, how can this result be smoothly integrated with the common-sense view that for every time-instant ...
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51 views

Does the present only exist to the extent that it leaves traces in the future?

Under what conditions can we conclude from the position that the past only exists to the extent it leaves traces in the present to the position that the present only exists to the extent it leaves ...
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2answers
102 views

What can we conclude about consciousness in the past? [duplicate]

All we can be certain of is consciousness in the present. What can we conclude about consciousness in the past? Can we even conclude that it existed? Whenever someone presents "evidence" of ...
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157 views

Does Eternalism imply looping consciousness?

If the idea of Eternalism as expressed by those like J.M.E. McTaggart and Sean Carroll is true (as much of physics seems to suggest), the idea of the present moment being more real than the past or ...
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61 views

Beginning of time problems?

Dear philosophy stackexchange, I'm curious as to whether there have been arguments by philosophers for there being a finite past/future or whether it has always been past/future temporally infinite? ...
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1answer
407 views

Why isn't time understood to be relative motion? [closed]

Summarize the problem In every way one would observe time, time can be thought of as relative motion. In every way that one would measure time, time is measured by comparing motion. These are ...
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4answers
312 views

Zeno's stadium paradox: If space is not continuous or discrete, what is it?

Zeno's paradoxes are paradoxical because they show that in a world of continuous time and space, there cannot be any motion, thus all motion that we see are some kind of illusion. His paradoxes then ...
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1answer
86 views

How do Kantian's respond to the “Neglected Alternative”?

In his Critique of Pure Reason, Kant posits two seemingly contradictory claims: The nature of Things in Themselves, as they exist apart from the phenomenal world, are unknowable. Time and Space do ...
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43 views

Relational spacetime and simultaneity?

I once asked a similar question but didn't really get the answer or discussion that I was looking for and decided to start clean. Recall that in Galilean (classical) spacetimes its assumed that space-...
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3answers
266 views

How would a mathematical theory of the universe incorporate time?

In Einstein's theory of relativity, we start with describing events as coordinates in 4D Minkowski space. All events that have occurred in the past and future would then be represented as points in ...
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85 views

Is the existence of time independent of perception?

Many known physical phenomena are dependent on time, and are in fact a function of time. However if I think of reality as something that exists independently of perception by an observer, then it ...
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113 views

Given that we do not have the ability to time travel backwards, can we prove that there will never be backwards time travel? [closed]

I have heard that if there will exist backwards time travel in some reasonable form in the future, presumably they would send the technology back so that we have it earlier. Since we don't have it, ...
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4answers
552 views

Would it be logically possible that the Universe has a beginning in time but an infinite amount of time has elapsed since this beginning?

Imagine that the Universe had a temporal beginning but no temporal end. At the beginning the Universe has a finite size, and as time passes its size increases exponentially. And the number of ...
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6answers
383 views

Probability of something given that time will exist forever?

What is the probability of something happening given that time always will exist? If time never ends, is it 100% likely that I will be born again after death? I have a great way to illustrate my ...
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2answers
297 views

How does biological evolution work in the block universe/b-theory of time?

The b-theory of time is often described as a film reel where the whole reel exists, but we can only view one frame at a time. The problem I have with this analogy is that it starts to feel too ...
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1answer
137 views

Does Shoemaker's thought experiment about time really work?

Shoemaker gives us an interesting thought experiment about time: Assume that an entire universe is divided into three parts -- A, B, and C. Every 3 years, everything in A freezes for a year. ...
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115 views

Questions about Quantum Logic?

Carl von Weizsäcker, who worked on the topic of Quantum Logic several times, said that Quantum Logic was temporal in contrast with Classical Logic which would be atemporal (that would mean that truth ...

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