Questions tagged [truth]

Theories of truth deal with questions such as: what are truths? what makes them true? what is the relation between truths and the things that makes them true? Not to be confused with "what is the truth", which is a completely different matter.

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114 views

What is the name of the view that nothing is true?

Is there a name of the view that no statement is true? Such a person who holds that view believes that statement are meaningless sequences of marks on paper or a computer monitor and can't be true, ...
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Do psychic abilities become a more likely hypothesis the more people share stories of knowing things that they shouldn't have known otherwise? [closed]

I've been investigating testimonies of psychic abilities, and one that I find fascinating is the alleged ability by certain people to receive sudden "downloads" of information about things ...
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Is it consistent to say “X is possible but false”?

Is it consistent to say something like "Possibly there is a cat in my room, but in fact there is not"? Basically, is it consistent to assert that something is possible but in fact not the ...
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How does one distinguish fact and belief?

I have seen a similar question, but I am looking for the distinction between fact and belief, and not knowledge and belief. Also, I do not seek, necessarily, Plato's view. In order to distinguish fact ...
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Are there truths that the scientific method cannot explore, but maybe alternative methods can? [duplicate]

Are there truths that the scientific method cannot explore, but maybe alternative methods can? Does the scientific method subsume all possible valid ways to obtain true knowledge? Or are there ...
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True Thinkables - with regards to the Identity Theory of Truth

What exactly is a 'true thinkable'? According to John McDowell, 'true thinkables' are identical with facts(1996:27-8,179-80). This seems, if i may, a bit truistic and am left with no concrete ...
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1answer
130 views

Metaphilosophy and the nature of philosophical disagreement

I have a question on how “disagreement” generally occurs in philosophy. It seems that in the various traditions of Western philosophy, much work concerns a quest to externalize our human intuitions, i....
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68 views

Should we define truth (given it exists)?

Should we, human-beings, try to define truth (given truth exists in reality)? Personally, I don't think we should reduce truth to symbols and syllables because I think it will take us into weird ...
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What is the difference between warrant and justification according to Plantinga?

According to the traditional account of knowledge: S knows P iff S has a (1) Justified (2) True (3) Belief. I have not faced any account of knowledge that denies that last two things (epistemic ...
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If multiple hypotheses can explain the same set of facts, is it possible to tell which one is ultimately true? [duplicate]

Given a set of observable facts, let's suppose that there are multiple hypotheses compatible with those facts that can explain them. Is there any way to tell which one of these hypotheses is ...
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Are extraordinary first-hand subjective accounts more likely to be true the more people report the same experience?

For illustrative purposes, let's take as an example the following claim X = "I went to sleep, but then I suddenly woke up at 3:00 a.m. feeling a terrifying evil presence, and then my bed began to ...
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“A is logical/logically possible/proven logically true”

I am debating with my friend and want to quote some statements I disagreed with him about. Please try to give an unbiased answer because I feel like there is a lot of misunderstanding or dissonance ...
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A material-constitution model of truth

On one end, let there be the correspondence model of truth, that S is true if and only if S corresponds to the appropriate fact. On the other, let there be the identity model, that S is true if it IS ...
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What is the axiological basis of the preference of truth to falsity?

Axiologically speaking, why is truth the preferred logical value by humans? In general, why do we prefer true statements to false ones? What about the value of true makes a statement "right,"...
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Is it possible to define Truth?

I hope this is the right place to ask a question like this. I'm a student, I haven't studied philosophy and I'm not familiar with all of the famous philosophers, so this question probably already have ...
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179 views

How to define truth, in the context of scientific theories

It seems that scientific theories are not infallible, since it is conceivable that they will be proven wrong (or at least partially wrong), and be replaced by better theories. Thus, they are not ...
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107 views

Are figures of speech true and false?

I'm thinking about Gilbert Ryle, who I believe analyses category mistakes as figures of speech. An example like the teeth of crows are pearly white seems neither true nor false. But what about this ...
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Copernicus vs Kepler vs truth [closed]

I have always felt uneasy about the step from the Ptolemy to the Copernicus system describes as objective truth. I note that Thomas Aquinas had the same feeling: “…Reason is employed in another way, ...
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287 views

Is there something between objective truth and opinions?

Is there something between objective truth and opinions? Sometimes, there's no objective truth to a question, but is there a way to assess how valid an opinion is and is there a class of opinions that'...
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29 views

How does Davidson deal with the liar paradox?

In Tarski's system, "truth" could not be a "one" but with many levels. However, Davidson gave the semantic theory with the primitive word "truth". And with his insisting ...
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5answers
159 views

Truth condition in JTB

I have been told that knowledge is usually analyzed as being justified true belief (although this conception has been criticized - namely after Gettier published his famous article - it seems to be ...
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190 views

How do we know certain things to be “obvious”, in general?

Sometimes while discussing things, we might come across statements which are pretty obvious to us. And, in English, sometimes we use statements such as -- "It's pretty obvious". But without ...
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199 views

Any concrete, real life example of Peirce's Law?

What would be a real life, concrete example of Peirce's Law? ((p → q) → p) → p There is a Wikipedia article on it, if you are unfamiliar with it: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peirce's_law There ...
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Can a true sentence be a lie?

My question is simple - can a true statement be a lie - that is, can the pragmatics of use of a true sentence (context, intension, effects, etc) make a true statement into a lie? Intuitively it seems ...
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Quote check: Hannah Arendt on ideology and capability to reason

I am searching the source and exact words for a quote from Hannah Arendt that I only vaguely remember: Das Ziel totalitärer Systeme ist es nicht, die Menschen von der eigenen Ideology zu überzeugen. ...
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Can we say that “I Think Therefore I Am” was never about “I”, or thinking, or “I” doing the thinking?

Strictly speaking, "Cogito ergo sum" simply means: "The existence of your own mind can never be in doubt." Item 1) also describes our true knowledge in its entirety. Or we can ...
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Actual and potential truth for neo-verificationists

Neo-verificationists such as Martin-Löf and Prawitz make a distinction between actual and potential truth of a proposition, roughly defined as follows: ... that a proposition A is actually true means ...
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Truth value for objects that are not included in definitions

Consider the statement "This triangle has radius 3" and the statement "This cat is a chihuahua". Both radius and chihuahua are terms defined for different kind of objects than the objects we are ...
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If-then statement and time between antecedent and consequent

Suppose the following statement. "If I kick the ball then the ball will hit the wall." Can this sentence have a truth value? I mean the time that I kick the ball, it hasn't reached the wall so the ...
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299 views

Are opinions considered statements?

‘Aristotle was great’. Is this a statement? I consider a statement to be something either true or false (but not both). For an individual, this may be considered a statement (because either you ...
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165 views

Is political correctness a result of a more rational society?

Yes, I am aware of the insanity in the question. However, that is precisely why I am asking. The insanity stems from the popular idea, especially amongst academics or the type of people you might find ...
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Is the category of aesthetic truth still important?

The notion of aesthetic truth - here to be understood as more than simply 'correct judgments of taste' [1] - has been brought into discussion by a lot of thinkers: Hegel, Adorno, Lukacs, Heidegger, ...
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63 views

How do we call a tendency of people to call things facts without further justification?

People usually talk as if it was some absolute truth what they are saying. What philosophy has taught me is that we cannot be sure of anything. For everything there exists some counterargument. If a ...
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Is this conditional donation morally permissible?

About a week ago, at the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Bulgaria, a Bulgarian entrepreneur (Ivaylo Penchev, founder of Walltopia), offered a conditional donation of medical ventilators to a state-...
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Do Mathematics “exist” in some sort of “Reality” that is different from our Physical Reality

I will explain why I am asking this question. Let's say, there are mathematical truths and truths about our physical reality. But, there is no way we can establish the truth of any statement about our ...
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“Dinosaurs did exist once”. Is it knowledge or is it only justified belief?

On Wikipedia, knowledge is defined as justified true belief: The concept of justified true belief states that in order to know that a given proposition is true, one must not only believe the ...
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Why do I accept some inconsequential claims as “obviously true” without evidence? E.g. “Most people don't like to be hit on the head with a hammer.”

There are certain claims that I accept as obviously true without (much) evidence. For example: Most people don't like to be hit on the head with a hammer. Donald Trump ate dinner some time last week....
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Do philosophers think beliefs are bearers of truth-value?

In the literature about what sorts of things have a truth-value, the idea that acts of belief bear truth-value seems present, yet uncommon. On the other hand, objects of belief like propositions or ...
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Citation regarding a quote having to do with “truth” and what “an animal needs to believe”

I'm trying to run down a quote from (I think) Hegel which I read several years ago and have not been able to find since. The gist of it is this... "What an animal, for the sake of its own survival,...
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Excluded middle versus bivalence [duplicate]

In logic, the law of excluded middle (or the principle of excluded middle) states that for any proposition, either that proposition is true or its negation is true. This principle should not be ...
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251 views

When is it meaningful to say that an undecided conjecture is true or false?

I see that other questions have already been asked about mathematical truth but here I want to ask clarifications on a particular perspective. One can think the answer to the question could be "when ...
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103 views

Is it possible to determine if one's perceptions and logic are valid?

Let's say, for the sake of argument, that I live in a world divided into tribes with strongly-differing views. My tribe says that many of our opponent's values are immoral and much of their leadership ...
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Plato's method for reaching the truth?

I wonder about Plato and, in particular, about his method of reaching the truth. One can suppose that the method is based on the practice of his dualistic philosophy, which would aim to free the soul ...
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1answer
240 views

Truth values of sentences

Frege proposed that the meaning of a sentence is its truth value in "Über Sinn und Bedeutung" (close to "On Sense and Meaning"). This is not correct because some (many) English sentences do not have ...
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Do we have a right to know some things?

Do we have a right to know some things? Obviously you don't have a moral right to know what I had for breakfast today -- though you might be able to find out [it was pizza]. And we have a right to ...
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The truth of statements which do not capture everything about the object [closed]

Logically it could be true to say: "All human beings are mortal (and therefore Peter is mortal because Peter is a human being)." But the above statement could be false in a sense, because mortality ...
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Did any philosopher promote a “pure” pragmatic conception of truth?

William James often associated truth with usefulness (utility), but overall his conception of truth was not pure in this regard. It shares some elements of the correspondence and coherence theory. For ...
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Is there consensus on the framework of truth one should use when talking about moral statements?

My understanding is that for a moral realist, moral statements are propositions that have a true/false property that can guide reasoning. However, most articles I have read do not talk about what ...
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304 views

Did medieval philosophers believe that Truth is causally active?

From the modern standpoint, truth is about propositions or beliefs. Getting true beliefs is not something that just comes to us by itself; evidence has to be gathered by us, we have to reason, ...
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The future in the deflationary theory of truth

How does the deflationary theory of truth, which defines true and false in the following straightforward way The proposition that p is true iff p. The proposition that p is false iff p is not true. ...

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