Questions tagged [truth]

Theories of truth deal with questions such as: what are truths? what makes them true? what is the relation between truths and the things that makes them true? Not to be confused with "what is the truth", which is a completely different matter.

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Can we have knowledge if it all turns out to be untrue?

Can every apparently true belief turn out to be untrue: and what is the word for this stance? I would assume it would mean we have no knowledge: is that right? Someone on a forum I use keeps ...
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Can reason defend itself without resort to reason?

I recently read, "Reason can't defend itself without resort to reason." Is this universally true?
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Can the correspondence theory of truth really be completely avoided?

Let us assume that 'truth' is a construct of the human mind. In this case truth is defined as some product of the mind's 'verification', and nothing else. What 'makes' a statement true is simply the ...
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How Can the Unobservable be Verified?

Empirical evaluations and judgments concerning the observable world (e.g. whether or not I'm eating a watermelon right now) are evidently verifiable; you can confirm that I am indeed eating a ...
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Are there exceptions to the principle of the excluded middle?

It is inherent in our truth tables that we configure a statement to be either true or false, but it seems that this might have certain exceptions, especially in conditionals. For example, the ...
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Is there modal logic without possible worlds?

Would it be desirable to carry out a deflationary research programme in modal logic? In other words, would it be desirable to re-think modal logic without the possible worlds semantics? The original ...
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Can something be true if it does not follow logic?

Can something be true if it is not logical? Can something be true if it does not follow logic? if I can't deduce it logically? or if it contradicts logic? In other words: if someone says statement X ...
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Is Tarski's theory of truth compatible with intuitionism?

Intuitionistically, truth is identified with provability: A is true means that it is possible to prove A. In his essay "Intuitionistic logic a philosophical challenge, Logic and Philoshophy" (1980) ...
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Is “Truth” something like a Dirac Delta Function?

To me, Truth is simply what is the case. It is not a matter of reasoning, and it could not be otherwise. Knowledge is a set of beliefs which accord with reality (what is true). Beliefs can be false. ...
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Granted Hume's psychological perspective regarding impressions and ideas, doesn't this make his epistemology obscure?

Hume held that all that was meaningfully present to the mind consisted in matters of fact (impressions) and relations of ideas. But even ideas were faint impressions themselves, formed over time by ...
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What is the difference between real and nominal definitions?

What is the difference between real and nominal definitions? Is it philosophically accurate to say that real definitions (as opposed to nominal definitions) can be true or false? Take for example, ...
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What is the relation between proof in mathematics and observation in physics?

Recently in his 2015 Hirzebruch Lecture in Bonn, Arthur Jaffe re-amplified his famous perspective that finding proof in mathematics is analogous to making experimental observation in physics. In ...
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What is the philosophical difference between “Reality” and “Truth”? [closed]

While talking philosophically, I want to know the difference between Reality and Truth. Especially while Asking this question, I've used Reality/Truth because I don't know How they are different in ...
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Why might truth imply necessity?

It seems well established (or, well-accepted) that necessity implies truth. For instance, in a context of epistemic logic, if one knows A, then A is true. On the other hand, I found on the Internet ...
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Using the conception of 'reliable, unchanging' does 'truth' exist?

An 'archaic' definition for TRUE,TRUTH implies constancy, reliability, unchanging, fidelity. Using this concept of TRUTH is the following valid? There exists either that which is TRUE or that which ...
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Why does one need 'proof' that God exists - What constitues 'proof'?

Does something need to have proof demonstrated for it to be true? If I say "I love my wife!" but you don't buy it... does that mean it is not true?
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How does strong evidence imply truth?

I have seen a great number of individuals who take a step from "There is overwhelming evidence to suggest theory X is true" to "Theory X is true." (I think I misworded the former sentence ...
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Truth and wavefunction [closed]

Well to be honest, my major is physics. And I only started some low level philosophy recently. So please criticize my opinions so that I can advance more quickly. :-) My problem started with Russell'...
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What are Nietzsche's views on truth and logic - for real this time

I'm trying to make sense of Beyond Good and Evil and Nietzsche's views at that time. The claims he makes about truth and logic seem problematic to me: "Granted, we will truth: why not untruth ...
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What is the current state of the Correspondence Theory of Truth?

Is the Correspondent Theory of Truth currently the most important way of thinking about the nature of truth? What alternatives are important? Is there a version of the Correspondent Theory of Truth ...
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Relation between an argument and false premise on Knowledge

If I argue something from a premise such as "It's raining where I wrote this question" which is contingent false, then is it true that I could argue or deduct anything? For example, from the premise ...
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Shouldn't statements be considered equivalent based on their meaning rather than truth tables?

Consider the following truth table, which serves to define the logical connective ⇔, P | Q || P⇔Q T | T || T T | F || F F | T || F F | F || T According to the above truth table, the logical ...
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Are there necessary truths in physical theories, more or less strictly speaking?

There are such things as mathematically necessary truths: 1=1, say; and logically neccessary truths: the law of modus ponens, say. But can there be one in physics? In Lewis's plural worlds where ...
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Absolute Truth - Is there existence?

I restate the question in a simpler and more specific way; is there a proof or has a philosopher proved, that things can be absolute and observed by each in the same way? Are there like conserved ...
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Can correspondence and coherence views of truth be compatible?

If in the course of interacting with an external world, a person is creating a set of coherent knowledge about this world, then there should be a mapping between their beliefs and the external facts. ...
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Finding a clear difference between truth and fact [duplicate]

I have been starting back in school after a long hiatus. In one of my classes, a discussion of Truth began. The problem I have had is that no one seems to have a solid definition between the two. ...
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Is everything just an opinion?

I read some people don't believe in truth but do believe there is always a chance that x. I have a question about such thought. I recently heard an anecdote that says nobody can ever prove I ate ...
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Is it possible to prove the invalidity of logic without using logic?

Is it possible to validly invalidate logic without using logic? Mere assertion gives rise to the question, "How do you know?". At that point, you end up having to use logic to justify the thesis ...
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Do questions about the ultimate truth make sense? Are we capable of understanding the system in which we live? (Looking for directions/references)

I am recently reading a lot about topics like free will or consciousness. It seems that many philosophers are trying to argue about these concepts in an ultimate and final way, that means they are ...
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Fundamental Truths in Philosophy [duplicate]

Many years ago I took a philosophy class that covered Descartes. The teacher logically explained to us the "I think Therefore I am" over the course of a week. He also said that it was one of the ...
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Truth and actuality

J. Krishnamurti and Prof. David Bohm discuss the topic of truth and actuality (reality). They touch on reality however in my opinion and understanding don't clarify or define truth. For example, ...
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Truth Tables and Venn Diagrams: Prove Contingent statement are consistent [closed]

I am trying to prove how consistent statements can be contigent. The problem i am having how to use a truth table to prove this.
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Do malformed propositions have True/False values?

Many people are familiar with the malformed questions that, no matter which way they are answered, reflect poorly on the person to whom they were asked. For example: Have you stopped beating your ...
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Is truth inherent in honesty? [closed]

Is truth inherent in honesty? In other words, may we establish a correlation, an isomorphism if you will, a functor, perhaps a forgetful one? Between truth and honesty? Pardon me, this question is ...
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If all the premises of an argument are true, is the argument logically valid?

Where an argument is said to be logically valid "if and only if it is not possible for the premises to e true and the conclusion false". I know that the argument is indeed logically valid if all the ...
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An Argument for the Unity of Truth?

I was thinking about truth, and came up with an outline for an argument that there is only one truth. However, this is just an outline and it is flawed, so I'm hoping you can help me critique and fix ...
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What's the difference between true statements and real information? [closed]

In Sweden we have legislation about "Osant intygande" - "Untrue verification" e.g. false and fabricated Ph D diploma or similar "Oriktig uppgift" - "Not a real piece of information" e.g. registrering ...
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On the foundations of physics

Scientific theories in physics have to be validated by experiments. But experiments are to be interpreted in the context of scientific theories. Isn'it like a snake biting its own tail? For example, ...
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Truth in Aquinas metaphysics

From what I'm reading, Aquinas distinguished truth in two senses: Ontological truth: It's the adaptation(adequation ?) of the 'created being' to God's understanding, whereby it fulfils that for ...
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English Sentence to Logical Proposition Doubt

I am a newbie to Stack-Exchange and if there is any problem in my question -- I apologize beforehand . I was working my way through some Propositional Logic Questions in Discrete Maths by Rosen , when ...
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Double arrow elimination

I know that P <=> Q becomes (p => q) ^ (q => p)using double arrow elimination but how about the following ? ~(P <=> Q) becoming ~(p => q) ^ ~(q => p) ? Also (~P <=> Q) ...
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Did Friedrich Nietzsche believe in “the truth”?

It is well known that Friedrich Nietzsche was very condemnatory of the objective truth, however, while analyzing his words, it is difficult to ascertain whether or not he believes in the truth at all. ...
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What if the tallest height is considered the most beautiful? [closed]

What if some people defined the tallest height is considered the most beautiful? Some philosopher claimed that the most beautiful human doesn't exist. Can there be any "most beautiful" human?
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How to prove the axiom is wrong?

The father of math (Euclid) wrote a book named Elements. The book is full of axioms and here are some of them I am interested in: Things equal to the same thing are also equal to one another. ...
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How did Aristotle or St. Thomas resolve the liar's paradox?

How did Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas (such as in one of his commentaries on Aristotle) resolve the liar's paradox?
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When is an opinion wrong and why exactly? [closed]

People say that it's not an opinion when it's verifiable, or backed with up conclusive facts. "Conclusive facts" are subjective though, and vary from testing. An example would be an argument over the ...
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How can anyone justify conspiracy theories / scientific skepticism

The number of conspiracy like theories is exponential. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_conspiracy_theories Here are the most famous. How many of these have achieved any tangible success ...
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Question regarding ethics of the human to the dog relationship

I'm in the process of treating an elderly diabetic dog(diabetes in dogs is manifested very closely to the one in humans) and constantly hitting the wall of ethics(in my view) regarding human-dog ...
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Roko's Basilisk as Descartes' evil genius?

I'll try to pose a shortened version of Roko's Basilisk below and then ask about how it relates to Descartes' evil genius: The idea is that down the line may it be decades or centuries from now, ...
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What are the implications of spreading stories that are fake solely because they support a opinion?

I see quite often on many social mediums, the radio, news, as well as advertisements everywhere statements that are untrue or are misleading that support certain opinions. I think it is completely ...

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