Questions tagged [values]

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Would it be possible to convince a hungry alien species that human lives are valuable?

Suppose that: an extraterrestrial species comes to earth they are vastly more intelligent than us, and are capable of easily overpowering us militarily they have moral intuitions, but different from ...
ac15's user avatar
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1 answer
49 views

Evaluative Nihilism (1) : If everything in the world has no objective value, will it have the meaning of having an objective value of zero? [closed]

Let’s talk about an idea from Professor Michael Hauskeller. He says that nothing in the world has an objective value (See note 2*) . If we think about this as everything having a neutral objective ...
AromaticInternal624's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Was Pontius Pilate justified in his actions? [closed]

Was Pontius Pilate justified in his sentencing of Jesus to the cross? Some, like the Ethiopian church view him as a saint, while others believe that he is in hell. Pontius Pilate was given the sudden ...
Lukius's user avatar
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8 votes
5 answers
683 views

Is subjectivity a deeply integral part of human intelligence? Why?

I believe that at its core, intelligence requires that some form of “good” or “bad” value judgments be made during the perception process. Values are the motivation behind an objective or goal. Values ...
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2 votes
0 answers
51 views

Positive well-being or the absence of values: does it matter what to choose?

In his paper, “If Nothing Matters” (2016), Guy Kahane discusses evaluative nihilism, which is plainly described by him as: “Nothing is good or bad. All evaluative propositions are false.” Prof. ...
AromaticInternal624's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
84 views

If any meaning to life is bad, then is all life bad? [closed]

If any meaning to life is bad, then is all life bad? What is the relation between the meaning of life and life?
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
95 views

In every moral disagreement there is at least one shared value?

Are there "general universal norms" that explain divergence in particular cases such as property/taxation is theft, ones that are held by all people? Is that the same as asking whether in ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
116 views

What should I read on a journey of self discovery?

This year my goal is to do some self discovery. To understand my values, purpose, goals, and desires better. I think philosophy can help me with this. Where should I start? What reading would you ...
Derek Cutting's user avatar
9 votes
6 answers
3k views

Can philosophy be useful?

I cite the article by Hans Radder entitled "Everything of value is useful: How philosophy can be socially relevant", published by Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective. He ...
Meanach's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
44 views

If p then it is not obligatory to know p and if not p then it is not obligatory to know not p → not obligatory to know p or not p?

Suppose that if I am happy I am not obliged to know it, and if I am not happy I am not obliged to know it, then does that mean that I am not obliged to know if I am happy or not? It seems non ...
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3 votes
1 answer
41 views

Can the fact/value distinction be drawn on any conception of facts, or only some of these?

The SEP article on facts goes over many conceptions of these things. Sec. 5 of the article on correspondence theories of truth lists the following objection at its end: All facts, even the most ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Initial/terminal values in a category of values (instead of intrinsic/final vs. extrinsic/instrumental values)

It seems as if the concept of intrinsic value is so unclear and/or unstable that we can't even tell whether (or when) it is transitiveT: First, there is the possibility that the relation of intrinsic ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
496 views

Nature of Values: Is There Such a Thing as a Universal Value?

Introduction The inquiry into the nature of values isn't merely theoretical; it is a matter of existential importance, especially when the values you've grown up with have been rooted in deception, ...
Davit Janashia's user avatar
6 votes
13 answers
4k views

Do you think evil people are conducting according to principles that are legitimate in their own system of values? [closed]

Do you think people who are phenomenally evil and profiting off of others’ suffering are conducting according to a set of internal values that are legitimate from their point of view, although they ...
HullBreaker's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
302 views

If we can't know whether a divine being exists, would that being be unimportant even if it did exist?

This is what I thought at first (by "objectively important," we mean this in the sense of naive moral realism, at least): If there were an ultimately powerful, knowledgeable, and good being,...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Is Validity or Justification Always Valuable?

Although it is debatable that justification is a necessary or sufficient condition for knowledge, many philosophers make the claim that it is. African-American philosopher of culture Alain Locke ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
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4 answers
346 views

Is it better to exist than not to exist?

Once we already exist we want to continue existing, but before we existed we did not care if we existed or not. So what is better? Is it better to bring new life into existence? And the more we bring, ...
Kirby's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
133 views

What are some good personal reasons to engage with philosophy?

Background: I've read Bertrand Russell's essay on the value of philosophy, and a small bit of Rorty. A few non-knowlege-centric reasons for engaging with philosophy I've come across and am open to: ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
41 views

Is "intrinsic value" an intelligible concept?

It's easy to talk in terms of things having intrinsic value, and it often sounds as though philosophers take it for granted that this is a coherent concept. But it seems to me that "to be ...
Micah's user avatar
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1 answer
81 views

Is it correct to say that all work is only an instrumental value and therefore it matters not whether or not someone can do it?

Another follow up Q to this series: If all work is automated, what will humans be able to do? Do humans need some agency over the world around them for their lives to have some sense or purpose? It'...
gaazkam's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
145 views

How not to lose myself while aiming high?

Considering the rapidly transforming environment and pressure from society, how to achieve my own goals without losing an attachment to the core values?
Ignis's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
77 views

The differences of Pinker and Vervaeke on the enlightenement?

So I was hearing a podcast where Vervaeke says: Steven (Pinker) has some good things to say and he's a good cognitive scientist, but the enlightenment is not sort of, religious neutral. The ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
894 views

Where exactly does the value of an individual human lie?

I mean to ask where the value of a human lies, not within the context of the universe but within the room of humanity. What exactly makes a human important? And, is it always something she puts out ...
icyrus's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Value from arbitrary restriction vs value from sharing

Let's take a simplifying example to illustrate two opposite worldviews: Some people see value in intangible things when access to these things is restricted as if sharing was leading to a value loss: ...
Vincent's user avatar
  • 221
1 vote
3 answers
122 views

At odds virtues

Asked in psych SE and was re-routed here [1]. What if anything has been written about the tensions between commonly accepted virtues? Here's the small list I have as an example: Honesty and Kindness. ...
geofflittle's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
178 views

Why is truth considered a value in Western Philosphy?

In general I notice that a lot of Western philosophy emphasizes truth as a value. For example, John Vervaeke argues truth as value using the following argument (to paraphrase): "Would you want to ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
150 views

What is the relationship between values and meaning (in life)?

Please correct me if you think I am wrong, but it has become apparent to me that meaning - in the senses of significance of one's own life, purpose and sense-making - and values are inextricably ...
Brian Connelly's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
351 views

What does "Normative" Mean?

I was reading the SEP articles on aesthetic judgment and had a really hard time understanding some parts. What it came down to is that they were using a definition of 'normative' I did not know. The ...
E Tam's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
212 views

What are personal values more exactly?

Ever since the new year, I've been researching personal values with the goal of understanding what they mean and which ones I have. I've been doing some reading about them here and there, ever so ...
Marcus Rost's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
102 views

The Philosophy of War and Value Judgement [closed]

With the war in Ukraine, I think a field has been opened up for studying the philosophy of war deeper. First of all, I would like to state that I oppose the war in Ukraine and Russian government's ...
Xemorphy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

What informs the value theory one practices?

Stanford Encyclopedia states: "In its broadest sense, “value theory” is a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, aesthetics, and ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
97 views

Assuming meta-ethical subjective relativism, what is the bearer of value?

Is it the particular condition of concrete events, objects, or actions that are valuable for their own sake? Or is it particular mental states of observers that are the bearers, and creators, of value?...
Bonj's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
2k views

What determines the value of money?

The value of money can be defined as the cost to produce it. It costs, say, 1, to produce 10 000 000 coins or notes, while digital money costs virtually nothing. Of course, it can also be that it ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
193 views

What is the axiological basis of the preference of truth to falsity?

Axiologically speaking, why is truth the preferred logical value by humans? In general, why do we prefer true statements to false ones? What about the value of true makes a statement "right,"...
tox123's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
203 views

Is there a universally accepted definition of what constitutes 'science' from a philosophy of science perspective?

The term science gets bandied about so much that it is not always clear what is meant. This is fine in conversation, etc. But it becomes problematic when the question becomes, is there a proper domain ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
121 views

Why is Savulescu's (2001) Nuclear Accident case a case of harmless wrong-doing rather than a case of harmful wrong-doing?

Savulescu (2001) writes: "Or consider the Nuclear Accident. A poor country does not have enough power to provide power to its citizens during an extremely cold winter. The government decides to open ...
2f0j93092fj023jf's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
191 views

How do Burkean conservatives respond to the accusation of cultural relativism?

I sincerely hope that this is the right StackExchange to ask this question. Politics deals with pragmatics and History seldom deals with more abstract questions. As far as I can gather, Burkean ...
James Cook's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Which philosophers explore the link between value and presuppositions?

For instance suppose a person, A, reads that God said to man that he, man, should not do something but because the man does it, they, A, believe that therefore man has free will, but, this is because ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
140 views

Value of human life in a simulation [closed]

I’m interested to see whether people think the value of human life is worth less if our existence is the result of a simulation created by a “higher being.” Would living in base reality give more ...
JDF's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Is there an aspect of the person that is outside time and or size? Does anyone argue that to defeat nihilism?

Is there an aspect of the person that is outside time or scale? Does anyone argue that to defeat nihilism, and does that come up in discussing value nihilism? I just think that anyone who claims that ...
user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
155 views

How is/was "good" (as the contrary of bad) defined? [closed]

As Nietzsche differentiated there are two kinds of good: this question's focus is on the contrary of bad, not the contrary of evil. There are quite a lot of possible ways to define the common term "...
inetphantom's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
2k views

Pandora's Box: Is hope evil? [closed]

I know, most questions here are more sophisticated, but this question sparked in my mind some time ago: Is hope a bad thing? The reason I got to this idea is that I had a hard time with lots of ...
miep's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
371 views

According to Popper, what is logical positivism's role in scientific ethics?

What are the arguments for and against this? Any resources that are easy to read would help
Cygni P's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
384 views

Why is "re-evaluating all values" necessary to become an Übermensch?

From previous answers it became clear to me that Nietzsche did not think that there has been any Übermensch yet. He identified Goethe as a person that has overcome and disciplined himself to advance ...
DK2AX's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
97 views

Does anyone say that for some things to be fake just means that those things are not good?

Does anyone say that for some things to be fake just means that those things are not good? Sorry for the very convoluted sounding question, some brief background might help? I remember a snippet from ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
126 views

"No one is evil/guilty". Anyone who held this position?

What I mean is that no one deserves punishment. Each time someone is imprisoned or punished in different ways, it is not a win, but always a loss. In particular, lack of technology. In particular, ...
rus9384's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Was Nietzsche against hedonism?

At first, I think there is a difference between utilitarianism and hedonism in that first assumes some kind of utility which can be calculated and last simply puts that it's natural (we are not here ...
rus9384's user avatar
  • 2,646
0 votes
4 answers
208 views

Is value purely based on preference?

To me, value seems like just an arbitrary concept we attach to things based off of how positively or negatively they currently/eventually will effect us. Since whether or not things can be positive or ...
Tobias Ethercroft's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
643 views

Why should life have any more value than death? [closed]

When I die, I won't enter eternity, as my concept of eternity has to come from a conscious being. When I am dead I am not conscious, therefore not only will I not be able to conceptualize eternity, ...
Tobias Ethercroft's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
79 views

Does moral anti-realism preclude anyone from being a better judge of value?

It seems to me that moral anti-realism, by which I mean the view that no judgments of intrinsic value are true, implies that nothing is intrinsically better or worse. Does this preclude the idea ...
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