Questions tagged [virtue-ethics]

Aristotle fathered virtue ethics, which has wide spread adoption, historically. The ethical view takes value in either the actions in themselves (Deontology) or the consequences of the act (consequentialism) based upon the character of the individual.

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3answers
641 views

Should this view of Zi Lu's be called “deontology” or “virtue ethics”?

Zi lu (Wade Giles: Tzu Lu) commented: ... Not to enter public life is to ignore one's duty. Even the proper regulation of old and young cannot be set aside. How, then, can the duty between ...
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Discerning among ethics, morality, principles, virtues, and etiquette

Although I have studied these terms in my own language, could anyone possibly explain them in such a way that I could differentiate between them better. I have not gotten their basic difference in a ...
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287 views

Is Virtue Ethics based on self-interest?

I hope this question makes sense, but is it correct to say that virtue ethics accounts are based on self-interest? If virtue ethics are concerned with achieving a good life, is it possible for them ...
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318 views

Are there any alternatives to the theory that virtues are the means between two vices?

Aristotle theorizes that virtues like courage are the average or mean of two vices such as cowardice and foolhardiness. Are there any competing theories of virtue which explicitly reject virtues as ...
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Which philosopher maintained that virtue ethics, deontology and consequentialism can be reduced to each other?

I remember skimming an article by a female philosopher that argued that each of the three major kinds of ethics can actually be expressed in terms of each other.
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What does it mean exactly to live a good life in a place like earth? [closed]

I don’t know what living a good life means - people say being honest, truthful, generous, or to possess and practice many of the most important virtues. But all these things depend upon the way we ...
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488 views

What moral theory can be used to illustrate that sex is permissible between consenting adults bound by love or comittment?

I just wanted to thank you all for your input! I used Epicurus and Maslow to support my position and refuted the opposing arguments based on the fact they couldn't possibly meet the Epicurian criteria ...
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Aristotle's Ethics - Moral Responsibility

I'm struggling to understand Aristotle's argument for moral responsibility. From what I could gather, he seems to claim that the cultivation of virtues comes out of habit and is our responsibility to "...
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How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

With the speed at which AI is being developed, there is a pressing need to develop a clear system of morality that we might have an Artificial Intelligence operate from. In my understanding, there ...
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161 views

Just how seriously is virtue ethics under attack by moral psychology?

K.A. Appiah, in his "Experiments in Ethics" (2008), gives a rather drastic picture of the attack virtue ethics finds itself under by moral psychology. In a nutshell, (a vast amount of) ...
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524 views

A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

Ethical theories can doubtless be classified, cross-connected and contrasted in many ways. I am not looking for a definitive classification, only a useful typology to get me started. Refinements and ...
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283 views

Are virtues non-relational?

I was reading this, by Shirong Luo, on the ethics of care care is notoriously difficult to define. As Ruddick points out, at least three distinct but overlapping meanings of care have emerged in ...
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Are there counter examples to Kant's perfect duties?

Are there exceptions to Kant's perfect duties - duties always or never to do X? By this I mean, does the doctrine of perfect duties generate counter-examples - situations in which if we followed the ...
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John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism and its relationship to Aristotle's eudaemonism

In Mill's Utilitarianism, he attempts to layout groundwork which removed subjectivity from the good in a thing. When I read this, it just seems like he's naysaying his relationship to the virtues laid ...
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1answer
983 views

Why are deontological and virtue ethics not viewed as a subset of consequentialism?

Please help me get a better grasp on this topic. Roughly, it seems that deontological ethics are grounded in consequences of following roles while virtue ethics are grounded in consequences of acting ...
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436 views

What are the second order virtues?

Once the contemplative life Aristotle posits is best is attained do the cardinal virtues of Courage, Wisdom, Temperance, and Justice attain a second order of completeness based on the predominance of ...
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Are there any ethical/moral frameworks governing sexual behaviours? If so, what do they say?

Although the sexual domain is clearly an arena of reciprocity, altruism, selfishness, emotional blackmail, dominance-submission, guilt-inducement, etc. etc. posing ethical and moral questions of ...
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744 views

Can AI have ethics?

I work with machine learning. If there's one thing I've learned it's that AI are only driven by goals. Can an AI have ethics? It's taking in input and providing an output, following rules, driving ...
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1answer
901 views

How similar are Kantian Ethics to Virtue Ethics?

I am writing an essay for the question 'Critically evaluate the view that ethics should be more concerned with who you are than what you do'. I have done some of Kant's ethics and some virtue ethics,...
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Is someone evil if they do the right thing?

I finished an interesting book today about some characters and a discussion ensued. I won't name the book but the scenario has been seen before. There is a character, supposed evil villain, let's ...
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1answer
128 views

Who else has explored the ‘cad problem’?

Is there anything in philosophy (presumably ethics) that specifically explores what I’ve called the “cad problem”. Simply put, how should an individual (or a distinct group) that focuses on self ...
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1answer
380 views

What is the causal connection between virtues and eudaimonea in virtue ethics?

Eudaimonea is typically mistranslated as "happiness" (subjective mental states) when it is an objective state of fulfillment of purpose. (I consider that to be the central definition of the concept ...
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1answer
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Is there a traditional concept for virtues that inform our ideas of what we can know?

Is there a traditional (singular and delimited) concept for virtues that inform our ideas of what we can and can't know, virtues that mean that their bearers show prudence (I can't know I'll roll a ...
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1answer
692 views

Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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Hapiness in virtue ethics

I have several questions regarding virtue ethics: 1) Let us imagine a person who says something like "money, not virtue makes me happy", and this conclusion is based on one's experience or even ...
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Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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Is it possible that we have a branch of philosophy called philosophical finance in the future?

Some philosopher argue that philosopher should not be associated with money. Could a philosopher win a argument and get a prize from a casino virtually in a computer game called philosophical finance ...
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1answer
177 views

Is knowing which virtues to embody a virtue in itself?

Doesn't the basing of ethics on virtues just move the goalposts? Unless I'm reading it wrong, we still have the problem of selecting Virtues. If so, is knowing which Virtues to embody a virtue in ...
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Why aren't there fundamental duties?

Why is there no discussion of fundamental duties, as there is of fundamental human rights in both political and academic circles? The only duties(enacted as laws) seem to be about protecting others' ...
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1answer
73 views

What do smaller honours mean in Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics BK IV. Chapter 4, he describes the virtue of smaller honours. He notes that the person can be either ambitious for smaller honours or balanced for them. I am curious ...
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118 views

Is the world motivationally 'ert' or do we need the idea of two directions of fit to explain moral motivation?

In discussions on 'moral motivation' positions like McDowell's are often characterized as proposing the idea of a new mental state: a besire. This is assumingly a state that has the belief-direction ...
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1answer
3k views

Who is a virtuous agent in virtue ethics?

Who exactly is a virtuous agent? I know a virtuous agent, at least in Aristole's view, is one that acts accordance with reason. But is this agent myself or someone I know or someone I look up to or ...
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1answer
53 views

virtuousness of courage [closed]

Courage is regarded as virtue in societies. But I have this dilemma: I think courage is related to how you value your own life and whether you are willing to put it under risk for some reasons. For ...
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1answer
196 views

Are deontologists arguing against virtue ethics, and if so does it matter?

This question got me thinking. If deontology and virtue ethics are not reconcilable but in direct competition with each other, does that mean that in arguing for one we are arguing against the other? ...
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183 views

If a false scientific theory is seemingly 'proven', and contributes to the progress of society, is proving it wrong detrimental?

If, some well known and extremely well respected scientist of the modern world makes a seemingly unmistakable correlation between x (eating 33 bananas a day for instance) and y (ease in anxiety). The ...
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1answer
157 views

Is this argument, with roots in virtue ethics, valid?

According to virtue ethics, one should always strive to do as a "virtuous person" would do in the same situation. If a patient wishes to continue treatment, even though the doctor deems the ...
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40 views

On capturing the concept of eudaimonia empirically

In recent years, the social sciences have gained traction at painting an empirical picture of ethical concepts that before (albeit not forever) had been treated a-priori. I think of competing theories ...
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1answer
116 views

What separates a “normal” person from a morally excellent person? [closed]

Is it simply doing all the duties that Deontology (Kant) requires of you while doing them out of a sense of duty, or having all the virtues suggested by Aristotle while enjoying doing them or even ...
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68 views

Is there any moral dilemma/situation clearly showing the usefulness of virtue ethics?

I have to study a case where I take any moral dilemma or situation I want to and apply virtue ethics on it but I can't really seem to find anything.
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As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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What are the benefits of virtue ethics compared to deontology?

Deontology focuses on rules, while virtue ethics focuses on virtues. Both moral philosophies seem quite similar. What advantages does virtue ethics provide?
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do virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism all just assume their sets of preferences?

The way I understand it, there are three main branches of ethics: Virtue Ethics: have a list of virtues to cultivate Deontology: obey a list of moral rules Consequentialism: the consequences of an ...
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1answer
102 views

Is morality context independent in Ethical Naturalism [closed]

To piggyback off my earlier question. In this, Ethical Naturalism is described, in short, as: The overall effect of an action has positive or negative impact on the world's well-being, making it ...
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2answers
523 views

What would a Kantian Deontologist do in the situation where there is a group of children drowning, but he is wearing expensive shoes.? [closed]

I know this may seem like a weird question but I have a philosophy class in which I need to determine what a Utilitarian, Virtue Theorist, Kantian Deontologist, and a consequentialist would do in a ...
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What was a just and virtuous man in the eyes of Aquinas, and what was one in the eyes of Plato?

I'm analyzing the differences and similarities, so basically comparing, these two philosophers, more specifically, Aquinas's Treatise on Law and Plato's Apology of Socrates. I know that for Socrates, ...
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45 views

Understanding Aristotle's views on pleasure/fun

I feel like Aristotle gives us conflicting messages on whether we can do things for fun/pleasure. Would doing things done for pleasure such as going on holiday or playing video games be considered ...
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4answers
326 views

Are some “right actions” not productive of the greatest happiness for the greatest number?

The question refers to utilitarianism and I received it during my ethics class. I need to critically evaluate this by referring to 3 global examples. I don't really know what example I could give ...
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Is it ethical to pursue one's own interests even at the expense of someone else's interests?

Say you and someone else are competing for a spot on a professional sports team. You're equally good, and in the end it'll come down to minor preference by the scout or randomness as to who gets ...
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Is Mercy for the Merciful, Justice for the Just and Injustice for the Unjust constitute a type of Justice? [closed]

Of course, there are types of Justice found in Philosophy, Social studies and Humanities like: Distributive. Retributive. Compensatory. Procedural. All of these types speak about a style of Justice ...
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1answer
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What was Sartre's thought on good and evil?

If existentialism according to Sartre hold everyone responsible. Why Sartre said "men are condemned to be free"?