Questions tagged [virtue-ethics]

Aristotle fathered virtue ethics, which has wide spread adoption, historically. The ethical view takes value in either the actions in themselves (Deontology) or the consequences of the act (consequentialism) based upon the character of the individual.

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Should this view of Zi Lu's be called "deontology" or "virtue ethics"?

Zi lu (Wade Giles: Tzu Lu) commented: ... Not to enter public life is to ignore one's duty. Even the proper regulation of old and young cannot be set aside. How, then, can the duty between ...
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How seriously is virtue ethics under attack by moral psychology?

K.A. Appiah, in his "Experiments in Ethics" (2008), gives a rather drastic picture of the attack virtue ethics finds itself under by moral psychology. In a nutshell, (a vast amount of) ...
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Is Virtue Ethics based on self-interest?

I hope this question makes sense, but is it correct to say that virtue ethics accounts are based on self-interest? If virtue ethics are concerned with achieving a good life, is it possible for them ...
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Are there any alternatives to the theory that virtues are the means between two vices?

Aristotle theorizes that virtues like courage are the average or mean of two vices such as cowardice and foolhardiness. Are there any competing theories of virtue which explicitly reject virtues as ...
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Discerning among ethics, morality, principles, virtues, and etiquette

Although I have studied these terms in my own language, could anyone possibly explain them in such a way that I could differentiate between them better. I have not gotten their basic difference in a ...
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Which philosopher maintained that virtue ethics, deontology and consequentialism can be reduced to each other?

I remember skimming an article by a female philosopher that argued that each of the three major kinds of ethics can actually be expressed in terms of each other.
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What does it mean exactly to live a good life in a place like earth? [closed]

I don’t know what living a good life means - people say being honest, truthful, generous, or to possess and practice many of the most important virtues. But all these things depend upon the way we ...
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What moral theory can be used to illustrate that sex is permissible between consenting adults bound by love or comittment?

I just wanted to thank you all for your input! I used Epicurus and Maslow to support my position and refuted the opposing arguments based on the fact they couldn't possibly meet the Epicurian criteria ...
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On capturing the concept of eudaimonia empirically

In recent years, the social sciences have gained traction at painting an empirical picture of ethical concepts that before (albeit not forever) had been treated a-priori. I think of competing theories ...
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Hapiness in virtue ethics

I have several questions regarding virtue ethics: 1) Let us imagine a person who says something like "money, not virtue makes me happy", and this conclusion is based on one's experience or even ...
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Aristotle's Ethics - Moral Responsibility

I'm struggling to understand Aristotle's argument for moral responsibility. From what I could gather, he seems to claim that the cultivation of virtues comes out of habit and is our responsibility to "...
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How similar are Kantian Ethics to Virtue Ethics?

I am writing an essay for the question 'Critically evaluate the view that ethics should be more concerned with who you are than what you do'. I have done some of Kant's ethics and some virtue ethics,...
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How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

With the speed at which AI is being developed, there is a pressing need to develop a clear system of morality that we might have an Artificial Intelligence operate from. In my understanding, there ...
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A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

Ethical theories can doubtless be classified, cross-connected and contrasted in many ways. I am not looking for a definitive classification, only a useful typology to get me started. Refinements and ...
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Are virtues non-relational?

I was reading this, by Shirong Luo, on the ethics of care care is notoriously difficult to define. As Ruddick points out, at least three distinct but overlapping meanings of care have emerged in ...
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Are there counter examples to Kant's perfect duties?

Are there exceptions to Kant's perfect duties - duties always or never to do X? By this I mean, does the doctrine of perfect duties generate counter-examples - situations in which if we followed the ...
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What is the causal connection between virtues and eudaimonea in virtue ethics?

Eudaimonea is typically mistranslated as "happiness" (subjective mental states) when it is an objective state of fulfillment of purpose. (I consider that to be the central definition of the concept ...
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John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism and its relationship to Aristotle's eudaemonism

In Mill's Utilitarianism, he attempts to layout groundwork which removed subjectivity from the good in a thing. When I read this, it just seems like he's naysaying his relationship to the virtues laid ...
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Why are deontological and virtue ethics not viewed as a subset of consequentialism?

Please help me get a better grasp on this topic. Roughly, it seems that deontological ethics are grounded in consequences of following roles while virtue ethics are grounded in consequences of acting ...
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What are the second order virtues?

Once the contemplative life Aristotle posits is best is attained do the cardinal virtues of Courage, Wisdom, Temperance, and Justice attain a second order of completeness based on the predominance of ...
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Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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Are there any ethical/moral frameworks governing sexual behaviours? If so, what do they say?

Although the sexual domain is clearly an arena of reciprocity, altruism, selfishness, emotional blackmail, dominance-submission, guilt-inducement, etc. etc. posing ethical and moral questions of ...
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Can AI have ethics?

I work with machine learning. If there's one thing I've learned it's that AI are only driven by goals. Can an AI have ethics? It's taking in input and providing an output, following rules, driving ...
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Who else has explored the ‘cad problem’?

Is there anything in philosophy (presumably ethics) that specifically explores what I’ve called the “cad problem”. Simply put, how should an individual (or a distinct group) that focuses on self ...
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Is this argument, with roots in virtue ethics, valid?

According to virtue ethics, one should always strive to do as a "virtuous person" would do in the same situation. If a patient wishes to continue treatment, even though the doctor deems the ...
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Why is perfection a good trait to have?

"Better a flawed diamond than a perfect pebble." - Confucius I think the definition of perfection is "fully actualizes its own nature." According to Christian theology, it is a ...
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At odds virtues

Asked in psych SE and was re-routed here [1]. What if anything has been written about the tensions between commonly accepted virtues? Here's the small list I have as an example: Honesty and Kindness. ...
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Is there a traditional concept for virtues that inform our ideas of what we can know?

Is there a traditional (singular and delimited) concept for virtues that inform our ideas of what we can and can't know, virtues that mean that their bearers show prudence (I can't know I'll roll a ...
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Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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Is Confucius' small man concerned with other people's inferiority, rather than his own superiority?

Is Confucius' small man concerned with other people's inferiority, rather than his own superiority? Book XV 21 says The Master said, "What The Gentleman seeks, he seeks within himself; what the ...
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Is consequentialism compatible with deontology and virtue ethics?

I know normative ethics is traditionally divided into 3 main branches: deontology, consequentialism, and virtue ethics. However, it seems to me that although they are most often presented as mutually ...
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Is it possible that we have a branch of philosophy called philosophical finance in the future?

Some philosopher argue that philosopher should not be associated with money. Could a philosopher win a argument and get a prize from a casino virtually in a computer game called philosophical finance ...
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Is knowing which virtues to embody a virtue in itself?

Doesn't the basing of ethics on virtues just move the goalposts? Unless I'm reading it wrong, we still have the problem of selecting Virtues. If so, is knowing which Virtues to embody a virtue in ...
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What does MacIntyre mean by Aristotle's "metaphysical biology"?

In After Virtue, Alisdair MacIntyre often refers to Aristotle's "metaphysical biology" with disapproval. What exactly does he mean by this? I assume it is more specific than Aristotle's ...
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Is someone evil if they do the right thing?

I finished an interesting book today about some characters and a discussion ensued. I won't name the book but the scenario has been seen before. There is a character, supposed evil villain, let's ...
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If virtue is determined by the golden rule, doesn't it need to add the clause "unless you absolutely have to"?

Assuming virtue is one thing we'd like to achieve in life. One way to determine whether we live a life with virtue is the golden rule, "Don't do the thing to others, when you don't like it to be ...
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Why aren't there fundamental duties?

Why is there no discussion of fundamental duties, as there is of fundamental human rights in both political and academic circles? The only duties(enacted as laws) seem to be about protecting others' ...
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What do smaller honours mean in Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics BK IV. Chapter 4, he describes the virtue of smaller honours. He notes that the person can be either ambitious for smaller honours or balanced for them. I am curious ...
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Is the world motivationally 'ert' or do we need the idea of two directions of fit to explain moral motivation?

In discussions on 'moral motivation' positions like McDowell's are often characterized as proposing the idea of a new mental state: a besire. This is assumingly a state that has the belief-direction ...
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Who is a virtuous agent in virtue ethics?

Who exactly is a virtuous agent? I know a virtuous agent, at least in Aristole's view, is one that acts accordance with reason. But is this agent myself or someone I know or someone I look up to or ...
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virtuousness of courage [closed]

Courage is regarded as virtue in societies. But I have this dilemma: I think courage is related to how you value your own life and whether you are willing to put it under risk for some reasons. For ...
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Are deontologists arguing against virtue ethics, and if so does it matter?

This question got me thinking. If deontology and virtue ethics are not reconcilable but in direct competition with each other, does that mean that in arguing for one we are arguing against the other? ...
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If a false scientific theory is seemingly 'proven', and contributes to the progress of society, is proving it wrong detrimental?

If, some well known and extremely well respected scientist of the modern world makes a seemingly unmistakable correlation between x (eating 33 bananas a day for instance) and y (ease in anxiety). The ...
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Which philosopher first promoted the idea that competition increases virtue?

Which philosopher first promoted the idea that competition among rivals increases virtue?
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Is Anscombe saying that we seem unable to move from 'unreasonable' to 'wrong' because we lack a contemporary understanding of 'virtue'

She refers to "psychology", and not being able to do "philosophy", of contemporary "systems" which, she complains, allows people to commit "injustice". https://...
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What is the virtue of having true belief?

What is the virtue of having a true belief: where can I read about it? I have two specific questions, before reading about it (and I don't even know what we would call it, wisdom?) Is that virtue ...
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What separates a "normal" person from a morally excellent person? [closed]

Is it simply doing all the duties that Deontology (Kant) requires of you while doing them out of a sense of duty, or having all the virtues suggested by Aristotle while enjoying doing them or even ...
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Is there any moral dilemma/situation clearly showing the usefulness of virtue ethics?

I have to study a case where I take any moral dilemma or situation I want to and apply virtue ethics on it but I can't really seem to find anything.
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As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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What are the benefits of virtue ethics compared to deontology?

Deontology focuses on rules, while virtue ethics focuses on virtues. Both moral philosophies seem quite similar. What advantages does virtue ethics provide?
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